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PREF A C E.
The following book originated in a wish that others might participate in the satisfaction and pleasure I had myself experienced in finding, on an attentive perusal of the sacred volume, that throughout the whole of its inspired pages it earnestly inculcated, and firmly supported, the doctrine of the Divinity of Christ and the TRINITY of the SUPREME BEING, as held by the Established Church of England.
In what this TRINITY consists, our LORD and his disciples have fully informed us, viz., in the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost, the TRIUNE ELOHIM of the Hebrews, the God over all, blessed for evermore, of the New Testament.
I beg it may be clearly understood that I wish the following extracts to be read with the Bible, for it will give greater interest when these selected passages are connected with the histories from which they are taken.
The inspired authors of the Old Testament make use of different terms in speaking of God. In contemplating on these terms, through the medium of that language in which they were originally written, I felt convinced that these names, as well as those given to
the patriarchs, &c., are not mere arbitrary appellations, but words fraught with accurate discrimination and well-defined meaning — that they are not mere different words expressing the same thing, but that they were intended to convey real and important distinctions, a due attention to which is indispensably necessary to a clear view of that beautiful harmony which subsists between the Old and the New Testament" A view which cannot be obtained by the most profound and critical knowledge of the Greek language that can be acquired, and for this substantive reason, neither the Greek nor any other language possesses words that are equivalent to these distinctive Hebrew epithets *.”
On tracing the primitives from which these names are derived, I was fully confirmed in my belief of the reality and the propriety of the distinction they designated, and was also convinced that it was impossible that all the inspired writers should have preserved so carefully the same view of the same terms, unless they had understood these distinctions in the same way. I
I, therefore, in the course of my reading, carefully noted down the literal meaning of the terms used in the original, and the more I examined some paragraphs and particular prophecies, the more I became convinced of the reality of their distinctive nature and import.
I have no intention to enter the field of controversy,
*Stackhouse, Author of Biblical Researches and Internal Evidences.
nor to excite the spirit of contention in others. In the following pages, therefore, I copy literally the passages selected from our received translation of the Old and New Testament. I make no alteration whatever, except that I substitute the original epithets instead of the defective representations there given, and by doing this I hope to confirm the doctrine of the TRINITY as stated in the Articles of our Established Church, and to enhance the beauties of some paragraphs, by showing that the repetitions of the words LORD and God, which occúr 80 frequently, are not mere tautology, but that they are in the original a manifest and beautiful distinction of the persons of the GREAT GOD ALMIGHTY ; and by making a few quotations from every book of holy writ, I hope to prove that a plurality of persons is defined by every one of the sacred penmen, and also that each of them oceasionally concentrates the plurality of persons in the word Elohim.
Let it not be supposed that I presume to explain, or attempt to clear away, the awful mystery of the TRINITY in Unity. I meddle not with a subject that so greatly surpasses the grasp of a finite comprehension, but I do earnestly wish to excite a reverent and submissive acquiescence to a difficulty that is clearly taught in the Bible ; and I most seriously implore all candidates for everlasting happiness
'To believe, adore, and humbly rejoice. I hope the following extracts will convince every
reader, that the doctrine of the DIVINITY of CHRIST is clearly interwoven into the contents of the whole Bible, and that the Arian and Socinian will gain nothing by expunging or explaining the comparatively few chapters and verses they object to, for they must strike out the greater part of every book of holy writ, before they can prove their views of religion to be scriptural ; and I hope I may be allowed to add, that this conviction will be much strengthened by preserving to each name its appropriate signification.
The late Rev. William Jones of Nayland said, “The Bible was given us for the preservation of the kingdom of CHRIST upon earth. It treats of little else than of creation, redemption, resurrection, and glorification, by the power of JESUS CHRIST and the Holy SPIRIT; and there is no act nor attribute that is not there proved to be shared by all the persons of the Trinity.”
In the Bible, therefore, we shall learn that Christi anity was planned and promulgated by Omniscience. Omniscience, then, alone can comprehend it in all its perfection; but if we will duly study these Scriptures, in which his Holy SPIRIT has vouchsafed to detail the mercies of his providence, we shall learn all that is necessary to excite and confirm a well-founded faith.
But then we must include its whole contents, and give due weight to all the prophecies, commands, and histories; and happy, thrice happy, is that individual whose mind embraces the truth with that devout thankfulness which leads to a holy and religious life, and who