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A resolution urging the last sentence of the oath of allegiance to the United Nations be deleted as it now reads, “I will not seek nor accept instruction in regard to the performance of my duties from any government"; to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

Mr. MORSE presented the following resolutions, which were referred as indicated:

A resolution of the Crowfoot Grange, No. 314, Lebanon, Oreg., remonstrating against the passage of the proposed Uniform Federal Grazing Tenancy Act, relating to the revision of public-land laws, providing for orderly use, improvement, and stabilizing the livestock industry dependent upon the Federal range; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

A resolution of the council of the city of Portland, Oreg., favoring proposed Federal legislation to include the expenses of relocating utility and sewer installations in the cost of construction of highways constructed, widened, or relocated with Federal funds, so as to permit reimbursement for such expenses; to the Committee on Public Works.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES Mr. CAPEHART, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on Banking and Currency, to whom was referred the bill (S. 1081) to provide for temporary economic controls and for other purposes, reported it with an amendment and submitted a report (No. 138) thereon.

Mr. JOHNSON of Colorado, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. 978) to amend the Interstate Commerce Act in order to expedite and facilitate the termination of railroad reorganization proceedings under section 77 of the Bankruptcy Act and to require the Interstate Commerce Commission to consider, in stock modification plans, the assents of controlled or controlling stockholders, and for other purposes, reported it with amendments and submitted a report (No. 139) thereon.

Mr. HUNT, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, to whom was referred the bill (S. 275) to further define the national transportation policy, reported it with amendments and submitted a report (No. 140) thereon. INTRODUCTION OF BILLS AND JOINT

RESOLUTION Bills and a joint resolution were introduced by unanimous consent, severally read the first and second times and referred, as follows:

By Mr. SMATHERS: S. 1607. A bill for the relief of Joseph David Eller (Joseph Ushimura); to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. McCARRAN: S. 1608. A bill to prevent the indefinite continuation of service of a United States marshal following the expiration of his term; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. JOHNSON of Colorado: S. 1609. A bill for the relief of Mrs. Robert Lee Slaughter, nee Elisa Ortiz Orat; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. BUTLER of Nebraska: S. 1610. A bill for the relief of Louis H. Deaver; to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.

By Mr. CASE (for himself and Mr.

NEELY): S. 1611. A bill to regulate the election of delegates representing the District of Columbia to national political conventions, and for other purposes; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

By Mr. MORSE: S. 1612. A bill for the relief of Michael Arens (Herbert Schlerf) and Nancy Arens (Magda Ehrdardt); to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. TOBEY (by request): S. J. Res. 67. Joint resolution to repeal certain World War II laws relating to return of fishing vessels, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce. INVESTIGATION OF PROCEDURE IN GRANTING

TELEVISION STATION LICENSES Mr. SMATHERS, by unanimous consent, submitted the following resolution (S. 101); which was referred to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce:

Resolved, That the Senate Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, on any duly authorized subcommittee thereof, is authorized and directed to make a full and complete investigation and study of the practices and procedures of the Federal Communications Commission in considering applications for television station licenses and in determining the circumstances under which, and to whom, such licenses will be granted. Such study and investigation shall be made with a view to determining what action, if any, is necessary to expedite the consideration and final adjudication of applications for television station licenses.

SEC. 2. The committee shall report to the Senate at the earliest practicable date the results of its study and investigation, together with such recommendations as it may deem advisable. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATU-
RAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, yiz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the reported amendment, striking out all after the resolving clause and inserting in lieu thereof other words,

Pending debate,

On motion by Mr. ANDERSON to amend the reported amendment, by inserting in lieu of the language proposed to be inserted other words,

On motion by Mr. HILL (for himself, Mr. DOUGLAS, Mr. NEELY, Mr. TOBEY, Mr. LANGER, Mr. MORSE, Mr. SPARKMAN, Mr. KEFAUVER, Mr. CHAVEZ, Mr. HumPHREY, Mr. HENNINGS, Mr. LEHMAN, Mr. MURRAY, Mr. GILLETTE, Mr. FULBRIGHT,

Mr. CASE, Mr. KILGORE, Mr. GREEN, Mr. MAGNUSON, Mr. JACKSON, Mr. MANSFIELD, and Mr. PASTORE) to amend the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON, by striking out all on line 22 down to and including line 25, on page 10 (being subsec. 2 of sec. 5 (a)), and inserting in lieu thereof other words, Pending debate, ORDER FOR RECESS UNTIL MONDAY

On motion by Mr. SALTONSTALL, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That when the Senate concludes its business today, it take a recess until 11 o'clock a. m. on Monday next. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NAT-
URAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to the natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment proposed by Mr. HILL (for himself and others) to the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON as a substitute for the part proposed to be inserted by the reported amendment,

Pending debate,

Ordered, That, upon the convening of the Senate on Monday next, Mr. LEHMAN be entitled to the floor. Pending debate,

EXECUTIVE BUSINESS During the consideration of legislative business certain executive business was transacted as in executive session by unanimous consent; and

REMOVAL OF INJUNCTION OF SECRECY

Ordered, as in executive session, That the injunction of secrecy be removed from the following:

An agreement on German external debts, signed at London on February 27, 1953, by the Federal Republic of Germany, and by the United States and 17 other creditor countries;

An agreement between the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany regarding the settlement of claims of the United States for postwar economic assistance (other than surplus property) to Germany, signed at London on February 27, 1953;

An agreement between the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany relating to the indebtedness of Germany for the awards made by the Mixed Claims Commission, United States and Germany, signed at London on February 27, 1953; and

An agreement between the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany concerning the validation of German dollar bonds, signed at Bonn, on April 1, 1953.

RECESS On motion by Mr. SALTONSTALL, at 7 o'clock and 16 minutes p. m.,

The Senate, under its order of today, took a recess until 11 a. m. on Monday next.

MONDAY, APRIL 13, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday, April 6,

1953) The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order at 11 o'clock a. m., and the Chaplain offered prayer.

THE JOURNAL On motion by Mr. SALTONSTALL, and by unanimous consent,

The Journal of the proceedings of Friday, April 10, 1953, was approved.

ORDER FOR RECESS On motion by Mr. SALTONSTALL, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That when the Senate concludes its business today, it take a recess until 11 o'clock a. m. tomorrow.

SENATOR EXCUSED Mr. HUNT was excused from attendance upon the Senate on today and the remainder of this week, on the request of Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. REPORT OF NATIONAL CAPITAL HOUSING

AUTHORITY The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the following message from the President of the United States, which was read and referred to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

To the Congress of the United States:

In accordance with the provisions of section 5 (a) of the District of Columbia Alley Dwelling Act, approved June 12, 1934, I transmit herewith for the information of the Congress the report of the National Capital Housing Authority for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1952.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER. THE WHITE HOUSE, April 13, 1953.

(Only copy of report transmitted to House of Representatives.) REPORT ON AUDIT OF EXPORT-IMPORT BANK

OF WASHINGTON
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the
Senate a communication from the
Comptroller General of the United
States, transmitting, pursuant to law, a
report on the audit of the Export-Im-
port Bank of Washington for the fiscal
year ended June 30, 1952; which, with
the accompanying report, was referred
to the Committee on Government Op-
erations.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS
The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the
Senate the following petitions, etc.,
which were referred as indicated:

A concurernt resolution of the Legislature of the State of Minnesota, favoring the enactment of legislation integrating the study of soil conservation into grade- and high-school education and to provide in the training of its teachers a thorough understanding of the conservation of our natural resources; to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

A concurrent resolution of the Legislature of the Territory of Hawaii, favoring House bill 2885, relating to issuance of a purchase lease to Edward C. Searle; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

Joint memorials of the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska, as follows:

A joint memorial favoring the immediate passage of Senate bill 225, relating to the prevention of interruptions to ocean-transportation service between the United States and its Territories and possessions as a result of labor disputes; to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

A joint memorial favoring a determination of the average imports of fish fillets into the United States from 1940 to 1950 and establishing a quota on such imports based upon that 10-year average, and that the executive departments of the Government purchase and use such products caught and processed by American fisheries operating on American boats; to the Committee on Finance.

Memorials of the House of Representatives of the Territory of Alaska, as follows:

A memorial urging an investigation of the Alaska railroad and the incumbent General Manager of said railroad; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

A memorial praying sufficient appropriations to complete those harbor projects which have already been approved for Alaska by the United States Army engineers; and

A resolution of the Board of Super-
visors of the County of Maui, T. H., favor-
ing adequate funds to provide the Na-
tional Cemetery of the Pacific with
permanent white crosses; to the Com-
mittee on Appropriations.

A resolution of the Board of Directors
of Folsom, Calif., favoring the name of
Natoma for the lake behind Nimbus
Dam; to the Committee

on

Public
Works.

Mr. HUMPHREY presented the fol-
lowing resolutions, which were referred
as indicated :

A resolution of the City Council of Virginia, Minn., favoring the retention of the 5-percent down-payment feature in the price-control law governing construction of buildings; to the Committee on Banking and Currency.

Resolutions of the Northern Pine Farmers Union, and East Marshall Farmers Union, Willow River and Middle River, Minn., respectively, favoring relief from falling prices on farm products and mounting costs of farm equipment; and

Resolutions of West Marshall County Farmers Union, Argyle, Minn., favoring full parity income on all major farm production, including perishables, and the extension of the International Wheat Agreement, the continued handling of Agriculture Conservation Programs conservation payments through Production and Marketing Administration committees and increased appropriations for the Agriculture Conservation Programs, and remonstrating against the import of low-grade wheat and feed grains from Canada; to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

A resolution of the Barnesville Chamber of Commerce, Barnesville, Minn.,

favoring complete cooperation with Canada in bringing about the construction of the St. Lawrence waterway; to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

A resolution of the Croaks Farmers Union Local, Renville, Minn., favoring adequate appropriations for the Bureau of Reclamation to build transmission lines from dams on the Missouri River in North and South Dakota into Minnesota; and

Resolutions of the American Legion, Department of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn., favoring sufficient appropriations to safeguard the future medical program which has placed the Veterans' Administration in the forefront with the best medical, surgical, and hospital care obtainable, and sufficient appropriations to insure the maintenance of all National Guard units at a strength ade. quate for the fulfillment of their prescribed missions; to the Committee on Appropriations.

Mr. HUMPHREY presented a resolution of the Midland Cooperative Wholesale, Minneapolis, Minn., remonstrating against efforts to transfer to the States any of the existing rights of the Federal Government in oil resources beyond the tidelands; which was ordered to lie on the table.

Mr. WILEY presented the following resolutions, which were referred as indicated:

A joint resolution of the Legislature of the State of Wisconsin, favoring an amendment to the Social Security Act to enable States receiving Federal grants for old-age assistance programs to disregard the first $50 of income received by a person eligible for old-age assistance; to the Committee on Finance.

A petition of the American Legion, Department of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wis., praying the continuance of the Veterans Administration service now available to veterans, and opposing any reductions and appropriations which would further reduce the program of 131,000 hospital beds for veterans; to the Committee on Appropriations. EXTENSION OF TIME TO REPORT BACK

SENATE BILL 922 On motion by Mr. CASE, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That the Committee on the District of Columbia be granted until April 20, 1953, to report back the bill (S. 922) to provide for a commission to regulate the public transportation of passengers by motor vehicle and street railroad within the metropolitan area of Washington, D. C.

INTRODUCTION OF BILLS
Bills were introduced by. unanimous
consent, severally read the first and sec-
ond times and referred as follows:

By Mr. LANGER:
S. 1613. A bill for the relief of Tom
Hellander Co., Superior, Nebr.; to the
Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. BUTLER of Maryland:
S. 1614. A bill to incorporate the Gold
Star Wives of America; to the Commit-
tee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. SALTONSTALL: S. 1615. A bill for the relief of Lt. Col. George P. Price;

S. 1616. A bill for the relief of Attila Kassay; and

S. 1617. A bill for the relief of Mrs. Diana Cohen and Jacqueline Patricia Cohen; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. SALTONSTALL (by re

quest): S. 1618. A bill for the relief of Luigi Orlando; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. MALONE: S. 1619. A bill to encourage the discovery, development, and production of tungsten ores, and concentrates in the United States, its Territories and possessions, and for other purposes; and

S. 1620. A bill to encourage the discovery, development, and production of tungsten, manganese, chromite, mica, asbestos, beryl, and columbium-tantalum-bearing ores and concentrates in the United States, its Territories and possessions, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Armed Services.

By Mr. SPARKMAN: S. 1621. A bill to expand and extend to June 30, 1955, the Direct Home and Farmhouse Loan authority of the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs under title III of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944, as amended, to make additional funds available therefor, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Banking and Currency. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO
NATURAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment heretofore proposed by Mr. HILL (for himself and others) to the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON as a substitute for the part proposed to be inserted by the reported amendment, Pending debate,

On motion by Mr. NEELY, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That he be entitled to the floor upon the convening of the Senate on Wednesday next.

Pending debate,

THE JOURNAL On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

The Journal of the proceedings of Monday, April 13, 1953, was approved.

EXECUTIVE SESSION On motion by Mr. TAFT, The Senate proceeded to the consideration of executive business; and after the consideration of executive business,

LEGISLATIVE SESSION The Senate resumed its legislative session. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATURAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment heretofore proposed by Mr. HILL (for himself and others) to the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON as a substitute for the part proposed to be inserted by the reported amendment, Pending debate,

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE A message from the House of Representative by Mr. Chaffee, one of its clerks:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives has passed the following bills, in which it requests the concurrence of the Senate:

H. R. 163. An act to provide for the conveyance of certain land in Monroe County, Ark., to the State of Arkansas;

H. R. 233. An act to release all the right, title, and interest of the United States in and to all fissionable materials in certain land in Marion County, Ind.;

H. R. 395. An act to confer jurisdiction upon the United States Court of Claims with respect to claims against the United States of certain employees of the Bureau of Prisons, Department of Justice;

H. R. 1242. An act to authorize the Secretary of the Interior, or his authorized representative, to convey certain school properties to local school districts or public agencies;

H. R. 1551. An act to declare that the United States holds certain land trust for the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe;

H. R. 1834. An act to declare that the United States holds certain lands in trust for the Lac Courte Oreilles Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the State of Wisconsin;

H. R. 1917. An act to authorize the coinage of 50-cent pieces to commemorate the sesquicentennial of the Louisiana Purchase;

H. R. 1936. An act authorizing the acceptance, for purposes of Colonial National Historical Park, of school board land in exchange for park land, and for other purposes;

H. R. 2130. An act to declare that the United States holds certain lands in

trust for the Bad River Band of Lake Superior Chippewa Indians of the State of Wisconsin;

H. R. 2347. An act to permit continued exercise, until 6 months after termination of the national emergency proclaimed December 16, 1950, of certain powers, relating to preferences or priorities in the transportation of traffic, under sections 1 (15) and 420 of the Interstate Commerce Act;

H. R. 3367. An act to amend section 1715 of title 18 of the United States Code to permit the transmission in the mails to certain officers and employees of State, Territorial, District, and local governments of pistols, revolvers, and other firearms capable of being concealed on the person, and for other purposes;

H.R. 3380. An act to authorize the exchange of lands acquired by the United States for Prince William Forest Park, Prince William County, Va., for the purpose of consolidating Federal holdings therein, and for other purposes; and

H. R. 3406. An act to authorize payment of salaries and expenses of officials of the Klamath Tribe.

The President of the United States has informed the House that he has approved and signed the following acts:

On April 4, 1953: H. R. 759. An act for the relief of Hisami Yoshida.

H. R. 861. An act for the relief of Edith Marie Paulson.

H. R. 1192. An act for the relief of Steve Emery Sobanski.

H. R. 3062. An act to amend section 3841 of the Revised Statutes relating to the schedules of the arrival and departure of the mail, to repeal certain obsolete laws relating to the postal service, and for other purposes.

H. R. 3073. An act to amend the Civil Service Retirement Act of May 29, 19-0, with respect to the survivorship benefits granted Members of Congress.

H. R. 3658. An act to extend for an additional 2 years the existing privilege of free importation of gifts from members of the Armed Forces of the United States on duty abroad.

H. R. 3659. An act to extend until July 1, 1955, the period during which personal and household effects brought into the United States under Government orders shall be exempt from duty.

On April 13, 1953: H. R. 4130. An act to amend title V of the Department of Defense Appropriation Act, 1953, so as to permit the continued use of appropriations thereunder to make payments to ARO, Inc., for operation of the Arnold Engineering Development Center after March 31, 1953.

HOUSE BILLS REFERRED The bills this day received from the House of Representatives for concurrence were severally read the first and second times by unanimous consent.

Ordered, That the bills H. R. 163, H. R. 233, H. R. 1242, H. R. 1551, H. R. 1834, H. R. 1936, H. R. 2130, H. R. 3380, and H. R. 3406, be referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs;

That the bill H. R. 395 be referred to the Committee on the Judiciary;

RECESS On motion by Mr. SALTONSTALL, at 5 o'clock and 23 minutes p. m.,

The Senate, under its order of today, took a recess until 11 o'clock a. m., tomorrow.

TUESDAY, APRIL 14, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday, April 6, 1953)

The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order at 11 o'clock a. m., and Rev. Luther Holcomb, Dallas, Tex., offered prayer.

That the bill H. R. 1917 be referred to the Committee on Banking and Currency;

That the bill H. R. 2347 be referred to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce; and

That the bill H. R. 3367 be referred to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATURAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment proposed by Mr. Hill (for himself and others) to the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON as a substitute for the part proposed to be inserted by the reported amendment, Pending debate,

COMMITTEES AUTHORIZED TO SIT The following-named committees were authorized to sit during the session of the Senate as indicated:

The Committee on Banking and Currency on today; on the request of Mr. CAPEHART;

The Subcommittee on Internal Security of the Committee on the Judiciary for today and the next few days of this week; on the request of Mr. WEI KER;

The Subcommittee on Ammunition of the Committee on Armed Services this week and next week; on the request of Mr. FERGUSON; and

The Committee on Government Operations on today; on the rquest of Mr. MCCARTHY.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. BUSH in the chair) laid before the Senate a joint resolution of the Legislature of the State of Wisconsin, favoring an amendment to the Social Security Act to enable States receiving Federal grants for oldage assistance to disregard the first $50 of income received by a person eligible for old-age assistance; which was referred to the Committee on Finance.

Mr. THYE presented a concurrent resolution of the Legislature of the State of Minnesota, favoring the enactment of legislation to integrate the subject of conservation into the grade- and highschool subjects so that every child may learn the fundamentals of conservation, and provide in the training of teachers a thorough understanding in the conservation of our natural resources; which was referred to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES Mr. JENNER, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on Rules and Administration, to whom was referred the resolution (S. Res. 32) temporarily increasing the membership of the Committee on Armed Services and Labor and

Public Welfare, reported it adversely and submitted a report (No. 142) thereon.

Mr. PAYNE, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on the District of Columbia, to whom was referred the bill (S. 922) to provide for a commission to regulate the public transportation of passengers by motor vehicle and street railroad within the metropolitan area of Washington, D. C., reported it with an amendment, and submitted a report (No. 141) thereon. INTRODUCTION OF BILLS AND JOINT

RESOLUTIONS Bills and joint resolutions were introduced by unanimous consent, severally read the first and second times and referred, as follows:

By Mr. WELKER: S. 1622. A bill for the relief of Constantinos Pantermailis; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. DIRKSEN: S. 1623. A bill for the relief of Demetrios Anastasio Kritas;

S. 1624. A bill for the relief of John C. K. Yu; and

S. 1625. A bill for the relief of Milan K. Jovanovic; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. TOBEY (by request): S. 1626. A bill to extend from 15 days to 30 days the period within which the Federal Communications Commission must enter certain findings with respect to protests filed under section 309 (c) of the Communications Act of 1934; and

S. 1627. A bill to remove the requirement of construction permits under the Communications Act of 1934 for mobile stations and to permit the Federal Communications Commission to waive such requirement for certain other stations; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

By Mr. KNOWLAND: S. 1628. A bill to provide for loans to water-users organizations of the cost of construction of distribution systems for use of water available from Federal reclamation projects; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

By Mr. MARTIN: S. 1629. A bill for the relief of Chaim Locker; and

S. 1630. A bill for the relief of Edward Henry Erbes; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. BRICKER: S. 1631. A bill to amend section 10 of the Federal Reserve Act, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Banking and Currency.

By Mr. IVES: S. 1632. A bill for the relief of Robert Brown and Morna Doris Brown; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. POTTER: S. J. Res. 68. Joint resolution to direct the United States Maritime Administration to sell certain vessels to citizens of the Republic of the Philippines; to provide for the rehabilitation of the interisland commerce of the Philippines, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

By Mr. YOUNG: S. J. Res. 69. Joint resolution requiring the preparation of an estimate of the cost of reconstructing Ford's Theater in Washington, District of Columbia; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

By Mr. ANDERSON: S. J. Res. 70. Joint resolution granting to the State of New Mexico certain lands for the use and benefit of the Museum of New Mexico; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE A message from the House of Representatives by Mr. Breskin, one of its clerks:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives has passed, each without amendment, the following bills of the Senate:

S. 147. An act for the relief of Sizuko Kato and her minor child, Meechiko;

S. 516. An act for the relief of Roland Lee Oenning;

S. 682. An act for the relief of George Rodney Giltner (formerly Joji Wakamiya); and

S. 954. An act for the relief of Robert
Harold Wall.
TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NAT-
URAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the amendment heretofore proposed by Mr. HILL (for himself and others) to the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON as a substitute for the part proposed to be inserted by the reported amendment. Pending debate,

PAN-AMERICAN DAY Mr. HICKENLOOPER, by unanimous consent, submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 102):

Whereas April 14, 1953, 63d anniversary of the Pan American Union, marks another milestone in the continuous and mutually gratifying relationship of the 21 American Republics; and

Whereas the Senate during 63 years has encouraged the growth of interAmerican cooperation for the common security and welfare, and has freqeuntly commended the contributions to that end made through the Pan American Union, which is now seat and secretariat of the Organization of American States, a regional agency within the framework of the United Nations dedicated to the achievement of peace and justice, the promotion of hemisphere solidarity, and the mutual defense of the sovereignty, territorial integrity, and independence of the American Republics; and

Whereas the 21 respective legislaturas traditionally honor the observance of April 14 as Pan-American Day, symbolizing inter-American friendship; and

Whereas the Senate is cognizant that this friendship is one of the greatest safeguards of our mutual security, cemented by fraternal bonds which contribute to peace and progress in this hemisphere and consequently throughout the world: Therefore be it

Resolved, That the Senate extend to the representative bodies of each of the other American States on the occasion of Pan-American Day its cordial greetings and its profound desire for the maintenance of mutually beneficial relationships, in recognition of the progress already achieved toward our common objective of contributing through the harmonious advancement of the Americas to the advancement of mankind.

Copies of the present resolution shall be distributed to the legislatures of the American States and to the Secretary General of the Organization of American States.

The Senate proceeded, by unanimous consent, to consider the said resolution; and

Resolved, That the Senate agree thereto, and to the preamble.

DISPOSAL OF GOVERNMENT-OWNED

SYNTHETIC-RUBBER FACILITIES The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the following message from the President of the United States, which was read:

policy of the Congress that the security interests of the United States can and will best be served by the development within the United States of a free, competitive synthetic rubber industry. In order to strengthen national security through a sound industry, it is essential that Government ownership of production facilities, Government production of synthetic rubber, regulations requiring mandatory use of synthetic rubber, and patent pooling be ended and terminated whenever consistent with national security, as provided in this Act.”

In accordance with section 9 (a) of the Rubber Act, the Reconstruction Finance Corporation on March 1, 1953, rendered a report to me and to the Congress concerning plant disposal. Having considered that report, and after consultation with the National Security Resources Board, I recommend the prompt enactment of disposal legislation.

I am in hearty accord with the policy determination of the Congress that the security interests of the Nation will best be served by the development within the United States of a free competitive synthetic rubber industry, and I believe that now is the time to undertake plant disposal. The program recommended in the report of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation appears to provide the basic outline of a satisfactory method to achieve this result.

The Nation's security in its rubber supply is, of course, of paramount importance in any consideration of the disposal of these facilities. For such security, two things are essential, namely, an adequate stockpile of natural rubber and a healthy, progressive synthetic rubber industry. Our stockpiling objectives are adequate and have been virtually achieved and, from the economic and technological data available to me, I am confident that if the Government-owned synthetic rubber facilities are sold as recommended, competitive private industry will amply, efficiently, and economically supply our synthetic rubber requirements.

Disposal of the Government-owned facilities must be consistent with three objectives. In the first place the Government should realize their full fair value; secondly, disposal should be effected in such a way as to ensure to the consuming public, and to large and small rubber fabricators the benefits of fair competition; and, finally, to ensure against the hazards of unforseeable contingencies the facilities must be sold on such terms as will guarantee their ready availability for the production of synthetic rubber in time of emergency. Disposal pursuant to these criteria will best serve the public interest.

The program proposed by the Reconstruction Finance Corporation is designed to achieve these objectives. Accordingly, I recommend the enactment of legislation which would permit the prompt implementation of such a program, recognizing at the same time the upon examination in detail, modifications of that program may appear necessary or desirable.

I have not prepared the text of legislative proposals to implement the recommendations of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. It is my belief that such legislation would most appropriately result from the joint efforts of representatives of the interested executive agencies and those committees of the Congress having this matter under consideration.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER, THE WHITE HOUSE, April 14, 1953.

On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That the message be referred to the Comn on Armed Services and the Committee on Banking and Currency, jointly. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATURAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources,

The question being on agreeing to the amendment proposed by Mr. Hill (for himself and others) to the amendment proposed by Mr. ANDERSON as a substitute for the part proposed to be inserted by the reported amendment. Pending debate,

On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

Ordered, That following the remarks of Mr. NEELY on tomorrow, Mr. HILL be entitled to the floor.

To the Congress of the United States:

The Rubber Act of 1948, as amended, requires my legislative recommendations with respect to the disposal to private industry of the Government-owned synthetic rubber facilities. When at the onset of World War II the United States was denied access to its normal supplies of natural rubber, a huge Governmentowned synthetic rubber industry was created at a cost of some $700 million. There remain in Government ownership facilities which cost approximately $550 million and which now supply nearly all of the Nation's requirements of synthetic rubber, which, in 1952, amounted to 806,500 long tons out of a total consumption of 1,260,000 long tons of new rubber. Pursuant to the Rubber Act, these facilities are operated for the Government's account by a number of rubber, petroleum, and chemical companies.

The policy of the United States with respect to rubber is stated in section 2 of the Rubber Act, which provides as follows:

"It is the policy of the United States that there shall be maintained at all times in the interest of the national security and common defense, in addition to stockpiles of natural rubber which are to be acquired, rotated, and retained pursuant to the Strategic and Critical Materials Stockpiling Act, a technologically advanced and rapidly expandible rubberproducing industry in the United States of sufficient productive capacity to assure the availability in times of national emergency of adequate supplies of synthetic rubber to meet the essential civilian, military, and naval needs of the country. It is further declared to be the

RECESS On motion by Mr. TAFT, at 6 o'clock and 41 minutes p. m.,

The Senate took a recess until 11 o'clock a. m. tomorrow.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 15, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday, April 6,

1953) The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order at 11 o'clock a. m., and the Chaplain offered prayer.

MESSAGE FROM THE HOUSE A message from the House of Representatives by Mr. Chaffee, one of its clerks:

Mr. President: The House of Representatives has passed the following bills, in which it requests the concurrence of the Senate:

H. R. 710. An act for the relief of Dr. Louis J. Sebille;

H. R. 788. An act for the relief of Beryl Williams;

H. R. 813. An act for the relief of Jane Loraine Hindman;

H. R 814. An act for the relief of Lt. Thomas C. Rooney and Mrs. Thomas C. Rooney, his wife;

H. R. 888. An act for the relief of Francesca Servello;

H. R. 889. An act for the relief of Scarlett Scoggin;

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