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JOURNAL OF THE SENATE OF THE

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

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The FIRST SESSION of the EIGHTY-THIRD CONGRESS commenced this day, conformably to the Constitution of the United States, and the Senate met in its Chamber at the city of Washington.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 3, 1953 The Honorable ALBEN W. BARKLEY, Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate, called the Senate to order, and the Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, D. D., of Washington, D. C., offered prayer. RESIGNATION OF SENATOR FROM CALIFORNIA

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the following communication addressed to him by Hon. RICHARD NIXON, Senator from the State of California, which, with the accompanying letter, was read and ordered to be placed on file: UNITED STATES SENATE, COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND

PUBLIC WELFARE,

November 25, 1952. The honorable the VICE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, United States Senate,

Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. VICE PRESIDENT: I am enclosing a copy of my letter of resignation from the United States Senate, which, as you will note, is effective at the close of business January 1, 1953. With very best regards, Sincerely,

RICHARD NIXON. RESIGNATION OF SENATOR FROM MAINE

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the following communication addressed to him by Hon. OWEN BREWSTER, former Senator from the State of Maine, which, with the accompanying letter, was read and ordered to be placed on file:

UNITED STATES SENATE, COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

December 23, 1952. Hon. ALBEN W. BARKLEY, Vice President of the United States,

Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. PRESIDENT: I enclose copy of communication to the Governor of Maine notifying him of my resignation as United States Senator as of December 31, 1952. Respectfully,

OWEN BREWSTER,
United States Senator.

DEATH OF SENATOR FROM CONNECTICUT

Mr. JOHNSON of Texas announced the death of Hon. BRIEN MCMAHON, late a Senator from the State of Connecticut, which occurred on July 28, 1952, in Washington, D. C.

SENATOR-ELECT FROM MICHIGAN The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the credentials of CHARLES E. POTTER, duly chosen a Senator by the qualified electors of the State of Michigan on November 4, 1952, to fill the vacancy in the term ending January 3, 1953, caused by the death of Hon. ARTHUR H. VANDENBERG; which were ordered to be placed on file. SENATOR-DESIGNATE FROM CONNECTICUT

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the credentials of WILLIAM A. PURTELL, duly appointed by the Governor of the State of Connecticut on August 29, 1952, to represent said State in the Senate of the United States until the vacancy therein caused by the death of Hon. BRIEN MCMAHON is filled by election as provided by law; which were ordered to be placed on file.

electors of the State of Connecticut on November 4, 1952, to fill the vacancy in the term ending January 3, 1957, caused by the death of Hon. BRIEN MCMAHON; which were ordered to be placed on file.

SENATOR-DESIGNATE FROM CALIFORNIA

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the credentials of THOMAS H. KUCHEL, duly appointed by the Governor of the State of California on December 22, 1952, to represent said State in the Senate of the United States from January 2, 1953, until the vacancy therein caused by the resignation of Hon. RICHARD NIXON is filled by election as provided by law; which were ordered to be placed on file. CREDENTIALS OF SENATORS-ELECT FOR

6-YEAR TERM The credentials of the following Senators-elect, duly chosen by the qualified electors of their respective States for the term of 6 years beginning January 3, 1953, were laid before the Senate by the Vice President, and ordered to be placed on file:

Mr. FRANK A. BARRETT, from the State of Wyoming;

Mr. J. GLENN BEALL, from the State of Maryland;

Mr. John W. BRICKER, from the State of Ohio;

Mr. HUGH BUTLER, from the State of Nebraska;

Mr. HARRY FLOOD BYRD, from the State of Virginia;

Mr. DENNIS CHAVEZ, from the State of New Mexico;

Mr. PRICE DANIEL, from the State of Texas;

Mr. RALPH E. FLANDERS, from the State of Vermont;

Mr. BARRY M. GOLDWATER, from the State of Arizona;

Mr. ALBERT GORE, from the State of Tennessee;

Mr. SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, from the State of Florida;

Mr. IRVING M. Ives, from the State of New York;

Mr. HENRY M. JACKSON, from the State of Washington;

Mr. WILLIAM E. JENNER, from the State of Indiana;

SENATOR-ELECT FROM KENTUCKY The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the credentials of JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, duly chosen a Senator by the qualified electors of the State of Kentucky on November 4, 1952, to fill the vacancy in the term ending January 3, 1955, caused by the death of Hon. VIRGIL CHAPMAN; which were ordered to be placed on file.

SENATOR-ELECT FROM NEBRASKA The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the credentials of DWIGHT GRISWOLD, duly chosen a Senator by the qualified electors of the State of Nebraska on November 4, 1952, to fill the vacancy in the term ending January 3, 1955, caused by the death of Hon. KENNETH S. WHERRY; which were ordered to be placed on file.

SENATOR-ELECT FROM CONNECTICUT The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the credentials of PRESCOTT BUSH, duly chosen a Senator by the qualified

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Mr. JOHN F. KENNEDY, from the State of Massachusetts;

Mr. HARLEY M. KILGORE, from the State of West Virginia;

Mr. WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND, from the State of California;

Mr. WILLIAM LANGER, from the State of North Dakota;

Mr. GEORGE W. (MOLLY) MALONE, from the State of Nevada;

Mr. MIKE MANSFIELD, from the State of Montana;

Mr. EDWARD MARTIN, from the State of Pennsylvania;

Mr. JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY, from the State of Wisconsin;

Mr. JOHN O. PASTORE, from the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations;

Mr. FREDERICK G. PAYNE, from the State of Maine;

Mr. CHARLES E. POTTER, from the State of Michigan;

Mr. WILLIAM A. PURTELL, from the State of Connecticut;

Mr. H. ALEXANDER SMITH, from the State of New Jersey;

Mr. JOHN C. STENNIS, from the State of Mississippi;

Mr. STUART SYMINGTON, from the State of Missouri;

Mr. EDWARD J. THYE, from the State of Minnesota;

Mr. ARTHUR V. WATKINS, from the State of Utah; and

Mr. JOHN J. WILLIAMS, from the State of Delaware. ADMINISTRATION OF OATH TO SENATOR

DESIGNATE AND SENATORS-ELECT The following-named Senator-designate and Senators-elect, whose credentials were this day laid before the Senate, appeared; and the oath of office prescribed by law having been administered to them by the Vice President, they took their seats in the Senate:

Mr. FRANK A. BARRETT, from the State of Wyoming;

Mr. J. GLENN BEALL, from the State of Maryland;

Mr. JOHN W. BRICKER, from the State of Ohio;

Mr. PRESCOTT BUSH, from the State of Connecticut;

Mr. HUGH BUTLER, from the State of Nebraska;

Mr. HARRY FLOOD BYRD, from the State of Virginia;

Mr. DENNIS CHAVEZ, from the State of New Mexico;

Mr. JOHN SHERMAN COOPER, from the State of Kentucky;

Mr. PRICE DANIEL, from the State of Texas;

Mr. RALPH E. FLANDERS, from the State of Vermont;

Mr. BARRY M. GOLDWATER, from the State of Arizona;

Mr. ALBERT GORE, from the State of Tennessee;

Mr. DWIGHT GRISWOLD, from the State of Nebraska;

Mr. SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, from the State of Florida;

Mr. IRVING M. IVES, from the State of New York;

Mr. HENRY M. JACKSON, from the State of Washington;

Mr. WILLIAM E. JENNER, from the State of Indiana;

Mr. JOHN F. KENNEDY, from the State of Massachusetts;

Mr. HARLEY M. KILGORE, from the State of West Virginia;

Mr. WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND, from the State of California;

Mr. THOMAS H. KUCHEL, from the State of California;

Mr. WILLIAM LANGER, from the State of North Dakota;

Mr. GEORGE W. (MOLLY) MALONE, from the State of Nevada;

Mr. MIKE MANSFIELD, from the State of Montana;

Mr. EDWARD MARTIN, from the State of Pennsylvania;

Mr. Joseph R. MCCARTHY, from the State of Wisconsin;

Mr. JOHN O. PASTORE, from the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations;

Mr. FREDERICK G. PAYNE, from the State of Maine;

Mr. CHARLES E. POTTER, from the State of Michigan;

Mr. WILLIAM A. PURTELL, from the State of Connecticut;

Mr. H. ALEXANDER SMITH, from the State of New Jersey;

Mr. JOHN C. STENNIS, from the State of Mississippi;

Mr. STUART SYMINGTON, from the State of Missouri;

Mr. EDWARD J. THYE, from the State of Minnesota;

Mr. ARTHUR V. WATKINS, from the State of Utah; and

Mr. JOHN J. WILLIAMS, from the State of Delaware.

From the State of Idaho:

Messrs. HENRY C. DWORSHAK and

HERMAN WELKER. From the State of Illinois:

Messrs. PAUL H. DOUGLAS and

EVERETT MCKINLEY DIRKSEN. From the State of Indiana:

Messrs. HOMER E. CAPEHART and

WILLIAM E. JENNER. From the State of Iowa:

Messrs. BOURKE B. HICKENLOOPER

and GUY M. GILLETTE. From the State of Kansas:

Messrs. ANDREW F. SCHOEPPEL and

FRANK CARLSON, From the State of Kentucky:

Messrs. EARLE C. CLEMENTS and

JOHN SHERMAN COOPER. From the State of Louisiana:

Messrs. ALLEN J. ELLENDER and

RUSSELL B. LONG. From the State of Maine:

Mrs. MARGARET CHASE SMITH and

Mr. FREDERICK G. PAYNE. From the State of Maryland:

Messrs. JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER

and J. GLENN BEALL. From the State of Massachusetts:

Messrs. LEVERETT SALTONSTALL and

JOHN F. KENNEDY. From the State of Michigan:

Messrs. HOMER FERGUSON and

CHARLES E. POTTER. From the State of Minnesota:

Messrs. EDWARD J. THYE and Hu

BERT H. HUMPHREY. From the State of Mississippi:

Messrs. JAMES O. EASTLAND and

JOHN C. STENNIS. From the State of Missouri:

Messrs. THOMAS C. HENNINGS, Jr.,

and STUART SYMINGTON. From the state of Montana:

Messrs. JAMES E. MURRAY and MIKE

MANSFIELD.
From the State of Nebraska:

Messrs. HUGH BUTLER and DWIGHT

GRISWOLD.
From the State of Nevada:

Messrs. PAT MCCARRAN and GEORGE

W. (MOLLY) MALONE.
From the State of New Hampshire:

Messrs. STYLES BRIDGES and

CHARLES W. TOBEY. From the State of New Jersey:

Messrs. H. ALEXANDER SMITH and

ROBERT C. HENDRICKSON, From the State of New Mexico:

Messrs. DENNIS CHAVEZ and CLIN

TON P. ANDERSON. From the State of New York:

Messrs. IRVING M. IVES and HER

BERT H. LEHMAN.
From the State of North Carolina:

Messrs. CLYDE R. HOEY and WILLIS

SMITH.
From the State of North Dakota:

Messrs. WILLIAM LANGER and

MILTON R. YOUNG. From the State of Ohio:

Messrs. ROBERT A. TAFT and JOHN

W. BRICKER.
From the State of Oklahoma:

Messrs. ROBERT S. KERR and MIKE

MONRONEY.
From the State of Oregon:

Messrs. GUY CORDON and WAYNE

MORSE.

QUESTION OF QUORUM Mr. TAFT raised a question as to the presence of a quorum;

Whereupon

The VICE PRESIDENT directed the roll to be called;

When

Ninety-six Senators answered to their names, as follows: From the State of Alabama:

Messrs. LISTER HILL and JOHN

SPARKMAN.
From the State of Arizona:

Messrs. CARL HAYDEN and BARRY M.

GOLDWATER.
From the state of Arkansas:

Messrs. JOHN L. MCCLELLAN and

J. W. FULBRIGHT. From the State of California:

Messrs. WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND and

THOMAS H. KUCHEL. From the State of Colorado:

Messrs. EDWIN C. JOHNSON and

EUGENE D. MILLIKIN. From the State of Connecticut:

Messrs. PRESCOTT BUSH and WIL

LIAM A. PURTELL. From the State of Delaware:

Messrs. JOHN J. WILLIAMS and

J. ALLEN FREAR, Jr. From the State of Florida:

Messrs. SPESSARD L. HOLLAND

and GEORGE A. SMATHERS. From the State of Georgia:

Messrs. WALTER F. GEORGE and

RICHARD B. RUSSELL.

NOTIFICATION TO THE PRESIDENT OF ELEC

TION OF PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE AND SECRETARY OF THE SENATE

Mr. TAFT submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 7), which was considered and agreed to:

Resolved, That the President of the United States be notified of the election of Hon. STYLES BRIDGES, a Senator from the State of New Hampshire, as President of the Senate pro tempore, and of J. Mark Trice, of Maryland, as Secretary of the Senate.

From the State of Pennsylvania:

Messrs. EDWARD MARTIN and JAMES

H. DUFF. From the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations:

Messrs. THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN

and JOHN O. PASTORE, From the State of South Carolina:

Messrs. BURNET R. MAYBANK and

OLIN D. JOHNSTON.
From the State of South Dakota:

Messrs. KARL E. MUNDT and

FRANCIS CASE.
From the State of Tennessee:

Messrs. ESTES KEFAUVER and AL

BERT GORE.
From the State of Texas:

Messrs LYNDON B. JOHNSON and

PRICE DANIEL. From the State of Utah:

Messrs. ARTHUR V. WATKINS and

WALLACE F. BENNETT. From the State of Vermont:

Messrs. GEORGE D. AIKEN and

RALPH E. FLANDERS. From the State of Virginia:

Messrs. HARRY FLOOD BYRD and A.

WILLIS ROBERTSON. From the State of Washington:

Messrs. WARREN G. MAGNUSON and

HENRY M. JACKSON. From the State of West Virginia:

Messrs. HARLEY M. KILGORE and

MATTHEW M. NEELY. From the State of Wisconsin:

Messrs. ALEXANDER WILEY and

JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY. From the State of Wyoming:

Messrs. LESTER C. HUNT and FRANK

A. BARRETT.
A quorum being present,

ELECTION OF OFFICERS OF THE SENATE

On motion by Mr. TAFT that the Senate do now proceed to the election of a President of the Senate pro tempore,

It was determined in the affirmative; Whereupon

Mr. TAFT submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 4):

Resolved, That Hon. STYLES BRIDGES, a Senator from the State of New Hampshire, be, and he is hereby, elected President of the Senate pro tempore, to hold office during the pleasure of the Senate, in accordance with the resolutions of the Senate adopted on the 12th day of March 1890, on the subject.

The Senate proceeded to consider the said resolution.

On motion by Mr. JOHNSON of Texas to amend the resolution by striking out the words "STYLES BRIDGES, a Senator from the State of New Hampshire," and inserting in lieu thereof the words Walter F. George, a Senator from the State of Georgia.

It was determined in the negative; and The resolution was then agreed to.

The VICE PRESIDENT appointed Mr. GEORGE as a committee of one to escort the President pro tempore to the rostrum for the purpose of taking the oath of office; and

Mr. BRIDGES was escorted to the rostrum, and the oath of office was administered to him by the Vice President.

NOTIFICATION TO THE HOUSE OF ELECTION

OF PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE AND SECRETARY OF THE SENATE

Mr. TAFT submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 8), which was considered and agreed to:

Resolved, That the House of Representatives be notified of the election of Hon. STYLES BRIDGES, a Senator of the State of New Hampshire, as President of the Senate pro tempore, and of J. Mark Trice, of Maryland, as Secretary of the Senate.

COMMITTEE TO NOTIFY THE PRESIDENT

Mr. TAFT submitted the following resolution (s. Res. 1), which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to:

Resolved, That a committee consisting of two Senators be appointed by the Vice President to join such committee as may be appointed by the House of Representatives to wait upon the President of the United States and inform him that quorum of each House is assembled and that the Congress is ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make.

The VICE PRESIDENT appointed Mr. TAFT and Mr. JOHNSON of Texas as the members of the committee on the part of the Senate.

ELECTION OF SECRETARY OF THE SENATE

Mr. TAFT submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 5):

Resolved, That J. Mark Trice, of Maryland, be, and he is hereby, elected Secretary of the Senate.

The Senate proceeded to consider the said resolution; and

On motion by Mr. JOHNSON of Texas to amend the same by striking out the words "J. Mark Trice, of Maryland," and inserting in lieu thereof the words Leslie L. Biffle, of Arkansas,

It was determined in the negative; and The resolution was then agreed to.

The VICE PRESIDENT designated the retiring Secretary (Mr. Biffle) to escort Mr. Trice to the rostrum for the purpose of taking the oath of office; and

Mr. Trice was escorted to the rostrum and the oath of office was administered to him by the Vice President.

ELECTION OF SECRETARY FOR THE MINORITY

Mr. JOHNSON of Texas submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 9), which was considered and agreed to:

Resolved, That Felton M. Johnston, of Mississippi, be, and he is hereby, elected secretary for the minority of the Senate. JOINT SESSION FOR COUNT OF

ELECTORAL VOTE Mr. JENNER submitted the following concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 1), which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to:

Resolved by the Senate (the House of Representatives concurring), That the two Houses of Congress shall meet in the Hall of the House of Representatives on Tuesday, the 6th day of January 1953, at 1 o'clock post meridian, pursuant to the requirements of the Constitution and laws relating to the election of President and Vice President of the United States, and the President of the Senate shall be their Presiding Officer; that two tellers shall be previously appointed by the President of the Senate on the part of the Senate and two by the Speaker on the part of the House of Representatives, to whom shall be handed, as they are opened by the President of the Senate, all the certificates and papers purporting to be certificates of the electoral votes, which certificates and papers shall be opened, presented, and acted upon in the alphabetical order of the States, beginning with the letter A; and said tellers, having then read the same in the presence and hearing of the two Houses, shall make a list of the votes as they shall appear from the said certificates; and the votes having been ascertained and counted in the manner and according to the rules by law provided, the result of the same shall be delivered to the President of the Senate, who shall thereupon announce the state of the vote, which announcement shall be deemed a sufficient declaration of the persons, if any, elected President and Vice President of the United States, and, together with a list of the votes, be entered on the Journals of the two Houses.

NOTIFICATION TO THE HOUSE Mr. JOHNSON of Texas submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 2), which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Secretary inform the House of Representatives that a quorum of the Senate is assembled and that the Senate is ready to proceed to business.

ELECTION OF SERGEANT AT ARMS AND DOOR

KEEPER OF THE SENATE Mr. JENNER submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 6):

Resolved, That Forest A. Harness, of Indiana, be, and he is hereby, elected Sergeant at Arms and Doorkeeper of the Senate.

The Senate proceeded to consider the said resolution; and

On motion by Mr. JOHNSON of Texas to amend the same by striking out the words "Forest A. Harness, of Indiana," and inserting in lieu thereof the words Joseph C. Duke, of Arizona,

It was determined in the negative; and

The resolution was then agreed to.

HOUR OF DAILY MEETING Mr. SALTONSTALL submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 3), which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to:

Resolved, that the hour of daily meeting of the Senate be 12 o'clock meridian unless otherwise ordered.

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