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time took sides with his enemies, sentiments concerning the whole what was the real cause, and the system of revealed religion ; and original foundation of all this ill. if all our prejudices against nate will towards hiin. John vii. 7. ural religion were removed, we The world cannot hate you, (as should have no prejudices left you think and feel as they do); against revealed religion. Το bui me it hateth, because I testify be more particular : of it, tha: the works thereof are 5. The real moral character evil.-Even so hath it happened of God, the knowledge of which ever since, that though those in was lost among the nations of Christendom, who have hated the earth, but is now brought to and persecuted the true follow- light in the sacred writings, ers of Christ, rejected the true were it understood and cordially scheme of religion, and invented viewed as an absolutely perfect other schemes to suit their varie character, would soon convince ous tastes ; have at all times al. us that God is fit to sit at the leged a great variety of reasons head of the universe, and decree to justify themselves : Yet as and conduct according to the Jesus was hated, so real Chris. good pleasure of his will; and tianity hath always been hated, all our objections against his because it testifies of the world, eternal decrees and universal prov. that the works thereof are evil. idence, would in effect vanish af This was the true secret then, once, and we should begin to sing, and it hath been the true se as in Psalm xcvii. I. The Lord cret ever since ; although, then, reigneth, let the earth rejoice. And Christ Jesus himself was pub 6. Right sentiments of the licly so odious, that those who moral law; of true morality ; murdered him, and killed his fol of the nature, extent, and excellowers, thought they did God lence of all that duty which God service, and were promoting the requireth of man, and of our cause of morality; and although obligations to yield all that love it bath frequently been so in ages
and obedience which is required since. If they persecute me, of us, together with a feeling they will also persecute you : he that we in fact are moral agents ihat hateth me, hateth my Father with respect to the whole of that cleo. Blessed are they who are love and duty which is required ; persecuted for righteousness sake; would at once prepare us to
Or, which is the make a right estimate of the nasame,
for my sake ; v. 11. And ture and degree of our moral de. this hath been the real ground of pravity, and of our guilt and ill all persecution : for 80 perse: desert, and of our need of that cuted they the prophets which Redeeiner and Sanctifier, and of Were before you ; verse 12. that pardoning mercy and saticti.
4. Right sentiments concern fying grace, revealed in the gosing the moral character of God, pel; and dispose us with candour and concerning the moral law, 10 understand scripture words morality, moral obligation, moral and phrases relative to those subagency; all which belong to nato jects, and answer a thousand obural religion, would prepare us jections which otherwise will fill to receive and entertain right our minds. Vol. III. No. 2.
Matt. y. 10.
7. We ought to love God with mighty ; and not the divine law, all our hearts, and our neighbour but every man's inclination, beas ourselves, so as to be influ- comes the rule of his duty in all enced and governed by this love cases whatsoever. If the infinite in the whole of our conduct ; worthiness of the Deity doth not and our obligations hereunto, as infinitely oblige us to love and they originate from, so they are obey him, then sin is not an infiequal unto the infinite dignity of nite evil; and an atonement of Him who requires this of us. infinite value, in order to our Were this understood, and cordi- pardon, is not needed, if any at ally acquiesced in, an end would all; nor is a Saviour of infinite soon be put to all the disputes dignity requisite ; nor will the about the divinity and satisfac- doctrines of the divinity and sattion of Christ, and the eternity isfaction of Christ, and the eterof hell torments ; about the na- nity of hell torments, be readily ture and necessity of regenera- believed, how plainly soever retion ; of repentance towards God, vealed. The passions justify and faith towards our Lord Jesus themselves ; and if the feelings of Christ; of justification by free each man's heart ought to be the grace, through the redemption rule of duty to each man, then that is in Jesus Christ, &c. &c.' it will come to pass, that every &c. But,
way of each man will be right in 8. So long as we differ in our his own eyes ; and the whole need sentiments concerning rnorality, not a physician. And in these moral obligation, what qualifica- views, and with these feelings, tions are necessary to constitute men will not readily understand a moral agent; i. e: in effect, the Bible, or believe it to contain concerning the moral character a revelation from heaven ; and it of God, and of man ; we shall must be entirely new modeled not very readily agree in our or totally rejected. understanding of any written rev 10. When once the Bible is elation relative to these matters, rejected by men, because they let the revelation be ever so full, do not like to retain God in their or ever so plain. Since the in- knowledge, a new god will be crease of learning in Europe, re formed, who will approve, a new ligious disputes have increased, system of morality invented, and the number of heretics and which will justify the moral infidels greatly multiplied ; as if, character of man, without any in proportion to light externally need at all of any redeemer, or exhibited, the internal vices of any sanctifier: and it may now the human mind were the more even be said, that any atonement alarmed.
The true reason we for sin, besides what the sinner find in Rom. viii. 7,8.; John himself can make, is inconsiste ii. 19..
ent with the moral character of 9. If we are not bound by the God; and that any sanctifier divine law, any farther than our whatsoever, is inconsistent with inclination corresponds ; then the character of man, as a moral Pharaoh was not bound to let agent. Israel go, notwithstanding the 11. Miracles, they will say, express cominand of the Al are of no use to prove what by
their reason they know to be fill my heart with a tender refalse. Natural religion is the membrance of thy favours, al only religion God ever gave to aversion for my infirmities, a man; and it is sufficient to se love for my neiglibour, and a cure the welfare of every man, contempt for the world. Let me both here and hereafter.
also remember to be submissive 12. Thus, having rejected the to my superiors, charitable to my true God, and the true morality, enemies, faithful to my friends, from disaffection to both, and and indulgent to my inferiors. framed a system of religion to O God! help me to overcome suit their hearts, they cry peace, pleasure by mortification ; covetpeace to themselves, until sud- ousness by alms; anger by meekden destruction cometh upon ness; and lukewarmness by devothem.
tion. O my God! make me prudent in undertakings, coura
geous in danger, patient under PRINCE EUGENE'S PRAYER. disappointment, and humble in
success. Let me never forget, O God, I believe in thee : do O Lord, to be fervent in prayer, thou strengthen my belief. I temperate in food, exact in my hope in thee: do thou confirm employ, and constant in my my hope. I love thee : vouch- resolutions. Inspire me, O safe to redouble my love. I am Lord, with a desire to have a sorry for my sins : O increase quiet conscience, an outward as my repentance. I adore thee as
well as inward modesty, an edifymy first principle ; I desire thee ing conversation, and a regular as my last end : I thank thee as conduct. Let me always apply my perpetual benefactor; I call myself to resist nature, to cherupon thee as my supreme defend- ish grace, to keep thy commands, er. My God! be pleased to guide and to become meet for heaven. me by thy wisdom, rule me by My God! do thou convince me thy justice, comfort me by thy of the meanness of the earth, the mercy, and keep me by thy pow. greatness of heaven, the shorter. To thee I dedicate all my ness of time, and the length of thoughts, words and actions, that eternity. Grant that I may be henceforth I may think of thee, prepared for death, that I inay speak of thee, act according to fear thy judgment, avoid heli, thy will, and suffer for thy sake. and obtain paradise, for the sake Lord, my will is subject to thine, and merits of my Lord and Sawhatever thou willest, because viour Jesus Christ. Amen. it is thy will. I beseech thee to enlighten my understanding, to give bounds to my will, to purify my body, to sanctify my soul. Enable me, O my God, to reform my past offences, to conquer my future temptations, to You need not wait for my an. reduce the passions that are too swer to those monstrous ques. strong for me, and to practise tions which you propose to me. the virtues that become me. If you are inclined to indulge in
A LETTER FROM JOHN CALVIN
TO LÆLIUS SOCINUS.
such airy speculations ; suffer and uninterrupted health of the me, I pray you, a humble disciple inhabitants of New Zealand. In of Jesus Christ, to employ my all the visits made to their towns, self in those meditations, which where old and young, men and tend to my edification in the faith women,
crowded about our voyaof the gospel. And I shall cer- gers, they never observed a sintainly obtain by my silence, what gle person who appeared to have I so much wish, that you may any bodily complaint ; nor not trouble me in this way in fuo among the numbers that were ture. I am truly grieved to per- seen naked, was once perceived ceive, that the noble talents which the slightest eruption upon the God has bestowed on you, are skin, or the least mark, which not merely misemployed about indicated that such an eruption objects of no moment, but actual. had formerly existed. Another ly perverted by pernicious fan. proof of the health of these peocies. What I formerly declared ple is the facility with which the to you, I seriously warn you of wounds, they at any time receive, again, that unless you restrain in are healed.
In the man who time this inquisitive pruriency of had been shot with a musquet. mind, there is reason to fear that ball through the fleshy part of you are preparing for yourself his arm, the wound seemed to be grievous prnishments in a future so well digested, and in so fair a world. Were I, under the pre. way of being perfectly healed, tence of indulgence, to encourage that if Mr. Cook had not known you in a faut which I judge so that no application had been ruinous, I should certainly act to. made to it, he declared that he ward you a treacherous and cruel should certainly have inquired, part. Wherefore I am willing, with a very interested curiosity that you should now for a little after the vulnerary herbs and be offended by my seeming surgical art of the country. An asperity, rather than that you additional evidence of human nashould not be reclaimed from ture's being untainted with disthose curious and alluring specu. ease in New Zealand, is the lations, by which you have been great number of old men with already captivated. The time whom it abounds.
Many of will come, I hope, when you shall them, by the loss of their hair and rejoice, that you have been teeth, appeared to be very ancient, awakened even in this violent and yet none of them were demanner, from your pleasing, but crepid. Although they were fatal dream. Yours,
not equal to the young in muscuJOHN CALVIN. lar strength, they did not come January 1, 1552.
in the least behind with regard Ré!. Mon. to cheerfulness and vivacity.
Water, as far as our navigators
could discover, is the universal FRAGMENTS.
and only liquor of the New
Zealanders. It is greatly to be HEALTH OF NEW ZEALANDERS.
wished that their happiness in One circumstance peculiarly this respect may never be worthy of notice, is the perfect destroyed by such a connexion
with the European nations, as nephew, to procure himself the shall introduce that fondness for pleasures of the field only once spiritous liquors which has been or twice a year, did so with every so fatal to the Indians of North. possible precaution, that the inAmerica.
telligence might not reach the Life of Capt. Cook.
ears of Frederic.
The butcher, said this monarch, even the butcher does not kill
animals for his pleasure ; but OPINIONS OF FREDERIC 2d. OF
does it for the necessities of man. PRUSSIA ON FIELD SPORTS.
But the sportsman kills for pleaAs to sporting, it was the ob- sure; this is odious! The sportsject of Frederic's abhorrence. man, therefore, should be placed Any gentleman known to be ad- below the butcher in the order of dicted to this passion would whol. society. ly have lost his esteem. His
IN MEMORY OF THE LATE JOHN THORNTON, ESQUIRE.
By William Cowper.
Poets attempt the noblest task they can,
Thee, therefore, of commercial fame, but more
What pleasure can the miser's fondled hoard,