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mies, and destroyed those murderers, and they have in Him of eternal life; it is a burnt up, their city.” The remnant that small thing, therefore, with them to minister escaped these slaughters were dispersed carnal things to these, their elder brethren, throughout all the earth, waiting until “the seeing they have ministered spiritual things Redeemer shall come again to Zion, and to them. unto them that turn from transgression in Impressed with these truths, the two Jacob." Isa. lix.
principal societies in London, which are It appears, therefore, that Abraham and exclusively employed in diffusing divine his seed were the portion of Jehovah during truth amongst the seed of Abraham, at the patriarchal dispensation, that of the home and abroad, are at this moment oclaw and also of the gospel ; that they were cupied in raising the means for forining fitly designated by the fig-tree, the olive, asylums for the protection and instruction of and the vine, in Jotham's fable; that they inquiring and believing Hebrews. There were, throughout all their generations, in all of these may be protected during a tended to be under the immediate sove- limited time, acquire a trade, whereby they reignty of Jehovah; and that their lust for may be enabled to obtain in future their dominion and terrestrial royalty has been own maintenance, and during their abode their ruin, age after age, from the moment therein may receive Christian instruction they yielded to its sway. Thus far my and consolation, in the regular means of portfolio has yielded matter for these es- grace, without becoming proselytes to any says, and I beg now to add a few particu- sect or party bearing the Christian name; lars of more recent occurrence.
and of these inquirers there are numbers at Our elder brethren in Jehovah, “who are this moment, Israelites; to whom pertaineth the adop- The asylum forming by the London Sotion, and the glory, and the covenants, and ciety is at Warsaw, the capital of Poland; the giving of the law, and the service of and the asylum forming by the PhiloGod, and the promises ; whose are the fa- Judean Society is in London; an extract thers, and of whom, as concerning the flesh, from whose address I subjoin :-“ Relying Christ came, who is over all, God blessed on the mercies of a covenant God, the God for ever, Amen,” Rom. ix. are yet dis- of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, who persed, without an altar and without a has declared, that if his covenant of day teaching priest; having no city of habita- and night should fail, then should the seed țions, no land of fruitfulness, no concentra- of Israel cease to be a nation before him tion of strength, nor one to lead them, since for ever; and confident in the benevolent they rejected the Lord of Life, who came consideration of those who partake of the unto them. Alas, they are yet dreaming of mercies of that covenant, as the children of power, conquest, and dominion, as a nation, promise ; and in the full conviction, that rather than turning to the Strong for strength, the fig-tree of Judah is now putting forth and individually laying hold on the hope its blossoms, and shewing signs that sumset before them. As they stumbled origi- mer is nigh at hand,' the Philo-Judean nally at Christ crucified, they yet stumble; Society, deeply impressed with a sense of looking for a splendid deliverer, who shall the obligations they owe to the once delead them to Canaan, instead of calling spised and persecuted people of Israel, upon the name of the Lord, and enjoying earnestly invite the sanction and co-operahis salvation. Hence, when individuals of tion of every believer in the Lord of glorytheir nation are impressed with the evi- the compassionate Saviour of perishing and dences of Christianity, and begin to cry, polluted sinners-and entreat that prayer
What must I do to be saved ?" the whole may be unceasingly offered to the Most Israelitish community take the alarm, and, High, that he will “set his hand a selike one man, set themselves in array cond time to recover the remnant of his against them. The way of the inquiring people-to assemble the outcasts of Israel, Israelite is thus instantly blocked up, and his and gather together the dispersed of Judah means of sustenance destroyed : he is im- from the four corners of the earth.' Small mediately in want of all things; and it as such beginnings may be, the hope is inmust be through tribulation, which few dulged, that a little one may become a Christians are aware of, that he enters the thousand, and a small one a strong nation.' kingdom of heaven, if he enters it at all. May the Lord accomplish it; yea, may he
The Gentiles have received from the seed hasten the time. Return, () Lord, unto of Abraham blessings inestimable; and the ten thousand thousands of Israel.'» those blessings they permanently enjoy, in
W. COLDWELL. the possession of the sacred volume, the ordinances of the Redeemer, and the hope King-Square, London, Dec. 1, 1828.
Final Perseverance vindicated.
FINAL PERSEVERANCE VINDICATED.
his.—God is not a man that he should lie,
nor the son of man that he should repent,' MR. EDITOR,
&c. Surely this looks more like the lanSIR-In a former number of your Maga- guage of an enlightened judgment, than that zine, col. 601, vol. x., I endeavoured to of a mere prophetic impulse. In fact, he shew, in opposition to your correspondent here apparently, but it is only apparently, W.P. B. col. 206, that Heb. vi. 4-6, does speaks the language of a pious and holy not refer to persons who had once been man. And why, on the other hand, is the truly converted to God. What I then ad- phrase, “once enlightened,” to be undervanced has, however, been controverted stood purely in a spiritual sense, as meanby another correspondent, col. 992, who ing much the same thing, in fact, as resigns himself J. W. In replying to this generation? Why, simply, it would seem, writer
, I hope to bear in mind the judicious because J. W. finds similar language made hints you gave to correspondents on the use of in the sacred scriptures to express a cover of your last number.
state of saving acquaintance with the grace I feel myself rather at a loss to know of God. But surely your correspondent what J. W. precisely means by “Calvinian does not need being informed, that scripperseverance;" for the truth is, I am so ture terms and phrases are frequently made little acquainted with the writings of Calvin, use of with such a latitude and variety of as not to know what his exact views were meaning, as to render it quite impossible to on the subject of perseverance. If your ascertain their intended import, without the correspondent imagines that it is my inten- most careful examination of the context. It tion to defend Calvin's views on the sub- is said, for instance, that the Philippian ject, he is certainly mistaken. My maxim, gaoler, and all his house, believed; and it is in matters of religion, is, to “to call no also said, that devils believe : but does beinan master upon earth.” When I con- lieving in both these cases import just the ceive the assertions and opinions of any same thing, neither more nor less? And uninspired man are opposed to the word of while there is an illumination which God, I feel myself at the most perfect amounts to a glorious reality, and of which liberty to reject them. But that J. W. may our Lord affirms, “ This is life eternal !" not mistake me, it is but fair to state, that I we are equally certain, that there is also an most firmly believe in the certain and eter- illumination, which only amounts to “ the nal salvation of every saint. This, how- form of knowledge and of the truth,” and ever, is not the point in hand. The only which still leaves its deluded possessors question is
, Does the apostle, in Heb. vi. under the dominion of sin and condemna4-6, refer to persons who had once been tion. Thus the very light that is in them truly converted to God, or not? The ob- may be darkness ! ject of my former communication was to With a view of shewing that a person establish the negative side of this question; might “ taste of the heavenly gift, and be but the passages I then quoted and com- a partaker of the Holy Spirit,” and yet not pared, J. W. asserts, and attempts to prove, be a truly converted character, I quoted the were not applicable to the case in hand. case of the traitor Judas; but to evade the That we may see how he succeeds in inva- force of this allusion, J. W. asks if I can lidating the force of those passages, allow prove, that by tasting of the heavenly gift, me, Mr. Editor, candidly to follow him and partaking of the Holy Ghost, we are to through his “ animadversions."
understand the gift of working miracles, and To illustrate the clause, “who were once that exclusively ?". It was never my intenenlightened," I referred to the case of Ba- tion, sir, to give this exclusive meaning to laam; but in reply J. W. asserts, that the the language in question. But that Judas illumination of Balaam “was at most only really possessed the gift of working miraprophetical, and that the above clause is to cles, will, I suppose, be denied by no unbe understood spiritually.” Balaam was prejudiced mind. And then, does not my certainly a very extraordinary character, and opponent believe, (and it is what I believe by what criterion a considerable portion of myself,) that thousands who sit under the the light he evidently possessed, is ascer- ministry of the gospel, taste of the heavenly tained to be merely prophetic, I am quite gift of grace, or receive into their minds a at a loss to conceive. “ If Balak,” said measure of divine influence, and yet never he, “would give me his house full of become genuine converts to the Lord Jesus silver and gold, I cannot go beyond the Christ; but, on the contrary, give awful eviword of Jehovah my God, to do less or dence that they are still in the gall of bittermore.—Let me die the death of the righ- ness and the bonds of iniquity? And if teous, and let my last end be like unto these things be admitied as facts, then the
123,- VOL. XI.
Final Perseverance vindicated.
objection of J. W. to my former statement, What J. W. says on “the powers of the amounts to just nothing at all but a mere world to come,” requires no reply; for whequibble.
ther we regard this clause as expressive of That it is possible for persons to “ taste the amazing and tremendous efficacy of the the good word of God, and yet not be gospel dispensation, which is sometimes the genuine believers, I conceived to be quite savour of death unto death—or the overevident from the case of the stony-ground whelming influences of eternity itself—it is hearers, who, it is said, “ heard the word, but of little consequence to the present disand received it with joy; yet had they no cussion; for most certain it is, that in relaroot in themselves, and therefore soon tion to both, many a poor wretch has tasted, withered away.” But here J. W. remarks, and trembled, and for ever sunk beneath the that “the expression used in the parable) powers of the world to come. is, not that they tasted the good word of But “there is a difference,” we are told, God, but that they received the word with “ between one person being illuminated, joy, and that these may not be of the very another tasting the heavenly gift and parsame import.” Perhaps they may not; taking of the Holy Ghost, a third tasting but has he proved that they are not? Most of the good word of God, a fourth of the assuredly he has not, unless we are to regard | powers of the world to come, and the same the following most singular assertion in the person being the subject of all these.” This light of a proof, viz. " that the words used is granted : but still, upon the supposition, by the apostle are evidently more expres- and the supposition has not yet been resive of the state of grace, than those used futed,) that not any one of these particulars in the parable! That is, to taste the good really amounts to a vital part of true reliwork of God is more expressive of a state gion, it will be of no material consequence, of grace, than to receive it with joy! whether we suppose them all possessed by But I should really like to know, by what one individual, or distributed among many; magic touch the writer makes the word or for he who might possess them all would act of tasting evidently signify more than no more be a real Christian, than he who that of receiving. I suppose, sir, that most possessed but one of them; just the same of your readers, as well as myself, have as he who has four counterfeit sovereigns, been in the habit of thinking, till the ap- is not a whit richer than he who has pearance of this extraordinary assertion, but one. There is, therefore, no necessity that to receive a thing, whether corporally for producing an instance in which all the or mentally, whether into the body or the particulars specified are to be found in the soul, was evidently expressive of something same individual, and he undeniably a stranmore than that of tasting it. And it would ger to vital religion. But still, I do not seem, that even the evangelists were old- think it at all difficult to produce instances, fashioned enough to think so; for one of from the sacred writings, in which persons, them tells us, that Jesus tasted of the vine- to all appearance, went quite as far in the gar mingled with gall, and another adds, profession and experience of personal re“ but he did not receive it.” But tasting, ligion, as those specified in Heb. vi. 4–6. we are reminded, “is sometimes expressive I will quote two instances. When he slew of a state of grace ;” and so is receiving ; them, then they sought him; and they re« for as many as received him, to them turned, and inquired early after God. gave he power to become the sons of And they remembered that God was their God.” But the truth is, that neither of the rock, and the high God their Redeemer. terms necessarily implies a saving reception Nevertheless they did flatter him with their of the gospel : that must be ascertained by mouth, and they lied unto him with their the context. There is, for example, a nu- tongues; for their heart was not right with merous class of hearers, in most of our dif- him, neither were they steadfast in his ferent places of Worship, who not only covenant, Psalm lxxviii. 34–37. They evince a taste and relish for the good word seek me daily, says God, and delight to of God, but are frequently, by the preach- know my ways, as a nation that did righing of that word, melted into floods of tears; teousness, and forsook not the ordinance of and yet, in the course of the week, they their God: they ask of me the ordinances may have been seen in the pursuit of every of justice, they take delight in approaching folly, or practising the arts of fraud, or to God! And yet this is the testimony of even rolling about our streets in paroxysms God : Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, of drunkenness! And yet, after all, is it and to smite with the fist of wickedness! too much to say of such awful characters, Isa.lviii, 2, 4. If J.W. should think proper that they tasted the good word of God? to object to these cases as inapplicable, by They did more : they received it with joy! saying, that “the expression used is, not
Final Perseverance vindicated.
that they were once enlightened, &c. but It is amazing that your correspondent, that they daily seek me,” &c. I shall deem who is such an adept in making distincit a waste of time to make any reply, judg- tions where there is no difference, should ing that he intends, after all, nothing but a endeavour to confound a partial falling into mere logomachy, or war of words, instead sin and error, for a time, with an open and of sense.
total apostacy from the cause and faithful Considerable stress is also laid on the servants of Christ. That 1 John ii. 19, phrase “ to renew them again to repent- alludes to such characters as never did in ance," as though it necessarily implied, that truth belong to Jesus Christ, but to Antithey had once been the subjects of genuine christ, is a position which I imagined no repentance. This objection, at first sight, one, whatever might be his creed, would appears somewhat plausible; but that plau- feel disposed to deny, and that their“ going sibility will immediately vanish, if we con- out” from the true servants of Christ was only sider, first, that similar phraseology is fre- the natural result and development of that quently made use of in the sacred writings, fact. “ Little children, it is the last time, where a real repetition of the same thing is and as ye have heard that Antichrist shali not implied. Let the following instance come, even now are there many Antisuffice :-“But now, after that ye have | christs, whereby we know that it is the last known God, or rather are known of God, time. They went out from us, but they how turn ye again (ERISPEDETE Talıv) to the were not of us; for if they had been of weak and beggarly elements, whereunto ye us, they would have continued with us ; desire again (mali avwlev) to be in bond but they went out, that they might be made age ?" Gal. iv, 9. Now it is quite evi- manifest that they were not all of us," dent, that by these weak and beggarly verses 18, 19. This language is too expli. elements, we are to understand the Jewish cit to need comment. And I must still be ceremonies, to which these gentile converts allowed to say, that to me it is quite clear had never before been subject; and yet that the characters described in Heb. vi. they are represented as turning again to 4-6, never were the genuine disciples of these ceremonies, and as desiring again to Jesus Christ; for in the first place, they be in bondage unto them. In the second are compared by the inspired writer, in place, let it be observed, that, (according to ver. 8, to that barren kind of earth, which, our great Parkhurst,) the Greek adverb, after all the culture bestowed upon it, proTaliv, signifies not only again, but “ also, duces nothing but thorns and briars, and is likewise, then, afterwards, in consequence.” therefore rejected. And we are conducted Let us, then, substitute' the word then for to the same melancholy conclusion, in the that of again, and see how the passage second place, by the peculiar manner in will read : “ For it is impossible for those which the same writer addresses those who were once enlightened, and have tasted whom he considered as genuine believers : of the heavenly gift, and were made par- But, beloved, we are persuaded better takers of the Holy Spirit, and have tasted things of you, even things that accompany the good word of God, and the powers of salvation, though we thus speak." ver. 9. the world to come, and have fallen away, Real believers, then, do possess better then to renew them to repentance." It things than wretched apostates ever did ; appears to me, sir, that this reading throws even things which do accompany the salconsiderable light on the passage, by placing vation of the soul; and are, therefore, to the emphasis where it ought to be, and be distinguished from all that knowledge, where it is placed by the original-alev and tasting, and partaking, which left their avarainiSELV' els petavolav. If I am mis- possessors, first in a state of unfruitfulness, taken, I shall most cheerfully submit to the then of apostacy, and finally, of eternal imdecision of those who are much better qua- penitency and wo!- I believe, sir, that lified to judge on this subject than myself. these wretched characters had, among
other J. W. asserts, that if my views of the sins, committed that of blasphemy against passage be correct, it is not easy to perceive the Divine Spirit, the peculiar capacity for wherein the condition of these persons was which, according to our best writers of worse after their apostacy than it was be- every party, consists of knowledge in the fore. If my views of the passage are cor- head, and malice in the heart; a sufficient rect, the case, sir, will stand precisely thus : quantity of which, it appears, was possessed Before their apostacy their sin was great; by these unhappy men! They had once but afterwards it was awfully aggravated. been enlightened, &c. but had fallen from Before their apostacy there was room for their profession; and then, as if they had genuine repentance; but afterwards there discovered the imposture, with horrid ma. was none !
lice, they, in their own hearts, crucified a
216 second time the Son of God, and did all jugated all other nations, England rethat was in their power to hold him up to mained unsubdued. She fought
, she conpublic infamy and contempt! And hence quered, she adjusted. Now that she their fearful doom-It is impossible to holds the balance in her own hand, what renew them to repentance! May each has she to do but to be just? She has reader pray, “ Lord, let my heart be sound been generous to other nations; she ought in thy statutes, that I be not ashamed !”— to be just to herself. If she conquer to Yours truly,
make slaves, it is unjust. If she conDec. 16, 1828.
J.J. quer to make subjects, it is heroic. If she
mend the condition of the aborigines of
her conquered territory, it is praiseworthy. THE INJUSTICE OF SLAVERY ASSERTED.
May her power increase; but never retroThe planters are in possession of every grade. May her acquisitions never incur thing. The slaves are not in possession of Heaven's displeasure. I am a subject; but any thing. Governors, judges, magistrates, not a slave. If I am injured, I have a officers, and jurors, all are under the con- right to complain. He is not a British trol of the European. Not more are the subject who has not a right to complain. brute creation at the mercy of their owners, There is a reciprocity between the sovethan are the slaves at the mercy of the reign and the subject of Great Britain, Europeans in the West Indies. The value which is hardly equalled in any other Euroof the life of a slave is, the pounds, shil. pean nation. Colonists protected, ought lings, and pence estimated as the loss to not to be impertinent. The magistrate is his or her master. That the colonists should not upon an equality with the judge; nor wish to perpetuate this state of things, and the judge with the legislature. The popu. that the British government should hesitate lation of Great Britain supplicate the exeabout, or delay its interference, is as para- cutive government to extend justice to the doxical, as would be the question, “Shall enslaved Africans in the British colonies. we put an end to the system of smuggling, They implore the legislature to exercise its or shall we perpetuate it?" Smuggling has authority over those colonists, who have been of long continuance. It affords sup- arrogated to themselves such unlimited port to many families; and to prevent it is power over these African fellow-men. The of vast expense to government.
British public lament to find, that amongst Were an attempt to be made to put an the legislative representatives of the British end to the depredations committed under empire, men are found, who participate in cover of darkness, might not our guardians this appalling trafic. Were not the present of the night remonstrate against a measure state of West India self-evident, it would calculated to deprive them of their legiti- be hardly believed that such a state of mate office and support? Do away with things existed within the British empire. prostitution, and you will have some thou- It has been veiled. It is now uncovered. sands of females to provide for by other The Atlantic ocean no longer hides this means. It is begging the question, to monster of deformity. It wants but to be plead for the continuance of an evil, be known, to be abhorred. cause some good results therefrom. When That the offspring of Africa have been the necessity of keeping 800,000 human held for such a lapse of time in West beings in bondage and imprisonment is India as beasts, and that the planters in demonstrated, when slavery is proved to be West India wish still to hold them as the fair result of civilization and justice, then beasts; and, moreover, that the planters shall a blush vail my face, and my sup- represent the Africans as wishing to conposed maturity of seventy-three shall be tinue as beasts, is truly paradoxical. That construed into a second state of child- the planters never have, nor ever intended hood.
them, to rise above the state of beasts, is “Before I go hence, to be no more clear to a demonstration. Religious in. seen,' not any thing would afford me struction was permitted by the planters, more pleasure than to see the British legis- chiefly to render the slaves more beneficial lature free itself from every charge of in- to the owners; but it does not appear justice or oppression. Not a nation in have been designed as a preparatory step Europe stands more independent of other to the future manumission of the slaves; nations, than does the nation of Great Bri. | but merely for self-interest. tain. The revenue of the sovereign of the It would be rebellious in British subjects British empire, in all probability, exceeds to demand of the British legislature the the revenue of every other sovereign in / abolition of the enslaved Africans. But to Europe. When usurpation had nearly sub- remonstrate and to petition against it, is a