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the Federal Bureau of Investigation of persons receiving Atomic Energy Commission fellowships; and

S. 1570. A bill to provide for the issuance of a special postage stamp in commemoration of the establishment of Fort Leavenworth, Kans., military post; to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.

By Mr. YOUNG: S. 1571. A bill for the relief of Jake Bell; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. CASE: S. 1572. A bill to recognize a Missouri River States Committee as an advisory group in preparing and executing a unified program for the conservation and development of soil and water resources in the Missouri River Basin based on the public-works program authorized by the Congress in the Flood Control Act of 1944, to establish a States' office to serve such a committee and the Congress, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Public Works.

Seventy-four Senators answered to their names, as follows: Alken

Goldwater McC'ellan
Barrett
Green

Millikin
Beall
Griswold

Morse
Bennett
Hayden

Mundt
Bricker

Hendrickson Murray
Bridges

Hickenlooper Neely
Bush
Hill

Pastore
Butler, Md. Holland

Payne Byrd

Humphrey Potter
Capehart Ives

Purtell
Carlson
Jenner

Robertson
Case

Johnson, Colo. Russell
Clements

Johnson, Tex. Schoeppel
Cooper
Kerr

Smith, Maine
Cordon
Kilgore

Smith, N. J.
Daniel

Know'and Sparkman
Dirksen
Kuchel

Stennis
Douglas
Langer

Symington
Duff
Lehman

Taft
Eastland
Malone

Watkins
Ferguson Mansfield Welker
Flanders
Martin

Wiley
Frear

Maybank Williams
Fulbright McCarran Young
George

McCarthy
A quorum being present,

SENATORS EXCUSED
The following-named Senators were
excused from attendance upon the
Senate for the periods indicated:

Mr. DWORSHAK and Mr. SALTONSTALL for today, on the request of Mr. TAFT; and

Mr. MORSE on Wednesday, on his own request.

COMMITTEES AUTHORIZED TO SIT The following-named committees were authorized to sit today during the session of the Senate:

The Subcommittee on Constitutional Amendments of the Committee on the Judiciary, the Committee on Foreign Relations, and the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare; on the request of Mr. TAFT.

SENATOR EXCUSED Mr. GILLETTE was excused from attendance upon the Senate for the balance of this week, on his own request. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATURAL RESOURCES

On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to the natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the reported amendment, striking out all after the resolving clause and inserting in lieu thereof other words,

transmitting, pursuant to law, a report on soil survey and land classification of the lands to be benefited by the Boulder Creek Supply Canal, Colorado-Big Thompson project, Colorado; which, with the accomp ayi papers, was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the following petitions, etc., which were referred as indicated:

A resolution of the Senate of the State of Kansas, favoring the enactment of legislation granting to the State of Kansas all mineral interests and full mineral ownership in lands owned by the United States or any and all Federal agencies within the boundaries of Kansas; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Af. fairs.

A petition of Mrs. Emily Soderman Pearson, Minneapolis, Minn., relative to the settlement of the estate of Nels Pearson; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

Mr. LANGER (for himself and Mr. YOUNG) presented the following concurrent resolutions of the Legislature of the State of North Dakota, which were referred as indicated:

A concurrent resolution favoring the enactment of legislation requiring investigation of Federal income tax returns to be conducted within 2 years from the time such returns must be filed; and

A concurrent resolution favoring the discontinuance of Federal taxation of motor vehicle fuel and reserving such source of revenue to the several States; to the Committee on Finance.

A concurrent resolution favoring the enactment of legislation supporting the prices of basic farm crops at 100 percent of parity; to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

A concurrent resolution favoring an increase in appropriations under Public Law No. 731, so as to provide a larger allotment of funds for Farmers Home Administration direct farm-ownership loans in North Dakota; to the Committee on Appropriations.

A concurrent resolution favoring the return to the original landowners of mineral rights acquired by Federal agencies; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs;

A concurrent resolution favoring the enactment of legislation to resurvey or accurately plat lands taken for the construction of dams, to determine the metes and bounds of remaining tracts and correctly determine the acreage thereof, and to record such plats without cost or expense to the person owning such lands; to the Committee on Public Works.

A resolution of the Idaho Public Utilities Commission of the Legislature of the State of Idaho, remonstrating against the amendment to section 13 of the Interstate Commerce Act by Senate bill 281, which it is alleged would deprive the States of the last vestige of power and authority to regulate the railroads on

RECESS On motion by Mr. TAFT, at 12 o'clock and 7 minutes p. m.,

The Senate took a recess until 12 o'clock m. tomorrow.

REPORT ON SURVEY AND REVIEW OF ALASKA

ROAD COMMISSION The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Comptroller General of the United States, transmitting, pursuant to law, a report on a survey and review of the Alaska Road Commission for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1952; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Government Operations.

TUESDAY, APRIL 7, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday, April 6,

1953) The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order at 12 o'clock m., and the Chaplain offered prayer.

THE JOURNAL On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

The Journal of the proceedings of Monday, April 6, 1953, was approved.

QUESTION OF QUORUM Mr. TAFT raised a question as to the presence of a quorum;

Whereupon

The VICE PRESIDENT directed the roll to be called;

When

SALE OF GOVERNMENT-OWNED TIMBER

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate а communication from the Comptroller General of the United States, transmitting a report of investigation by the Office of Investigation, General Accounting Office, covering the sale of Government-owned timber by the Forest Service, Department of Agriculture, and the Bureau of Land Management, Department of the Interior; which, with the accompanying report, was referred to the Committee on Goyernment Operations.

REPORT ON SOIL SURVEY AND LAND

CLASSIFICATION, COLORADO-BIG THOMPSON PROJECT

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Secretary of the Interior,

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purely intrastate operations, which was Bureau of Standards because of political
referred to the Committee on Interstate pressure and political considerations, and
and Foreign Commerce.

because of political interference in the
INTRODUCTION OF BILLS AND JOINT

Government with respect to scientific
RESOLUTION

analysis of an alleged battery additive
Bills and a joint resolution were intro-

which is supposed to rehabilitate or duced by unanimous consent, severally

regenerate the strength of batteries; and

Whereas it is imperative, if public conread the first and second times and re

fidence in the Government is to be main-
fered, as follows:

tained, that the National Bureau of
By Mr. LANGER:
S. 1573. A bill for the relief of the Fed-

Standards, which is engaged in scien

tific and objective analysis, be free of eral Republic of Germany; and

politics and political pressure and inter-
S. 1574. A bill for the relief of Jirair

ference at all times; and
Mazartzian and his family; to the Com-
mittee on the Judiciary.

Whereas any substantial allegations

tending to show political pressure and By Mrs. SMITH of Maine (by re

interference in this agency should be quest):

thoroughly and promptly investigated to S. 1575. A bill for the relief of the

determine whether political pressures estate of the late Comdr. Wendell H. Fro

have in fact infiuenced the removal of ling, the estate of Mrs. Anna C. Froling,

Dr. Astin, or whether the press has erroand the estate of Margaret A. Froling; to

neously stated the case; and
the Committee on the Judiciary.

Whereas if the press has misrepre-
By Mr. KNOWLAND:

sented the case, the facts should be fully
S. 1576. A bill for the relief of Kon-

and clearly set forth in order that public stantinos Bouzos; to the Committee on

confidence in the ability of the Governthe Judiciary.

ment to perform scientific functions obBy Mr. JOHNSON of Colorado:

jectively may be restored: Now, thereS. 1577. A bill to authorize the ex

fore, be it change of land in Eagle County, Colo.,

Resolved, That the Committee on Inand for other purposes; to the Commit

terstate and Foreign Commerce, or any tee on Agriculture and Forestry.

duly authorized subcommittee thereof, is S. 1578. A bill relating to the retire

authorized and directed to make a full ment of Government officers and em

and complete study and investigation of ployees whose sons or daughters shall

the removal of Dr. Allen V. Astin as
have died while serving in the Armed

Director of the National Bureau of
Forces; to the Committee on Post Office

Standards with a view to determining
and Civil Service.

whether political pressures or political By Mr. JOHNSON of Colorado

considerations influenced the removal of
(for himself and Mr. MILLIKIN):

Dr. Astin and to what extent such re-
S. 1579. A bill for the relief of Mieko

moval impairs or strengthens the per-
Kristine; to the Committee on the Judi-

formance of essentially scientific and ciary.

nonpolitical functions by the National
By Mr. KUCHEL:

Bureau of Standards. The committee
S. 1580. A bill for the relief of Dr.

shall report to the Senate at the earliest
David Bethlahmy (Bethlachmy); to the

practicable date the results of its study Committee on the Judiciary.

and investigation, together with such
By Mr. BUTLER of Maryland: recommendations as

deem
S. 1581. A bill to exempt lacrosse advisable.
equipment from the tax on sporting

DISCHARGE OF COMMITTEE FROM SENATE
goods; to the Committee on Finance.

RESOLUTION 32
By Mr. MCCARTHY:

Mr. MORSE, by unanimous consent,
S. 1582. A bill to amend the Federal

submitted the following resolution (S.
Property and Administrative Services

Res. 97); which was ordered to lie on
Act of 1949, as amended, to authorize the

the table:
Administrator of General Services to es-
tablish and operate motor vehicle pools

Resolved, That the Committee on

Rules and Administration be, and it is
and systems, to regulate operators of
Government-owned motor vehicles, and

hereby, discharged from the further con-
to direct the Administrator to report the

sideration of the resolution (S. Res. 32) unauthorized use of Government motor

temporarily increasing the membership vehicles, and for other purposes; to the

of the Committees on Armed Services

and Labor and Public Welfare.
Committee on Government Operations.
By Mr. IVES:

TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS
S. J. Res. 66. Joint resolution making

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATU

RAL RESOURCES
available certain unused immigration
quota numbers for assignment by the

The Senate resumed the consideration
President; to the Commitee on the Ju-

of its unfinished business, viz, the joint
diciary.

resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and

establish the titles of the States to lands RESIGNATION OF DIRECTOR OF BUREAU OF

beneath navigable waters within State STANDARDS

boundaries and to the natural resources
Mr. MORSE, by unanimous consent, within such lands and waters, and to
submitted the following resolution (S. provide for the use and control of said
Res. 96); which was referred to the

lands and resources.
Committee on Interstate and Foreign The question being on agreeing to the
Commerce:

reported amendment, striking out all
Whereas it has been suggested to the after the resolving clause and inserting
press that Dr. Allen V. Astin has been in lieu thereof other words,
removed as Director of the National Pending debate,

EXTENSION OF RECIPROCAL TRADE

AGREEMENTS ACT The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. PotTER in the chair) laid before the Senate the following message from the President of the United States, which was read, refererd to the Committee, on Finance, and ordered to be printed: To the Congress of the United States:

In my state of the Union message I recommended that the Congress take the Reciprocal Trade Agreements Act under immediate study and extend it by appropriate legislation.

I now recommend that the present act be renewed for the period of 1 year.

I propose this action as an interim measure. As such, it will allow for the temporary continuation of our present trade program pending completion of a thorough and comprehensive reexamination of the economic foreign policy of the United States.

I believe that such a reexamination is imperative in order to develop more effective solutions to the international economic problems today confronting the United States and its partners in the community of free nations. It is my intention that the executive branch shall consult with the Congress in developing recommendations based upon the studies that will be made.

Our trade policy is only one part, although a vital part, of a larger problem. This problem embraces the need to develop, through cooperative action among the free nations, a strong and self-supporting economic system capable of providing both the military strength to deter aggression and the rising productivity that can improve living standards.

No feature of American policy is more important in this respect than the course which we set in our economic relations with other nations. The long-term economic stability of the whole free world and the overriding question of world peace will be heavily influenced by the wisdom of our decisions. As for the United States itself, its security is fully as dependent upon the economic health and stability of the other free nations as upon their adequate military strength.

The problem is far from simple. It is a complex of many features of our foreign and domestic programs. Our domestic economic policies cast their shadows upon nations far beyond our borders. Conversely, our foreign economic policy has a direct impact upon our domestic economy. We must make a careful study of these intricate relationships in order that we may chart a sound course for the Nation.

The building of a productive and strong economic system within the free world-one in which each country may better sustain itself through its own efforts-will require action by other governments, as well as by the United States, over a wide range of econcmic activities. These must include adoption of sound internal policies, creation of conditions fostering international investment, assistance to underdeveloped areas, progress toward freedom of inter

it may

200

JOURNAL OF THE SENATE

APRIL 9

national payments and convertibility of currencies, and trade arrangements aimed at the widest possible multilateral trade.

In working toward these goals, our own trade policy as well as that of other countries should contribute to the highest possible level of trade on a basis that is profitable and equitable for all. The world must achieve an expanding trade, balanced at high levels, which will permit each nation to make its full contribution to the progress of the free world's economy and to share fully the benefits of this progress.

The solution of the free world's economic problems is a cooperative task. It is not one which the United States, however strong its leadership and however firm its dedication to these obiestives, can effectively attack alone. But two truths are clear: the United States share in this undertaking is so large as to be crucially important to its successand its success is crucially important to the United States. This last truth applies with particular force to many of our domestic industries and especially to agriculture with its great and expanding output.

I am confident that the governments of other countries are prepared to do their part in working with us toward these common goals, and we shall from time to time be consulting with them. The extension for 1 year of the present Reciprocal Trade Agrements Act will provide us the time neces ary to study and define a foreign economic policy which will be comprehensive, constructive, and consistent with the needs both of the American economy and of American foreign policy.

DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER.
THE WHITE HOUSE, April 7, 1953.

RECESS On motion by Mr. Taft, at 5 o'clock and 10 minutes p. m.,

The Senate took a recess until 12 o'clock m. tomorrow.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS
Mr. WILEY presented the following
resolutions, which were referred to the
Committee on Foreign Relations:

A resolution of the Business and Professional Women's Club, Wisconsin Rapids, Wis., favoring the enactment of legislation for the immediate construction of the St. Lawrence seaway by joint American-Canadian action;

A resolution of the La Crosse Business and Professional Women's Club, La Crosse, Wis., commending the Wisconsin members of Congress for their stand on the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence seaway and power project and urging their continual support until the project becomes a reality; and

A resolution of the Neillsville business and Professional Women's Club, Neillsville, Wis., urging speedy legislation for the construction of the St. Lawrence seaway and power project.

Mr. HUMPHREY presented a petition of employees of the Veterans' Administration, Fort Snelling, Minn., praying the enactment of legislation to amend the existing annual-leave laws; which was referred to the Committee on Post Office and Civil Service.

INTRODUCTION OF BILLS Bills were introduced by unanimous consent, severally read the first and second times and referred as follows:

By Mr. BUTLER of Maryland: S. 1583. A bill to amend the Internal Revenue Code so as to treat as an involuntary conversion the sale or exchange of property by a taxpayer in order to remove a legal inhibition on his discharging governmental duties; to the Committee on Finance.

By Mr. MURRAY: S. 1584. A bill to amend the Public Health Service Act to improve the leprosy situation in the United States, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

By Mr. CASE (by reque-t): S. 1585. A bill to amend the District of Columbia Traffic Act, 1925, as amended; to the Committee on the District of Columbia.

By Mr. JENNER: S. 1586. A bill for the relief of Maria Pia Baccarelli; and

S. 1587. A bill for the relief of Elias A. Papastergiou (Louis A. Pappas); to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. CORDON:
S. 1588. A bill to grant price support
on certain wool of the 1951 clip; to the
Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

By Mr. YOUNG:
S. 1589. A bill to authorize the expan-
sion of post-office facilities at Williston,
N. Dak.; and

S. 1590. A bill to authorize the con-
struction of a new post-office building in
Mandan, N. Dak.; to the Committee on
Public Works.

By Mr. HOLLAND: S. 1591. A bill to provide for a review by the the Court of Military Appeals in certain cases in which r lief pursuant to section 12 of the act of May 5, 1950 (64

Stat. 147) was denied by The Judge Advocate General of any of the Armed Forces; to the Committee on Armed Services.

S. 1592. A bill for the relief of Harriet T. Johnston; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. HOLLAND (by request): S. 1593. A bill for the relief of Michele Bevivino; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. WILEY: S. 1594. A bill for the relief of Berenice Catherine Montgomery; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. JOHNSON of Colorado: S. 1595. A bill for the relief of Stamatoula S. Roumanis; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. SMITH of New Jersey (by

requet): S. 1596. A bill to amend Public Law 815, 81st Congress, to provide a temporary program of assistance in the construction of minimum school facilities in areas affected by Federal activities, and for other purposes; and

S. 1597. A bill to amend Public Law 874 of the 81st Congress so as to make improvements in its provisions and extend its duration for a 2-year period, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO NATU-
RAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to the natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the reported amendment, striking out all after the resolving clause and inserting in liru thereof other words, Pending debate,

RECESS On motion by Mr. TAFT, at 5 o'clock and 8 minutes p. m.,

The Senate took a recess until 12 o'clock m. tomorrow.

WEDNESDAY, APRIL 8, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday, April 6,

1953) The PRESIDENT pro tempore called the Senate to order at 12 o'clock m., and the Chaplain cffered prayer.

THE JOURNAL The Journal of the proceedings of Tuesday, April 7, 1953, was approved by unanimous consent.

COMMITTEES AUTHORIZED TO SIT The following-named committees were authorized to sit during the session of the Senate as indicated:

The Subcommittee on Shortage of Ammunition of the Committee on Armed Services and the Committee on Foreign Relations on today; on the request of Mr. MARTIN; and

The Committee on Labor and Public Welfare for the balance of this week; on the request of Mr. MARTIN.

THURSDAY, APRIL 9, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday April 6, 1953)

The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order at 12 o'clock m., and the Chaplain offered prayer.

THE JOURNAL On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

The Journal of the proceedings of Wednesday, April 8, 1953, was approved.

COMMITTEES AUTHORIZED TO SIT The following-named committees were authorized to sit as indicated during the session of the Senate:

The Committee on Agriculture and Forestry, on today, on the request of Mr. AIKEN;

The Committee on Finance and the Committee on the Judiciary, on today; and the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare on Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday of next week; on the request of Mr. TAFT.

The Subcommittee on the Shortage of Ammunition of the Committee on Armed Services, on today, on the request of Mr. SCHOEPPEL.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS Mr. SALTONSTALL (for himself and Mr. KENNEDY) presented a resolution of the Board of Selectmen, Watertown, Mass., commending the appointment of Anthony Julian to be United States attorney for the district of Massachusetts; which was referred to the committee on the Judiciary.

Mr. IVES presented a resolution of the Lithuanian Americans, New York, N. Y., relating to the observance of the 35th anniversary of the independence of the people of Lithuania, urging the adoption of a clear and firm foreign policy such as America's leading role in the world affairs necessitates, the liberation of Lithuania and other Soviet-enslaved countries, and the speedy ratification of the Genocide Convention; which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations.

Mr. HUMPHREY presented the following resolutions, which were referred as indicated:

Resolutions of the Northern Pine Farmers Union, Willow River, Minn., as follows:

A resolution remonstrating against the removal of Claude Wickard, former Administrator of REA;

A resolution favoring the serving of butter to servicemen and in all public institutions in preference to substitutes; and

A resolution favoring that the Extension Service be divorced from the Farm Bureau so the elected farm committees will administer the farm programs; to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

Mr. HUMPHREY presented resolutions of the St. Cloud Central Labor Union, St. Cloud, Minn., the Sheet Metal Workers' International Association, Local Union No. 34, Minneapolis, Minn., and the Congress of Industrial Organizations, Washington, D. C., remonstrating against the proposed turning over of the offshore oil lands to the coastal States; which were ordered to lie on the table. REPORT OF COMMITTEE ON RULES AND

ADMINISTRATION Mr. JENNER, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on Rules and Administration, to whom was referred the concurrent resolution (S. Con. Res. 24) to revise and reprint the pamphlet entitled “Our American Government,” reported it without amendment and submitted a report (No. 137) thereon.

INTRODUCTION OF BILLS Bills were introduced by unanimous consent, severally read the first and second times and referred follows:

By Mr. EASTLAND: S. 1598. A bill for the relief or Marciana Kui Chang; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. MURRAY (for himself and

Mr. HUMPHREY): S. 1599. A bill relating to certain inspections and investigations in metallic and nonmetallic mines and quarries (excluding coal and lignite mines) for the purpose of obtaining information relating to health and safety conditions, accidents, and occupational diseases therein, and for other purposes; to the Committee on Labor and Public Welfare.

By Mr. MCCARRAN: S. 1600. A bill for the relief of Esther Saporta;

S. 1601. A bill for the relief of Jeremy Allen Clore; and

S. 1602. A bill for the relief of Edward Naarits; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. FULBRIGHT (for himself,

Mr. THYE, and Mr. EASTLAND): S. 1603. A bill to make the provisions of the act of August 28, 1937, relating to the conservation of water resources in the arid and semiarid areas of the United States, applicable to the entire United States; to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

By Mr. KENNEDY: S. 1604. A bill for the relief of Margot Herta Matulewitz; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. GRISWOLD: S. 1605. A bill for the relief of James Arthur Cimino; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

By Mr. BUTLER of Maryland: S. 1606. A bill to amend the Internal Security Act of 1950, and for other purposes; to the Committee on the Judiciary. SURVIVING CHILDREN OF MARY A. BROOKS

Mr. JENNER, by unanimous consent, from the Committee on Rules and Administration, reported the following resolution (S. Res. 98); which was ordered to be placed on the calendar:

Resolved, That the Secretary of the Senate hereby is authorized and directed to pay, from the contingent fund of the Senate to Phillip Austin Brooks, Mary Brooks Crawford, and Martha Brooks Denz, surviving children of Mary A. Brooks, an employee of the Senate at the time of her death, a sum equal to 12 months' compensation at the rate she was receiving by law at the time of her death, said sum to be considered inclusive of funeral expenses and all other allowances.

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Whereas in this trying situation, the policy of firmness and forbearance originated by former President Harry S. Truman and former Secretary of State Dean G. Acheson and continued by President Dwight D. Eisenhower and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, has at last borne fruit in the current favorable developments at Panmunjom; and

Whereas the victory of the free world under the leadership of the United States is clear to all who live in those parts of the world where men have access to the truth, but recent Communist actions in the United Nations make it also clear that the Communists intend to usurp the roll of peacemakers and thereby make it appear that it is they, the very aggressors, who now offer a solution for peace: Now, therefore, be it

Resolved, That it is the sense of the Senate that the Secretary of State should direct the United States delegation in the United Nations to make it clear before the General Assembly of the United Nations, and thereby before all mankind, (1) that the effort of the United Nations in Korea has been an effort in behalf of freedom and peace; (2) that the successful conclusion of this effort is a reaffirmation of the principle of peace through collective security; (3) that throughout the struggle in Korea the sole military aim of the United Nations has been to halt aggression; (4) that the United Nations has always stood ready to conclude an armistice agreement upon honorable terms; and (5) that the United States has loyally supported this action and this policy of the United Nations; and (6) that the United States will continue such support. REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 2 OF 1953, RELAT

ING TO DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE Mr. RUSSELL, by unanimous consent, submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 100); which was referred to the Committee on Government Operations:

Resolved, That the Senate does not favor Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1953 transmitted to Congress by the President on March 25, 1953. TITLE TO LANDS BENEATH NAVIGABLE WATERS

WITHIN STATE BOUNDARIES AND TO
NATURAL RESOURCES

The Senate resumed the consideration of its unfinished business, viz, the joint resolution (S. J. Res. 13) to confirm and establish the titles of the States to lands beneath navigable waters within State boundaries and to natural resources within such lands and waters, and to provide for the use and control of said lands and resources.

The question being on agreeing to the reported amendment, striking out all after the resolving clause and inserting in lieu thereof other words,

Pending debate,

Mr. TAFT raised a question as to the presence of a quorum;

Whereupon

The PRESIDING OFFICER (Mr. FERGUSON in the chair) directed the roll to be called;

EFFORTS OF UNITED NATIONS FOR PEACE AND

FREEDOM Mr. GREEN, by unanimous consent, submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 99); which was referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations:

Whereas for more than 3 years, at a tragic cost in blood and treasure, the United States has accepted the responsibility of leadership in the effort of the United Nations to force back the tide of aggression in Korea; and

When

Eighty-eight Senators answered to their names, as follows: Alken Gore

Millkin
Anderson Green

Monroney
Barrett
Griswold

Morse
Beall
Hayden

Mundt
Bennett

Hendrickson Murray
Bricker

Hickenlooper Neely
Bridges
Hill

Pastore
Bush
Holland

Payne
Butler, Md. Humphrey

Potter
Butler, Nebr. Hunt

Purtell
Byrd
Ives

Robertson
Capehart Jackson

Russell
Carlson
Jenner

Saltonstall
Case

Johnson, Colo. Schoeppel Chavez

Johnson, Tex. Sm'th, Maine Clements Kennedy

Smith, N. J.
Cooper
Kerr

Smith, N. C.
Cordon
Kilgore

Sparkman
Daniel

Knowland Stennis
Dirksen
Kuchel

Symington
Douglas
Langer

Taft
Duff
Lehman

Thye
Dworshak Long

Tobey
Eastland
Malone

Watkins
Ferguson Mansfield Welker
Flanders
Martin

Wiley
Frear

Maybank Williams Fulbright McCarran Young George

McCarthy
Goldwater McC'ellan

A quorum being present,
Pending debate,

EXECUTIVE BUSINESS During legislative session, certain executive business was transacted as in executive session, by unanimous consent.

RECESS On motion by Mr. DANIEL, at 6 o'clock and 32 minutes p. m.,

The Senate took a recess until 12 o'clock m. tomorrow.

LAWS PASSED BY THE MUNICIPAL COUNCILS

OF ST. THOMAS AND ST. JOHN, AND ST. CROIX, V. I.

The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the Senate a communication from the Assistant Secretary of the Interior, transmitting, pursuant to law, copies of laws enacted by the Municipal Councils of St. Thomas and St. John, and St. Croix, V. I.; which, with the accompanying papers, was referred to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

PETITIONS AND MEMORIALS The ACTING PRESIDENT pro tempore laid before the Senate the following petitions, etc., which were referred as indicated:

Resolutions of the Legislature of the Territory of Alaska, as follows:

A joint memorial, favoring the construction of, and an appropriation for, a breakwater in the harbor at the city of Kodiak to protect boats used in fishing; to the Committee on Public Works.

A joint memorial urging the enactment of legislation suspending the requirements for the performance of annual labor upon unpatented mining claims in the Territory during the national emergency and for the assessment years beginning July 1, 1952, and ending July 1, 1955; and

A joint memorial, favoring an appropriation of sufficient funds to provide for the construction of camp grounds, parking areas, and other related public recreation facilities along the highways of Alaska; to the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs.

А joint memorial, remonstrating against the reorganization recommendation in the Booz, Allen Hamilton report, which would eliminate the regional office of the Veterans' Administration in Alaska; to the Committee on Government Operations; and

A joint memorial favoring the extension of the benefits of section 512b of the National Defense Housing Act of 1950, as amended, until July 25, 1957, to provide additional direct home loans for veterans in Alaska; to the Committee on Banking and Currency.

A concurrent resolution of the Legislature of the State of Oklahoma, favoring the enactment of legislation to retire the Federal Government from the field of taxation on gasoline and to discontinue the diversion of other highwayuser taxes to any purpose other than road and highway construction; to the Committee on Finance.

A memorial of the House of Representatives of the State of Arizona, urgently requesting favorable action on House bill 1972, authorizing the Forestry Service of the Department of Agriculture to expend 10 percent of its revenue from national forests, not to exceed $5,500,000 for the improvement of facilities in our national forests; to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

Mr. GOLDWATER presented an identical memorial of the House of Representatives of the State of Arizona; which was referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Forestry.

A petition of Mr. David Darrin, Washington, D. C., praying the enactment of legislation dealing with certain economic

conditions; to the Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce.

Mr. GOLDWATER presented a memorial of the Senate of the State of Arizona, praying the enactment of legislation to continue in operation the military installation at Fort Huachuca, Ariz.; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services.

Mr. WILEY presented a resolution by the farmers of Brooklyn Grange, No. 708, Brooklyn, Wis., favoring the serving of butter, cheese, and beef products from American farms to all members of our Armed Ferces, our American schools, and the Republic of Korea Army and ci. vilian population; which was referred to the Committee on Armed Services.

Mr. MCCARRAN presented the following resolutions, which were referred as indicated:

Resolutions of the Cailfornia State So. ciety, Daughters of American Revolution, San Francisco, Calif., as follows:

A resolution favoring Senate Joint Resolution No. 122, recommending an amendment to the Constitution that executive agreements shall not be made in lieu of treaties; to the Committee on Foreign Relations; and

A resolution favoring the Immigration and Nationality Law, Public Law 414, providing for greater screening of aliens entering the United States; to the Com. mittee on the Judiciary.

Mr. HENDRICKSON (for Mr. BUTLER of Nebraska) presented the following resolutions of the Nebraska Society, Daughters of the American Revolution, Beatrice, Nebr., which were referred as indicated:

A resolution favoring the congressional investigation of subversive activities in schools;

A resolution commending Congress for its support of a committee on un-American activities and urging its continued support;

A resolution remonstrating against the combination of Constitutional Day and I-Am-an-American Day being called Citizenship Day and favoring the restoration of the name to United States Constitution and Citizenship Day; and

A resolution remonstrating against House bill 2076, which would admit 328,000 displaced persons, abolish the present quota system of immigration and weaken the existing immigration laws; to the Committee on the Judiciary.

A resolution favoring that the ground, air, sea forces, and the civil defense be kept adequate for our national security and that a plan be developed which will bring an early peace to the action in which we are now involved; to the Committee on Armed Services.

A resolution remonstrating against the ratification of the Genocide Convention by the Senate;

A resolution remonstrating against the adoption of the Covenant of Human Rights by the Senate;

A resolution favoring Senate Joint Resolution No. 1, proposing an amendment to the Constitution relative to the making of treaties and executive agreements by the enactment of legislation and ratified as an amendment to the Constitution; and

FRIDAY, APRIL 10, 1953 (Legislative day of Monday, April 6,

1953) Mr. ANDREW F. SCHOEPPEL, from the State of Kansas, called the Senate to order at 12 o'clock m., and the Chaplain offered prayer. APPOINTMENT OF ACTING PRESIDENT PRO

TEMPORE The Secretary read the following communication from the President pro tempore:

UNITED STATES SENATE,

PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE, Washington, D. C., April 10, 1953. To the Senate:

Being temporarily absent from the Senate, I appoint Hon. ANDREW F. SCHOEPPEL, a Senator from the State of Kansas, to perform the duties of the Chair during my absence.

STYLES BRIDGES,

President pro tempore. Mr. SCHOEPPEL thereupon took the chair.

THE JOURNAL On motion by Mr. TAFT, and by unanimous consent,

The Journal of the proceedings of Thursday, April 9, 1953, was approved.

SENATOR EXCUSED Mr. MURRAY was excused from attendance upon the Senate on today and all of next week, on the request of Mr. JOHNSON of Texas,

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