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ACCESSIONS AND OPENINGS
The National Archives has accessioned seventy-four cubic feet of documentation of the 1970 White House Conference on Children and Youth from its planning through its follow-up activities. Similar material relating to the 1960 conference was received last spring
Shortly after the Ninety-second Congress adjourned in October 1972, the House of Representatives transferred to the National Archives the greater part of its records pertaining to the Ninety-first Congress (1969-70). The accession consists for the most part of general correspondence, legislative files, hearings, petitions and memorials, and other committee papers of the following standing and select committees: Agriculture, Armed Services, Banking and Currency, District of Columbia, 'Education and Labor, Foreign Affairs, Government Operations, House Administration, Interior and Insular Affairs, Interstate and Foreign Commerce, Judiciary, Merchant Marine and Fisheries, Post Office and Civil Service, Public Works, Rules, Science and Astronautics, Standards of Official Conduct, Veterans Affairs, Ways and Means, and Select Committee on Small Business.
With the records of the Ninety-first Congress, the National Archives also received from the Committee on Foreign Affairs printed copies of some of its old hearings, publications which can aptly be called rare imprints. Some of the hearings are of topical interest since they relate to conservation, with which the House was greatly concerned in the Ninety-first Congress; the 1914 titles include hearings on the preservation of Niagara Falls, the National Drainage Congress, United States-Canada fisheries, and the diversion of water from the Niagara River.
The records of the Commission on Population Growth and the American Future now in the National Archives document current national concern for the quality of future American life. Under the direction of John D. Rockefeller III, the commission investigated, for more than two years, social, political, and ecological consequences of continued uncontrolled population growth in the United States. Attention was focused on both ethical and practical considerations, including present American attitudes toward population growth and stabilization and the possible cost in human terms of the institution of various populationcontrol proposals. The current status of women and minorities, family planning and fertility control, and the impact of immigration were among the many issues discussed in depth. Included in these records are research papers, office files, newspaper clippings, and transcripts from the public hearings of the commission. They delineate the growing controversy over ways of ensuring “the good life” for the future population of the United States.
The Natural Resources Branch has recently accessioned the private papers of Earle H. Clapp, an official of the Forest Service during its formative years from 1905 until 1944. Clapp had many important assignments with the Forest Service, including that of associate chief and, during World War II, acting chief. The papers include documentation of the Forest Research Institute, the American Forestry Association, the U.S. Forest Products Laboratory and correspondence and reports concerning national forest programs and plans.
clearing them of alleged involvement in the shooting incident that occurred at Brownsville, Texas, on August 13, 1906. War Department records in the branch were used by members of the staff of the Office of the Judge Advocate General to review the events and aftermath of the raid. Although they were not positively identified as the culprits, the 167 black soldiers were subjected to mass punishment by being discharged from the service "without honor." Previous efforts to have this action reversed, sponsored from time to time by interested individuals and members of Congress, had failed. Following the Department of the Army's reversal, the Veterans Administration made use of personnel records of the men affected to determine if they or their survivors are now eligible for veterans' benefits.
The existence of international cartels was an important consideration for the Allied governments during and after World War II. The files of Roy A. Prewitt, a Federal Trade Commission specialist on cartels, reflect various aspects of this problem and its resolution. The fourteen cubic feet of records cover the period 1939 to 1960. They are supplemented by material in the records of the Office of the Secretary of the Federal Trade Commission which document special studies made by that agency at the instance of the president in 1939 and 1940.
The following records of the Bureau of Naval Personnel in storage at the Washington National Records Center were formally accessioned from the Navy Department: five volumes of registers of applications for pensions, May 1867-August 1902; a one-volume register of applications for admission to the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, 1885-98; a one-volume list of names of persons to whom permits were granted for admission to the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, July 1855-July 1862; and two volumes of registers of admissions to the Naval Asylum at Philadelphia, February 1841-June 1904. The records will help to fill gaps in National Archives holdings of records of the bureau and will be of special interest to genealogists.
The National Archives has accessioned ten cubic feet of office files of the director of the National Bureau of Standards. The accession covers the period from 1945 to 1965 and provides an overview of the activities of the agency from the last year of World War II into an era of new programs of research. Most of the records pertain to the years 1945 to 1952 when Edward U. Condon was director of the bureau.
Center for Polar Archives
The Department of the Army on September 22 transferred to the Old Military Branch an amendment to War Department Special Order 266 of November 9, 1906, changing the discharges of 167 black enlisted men of the Twenty-fifth Infantry from "without honor" to "honorable," thus
The Center for Polar Archives has accessioned 225 cubic feet of research files, correspondence, photographs, maps, and library materials of the disestablished Division of History and Research of the U.S. Naval Support Force, Antarctica. The OfFranklin D. Roosevelt Library
fice of Polar Programs of the National Science Foundation now has primary responsibility for the administration of the United States role in the polar regions. The center is conducting a survey and preparing to receive noncurrent records of the office.
The library has received from the White House two linear feet of files held for reference purposes by the White House central files when Roosevelt's papers were transferred to the library. The accession includes Official Files 50 and 50-Miscellaneous White House Executive Office, 62 Precedents, 101-B Powers of the President, 102 Automobiles, 240 Gifts to the Government, 282-B Presidential Flag, 398 Seal of the United States, and 398-B Seals of the President.
Herbert Hoover Library
The Herbert Hoover Library has processed and opened for research the papers
of Neil MacNeil, one of President Hoover's close friends and associates. MacNeil became the editorial director of the Second Hoover Commission (the United States Commission on the Organization of the Executive Branch of the Government) in 1954 and served subsequently as Hoover's liaison with the various groups seeking to implement the recommendations of the commission. From 1964 to 1969 he served as one of Hoover's literary executors.
The papers consist of approximately thirty-three hundred pages of correspondence, clippings, copies and drafts of speeches by both President Hoover and MacNeil, and printed matter dealing with the activities of the Hoover Commission and the implementation of its recommendations. This collection adds depth to other papers and oral histories in the library's holdings dealing with the two Hoover Commissions.
The library has also received fifteen linear feet of papers of Louis H. Bean, consisting of correspondence, memorandums, and statistical data from the period 1933 to 1953. Bean served as economic adviser to the Agricultural Adjustment Administration, counselor to the chief of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics, and assistant to the director of the Board of Economic Warfare.
The library received thirty-three feet of papers of Gardner Jackson, consisting of correspondence, memorandums, and processed materials from the period 1927 to 1965. Jackson served briefly in the AAA Consumer's Counsel Office and later became chief adviser to the Southern Tenant Farmers Union.
The library recently obtained from the National Archives additional copies of records of the President's Organization on Unemployment Relief. This selection of nearly fifty-four thousand pages, combined with the Hoover presidential papers, gives the researcher information about early attempts at controlling the business cycle and providing relief. The Employment Conference of 1921-25 series within the Hoover commerce papers contains a well-documented look at the post-World War I antecedents of these responses to the depression of 1929.
The library received four linear feet of papers of John H. Fahey, consisting of correspondence and memorandums from the period 1944 to 1948. Fahey served as chairman of the Federal Home Loan Bank Board and chairman of the board of directors of the Home Owners' Loan Corporation. The papers are largely concerned with the Federal Home Loan Bank Administration.
The library received about six linear feet of papers of John Cooper Wiley, consisting of correspondence, memorandums, reports, and published materials from the period 1919 to 1963. Wiley was an American diplomat whose assignments included counselor of embassy in Moscow, consul general in Vienna, and minister to Latvia and Estonia.
The library received papers of Stephen T. Early, consisting of correspondence, photographs, scrapbooks, diaries, press releases, books, and memorabilia from the period 1933 to 1951. Early was one of President Roosevelt's secretaries and later served as special assistant to President Truman and undersecretary of defense.
Military Files: Series 1: 1 Hawaiian Area, 2 Midway, 3 Wake Island, 7 Netherlands East Indies, 9 Indo-China, 10 Australia, 20 Contact Reports at Sea, 22 U.S. Losses (Aircraft), 23 U.S. Losses (Combatant Ships), 28 Allied Losses (Merchant Vessels), 35 Routine Traffic, 36 Japan and Formosa, 39 Army Summaries, 40 Navy Summaries, 46 ABDA Area; Series 2: 8 Mediterranean, 9 Africa, 10 Indian Ocean, 12 China, 19 Hawaiian Area, 20 Alaska and Aleutians, 21 Japan, 24 International Relations; MR 000.8 Photos and Photography; MR 052 Diplomatic and Foreign Relations, 19441945; MR 203 (2) Daily Summary War Department Operational Decisions and Actions Respecting Hostilities with Axis, December 11, 1941, through April 1943 (3 boxes); MR 300 Africa-Warfare (Exclusive of North and West Africa and area of Operation “Torch"); MR 310 “Torch" (1) Sec. 1 Army and Navy Planning Messages; MR 310 "Torch" (1) Sec. 2 Army and Navy Miscellaneous “Torch” Messages; MR 380 Post War Planning; MR 523 China (1) Assam-China Air Route, Supplies over the "Hump"; MR 531 Allocation of Planes to China.
Naval Aide's File: A16-3 Warfare-China; Pacific War Council.
Other acquisitions include an addition to the Elbert Thomas papers, selected correspondence of Charles F. Horner, material concerning President Roosevelt's death received from Cyril Clemens, Democratic National Committee scrapbooks, and a hymnal which once belonged to Eleanor Roosevelt.
The Roosevelt Library plans to produce a microfilm publication of its RooseveltChurchill correspondence from 1939 to 1945.
Formerly classified documents from the President's Secretary's File have been opened in the following files:
Safe File: American-British Joint Chiefs of Staff; Japan; North Africa; West Africa.
Confidential File: Federal Communications Commission; State Department.
Diplomatic Correspondence: China; Greece-Lincoln MacVeagh; Italy; Yugoslavia.
Subject File: John Franklin Carter.
Material has been opened in the following files in the Harry Hopkins papers:
General Correspondence: Ma.
Secretary of Commerce: Firms of German Nationality or Affiliation Representing American Business Houses in Latin America.
Special Assistant to the President: Ireland; Russia-Food.
Lend Lease Decimal File: 353.4; 400.17; 400.3295; 400.3295 Australia; 400.3295 Canada; 400.3295 China; 400.3295 Great Britain; 400.3295 India; 400.3295 Italy; 400.3295 North Africa; 400.3295 Norway; 400.3295 Sicily; 400.3295 South Africa; 400.3295 Turkey; 400.3295 Reports; 400.3295 U.S.S.R.; 413; 413.44; 420; 423.7; 423.7 U.S.S.R.; 430; 430 U.S.S.R.; 452; 452
Formerly classified material has been opened in the following files of the Map Room Papers:
Messages: Roosevelt-Chiang Kai-shek.
Special Files: MR 052 Polish-Russian Relations; MR 530 Japan-Air Operations Against.
Documents in Correspondence, JanuaryJune 1945, and Correspondence, July-December 1945, in the Anglo-American Caribbean Commission Files of the Charles W. Taussig papers have been opened.
(Allocation); 452 Australia; 452 China; 452 Great Britain; 452 Heavy Bombers; 452 (Production); 452 U.S.S.R.; 463.7 Great Britain; 470; 470.14; 500; 540; 540 Great Britain; 540 U.S.S.R.; 570; 570 U.S.S.R.; 571.4.
Sherwood Collection: Weapons to Win the War; Colonel Donovan's Mission; Takoradi, Patrols, etc.; Hopkins to London; Exchange of Military Information with Great Britain; Russia Attached-Early Political Decisions; Relations with British Dominions; U.S. Support for RAF Activities; U.S. Technical Corps for Great Britain; Harriman-Beaverbrook Mission; Hopkins Returns to London; Relations with the French; Stockpiling; Second Quebec Conference; Hopkins and Eleanor Roosevelt After FDR's Death.
Unclassified and formerly White House and State Department classified materials have been opened in the records of the War Refugee Board.
Unclassified and formerly White House and State Department classified documents in the records of the American War Production Mission to China have been opened.
Documents in Correspondence, OctoberDecember 1932, and Correspondence, November-December 1934, in the Louis Howe papers have been opened.
Material has been opened in the following files of the Official File: OF 300 Democratic National Committee-New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota; OF 300 Democratic National Committee-Farley's Correspondence on Political Trends 1936, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin; OF 300 Democratic National Committee-Charles Michelson; OF 304 Nicholas Roosevelt; OF 305 Mrs. Scott W. Bone; OF 306 Father Charles E. Coughlin; OF 308 Louis F. Holden; OF 309 Annie Mae Wil. son; OF 315 Blanche L. Orzechowski; OF 319 Fred K. Nielson; OF 320 Americanization; OF 320 Dies Committee Folder; OF 320 Special Folder; OF 320 Proposed Speaker's Bureau; OF 321 Frederick M. Sackett; OF 322 International Boundary Commission; OF 324 Army Posts and Reservations; OF 327 Price-Fixing; OF 327 Special Folder; OF 328 Harold Pritchard; OF 329 Mrs. Jennie D. Smith; OF 322 International Joint Commission; OF 333 Mrs. Nellie B. Mayer; OF 334 Victor Waite; OF 335 National Defense; OF 335 Support of Defense Program; OF 335 Military Inventions; OF 336 Mrs. Alice E. Baldwin; OF 337 Mrs. E. K. Burnside; OF 338 Paraguay; OF 340 Publicity; OF 341 Matthew R. McIntyre; OF 342 Steel; OF 346 John Alden Gage; OF 347 Mrs. Marie V. Nichols; OF 348 Tobacco; OF 351 Charles M. Seaman; OF 356
Formerly classified material in the Herbert C. Pell papers has been opened in the following files of the War Crimes Commission Papers: Gestapo; State Department Correspondence re War Crimes Commission; A. A. Berle, Jr.; E. R. Stettinius, Jr.; Jewish Matters; FDR; Organization of War Crimes Commission; U.S.S.R.; War Crimes.
Formerly classified material in the file Correspondence with Agents-George T. Bye, 1940-1942, has been opened in the Eleanor Roosevelt papers.
Formerly classified Treasury Department material in the file Tax Program 1943 has been opened in the Samuel I. Rosenman papers.