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is also responsible for coordinating communication with the industrial community on matters relating to implementation of TSCA and provides scientific and administrative staff support to the TSCA Interagency Testing Committee.

8 1.32 Office of the Assistant Administra.

tor for Research and Development. The Assistant Administrator for Research and Development serves as the principal science adviser to the Administrator, and is responsible for the development, direction, and conduct of a national research, development and demonstration program in: Pollution sources, fate, and health and welfare effects; pollution prevention and control, and waste management and utilization technology; environmental sciences; and monitoring systems. The Office participates in the development of Agency policy, standards, and regu. lations and provides for dissemination of scientific and technical knowledge, including analytical methods, monitoring techniques, and modeling methodologies. The Office serves as coordinator for the Agency's policies and programs concerning carcinogenesis and related problems and assures appropriate quality control and standardization of analytical measurement and monitoring techniques utilized by the Agency. The Office exercises review and concurrence responsibilities on an Agencywide basis in all budgeting and planning actions involving monitoring which require Headquarters approval.

(a) Office of Monitoring Systems of Quality Assurance. The Office of Monitoring Systems and Quality Assurance, under the supervision of a Director, is responsible for planning, managing and evaluating a comprehensive program for: (1) Development and demonstration of techniques and methods to measure exposure and to relate ambient concentrations to exposure by critical receptors; (2) research, development and demonstration of

monitoring methods, systems, techniques and equipment for detection, identification and characterization of pollutants at the source, and in the ambient environment, and for use as references or standard monitoring methods; (3) establishment, direction

and coordination of Agencywide Quality Assurance Programs; and (4) development and provision of quality assurance methods, techniques and materials including validation and standardization of analytical methods, sampling, techniques, quality control methods, standard reference materials, and techniques for data collection, evaluation and interpretation. The Office identifies specific research, development, demonstration and service needs and priorities; establishes program policies and guidelines; develops program plans, including objectives and estimates or resources required to accomplish objectives; administers the approved program and activities; assigns approved program and activities; assigns program responsibility and resources to the laboratories; directs and supervises assigned laboratories in program administration; and conducts reviews of program progress and takes action as necessary to assure timeliness, quality and responsiveness of outputs.

(b) Office of Environmental Engineering and Technology. The Office of Environmental Engineering and Technology, under the supervision of the Director, is responsible for planning, managing and evaluating a comprehensive program for the: (1) Development and demonstration of cost-effective methods for control and management of operations with environmental impacts associated with the extraction, processing, conversion, and transportation of energy, minerals, and other resources; and with industrial processing and manufacturing facilities; (2) development and demonstration of cost-effective methods for the prevention or management of pollution discharge or waste disposal into the environment from public sector activities, including publicly-owned waste water and solid waste facilities; (3) improvement of drinking water supply and system operations, including improved understanding of water supply technology and water supply criteria. The Office develops program plans including objectives and justifies these resources, and, after receiving them, carries out the approved program and activities; (4) assigns objectives and resources to the laboratories


assigned to the Office. The Office con- impacts from agriculture and other ducts appropriate reviews to assure rural nonpoint sources; the quality, timeliness and responsive- (4) The development and demonstraness of outputs, and (5) analysis of the tion of integrated pest managment relative environmental and socio-eco strategies for the management of agrinomic impacts of energy, minerals, culture and urban pests which utilize and other resource extraction, trans- alternative biological cultural and portation, processing, conversion, and chemical controls; utilization systems, and of other indus- (5) The development of laboratory trial operations. The Office is the and field-scale screening tests to profocal point for providing liaison with vide data that can be used to predict the rest of the Agency and with the the behavior of pollutants in terms of Department of Energy on issues asso- movement in the environment, accuciated with energy development (ex mulation in the food chain, effects on cluding issues of research planning organisms, and broad escosystem imand implementation of the measure- pacts; ment, fate, and effects of energy pol. (6) Coordination of interagency relutants that are conducted under the search, activities associated with the Interagency Energy/Environment health and environmental impacts of Program), and liaison with the rest of energy production and use; and the Agency on issues related to con (7) Development and demonstration trolling pollution discharges.

of methods for restoring degraded eco(c) Office of Environmental Process- system by means other than source es and Effects Research. The Office of control. Environmental Processes and Effects (d) Office of Health Research. The Research, under the supervision of the Office Health Research, under the suDirector, is responsible for planning, pervision of the Director, is responsimanaging, and evaluating a compre- ble for the management of planning, hensive research program to develop implementing, and evaluating a comthe scientific and technological meth- prehensive, integrated human health ods and data necessary to understand research program which documents ecological processes, and predict broad acute and chronic adverse effects to ecosystems impacts, and to manage man from environmental exposure to the entry, movement, and fate of pol pollutants and determines those expolutants upon nonhuman organisms sures which have a potentially adverse and ecosystems. The comprehensive effect on humans. The Office is reprogram includes:

sponsible for criteria development and (1) The development of organism scientific assessments in support of and ecosystem level effect data needed the Agency's regulating and standardfor the establishment of standards, setting activities. It develops methodcriteria or guidelines for the protec- ology and conducts laboratory and tion of nonhuman components of the field research studies; and develops environment and ecosystem integrity interagency programs which effectiveand the prevention of harmful human ly use pollutants. The Office is the exposure to pollutants;

Agency's focal point for providing liai(2) The development of methods to son relative to human health effects determine and predict the fate, trans and related human exposure issues port, and environmental levels which (excluding issues related to the planmay result in human exposure and ex- ning and implementation of research posure of nonhuman components of on the human health effects of energy the environment, resulting from the pollutants that is conducted under the discharge of pollutants, singly or in Interagency Energy/Environment combination into the environment, in- Program). It responds to changing recluding development of source criteria quirements of the Regions, program for protection of environmental qual offices and other offices for priority

technical assistance. In close coordina(3) The development and demonstra- tion with Agency research and advisotion of methods for the control or ry committees, other agencies and ofmanagement of adverse environmental fices, and interaction with academic


and other independent scientific regulations, guidelines, evaluation cribodies, the Office develops health sci- teria, and compliance monitoring ence policy for the Agency. Through standards designed to bring about acthese relationships and the scientific tions by the private sector and governcapabilities of its laboratories and mental bodies to control solid and hazHeadquarters staffs, the Office pro ardous waste problems affecting the vides a centrum for matters pertaining environment, and human health. to the effects of human exposure to (b) Office of Solid Waste. The Office environmental pollutants.

of Solid Waste, under the supervision

of a Director, is responsible for the 8 1.33 The Office of Solid Waste and

solid waste activities of the Agency. Emergency Response.

The Office provides program policy diThe Assistant Administrator for rection to and evaluation of such acSolid Waste and Emergency Response tivities throughout the Agency and esserves as the principal adviser to the tablishes solid waste research requireAdministrator in matters pertaining to ments for EPA. solid waste and emergency response (c) Office of Emergency and Remediprograms and shall be responsible for al Response. The Office of Emergency the management of these programs in and Remedial Response, under the suthe Agency including: Program policy pervision of a Director, is responsible development and evaluation; develop for the emergency and remedial rement of appropriate hazards waste sponse functions of the Agency. The standards and regulations; ensuring Office is specifically responsible for: compliance with applicable laws and (1) Developing national strategy, regulations; program policy guidance programs, technical policies, regulaand overview, technical support, and tions and guidelines for the control of evaluation of Regional solid waste and abandoned hazardous waste sites, and emergency response activities; devel response to and prevention of oil and opment of programs for technical, pro hazardous substance spills; grammatic, and compliance assistance (2) Providing direction, guidance, to States and local government; devel and support to the Environmental Reopment of guidelines and standards sponse Teams and overseeing their acfor the land disposal of hazardous tivities; wastes; analyses on the recovery of (3) Providing direction, guidance and useful energy from solid waste, and de support to the Agency's non-enforcevelopment and implementation of a ment emergency and remedial reprogram to respond to uncontrolled sponse to environmental emergencies; hazardous waste sites and spills (in (4) Providing direction, guidance and cluding oil spills).

support to the Agency's non-enforce(a) Office of Waste Programs En ment emergency and remedial reforcement. The Office of Waste Pro sponse programs, including emergency grams Enforcements, under the super and remedial responses to hazardous vision of a Director, provides program waste sites; management and implements the (5) Developing national accomplishpolicy developed by the Office of ment plans and resources; Legal and Enforcement Counsel and (6) Scheduling the guidelines for General Counsel for the solid waste program plans; and emergency/remedial response (7) Assisting in the training of per(hereafter referred to as “response"') sonnel; enforcement activities of the Agency. (8) Monitoring and evaluating the The Office supervises those enforce- performance, progress, and fiscal ment activities and provides policy di. status of the Regions in implementing rection to Regional solid waste and re emergency and remedial response prosponse enforcement programs. It de gram plans; velops objectives, strategy, programs, (9) Maintaining liaison with conand evaluation criteria for solid waste cerned public and private national orand response enforcement activities. ganizations for emergency response; These activities include the develop (10) Supporting State emergency rement of policy statements, procedures, sponse programs; and

(11) Coordinating Office activities water quality goals and is responsible with other EPA programs.

for the development of effluent guide

lines and water quality standards, and & 1.34 The Office of Water.

other pollutant standards, regulations, The Assistant Administrator for and guidelines within the program reWater serves as the principal adviser sponsibilities of the Office. It exercises to the Administrator in matters per overall responsibility for the developtaining to water programs, and shall ment of effective State and Regional be responsible for the management of water quality regulatory control prothe water programs of the Agency, in grams. The Office is responsible for cluding: Program policy development the development and maintenance of a and evaluation; environmental and centralized water programs data pollution sources standards develop system including compatible water ment; program policy guidance and quality, discharger, and program data overview, technical support, and evalu files utilizing, but not displacing, files ation of Regional water activities; the developed and maintained by other conduct of enforcement activities as program offices. It is responsible for they relate to water programs; devel developing national accomplishment opment of programs for technical as plans and resource and schedule guidesistance and technology transfer; and, lines for monitoring and evaluating development of selected demonstra the performance, progress, and fiscal tion programs.

status of the organization in imple(a) Office of Water Enforcement. menting program plans. The Office The Office of Water Enforcement, represents EPA in activities with the under the supervision of a Director, Water Resources Council and other implements program policy developed Federal agencies concerned with water by the Office of Legal and Enforce- quality regulations and standards. ment Counsel and General Counsel as (c) Office of Water Program Operit relates to the water and water ations. The Office of Water Program supply enforcement activities of the Operations, under the supervision of Agency, including direct supervision of Director, is responsible for the Agenthose enforcement activities reporting cy's water program operations funcdirectly to the Office of Water En- tions. The Office is responsible for deforcement and technical program di veloping national programs, technical rection to the Regional water enforce policies, regulations, and guidelines for ment activities. The Office develops the municipal wastewater treatment objectives and programs for water en construction grants program and for forcement activities, including the de- water quality management and control velopment of procedures, regulatory of pollution from point and nonpoint material, guidelines, criteria, and sources; for proividing technical direcpolicy statements designed to bring tion and support to Regional Offices about actions by individuals, private and other organizations, and for evalu. enterprise, and governmental bodies to ating Regional and State programs improve the quality of the water.

with respect to municipal point and (b) Office of Water Regulations and nonpoint source abatement and conStandards. The Office of Water Regu trol, and manpower development for lations and Standards, under the su water-related activities. The Office is pervision of Director, is responsible for responsible for developing national acthe Agency's water regulations and complishment plans and resource and standards functions. The Office is re- schedule guidelines for program plans sponsible for developing an overall required of the Divisions; for monitorprogram strategy for the achievement ing and evaluating the performance, of water pollution abatement in coop- progress, and fiscal status of the divieration with other appropriate pro- sions in implementing program plans. gram offices. The Office assures the (d) Office of Drinking Water. The coordination of all national water-re- Office of Drinking Water, under the lated activities within this water pro- supervision of a Director, is responsigram strategy, and monitors national ble for the water supply activities of progress toward the achievement of the Agency, including the develop.

ment of an implementation strategy trators are responsible for accomplishwhich provides the national policy di- ing national program objectives within rection and coordination for the pro- the Regions as established by the Adgram. This Office establishes stand ministrator, Deputy Administrator, ards, develops regulations, policies, Associate Administrators, Assistant and guidelines for drinking water qual. Administrators, and Heads of Headity and treatment requisite to protect quarters Staff Officers. Regional Adthe public health and welfare and to ministrators develop, propose, and improtect existing and future ground plement an approved Regional prowater sources of drinking water; pro gram for comprehensive and integratvides guidance and technical informa ed environmental protection activities. tion to State agencies, local utilities, Regional Administrators are responsiand Federal facilities through the Re ble for total resource management in gional Offices on program planning, the Regions within guidelines proand phasing; evaluates the national vided by the Headquarters, and is relevel of compliance with the regula sponsible for translating technical protions; plans and develops policy guid gram direction and evaluation, proance for response to national, Region vided by the various Associate Adminal, and local emergencies; reviews and

istrators, Assistant Administrators and evaluates, with Regional Offices, tech

Heads of Headquarters Staff Offices, nical data for the designation of sole into effective operating programs at source aquifers; designs a national pro

the Regional level, and assuring that gram of public information to encour

such programs are executed efficientage citizens participation aimed at the

ly. Regional Administrators exercise goal, “Safe Drinking Water for all

approval authority for proposed State Americans", provides program policy

standards and implementation plans; direction for technical assistance and and provide for overall and specific manpower training activities in the

evaluations of Regional programs, water supply area; identifies research

both internal and State activities. needs and develops monitoring requirements for the national water

PART 2-PUBLIC INFORMATION supply program; develops national accomplishment plans and resource schedule guidelines for monitoring

Subpart A-Requests for Information and evaluating the program plans, and Sec. program performance, and fiscal 2.100 Definitions. status; develops program plans, and 2.101 Policy on disclosure of EPA records. budget and program status reports for 2.102 (Reserved) the water supply program; coordinates 2.103 Partial disclosure of records. water supply activities with other Fed

2.104 Requests to which this subpart aperal agencies as necessary; and serves

plies. as liaison with the National Drinking

2.105 Existing records.

2.106 Where requests for agency records Water Advisory Council.

shall be filed.

2.107 Misdirected written requests; oral reSubpart C-Field Installations


2.108 Form of request. $ 1.41 Regional Offices.

2.109 Requests which do not reasonably

describe records sought. Regional Administrators are respon.

2.110 Responsibilities of Freedom of Inforsible to the Administrator, within the

mation Officers. boundaries of their Regions, for the 2.111 Action by office responsible for reexecution of the Regional programs of sponding to request. the Agency and such other responsi 2.112 Time allowed for issuance of initial bilities as may be assigned, and serves determination. as the Administrator's principal repre

2.113 Initial denials of requests. sentative in the Regions in contacts

2.114 Appeals from initial denials; manner

of making. and relationships with Federal, State, 2015

2.115 Appeal determinations by whom interstate and local agencies, industry, made. academic institutions, and other public 2.116 Contents of determination denying and private groups. Regional Adminis appeal.

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