Page images

Joint Chiefs of Staff in the records of the War Refugee Board; documents in the Eleanor Roosevelt papers in File 100 Personal Letters, 1933-45, and General Correspondence, 1945-48; and documents in the Harry Hopkins papers in the files as special assistant to the president and the Sherwood Collection. A list of the individual files in which material has been opened is available from the Franklin D. Roosevelt Library, Hyde Park, NY 12538.

Clerk. The portion received by the Eisenhower Library is 1.5 linear feet and covers the years 1945 to 1962, although the bulk of the material originated during the period 1953 to 1960. The file was used as a working file by William Hopkins, White House executive clerk, and includes letters, memorandums, route slips, reports, and speech drafts. This accession is an addition to and a partial duplication of two previous accessions that consist of microfilm copies of portions of the Permanent File and its index.

Harry S. Truman Library

The Harry S. Truman Library has received from the White House the Permanent File for the Truman administration. The file, which dates from 1945 to 1953, consists of three feet of correspondence, memorandums, notes, and other materials retained in the White House at the end of the administration for reference purposes. File headings include: Awards; Deaths and Funerals; Gifts to the Government; Powers of the President; Seal of the United States; Visits of Foreign Dignitaries; and White House Matters.

Recent additions to the library's oral history collection include interviews with E. W. Kenworthy, Robert L. Riggs, and David E. Bell.

The library has also received two linear feet of records of the U.S. Army, First Army Headquarters, 1943-55, which consist of First Army histories and related research material that are duplicate copies of records presently deposited in Record Group 338 at the National Archives Building. They are arranged in three series: World War II records, 1943-45; histories of the First Army, 1945-49; and command reports, 1950-55. Records in the third series are fragmentary for 1950-52, comprising volumes 1 and 3 for 1950, volume 1 (incomplete) of a twelvevolume work for 1951, and volume 1 (incomplete) of a ten-volume project for 1952.

All three series consist essentially of reports of operations and associated data. The first series is made up mainly of materials labeled "Back-Up Data for Published History First United States Army Reports of Operations (World War II)." Included under this heading are drafts of after-action reports covering the period from October 20, 1943, to August 1, 1944, drafts of operations reports for August 1944 through March 1945, near-prints of after-action reports for the periods August-September and November December 1944, station lists for July 1944 to March 1945, and miscellaneous material pertaining to the years 1944-46. Series 1 also contains a summary of air operations for December 1944 and printed situation maps for November 1944 and March 1945. The second series consists of

The library staff has again reviewed portions of Truman's senatorial files, and approximately thirty thousand


of previously closed materials are now available for research.

Dwight D. Eisenhower Library

The Dwight D. Eisenhower Library has received a segment of the Permanent File of the Office of the White House Executive

copies of histories of the First Army prepared by the First Army's Historical Section. They report the mission and activities of G-1 through G-5 with special emphasis on budgetary matters. The third series is made up of materials similar to those in the second series.

of papers of Brooks Hays, congressman from Arkansas, assistant secretary of state for congressional relations, and special assistant to the president. This material includes general correspondence, 1934-59, Commission on Intergovernmental Relations files, 1953-55, foreign affairs files, 195158, legislation files, 1943-58, Southern Baptist Convention files, 1944-59, speech files, 1928-61, political files, 1943-59, and alphabetical name and subject files of personal and official correspondence, 1961-66.

Files of the United States Information Service pertaining to the eleven-nation goodwill tour of President Eisenhower, December 3-22, 1959, were also received. Included are schedules pertaining to the dayby-day itinerary of the president and his party in each country visited; information or background sheets concerning countries visited and, in most cases, biographical sketches of each country's political leaders and other top government officials; newspaper clippings and other printed material; and also 7,993 photographic prints and negatives. The collection is 1.2 linear feet in size.

The Kennedy Library has acquired twelve linear feet of papers used by Daniel Knapp in the preparation of his 1970 study Scouting the War on Poverty and the research files, two linear feet, used by Richardson White for his book Youth and Opportunity: The Federal Anti-Delinquency Program, 1968-69. Correspondence, notes, papers, and other materials of Edward G. Toomey, M.D., relating to a series of three annual John F. Kennedy medical symposia, which he chaired and organized, 1968-72, have also been received.

John F. Kennedy Library

[blocks in formation]


Census Records

To acquaint its readers with opportunities for genealogical research in the National Archives, each issue of Prologue will describe federal records of particular interest to the genealogist and local historian. Readers with suggestions about topics or problems relating to federal records, which they would like to see featured, should write to James D. Walker, Prologue, National Archives (GSA), Washington, DC 20408.

Genealogy Notes for the winter 1972 issue included a table listing federal population census schedules available on interlibrary loan from the archives branches of the federal records centers. Changes in the location of certain microfilm and new additions are indicated in the revised table on page 117. Prologue will continue to list additional census microfilm as it becomes available at federal records centers.

Local History and Federal Records on Microfilm


response to the above invitation has been almost overwhelming. A number of readers have requested research assistance with local, state, private, and foreign records or have suggested topics of dubious value or of interest to only a few readers. It is not our intent to discourage letters but rather to clarify our policy. We can offer assistance only with research problems directly related to federal records, and we will publish only articles of interest to a wide audience. We will try to be as responsive as possible to our genealogical public, but many elementary problems presented to us can be solved by a visit to a local genealogical, historical, or public library or by consulting a good genealogy textbook. Basic genealogical source materials are mentioned in each Genealogy Notes section, and others are listed in leaflets included in a free genealogical kit available from the National Archives and Records Service (NNC), Washington, DC 20408.

Besides census material, many records of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the federal government dealing with regional or local issues and events are of value in local historical research. Jane F. Smith, in “The Use of Federal Records in Writing Local History: A Case Study,” Prologue 1 (1969) : 29-51, has pointed out that many existing local histories would have to be rewritten, or at least revised, if all relevant federal records were to be used in writing local history. By using a variety of records in the National Archives she developed the pattern of settlement and the pioneer history of Linden Township in Wisconsin. Herman R. Friis in the same issue of Prologue demonstrated the use of federal cartographic materials in writing

Federal Population Census Schedules Available
at Archives Branches of Federal Records Centers*

Federal Records


Federal Population Census Schedules


Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Vermont, 1850 and 1880

New York



Kansas City

New Jersey, New York, 1850 and 1880
Delaware, District of Columbia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, 1850 and
1880; West Virginia, 1880
Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South
Carolina, Tennessee, 1850 and 1880
Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, 1850 and 1880
Dakota Territory, 1880; lowa, 1850 and 1880; Kansas, 1865, 1875, and 1880;
Kansas Territory, 1855; Minnesota, Missouri, 1850 and 1880; Nebraska, 1880
and 1885; Nebraska Territory, 1860
Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, 1850 and 1880
Arizona Territory, Colorado, 1880; New Mexico Territory, Utah Territory, 1850
and 1880; Wyoming Territory, 1880
California, 1850 and 1880; Nevada, 1880
Idaho, Montana, 1880; Oregon, 1850 and 1880; Washington, 1880

Fort Worth


San Francisco


*See inside cover for complete addresses.

the history of southern Wisconsin in the early nineteenth century. Through documents and maps in the custody of the National Archives and explanatory footnotes, both authors show how federal records can be effectively used in local history and even to some extent in genealogical research.

Because not all of the records cited by Smith and Friis have been microfilmed, not all are available at the federal records centers. Some, however, are included in M236, Territorial Papers of the United States: The Territory of Wisconsin, 1836-1848. The introduction to the series on roll.1 and the pamphlet accompanying the microfilm publication identify the records of eleven federal agencies found in twenty-six separate record groups at the National Archives and the Washington National Records Center, Suitland, Maryland. Both the microfilm,

which may be purchased, and the pamphlet are available from the National Archives and Records Service (NATS), Washington, DC 20408.

Other microfilmed volumes of the Territorial Papers of the United States that will be of interest to the local historian are in M721: Territory Northwest of the River Ohio, 1787-1803; Territory South of the River Ohio, 1790-96; Territory of Mississippi, 1809-17; Territory of Indiana, 180016; Territory of Orleans, 1803-12; Territory of Michigan, 1805-37; Territory of Louisiana-Missouri, 1803-21; Territory of Illinois, 1809-18; Territory of Alabama, 1817-19; Territory of Arkansas, 1819-36; Territory of Florida, 1821-28; and Territory of Florida, 1839-45. Some of the original volumes included in this microfilm publication are no longer available for purchase.

Some of the documents identified in this series have also been microfilmed: M200, Territorial Papers of the United States Senate, 1789-1873; M431, Interior Department Territorial Papers relating to Colorado, 1861-88; M430, Alaska, 1869-1911; M249, Arizona, 1868-1913; M428, Utah, 1850-1902; M364, New Mexico, 1851-1914; M310, Dakota, 1863-89; M204, Wyoming, 1870-90; M192, Montana, 1867-89; M191, Idaho, 1864-90; and M189, Washington, 1854-1902. Additional records relating to some territorial officials mentioned in the Territorial Papers of the United States can be found in microfilm editions of letters of application and recommendation written during the administrations of the following presidents: M406, John Adams, 1797-1801; M418, Thomas Jefferson, 1801-09; M438, James Madison, 1809-17; M439, James Monroe, 1817-25; and M531, John Quincy Adams, 1825-29.

Other microfilm of interest in local history research and available on interlibrary loan from the archives branches of the federal records centers include:

M588, “War of 1812 Papers" of the Department of State, 1789-1815. In time of war the duties of the Department of State have always been expanded. During the War of 1812 an act of Congress (2 Stat. 759) authorized the secretary of state to issue commissions of letters of marque and reprisal to private armed vessels permitting them to cruise against the enemies of the United States. Owners of merchant vessels filed applications for the commissions with the State Department or with collectors of customs. Many collectors were allowed to issue commissions received in blank from the Department of State to privateers. The collectors often sent the original applications to the department and periodically forwarded abstracts of the commissions they had granted. During the war the department also issued permits for aliens to leave the United States and received reports from U.S. marshals on aliens and prisoners of

war in their districts, reports from collectors of customs and State Department agents on the impressment of seamen, and reports from the department's secret agents on British

novements in the Chesapeake Bay area. The department also had responsibility for negotiating the treaty at the end of the war.

M162, The Revolutionary War Prize Cases: Records of the Court of Appeals in Cases of Capture, 1776-87. These cases constitute a valuable source of documentary material for the maritime and commercial history of the revolutionary war and for the development of admiralty law. They are also useful for a study of prize procedures in particular states or colonies or for a comparative study of procedures in different ones. From the copies of the records of proceedings as well as from the numerous papers forwarded on appeal, which had been filed with or created by these lower courts, it is possible to determine the procedures used by most of them. These records should be of interest to economists, biographers, and naval, social, and legal historians. In them, for example, are evidences of the exploits of some of the early American naval heroes such as John Barry, John Manley, Daniel Bucklin, and Stephen Decatur; letters or documents signed by John Jay, Benedict Arnold, Alexander Hamilton, and other important revolutionary figures; significant source material on the British occupation and evacuation of Boston; copies of letters from Barry to Benjamin Franklin, John Laurens, and others; and a packet of private letters addressed by residents of British-occupied New York to friends and relatives in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

M178, Correspondence of the Secretary of the Treasury with Collectors of Customs, 1789-1883. The letters reproduced in this microfilm publication relate to the various activities coming under the jurisdiction of the customs service in the early years of its history. They concern the collection of

« PreviousContinue »