Page images
PDF
EPUB

ACT OF 1965

(89–2)

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

AD HOC SUBCOMMITTEE

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H.R. 4 and S. 3

FEBRUARY 3, 4, AND 5, 1965

Printed for the use of the Committee on Public Works

[merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors]

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1968

43-521

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS

GEORGE H. FALLON, Maryland, Chairman JOHN A. BLATNIK, Minnesota

WILLIAM C. CRAMER, Florida ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama

JOHN F. BALDWIN, JR., California JOHN C. KLUCZYNSKI, Illinois

WILLIAM H. HARSHA, Ohio T. A. THOMPSON, Louisiana

JOHN C. KUNKEL, Pennsylvania JIM WRIGHT, Texas

JAMES R. GROVER, JR., New York KENNETH J. GRAY, Illinois

JAMES C. CLEVELAND New Hampshire FRANK M. CLARK, Pennsylvania

DON H. CLAUSEN, California ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

CHARLES A. HALLECK, Indiana HAROLD T. JOHNSON, California

CHARLOTTE T. REID, Illinois
W. J. BRYAN DORN, South Carolina

KOBERT C. MCEWEN, New York
DAVID N. HENDERSON, North Carolina JAMES D. MARTIN, Alabama
ARNOLD OLSEN, Montana
J. RUSSELL TUTEN, Georgia
RALPH J. RIVERS, Alaska
RAY ROBERTS, Texas
ROBERT A. EVERETT, Tennessee
RICHARD D. MCCARTHY, New York
JAMES KEE, West Virginia
JOHN R. SCHMIDHAUSER, Iowa
ROBERT E. SWEENEY, Ohio
JAMES J. HOWARD, New Jersey
KEN W. DYAL, California

COMMITTEE STAFF
EDWARD J. MCNEAL, Staf Director
RICHARD J. SULLIVAN, Chief Counsel
JOSEPH R. BRENNAN, Engineer-Consultant
CLIFTON W. ENFIELD, Minority Counsel

Ad Hoc SUBCOMMITTEE ON APPALACHIA

ROBERT E. JONES, Alabama, Chairman JIM WRIGHT, Texas

WILLIAM C. CRAMER, Florida FRANK M. CLARK, Pennsylvania

JOHN F. BALDWIN, JR., California ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

JOHN C. KUNKEL, Pennsylvania DAVID N. HENDERSON, North Carolina JAMES C. CLEVELAND, New Hampsire JAMES KEE, West Virginia ROBERT E. SWEENEY, Ohio

II

CONTENTS

Page

1

13

H.R. 4.--

S. 3.

Testimony of—

Bridwell, Lowell K., Deputy Under Secretary of Commerce for

Transportation; accompanied by Stedman T. Hitchock, Deputy

Director, Office of Planning, Burcau of Public Roads---

Carter, Hon. Tim Lee, a Representative in Congress from the State

of Kentucky

Flood, Hon. Daniel J., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Pennsylvania

Harsha, Hon. William H., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Ohio.

Holcomb, Robert, president, National Independent Coal Operators

Association....

Jennings, Hon. W. Pat, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Virginia

Mathias, Hon. Charles McC., Jr., a Representative in Congress from

the State of Maryland..

Matthews, Harlan, Commissioner of Finance and Administration,

State of Tennessee..

Perkins, Hon. Carl D., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Kentucky

Randolph, Hon. Jennings, a U.S. Senator from the State of West

Virginia

Ritchie, Fred, Director, Conservation and Land Use Policy Staff,

Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service; accompanied

by Hamilton K. Pyles, Deputy Chief, Forest Service, Department

of Agriculture---

Robinson, Charles A., Jr., staff engineer and staff counsel, National

Rural Electric Cooperative Association.--

Saylor, Hon. John P., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Pennsylvania..

Scranton, William W., Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl-

vania.

Secrest, Hon. Robert T., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Ohio...

Smith, Hulett C., Governor of the State of West Virginia..
Stratton, Hon. Samuel S., a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York..
Stubblefield, Hon. Frank A., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Kentucky
Sweeney, John L., Chairman, Federal Development Planning Com-

mittee for Appalachia; accompanied by Stuart Feldman, assistant

to the chairman..
Tawes, Millard J., Governor of the State of Maryland; accompanied

by Harry A. Boswell, Chairman, Economic Development Commis-
sion, and Director, Office of Economic Opportunity of the State of

Maryland.

Taylor, Hon. Roy A., a Representative in Congress from the State of

North Carolina..

Watts, Hon. John, a representative in Congress from the State of

Kentucky-

Whitener, Basil, a Representative in Congress from the State of North

Carolina..

130

186

146

209

207

27

112

Pago
247

243
244
240

175
169

93

156

251

164

246

237

234

251

Additional information-

American Farm Bureau Federation, letter, February 5, 1965, from

John C. Lynn, legislative director...
American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations:

Excerpt from Executive Council statement, November 24, 1964.
News Release, December 9, 1964..--

Statement by Andrew J. Biemiller, director.
Ashland Oil & Refining Co., letter, February 2, 1965, from Paul G.

Blazer..
Breathitt, Edward T., Governor, Kentucky, submitted statement.--
Bridewell, Lowell K., Deputy Under Secretary for Transportation,

letter, February 10, 1965, re Long amendment.
Clement, Frank G., Governor of the State of Tennessee, prepared

statement.
Council of the Southern Mountains, Inc., letter, February 8, 1965,

with several enclosures ..
Harrison, Albertis S., Jr., Governor, Virginia, letter, January 29, 1965,

with enclosed statement.
Industrial Union Department, AFL-CIO, statement by Jacob Clay-

man, administrative director.
Jennings, Hon. W. Pat, a Representative in Congress from the State
of Virginia, letter, February 5, 1965, with enclosures:
Great Lakes to Florida Highway Association, Inc., letter, Feb-

ruary 3, 1965, from James A. Williams, president..
New River Valley Steering Committee on Roads, statement by

A. D. Gerberich, chairman..
Kee, Hon. James, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Kentucky, submitted letters..
Monongahela Power Co., letters:

February 11, 1965, to Hon. James Kee of West Virginia..

June 13, 1964, to Hon. Clifford Davis of Tennessee
National Association of Counties, letter, February 4, 1965, from Edwin

G. Michaelian, president..
National Association of Manufacturers:
Case studies :

Company-sponsored training -
Job development.

Relocation..
Statement..
Telegram, February 4, 1965, from F. 0. Hess, chairman, Patents

Committee.
Per capita income of all counties in Appalachian States as defined in

H.R. 4.
Pickard, Ralph C., director, Division of Environmental Health,

Frankfort, Ky---
Rhodes, James A., Governor, Ohio, letter, February 3, 1965.
Russell, Donald D., Governor, South Carolina, letter, January 29,

1965_-
Sanders, Carl E., Governor, State of Georgia, letter, January 29, 1965,

with enclosed statement.
Scranton, William W., Governor of Pennsylvania, letter, February

4, 1965, with enclosure
Sickles, Hon. Carlton R., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Maryland, submitted statement.-
Slack, Hon. John M., Jr., a Representative in Congress from the State

of West Virginia, submitted statement.-
Teague, Hon. Olin E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Texas, submitted statement.
Telegram sent to all 11 Governors..
Walters, Hon. Herbert, former U.S. Senator from Tennessee, sub-

mitted statement...

250
250

247

232
230
231
226

244

64

176
170

164

167

139

171

239

237
111

245

APPALACHIAN REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT ACT

OF 1965

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1965

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,

COMMITTEE ON PUBLIC WORKS,
Ad Hoc SUBCOMMITTEE ON APPALACHIA,

Washington, D.C. The ad hoc subcommittee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in room 1302, Longworth House Office Building, Hon. Robert E. Jones (chairman) presiding: Mr. Jones. The subcommittee will be in order.

The first item this morning is to address ourselves to consideration of H.R. 4 and S. 3, from Mr. Fallon and Senator Randolph, bills on the development of Appalachia. (The documents follow :)

[H.R. 4, 89th Cong., 1st sess.) A BILL To provide public works and economic development programs and the planning

and coordination needed to assist in the development of the Appalachian region Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965".

FINDINGS AND STATEMENT OF PURPOSE

SEC. 2. The Congress hereby finds and declares that the Appalachian region of the United States, while abundant in natural resources and rich in potential, lags behind the rest of the Nation in its economic growth and that its people have not shared properly in the Nation's prosperity. The region's uneven past development, with its historical reliance on a few basic industries and a marginal agriculture, has failed to provide the economic base that is a vital prerequisite for vigorous, self-sustaining growth. The State and local governments and the people of the region understand their problems and have been working and will continue to work purposefully toward their solution. The Congress recognizes the comprehensive report of the President's Appalachian Regional Commission documenting these findings and concludes that regionwide develop ment is feasible, desirable, and urgently needed. It is, therefore, the purpose of this Act to assist the region in meeting its special problems, to promote its economic development, and to establish a framework for joint Federal and State efforts toward providing the basic facilities essential to its growth and attacking its common problems and meeting its common needs on a coordinated and concerted regional basis. The public investments made in the region under this Act shall be concentrated in areas where there is the greatest potential for future growth, and where the expected return on public dollars invested will be the greatest. The States will be responsible for recommending local and State projects, within their borders, which will receive assistance under this Act. As the region obtains the needed physical and transportation facilities and develops its human resources, the Congress expects that the region will generate a diversified industry, and that the region will then be able to support itself, through the workings of a strengthened free enterprise economy.

1

« PreviousContinue »