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Section 204. Timber development organizations (and other forestry programs)

A. General programs and plans 1. No particular studies have been made in Pennsylvania which would lead directly to the formation of a timber development organization. However, a wood utilization study was financed through the Area Redevelopment Administration.

B. Project information 1. No specific project information concerning timber development organizations is available at present.

2. The department of forests and waters has recommended an expansion of the cooperative forestry management program to provide additional service foresters. Section 205. Mining area restoration

A. General programs and plans 1. The mining area restoration programs have received major emphasis by the Governor. The Governor's task force for coal region programs has been organized to coordinate mining area restoration activities in Pennsylvania. The Governor will request the general assembly to make a substantial appropriation to enable a prompt start on mining area restoration projects.

2. Research has been in progress for many years in Pennsylvania concerning mining area restoration problems such as revegetation of strip-mined areas and culm banks, extinguishing underground mine fires, sealing voids, extinguishing burning culm piles, controlling mine pollution, and techniques of strip-mine restoration. The results of much of this research has been published. Pennsylvania will gladly make its experience available to the other Appalachian States.

3. In 1963, the Pennsylvania General Assembly enacted new anthracite and bituminous strip-mine control legislation. The strict standards of the new laws are being enforced successfully. In most cases, complete backfilling is now required.

4. Officials of the department of mines and mineral industries have been discussing with other States the development of an interstate compact on surface mining and on mine drainage pollution problems.

B. Project information 1. Pennsylvania has submitted to Federal officials lists of proposed mining area restoration projects. Specific projects will be further evaluated and coordinated within the State by the Governor's coal task force. Other project proposals are being developed by State agencies including the departments of mines and mineral industries, health, and forests and waters, as well as the game commission.

2. The department of forests and waters has recommended the construction of an additional nursery to produce tree seedlings which would be used for planting restored areas. Early construction of this nursery is necessary so that trees will be ready for planting when needed.

3. The Pennsylvania Geological Survey of the Department of Internal Affairs has proposed a program of topographic mapping, drilling of ground water test wells, and aeromagnetic surveys in certain Appalachian counties of Pennsylvania. This work would be undertaken in cooperation with the U.S. Geological Survey as an augmentation of the existing program. Section 206. Water resources survey (and water resources projects)

A. General programs and plans 1. Pennsylvania is a member of the Delaware River Basin Commission, whose area of jurisdiction lies partially within Appalachia. Under the provisions of the compact, the commission is responsible for formulating and implementing long-range water resource river basin development plans.

2. Pennsylvania is participating actively in the Susquehanna and Ohio River Basin studies. Information developed in these studies will provide data for the water resource survey conducted for the Appalachian program.

3. Pennsylvania is a member of ORSANCO, which is concerned with water pollution control in the Ohio River Basin.

B. Project information 1. Water resource projects to be accelerated under the Appalachian program have not definitely been determined. Informal discussions have been held with officials of the Corps of Engineers and the Soil Conservation Service to consider projects which might be accelerated in Pennsylvania when funds become available.

2. The department of forests and waters has proposed that the existing cooperative program with the Corps of Engineers concerning flood channel improvements, stream cleaning, and bank stabilization be expanded. Section 211. Vocational education facilities

A. General programs and plans 1. The State board of education is now developing a series of statewide plans for educational facilities and services for basic education and higher education. These plans are scheduled for completion during 1965.

2. The department of public instruction is developing for review and approval by the board of education the statewide plan for vocational education facilities required by the Vocational Education Act of 1963.

B. Project information 1. The various counties in Pennsylvania have submitted to the department of public instruction proposed attendance areas for vocational-technical schools. A list of 43 projects in attendance areas within the Appalachian portion of Pennsylvania have been submitted by the State to the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. Specific project priorities, however, have not yet been determined. Section 212. Sewage treatment works

A. General programs and plans 1. The sanitary water board administers and enforces the Clean Streams Act. Under this act, the board controls discharges into streams and has authority to issue orders to municipalities and industries compelling them to build sewage and industrial waste treatment facilities.

2. The department of health has been administering the program authorized by the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. Project planning and priority criteria have been developed by the department.

B. Project information 1. The department of health has on file a backlog of applications submitted by communities under the Federal Water Pollution Control Act. These projects are being evaluated for possible financing through the Appalachian program. Section 214. Supplements to Federal grant-in-aid programs

A. General programs and plans 1. In addition to the general programs and plans already described, the State is now preparing the statewide recreation plan required by the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act. The State planning board is coordinating the preparation of the plan, which is scheduled for completion in the summer of 1965.

B. Project information 1. No specific projects for financing under this section have yet been determined. Some inquiries have been received, and are now being evaluated.

2. State agencies responsible for the administration of the grant-in-aid programs to be authorized for supplementation will be encouraged to develop project proposals for Appalachian financing as a part of their regular program and project development activities. Section 302. Grants for research and demonstration projects

A. General programs and plans 1. The Governor's council of business and industry and council of science and technology have prepared reports which recommend specific research and demonstration projects to stimulate the economic development of Pennsylvania.

B. Project information 1. Pennsylvania is now developing proposals for research and demonstration projects which may be eligible for financing through the Appalachian program. Estimated Appalachia program funds


(Dollar amounts in millions)

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bill 2-year

$840 (5 years).


Demonstration health facilities:

Construction and equipment

Land stabilization, etc.
Timber development organizations.



Mining area restoration:

Sealing and filling voids.
Underground mine fires.
Nonburning culm piles.
Strip-mine restoration:

Bureau of Mines..
Fish and Wildlife.



Forest Service
Burning culm piles.
Mine drainage pollution
Strip-mine study-
Geological survey
Water resource survey.
Water resources projects.
Vocational education buildings


$36 (1 year)..


Sewage-treatment works.
Supplements to grants-in-aid (for construction only).


Research and demonstrations.



1 Study to be done by the Department of the Interior. 2 Study to be done by Corps of Engineers.

Mr. Jones. We have various witnesses with us today. We have Senator Randolph who has been up and down Appalachia so long he became its pisot. He steered the bill through last year, and again this year of course the two Committees of Public Works of the respective bodies have worked cordially, very understandingly.

Senator Randolph, it is always a pleasure to have you at the table, but we have from West Virginia on our committee Mr. Kee, and if he fails to perform, we are going to send a report card to you. STATEMENT OF HON. JENNINGS RANDOLPH, A U.S. SENATOR FROM

THE STATE OF WEST VIRGINIA Senator RANDOLPH. Mr. Chairman, I presume I am to make response to what you have said. I had not intended to inject any thought into this hearing.

I was privileged to be here last year with the then Governor, and I am privileged today to be with the new Governor, Hulett C. Smith, of West Virginia.

I am very happy that Representative Kee is a member of the Public Works Committee.

I recall it was my privilege to serve in the House of Representatives with the father of James Kee, also to serve with Mrs. Kee, the mother of James Kee. We have here a unique situation, and I am sure that he will carry on in the heritage of his parents in the constructive programs to which they lent their efforts.

If I might be allowed just one moment, and that is all, it would be to further clarify, if that is the correct word, the statement made by the distinguished Governor of Pennsylvania with reference to the appropriate inquiry Representative Cramer posed with reference to the cost of the so-called access roads.

It was not without the most careful study that the additional 500 miles was arrived at and added to the 500 miles contained in S. 2782 of last year. It was after the States themselves had made a restudy of this situation. There are some States within the Appalachian region where we can build compact gravel roads, which are access roads, for approximately $27,000. It will run above that figure of course in

many other States, but it was on the basis of the information which came, Representative Cramer, as you well know, from the highway departments of the States involved, and it was not a figure that was a cursory one.

I think this is important to note because of the attention that you focused on the matter here today.

I am very privileged to join with Representative Kee and Representative Hechler, who is also present here today under your chairmanship, in welcoming, if I may use that term “welcoming," Governor Smith to the witness stand.

His new administration. I am sure, will be characterized by not only his knowledgeability on this subject but his very real efforts, joined with his administration and the members of the legislature, to meet the demands which will come to the State of West Virginia if this program in its part is to be fruitful.

Mr. JONES. Thank you, Senator.

We are very pleased to have Governor Smith. Governor, on behalf of the committee, we welcome you here today, and certainly as the Senator stated we know of your interest and the devotion you

have given to this subject, which makes us all the more anxious to have you with us today.


OF WEST VIRGINIA Governor SMITH. Thank you very much.

Mr. JONES. Before you proceed, Governor, I would like the record to disclose that we have present today Members of the House, Mr. Taylor of North Carolina and Mr. Hechler of West Virginia. Mr. Everett, even though he is not a member of this subcommittee, is a member of the Public Works Committee, and he too is present.

Mr. Taylor is here as a representative of the Governor of North Carolina, and we expect to hear from you at the conclusion of the testimony of the Governor of West Virginia.

Governor Smith. Governor Smith. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. I am pleased to be here today.

It is an honor to appear before this committee because this measure is tremendously significant to West Virginia, and I am greatly encouraged by the prompt action that your committee has demonstrated in scheduling hearings on a vitally important measure, the Appalachian Regional Development Act of 1965.

It is my privilege to urge the committee to take rapid and favorable action on reporting this bill to the House floor, and to support its early adoption by the House and enactment into law.

I think it is proper at this time for me to state it is my policy-and it shall be the policy of the State of West Virginia during my term as Governor—to put this program into action as rapidly and as effectively as possible.

I know our chairman is a resident of Alabama, which lies partially within the Appalachian Range, and I am sure that you are well aware of some of the acute and persistent problems affecting this region of the Nation.

I also am pleased to note the presence on this subcommittee of my close friend and your newest associate, Congressman James Kee of West Virginia. Jim Kee has a long record of public service that has acquainted him intimately with the problems of Appalachia, and I know that his counsel and advice will be very helpful to this committee.

Mr. Chairman, I believe that wa are about to win the approval of a program for Appalachia. There is a sense of victory in the airvictory in a long and difficult struggle that began 4 years ago, when the Conference of Appalachian Governors first was convened and began the struggle to focus the Nation's attention on the problems that are unique to our eastern mountain range.

As I recently told your distinguished counterpart in the Senate and our own senior Senator, Jennings Randolph, when I testified in a similar capacity before his subcommittee, I do not believe this bill would have come into being without an unusual degree of State co


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