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TO MAINTAIN THE NEUTRALITY OF THE UNITED
STATES IN THE EVENT OF WAR OR THREAT
OF WAR BETWEEN OR AMONG

FOREIGN NATIONS

JANUARY 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, AND 15, 1936

REVISED PRINT

UNITED STATES

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON: 1936

43786

COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS

SAM D. MCREYNOLDS, Tennessee, Chairman SOL BLOOM, New York

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York LUTHER A. JOHNSON, Texas

JOSEPH W. MARTIN, JR., Massachusetts J. WALTER LAMBETH, North Carolina CHARLES A. EATON, New Jersey STEPHEN A. RUDD, New York

GEORGE HOLDEN TINKHAM, Massachusetts BRYANT T. CASTELLOW, Georgia

LEO E. ALLEN, Illinois FINLY H. GRAY, Indiana

EDITH NOURSE ROGERS, Massachusetts FRANK L. KLOEB, Ohio

THEODORE CHRISTIANSON, Minnesota MILLARD F. CALDWELL, Florida WILLIAM E. RICHARDSON, Pennsylvania JOHN KEE, West Virginia GUY M. GILLETTE, Iowa MARTIN A. BRENNAN, Illinois LAWRENCE E. IMHOFF, Ohio OLIVER W. FREY, Pennsylvania JAMES P. RICHARDS, South Carolina THOMAS C. HENNINGS, JR., Missouri JAMES A. SHANLEY, Connecticut

I. R. BARNES, Clerk

LUCILLE SCHILLING, Assistant Clerk II

Cont.

Supt. Dre,
131-36

CONTENTS

Statement by-

Page

Moore, Hon. R. Walton, Assistant Secretary of State, and Green H.

Hackworth, Legal Adviser, Department of State-

.-7,25,49

Borchard, Professor Edwin M., professor of international law, Yale

University, New Haven, Conn.-

51

Hyde, Professor Charles Cheney, professor of international law,

Columbia University, New York, N. Y.

75

Celler, Hon. Emanuel, a Representative in Congress from the State

of New York.

83

Maverick, Hon. Maury, a Representative in Congress from the

State of Texas. -

85

Harriman, Hon. Edward A., attorney at law, Washington, D. C... 108

Lamneck, Hon. Arthur P., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Ohio...

119

Kopplemann, Hon. Herman P., a Representative in Congress from the

State of Connecticut..

128

Ludlow, Hon. Louis, a Representative in Congress from the State of

Indiana..

144

Sisson, Hon. Fred J., a Representative in Congress from the State of

New York

151

Healey, Hon. Arthur D., a Representative in Congress from the State

of Massachusetts..

171

Sabbatino, Peter L. J., 70 Pine Street, New York, N. Y.

177

Leveroni, Frank, 73 Tremont Street, Boston, Mass.-

183

Cessassa, Andrew A., Revere, Mass.-

199

Pallotti, Francis A., 1029 Main Street, Hartford, Conn..

205

Alessandroni, Eugene V., 6420 City Line, Philadelphia, Pa..

208

Rossi, Dr. F. John, 400 Rutger Street, Utica, N. Y.

214

Stoddard, Dr. Lothrop, 3318 N Street NW., Washington, D. C. 219

Grant-Smith, Hon. U., 1721 H Street NW., Washington, D. C

252

Green, Mr. Joseph C., Chief, Office of Arms and Munitions Control,

Department of State, Executive Secretary of the National Muni-

tions Control Board

255

AMERICAN NEUTRALITY POLICY

[NOTE.—Hearings on January 7 and 8, 1936, were in executive session but

committee has decided to include same with other hearings on the neutrality bill.)

TUESDAY, JANUARY 7, 1936

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN AFFAIRS,

Washington, D.C.
The committee met at 10.30 a. m., Hon. Sam D. McReynolds
(chairman) presiding.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

Mr. JOHNSON. Mr. Chairman, I move that for the present the committee go into executive session to hear representatives of the State Department.

The CHAIRMAN. If there is no objection, the committee will go into executive session.

(Whereupon the committee went into executive session.) The CHAIRMAN. The resolution under consideration is as follows:

(H. J. Res. 422, 74th Cong., 2d sess. ]

JOINT RESOLUTION To maintain the neutrality of the United States in the event of

war or threat of war between or among foreign nations

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Neutrality Act of 1936."

DEFINITIONS

SEC. 2 . For the purposes of this Act,
(a) The term “Board” means the National Munitions Control Board.

(b) The term "United States” when used in a geographical sense means the continental United States, the Territories, and insular possessions of the United States (including the Philippine Islands), the Canal Zone, and the District of Columbia.

(c) The term “person” means a natural person, corporation, partnership, organization, or association.

(d) The term “vessel” means every description of watercraft (including aircraft) or other contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on or over water.

(e) The term "American vessel” means any vessel (including aircraft) documented under the laws of the United States.

(f) The term "vehicle” means every description of carriage (including aircraft) or other contrivance used, or capable of being used, as a means of transportation on or over land.

EXPORT OF ARMS, AMMUNITION, AND IMPLEMENTS OF WAR SEC. 3. (a) Upon the outbreak or during the progress of any war between, or among, two or more foreign states, the President shall proclaim such fact, and it shall thereafter be unlawful to export, or attempt to export, or cause to be

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