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(Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 206, 59 Stat. 618.)

§ 133y-16. Procedure when one House, prior to passage of its resolution, received resolution from other House on same plan.-If, prior to the passage by one House of a resolution of that House with respect to a reorganization plan, such House receives from the other House a resolution with respect to the same plan, then

(a) If no resolution of the first House with respect to such plan has been referred to committee, no other resolution with respect to the same plan may be reported or (despite the provisions of section 133y-13 (a) of this title) be made the subject of a motion to discharge.

(b) If a resolution of the first House with respect to such plan has been referred to committee

(1) the procedure with respect to that or other resolutions of such House with respect to such plan which have been referred to committee shall be the same as if no resolution from the other House with respect to such plan had been received; but

(2) On any vote on final passage of a resolution of the first House with respect to such plan the resolution from the other House with respect to such plan shall be automatically substituted for the resolution of the first House. (Dec. 20, 1945, ch. 582, title II, § 207, 59 Stat. 618.)

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 3 OF 1946 Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives in Congress assembled, May 16, 1946, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1945, approved December 20, 1945 (sec. 133y to 133y-16 of this title).

PART V. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 8 601. Functions of certain agencies of the Department of Agriculture. The following functions are hereby transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture and shall be performed by him or, subject to his direction and control, by such officers and agencies of the Department of Agriculture as he shall designate:

(a) All functions of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the Surplus Marketing Administration and of the respective heads of such Administra. tions.

(b) The administration of the programs of the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation and the Commodity Credit Corporation.

PART X. RECORD, PROPERTY, PERSONNEL AND FUNDS g 1001. Transfer of records, property, personnel, and funds.—There are hereby transferred to the respective agencies in which functions are vested pursuant to the provisions of this plan, to be used, employed, and expended in connection with such functions, respectively, or in connection with winding up the outstanding affairs of agencies abolished by this plan, (1) the records and property now being used or held in connection with such functions, (2) the personnel employed in connection with such functions, and (3) the unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, or other funds available or to be made available for 186 in connection with such functions.

§ 1002. Disposition of excess personnel.-Any of the personnel transferred under this plan which the transferee agency shall find to bē in excess of the porsonnel necessary for the administration of the functions transferred to such agency by such plan shall be retransferred under existing law to other positions in the Government or separated from the service.

8 1003. Dispositions by Director of the Bureau of the Budget.-Such further measures and dispositions as the Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall determine to be necessary in order to effectuate the provisions of this part or in order to wind up the outstanding affairs relating to agencies or functions abolished by this plan shall be carried out in such manner as the Director may direct and by such agencies as he may designate.

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Functions of Certain Agencies of the Department of Agriculture To enable the Department of Agriculture to meet its responsibilities for food production and distribution during the war, there was early and continuing coordination of its programs directly concerned with these phases of the food problom. Beginning with Executive Order No. 9069 of February 23, 1942 (set out as a note under section 601 of Appendix to Title 50), those programs and agencies dealing with food production and distribution were gradually consolidated by a series of Executive orders issued under the authority of the First War Powers Act (sections 601-622 of Appendix to Title 50). By_Executive Order No. 9334 of April 19, 1943, they were all grouped into a War Food Administration, under a War Food Administrator.

When the fighting was drawing to a close and the emergency purposes of the War Food Administration had been largely accomplished, this Administration was terminated by Executive Order No. 9577 of June 29, 1945 (set out as a note under section 601 of Appendix to Title 50), and its functions and agencies were transferred back to the jurisdiction of the Secretary of Agriculture. Executive Order No. 9577 also authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to organize and administer the transferred functions and agencies in the manner which he deemed best.

Under this authority the Secretary established the Production and Marketing Administration in August 1945. Into this Administration he consolidated the functions of many of the production and marketing agencies which were transferred back from the War Food Administration. Included were the functions of the Agricultural Adjustment Administration and the Surplus Marketing Administration and the administration of the programs of the Federal Crop Insurance Corporation and the Commodity Credit Corporation.

The plan transfers these functions to the Secretary of Agriculture, in order to permit him to continue the consolidation already effected in the Production and Marketing Administration. This provision makes it possible to maintain the close coordination and integration of food-production and distribution programs, with the resulting benefits that were achieved during the war. It also provides the Secretary with the necessary flexibility to make adjustments in the coordination and administration of these programs to meet changing conditions and now problems, & flexibility which he particularly needs at this period of acute food shortages throughout the world.

REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 1 OF 1947 Prepared by the President and transmitted to the Senate and the House of Representatives in Congress assembled, May 1, 1947, pursuant to the provisions of the Reorganization Act of 1945, approved December 20, 1947 [sections 133y to 133y-16 of this title.]

PART III. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 8 301. Agricultural research functions. The functions of the following agencies of the Department of Agriculture, namely, the Bureau of Animal Industry, the Bureau of Dairy Industry, the Bureau of Plant Industry, Soils, and Agricultural Engineering, the Bureau of Entomology and Plant Quarantine, the Bureau of Agricultural and Industrial Chemistry, the Bureau of Human Nutrition and Home Economics, the Office of Experiment Stations, and the Agricultural Research Center, together with the functions of the Agricultural Research Administrator, are transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture and shall be performed by the Secretary or, subject to his direction and control, by such officers and agencies of the Department of Agriculture as he may designate.

APPROVAL OF AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ORDERS Section 8c of the Agricultural Marketing Agreements Act of 1937 provides that marketing orders of the Secretary of Agriculture must in certain cases be approved by the President before issuance. In order to relieve the President of an unnecessary burden, the responsibility for approval was delegated to the Ecopomic Stabilization Director during the war, and was formally transferred to him by Executive Order No. 9705 of March 15, 1946. Since the Secretary of Agriculture is the principal adviser of the President in matters relating to agriculture, and since final authority has been assigned to the Secretary by law in many mat tors of equal or greater importanco, the requirement of Presidential approval of individual marketing orders may well be discontinued. Accordingly, the plan abolishes the function of the President relative to the approval of such orders.

AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH FUNCTIONS By Executive Order No. 9069 of February 23, 1942, six research bureaus, the Office of Experiment Stations, and the Agricultural Research Center were consolidated into an Agricultural Research Administration to be administered by an officer designated by the Secretary of Agriculture. The constituent bureaus and agencies of the Administration have, in practice, retained their separate identity. This consolidation and certain transfers of functions between the constituent bureaus and agencies have all been recognized and provided for in the subsequent appropriation acts passed by the Congress.

By the plan the functions of the eight research bureaus and agencies which are presently consolidated into the Agricultural Research Administration are transferred to the Secretary of Agriculture to be performed by him or under his direction and control by such officers or agencies of the Department of Agriculture as he may designate.

The benefits which have been derived from centralized review, co-ordination, and control of research projects and functions by the Agricultural Research Administrator have amply demonstrated the lasting value of this consolidation. By transferring the functions of the constituent bureaus and agencies to the Secretary of Agriculture, it will be possible to continue this consolidation and to make such further adjustments in the organization of agricultural research activities as future conditions may require. This assignment of functions to the Secretary is in accord with the sound and long-established practice of the Congress of vesting substantive functions in the Secretary of Agriculture rather than in subordinate officers or agencies of the Department.

CREDIT UNION FUNCTIONS The plan makes permanent the transfer of the administration of Federal functions with respect to credit unions to the

Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. These functions, originally placed in the Farm Credit Administration, were transferred to the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation by Executive Order No. 9148 of April 27, 1942. Most credit unions are predominantly urban institutions, and the credit-union program bears very little relation to the functions of the Farm Credit Administration. The supervision of credit unions fits in logically with the general bank supervisory functions of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation since 1942 has successfully administered the credit-union program, and the supervision of credit-union examiners has been integrated into the field and departmental organization of the Corporation. In the interests of preserving an organizational arrangement which operates effectively and economically, the program should remain in its present location.

8 1332. Declaration of objectives and purposes of reorganization plans.—(a) The President shall examine and from time to time reexamine the organization of all agencies of the Government and shall determine what changes therein are necessary to accomplish the following purposes :

(1) to promote the better execution of the laws, the more effective management of the executive branch of the Government and of its agencies and functions, and the expeditious administration of the public business :

(2) to reduce expenditures and promote economy, to the fullest extent consistent with the efficient operation of the Government;

(3) to increase the efficiency of the operations of the Government to the fullest extent practicable;

(4) to group, coordinate, and consolidate agencies and functions of the Government, as nearly as may be, according to major purposes;

(5) to reduce the number of agencies by consolidating those having similar functions under a single head, and to abolish such agencies or functions thereof as may not be necessary for the efficient conduct of

the Government; and

(6) to eliminate overlapping and duplication of effort.

(b) The Congress declares that the public interest demands the

carrying out of the purposes specified in subsection (a) of this section

and that such purposes may be accomplished in great measure by pro-

ceeding under the provisions of sections 133z to 1332–15 of this title,

and can be accomplished more speedily thereby than by the enact-

ment of specific legislation. (June 20, 1949, ch. 226, Title I, § 2, 63

Stat. 203.)

Short title.-Congress in enacting sections 133z to 1332–15 of this title pro-

vided by section 1 of Act June 20, 1949, cited to text, that they should be known
as the "Reorganization Act of 1949'.

BXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 10072

JULY 29, 1949, 14 F.R. 4797

IMPROVEMENT OF MANAGEMENT OF EXECUTIVE

BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT

1. Department and agency heads shall (a) review the programs under their
respective jurisdictions to assure themselves and the President that such pro-
grams are being carried out with maximum effectiveness and economy, (b)
provide for periodic and systematic appraisals of operations to identify oppor-
tunities to improve effectiveness and performance, (c) schedule action to work
out and install improvements, giving priority to the activities promising great-
est benefits in economy or better service for the same or less money, and (d)
report periodically to the Bureau of the Budget on the progress made in estab-
lishing management improvement programs and the results achieved therefrom.

2. The Bureau of the Budget shall (&) review department and agency plans

for management improvement in conjunction with requests for funds, and at other

appropriate times, (b) advise and assist the agencies in working out programs

to improve their operations, (c) make appropriate arrangements for handling

program and operating problems of an interagency nature, (d) provide for an

interchange of information on effective management techniques, and (c) report

periodically to the President on the progress and results of agency management

improvement efforts.

3. There is hereby established an Advisory Committee on Management Im-

provement. The Committee shall assist the President in creating a government-

wide program for management improvement, developing a framework for the

conduct of management activities, reviewing the progress of agency manage-

ment improvement efforts, and promoting

a better understanding of measures

taken to improve the management of the Executive Branch of the Government.

The Committee shall be appointed by the President and shall consist of twelve

members, five of whom shall be officers or employees of the Federal Government.

The Director of the Bureau of the Budget shall meet with and advise the

Committee.

8 1332-1. Powers and duties of President; preparation and contents

of reorganization plan; submission to Congress.-Whenever the Presi-
dent, after investigation, finds that-

(1) the transfer of the whole or any part of any agency, or of the
whole or any part of the functions thereof, to the jurisdiction and
control of any other agency; or

(2) the abolition of all or any part of the functions of any

agency; or

(3) the consolidation or coordination of the whole or any part of

any agency, or of the whole or any part of the functions thereof,

with the whole or any part of any other agency or the functions

thereof; or

(4) the consolidation or coordination of any part of any agency

or the functions thereof with any other part of the same agency or the functions thereof; or

(5) the authorization of any officer to delegate any of his functions; or

(6) the abolition of the whole or any part of any agency which agency or part does not have, or upon the taking effect of the reor

ganization plan will not have any functions, is necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes of section 133z(a) of this title, he shall prepare a reorganization plan for the making of the reorganizations as to which he has made findings and which he includes in the plan, and transmit such plan (bearing an identifying number) to the Congress, together with a declaration that, with respect to each reorganization included in the plan, he has found that such reorganization is necessary to accomplish one or more of the purposes of section 133z(a) of this title. The delivery to both Houses shall be on the same day and shall be made to each House while it is in session. The President, in his message transmitting a reorganization plan, shall specify with respect to each abolition of a function included in the plan the statutory authority for the exercise of such function, and shall specify the reduction of expenditures (itemized so far as practicable) which it is probable will be brought about by the taking effect of the reorganizations included in the plan. (June 20, 1949, ch. 226, Title I, § 3, 63 Stat. 203.)

8 1332–2. Additional contents of plans.—Any reorganization plan transmitted by the President under section 1332–1 of this title

(1) shall change, in such cases as he deems necessary, the name of any agency affected by a reorganization, and the title of its head; and shall designate the name of any agency resulting from a reorganization and the title of its head;

(2) may include provisions for the appointment and compensation of the head and one or more other officers of any agency (including an agency resulting from a consolidation or other type of reorganization) if the President finds, and in his message transmitting the plan declares, that by reason of a reorganization made by the plan such provisions are necessary. The head so provided for may be an individual or may be a commission or board with two or more members. In the case of any such appointment the term of office shall not be fixed at more than four years, the compensation shall not be at a rate in excess of that found by the President to prevail in respect of comparable officers in the executive branch, and, if the appointment is not under the classified civil service, it shall be by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, except that, in the case of any officer of the municipal government of the District of Columbia, it may be by the Board of Commissioners or other body or officer of such government designated in the plan:

(3) shall make provision for the transfer or other disposition of the records, property, and personnel affected by any reorganization;

(4) shall make provision for the transfer of such unexpended balances of appropriations, and of other funds, available for use in connection with any function or agency affected by a reorganization, as he deems necessary by reason of the reorganization for use in connection with the functions affected by the reorganization, or for

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