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mands, the Adjutant General's Office, the Quartermaster General, the War Department, and the Naval Library in the National Archives.

The Papers of Ulysses S. Grant. Volume 4. January 8 to March 31, 1862. Edited by John Y. Simon and Roger D. Bridges. (Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1972. 520 pp. Photographs, maps, calendar, and index. $15.00.) The volume contains Grant's letters and the related correspondence of others written in early 1862. Correspondence with military officials dominate the collection, but the reader will also find letters to Grant's family and to political figures. The major events of the period were the capture of Fort Donelson, Grant's suspension from command, and his subsequent reinstatement. Poor communication between Grant and his superior, General Henry W. Halleck, left Halleck uninformed of Grant's activities. William J. Kountz also filed charges of drunkenness against Grant during the period. Although he was absolved, the allegations became part of the Grant legend.

The correspondence reveals Grant's problems beyond those of fighting the enemy. Military governments had to be established in conquered areas, some solution for refugee slaves had to be devised, and plunderminded troops had to be restrained. Grant emerges as a man still uncertain of his future in the army but “every bit a general.” The editors used documents from the files of the U.S. Army Continental Com

Protestant Diplomacy and the Near East: Missionary Influence on American Policy, 1810 to 1927. By Joseph L. Grabill. (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1971. 395 pp. Maps, illustrations, bibliography, and index. $13.50.) Focusing mainly on the period after 1914, Grabill contends that missionaries were the most influential force in the United States' relations with the Near East." They became involved in international affairs as champions of the Armenians, their major constituents in the region; they responded to Ottoman suppression of Armenian nationalism by turning the emphasis of missionary work from evangelism and education to relief; they also lobbied for the establishment of a protectorate over Armenia. The author considers the educational institutions the missionaries began and the philanthropic aid they rendered a lasting legacy to the region. He consulted the State Department decimal file, records of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace, and records of the Lausanne Conference in the National Archives.


Charles Garofalo is assistant professor of history at Sul Ross State University in Alpine, Texas. He holds his B.A. degree from the University of Florida and M.A. and Ph.D. from Emory University.

Jack F. Kilfoil, a native of California, received his B.A. degree from the University of California at Berkeley, M.A. from the University of Michigan, and Ph.D. from Claremont Graduate School. Since 1968 he has been on the faculty of California State College, Dominguez Hills. His special interests are the American frontier and historical methods.

Roland L. De Lorme is associate professor of history at Western Washington State College, Bellingham, and a member of the Region 10 Archives Advisory Council. He has published several articles dealing with Western reform politics and with Raymond G. McInnis has written Anti-Democratic Trends in 20th Century America. He is presently completing a book-length study on smuggling in the North Pacific.

Philip J. Funigiello is associate professor of history at the College of William and Mary. A native of The Bronx, he received his Ph.D. from New York University in 1966 and was the recipient of a National Endowment for the Humanities fellowship in 1968. His book Toward a National Power Policy: The New Deal and the Electric Utility Industry, 1933-1941 will be published in the fall. His articles have appeared in the Journal of American History and the Social Science Quarterly. He is currently preparing a study of federal-urban relations during World War II.

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