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REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 6 OF 1953

(DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE)

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON
GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EIGHTY-THIRD CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. J. Res. 264

53-61433

JUNE 17, 18, 19, and 20, 1953

Printed for the use of the Committee on Government Operations

UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1968

34999

COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan, Chairman R. WALTER RIEHLMAN, New York

WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois CECIL M. HARDEN (Mrs.), Indiana

CHET HOLIFIELD, California GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio

FRANK M. KARSTEN, Missouri CHARLES B. BROWNSON, Indiana

JOHN W. McCORMACK, Massachusetts MARGUERITE STITT CHURCH, Illinois BILL LANTAFF, Florida GEORGE MEADER, Michigan

EARL CHUDOFF, Pennsylvania FRANK C. OSMERS, JR., New Jersey

FRANK IKARD, Texas CLARENCE J. BROWN, Ohio

JACK B. BROOKS, Texas LOUIS E. GRAHAM, Pennsylvania

LESTER HOLTZMAN, New York WALTER H. JUDD, Minnesota

ROBERT L. CONDON, California GORDON L. MCDONOUGH, California * THOMAS J. DODD, Connecticut KATHARINE ST. GEORGE, New York ROBERT H. MOLLOHAN, West Virginia WILLIAM E. MILLER, New York

L. H. FOUNTAIN, North Carolina JEFFREY HILLELSON, Missouri

J. L. PILCHER, Georgia
RICHARD H. POFF, Virginia

HELEN M. BOYER, Chief of Staff
WILLIAM F. MCKENNA, General Counsel

ANNABELL ZUE, Chief Clerk
CHRISTINE RAY DAVIS, Minority Professional Staf

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CONTENTS

GI

Page

House Joint Resolution 264..

7

Message from the President of the United States, transmitting Reorganiza-

tion Plan No. 6 of 1953, House Document No. 136-

1

Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953.---

7

Statement of

Allman, Dr. David B., Board of Trustees of American Medical Asso-

ciation, Atlantic City, N. J.; accompanied by C. Joseph Stetler,

secretary, Council on National Emergency Medical Service...

106

Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the
State of Florida ----

135

Burke, Robert G., president, Reserve Officers Association of the

United States...

131

Cooke, Adm. Charles M., United States Navy (retired).

Dodge, Joseph M., Director, Bureau of the Budget; accompanied by

William Finan, Assistant Director for Management and Organiza-

tion.

197

Eberstadt, Ferdinand, New York, N. Y

74
Edson, Maj. Gen. Merritt A., United States Marine Corps (retired)-- 225
Finletter, Thomas K., former Secretary of the Air Force

109
Johnson, Robert W., chairman of the board, Johnson & Johnson, accom-
panied by Vincent Brunelli....

43, 159

Kyes, Roger M., Deputy Secretary of Defense; accompanied by John

G. Adams, acting general counsel, Department of Defense..

9

Leahy, Fleet Adm. William D.

207

Rockefeller, Nelson A., chairman, Committee on Department of

Defense Organization -

139

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the record by-

Allman, Dr. David B., Board of Trustees of American Medical Asso-

ciation, Atlantic City, N. J.:

Excerpt from message of the President of the United States trans-

mitting Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953---

107

Excerpt from recommendation of the Rockefeller committee 106
Letter from George F. Lull, M.D., to Nelson A. Rockefeller, March
20, 1953

108

Letter from Nelson A. Rockefeller, chairman, Committee on

Department of Defense Organization, to Dr. George F. Lull,

April 5, 1953

108

Bennett, Hon. Charles E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Florida: Suggested new subsections (c) and (d) for Plan No. 6.. 137

Brown, Hon. Clarence J., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Ohio: Excerpt from Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953. 238

Cooke, Adm. Charles M., United States Navy (retired): Excerpt from

Rockefeller Report -

127

Dodge, Joseph M., Director, Bureau of the Budget:

Excerpts from the President's message on Reorganization Plan

No. 6, of 1953.

198, 199

Letter from Congressman Leslie C. Arends, to the President of

the United States, May 20, 1953-

201

Letter from President Dwight D. Eisenhower, to Congressman
Arends, May 25, 1953..

202

Eberstadt, Ferdinand, New York, N. Y.:

Excerpt from Acheson task force minority report on national

security organization..

79

Excerpt from Hoover Commission Report on the National

Security Organization..

Excerpt from recommendation of ex-President Herbert Hoover
June 29, 1949

80
III

80

Page

Letters, statements, etc., submitted for the recordContinued

Eberstadt, Ferdinand, New York, N. Y.-Continued

Excerpt from report of the task force committee on national

security --

83

Excerpt from statement of Chief of Staff, General Bradley-

96
Excerpt from statement of Winston Churchill.

104
Extract of testimony of General Eisenhower before the Senate
Committee on Armed Forces, March 25, 1947

80

Memorandum re President Eisenhower's recommendations

for reorganization of the Defense Department contained in

Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953...-

84

Edson, Maj. Gen. Merritt A., United States Marine Corps (retired):
Excerpts from Executive order of February 28, 1942.

228
Excerpts from hearings on National Security Act of 1947-

227
Excerpt from lecture given at the Army Information School in
1946.

228, 246
Memorandum presented by the Chief of Staff of the Army, Nov-
ember 2, 1943.

228

Finletter, Thomas K., former Secretary of the Air Force: Statement.. 115

Hoffman, Hon. Clare E., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Michigan, and chairman, House Government Operations Com-

mittee:

Article from the U. S. News & World Report, May 15, 1953,

entitled “Interview With Thomas K. Finletter, Former Secre-

tary of the Air Force".

189

Excerpt from General Eisenhower's statement of May 7, 1947 -- 23

Excerpt from statement of General Eisenhower before the House

Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments,

May 7, 1947

205

Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953.

23, 208

Exhibit A-Comparative analysis of views regarding (1) Chief of

Staff for the armed services and (2) a Chairman of the Joint

Chiefs of Staff

151

Five Defense Departments, article written by David Lawrence,
U. S. News & World Report, May 8, 1953. --

259
Is Defense Plan Constitutional? article written by David
Lawrence, Evening Star, May 4, 1953----

255

Joint Chiefs Criticized, article written by Hanson W. Baldwin,

New York Times, April 23, 1953.

251

Legislation by the Executive, article written by David Lawrence,

Evening Star, May 8, 1953.

257

Letter from Dan A. Kimball, national vice president, Navy
League of the United States, to Hon. Clare E. Hoffman, June
15, 1953..

249
Letter from Ernest J. King, fleet admiral, United States Navy, to
Hon. Clare E. Hoffman, June 11, 1953...

248
Letter from Frank A. Hecht, president, Navy League of the

United States, to Hon. Clare Ē. Hoffman, May 27, 1953- 249
Letter from Hon. Herbert Hoover, to Congressman Clare E. Hoff-
man, June 19, 1953.

260

Military Takes Step Backward, article written by David Law-

rence, Evening Star, May 14, 1953..

258

Provisions of the act of 1947 and amendments of 1949 and of

Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953 as they affect selection of a

chairman and of the members of the Joint Staff:

Excerpts from Public Law 216.

8

Excerpts from Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953.

8

Shake-up in Pentagon Represents Compromise, article written

by Hanson W. Baldwin, New York Times, May 3, 1953.

252

Statement of Adm. Richard S. Edwards, United States Navy

(retired).--

248

Unconstitutional Defense Plan, article written by David I aw-

rence, Evening Star, May 1, 1953.--

254

Holifield, Hon. Chet, a Representative in Congress from the State of

California: Excerpt from Reorganization Plan No. 6 of 1953.. 238

Lette.'s, statements, etc., submitted for the record_Continued

Page

Ikard, Hon. Frank, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Texas: Excerpt from the 1949 amendments to the National Security

Act of 1947.

166

Johnson, Robert W., chairman of the board, Johnson & Johnson:

Excerpt from Arthur Salzberger's paper, Concept for Catastrophe. 50

Excerpt from Congressman Shafer's remarks in the Congressional

Record, March 11, 1953..

Excerpt from George Fielding Elliott's pamphlet, How To Lose a

War.

50

Excerpt from statement of Congressman Clare E. Hoffman in
report on National Security Act of 1947-

49

Ruling of Secretary of War Newton P. Baker, 1916.

46

Statement of Donald Nelson, former head of the War Production

Board..

45

Ketchum, Omar B., director, National Legislative Service, Veterans

of Foreign Wars of the United States: Statement.--

41

Kyes, Roger M., Deputy Secretary of Defense:

Éxcerpt from President's message on Reorganization Plan No. 6

of 1953

16

Excerpt from statement of Secretary Forrestal, March 24, 1949.. 178

Letter from Gen. Omar N. Bradley, to Congressman Hoffman re

Plan No. 6 of 1953..

159

Lantaff, Hon. Bill, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Florida:

Excerpt from National Security Act of 1947 as amended.-------

Excerpt from Rockefeller report...

34, 36

McCormack, Hon. John W., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Massachusetts:

Answer by Secretary Wilson re General Staff

30

Excerpt from hearings before the Senate Committee on Armed

Services May 28, 1953.

Riehlman, Hon. R. Walter, a Representative in Congress from the

State of New York: Letter from President Dwight D. Eisenhower,

to Brig. Gen. Robert W. Johnson, May 27, 1953.-

67

Rockefeller, Nelson A., Chairman, Committee on Department of

Defense Organization:

Excerpt from Hoover Commission Report re Joint Chiefs..

149

Excerpt from Hoover Commission Report under the title "What's

Wrong With the Present Organization”.

152

Excerpts from report.

141-144

Section 11-Joint Chiefs of Staff organization chart.

146

APPENDIX

Excerpt from statement of Adm. Arthur William Radford, nominee as

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, at a hearing before the Senate

Committee on Armed Services, May 28, 1953.

262

List of witnesses appearing for and against Reorganization Plan No. 6 of

1953..

264

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