« PreviousContinue »
Thus I believe the only-begotten and eternal Son of for the confirmation of the truth of his death already past the verity of his resurrection from the dead suddenly to fa had his body, according to the custom of the Jews, pre for a funeral, bound up with linen clothes, and laid in sp and after that accustomed preparation, deposited in a s chre hewn out of the rock, in which never man was laid be and by rolling of a stone unto the door thereof, entombed t Thus I believe that Christ wAS BURIED.
He descended into hell : the third day he rose
again from the dead. The former part of this Article, of the descent into hell, not been so anciently in the CREED,* or so universally, a Christians, so Gregory Nazianzen did ob Sardica, Antioch, Seleucia, Sirmius serve the same to the great dishonour of It is not mentioned in several confe the apostate, comparing his funeral with of faith delivered by particular pe bis predecessors. 'o rey yap (that is Con not in that of Eusebius Cæsariensi stantius) παραπέμπεται πανδήμοις ευφημίαις sented to the Council of Nice. The τε και πομπαίς, και τούτοις δε τοις ημετέροις Hist. Eccles. I. i. c. 2, not in that of σεμνούς, υδαϊς παννύχις και δαδουχίαις, αις cellus, bishop of Ancyra, deliver Χριστιανοί τιμάν μετάστασιν ευσεβή νομίζομεν Pope Julius, S. Epiphan. Hær. lx και γίνεται πανήγυρις μετά πάθους και εκκομιδή 11. not in that of Arius and Euzoias TOŪ cápatos. Orat. iv. in Jul. ii. p. 118. But sented to Constantine, Socrat. I. i. as for Julian : Mϊμοι γελοίων ήγον αυτόν, και not in that of Acacius, bishop of Cæ τους από της σκηνής αίσχεσιν έπομπεύετο delivered in to the Synod of Sel έως ή Ταρσέων αυτών υποδέχεται πόλις Socrat. I. ï. c. 40. not in that of 1 ένθα δε οι τέμενος άτιμον, και τάφος εξάγιστος thius, Theophilus, and Silvanus, s και απόπτυστος, και ουδέ θεατος ευσεβών όψεσι. Liberius, Socrat. J. iv. c. 12. There Ibid. p. 119, 120.
mention of it in the Creed of St. First, It is to be observed, that the Tract. de Fide, in Asceticis, c. 4.; descent into hell was not in the ancient Creed of Epiphanius, in Ancorato, g. creeds or rules of faith. Some tell us that Gelasius, in Biblioth. Patr. Lat. t. v it was not in the confession of Ignatius 3. p. 669. Damasus, inter, Op. S. Epist. ad Magnes. But indeed there is no t. v. p. 122. Macarius, in Hom. confession of faith in that Epistle ; for not in the Creed expounded what is read there was thrust in out of (though some have produced Clemens's Constitutions. In like man
to prove it), it is not in the ner, in vain is it objected that it was pounded by St. Augustin, De omitted by Polycarp, Clemens Romanns, bolo ; not in that De Symbolo a and Justin Martyr, because they have nos, attributed to St. Aug not pretended any rule of faith or Creed that which is expounded of their times. But that which is mate Taurinensis, nor in that so rial in this cause, it is not to be found in preted by Petrus Chrysolo the rules of faith delivered by Irenæus, I. the 2d Homily of Maximus i. c. 2. by Origen, l. Tegi áexão, in Proæm. cruce et sepultura Domini, w or by Tertullian, adv. Pruneam, c. 2. De illam nativitatem (scil. d Virg. veland. c. 1. De Præscript. adv. Mariæ) ad inferos descend Hæret. c. 13. It is not expressed in those (scil. de sepulcro) remea Creeds which were made by the Councils And in the 60th Sermon, as larger explications of the Apostles' bolum Apostolorum, of Pet Creed: not in the Nicene or Constanti. Sepultum dicis, ut veram nopolitan, not in that of Ephesus or Cbal. mortemque non perfunctar cedon ; not in those confessions made at fessio sepulturæ, mortem
Selecci, ce ed in several cos
by particular sebios Casas ouncil of Nice. It
rest. The first place we find it used in, was the Church of Aquileia; and the time we are sure it was used in the Creed of that church was less than 400 years after Christ. After that it came into the Roman Creed,* and others,t and hath been acknowledged as a part of the Apostles' Creed ever since.
Indeed, the descent into hell hath always been accepted, but with a various exposition ;£ and the Church of England at the Reformation, as it received the three Creeds, in two of which this Article is contained, so did it also make this one of the Articles of Religion, to which all who are admitted to any benefice, or received into boly orders, are obliged to subscribe. And at the first reception it was propounded with a certain explication, and thus delivered in the fourth year of King Edward the Sixth, with reference to an express place of Scripture interpreted of this descent : That the body of Christ lay in the grave until his resurrection; but his spirit, which he gave up, was with the spirits which were detained in prison, or in hell, and preached to them, as the place in St. Peter (1 Ep. iii. 19) testifieth.’s So likewise after the same manner in the Creed set forth in metre after the manner of a psalm, and still remaining at the end of the Psalms, the same exposition is delivered in this stave :
And so he died in the flesh,
irit did after this descend
ht of the intrasse infer
falsely ascribed to St.Autartari, et tart
is attributed to Thomas litas, sed po
in the exposition of the Lugd. 165
ibed to St. Chrysostom. Church of
reed attributed to St.
though we cannot say heen in the
now was extant about Erned Archb
he epistle of Isidorus ffirmed by
udium Ducem. It was neither in
Creed of the Council Creeds:
Hist. Eccl. 1. ii. c. 57. siæ Rom
icil of Toledo, held in , descend
he sixteenth Council is Ecel
eld in the year 693. Erроѕі.
is negaverit fuisse fore
S. August. Epist. ue ad resurrectiot; Spiritus ab illo qui in carcere sive fuit, illisque præi locus,' &c. Artiplace was also ition of the Creed ism set forth by Edward, in the
• C. 2. Det in the
of Aries and E.
40. not in the de
Brblietk. Patr. Leta
, in tine
n that De Symbole doled to si de ch is expounded
sis, nor in thatod y Petrus Chrysalo lomily of Marines sepultura Donjai, we ativitaten (sil. deze ad inferos descendiar;
sepulcro) rementur ut the 60th Sermon, er der Ajustolorun, of Pet Cap cum dicis, ut veranceza aque non perfunctoriaa sepulturæ, mortem