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as the future successor of Presi- country, entered Charlotte. dent Witherspoon : but notwith- The Doctor with his family fled. standing this, his mind still in- Upon his return, he found that clined towards Charleston. he had lost his library and furni. He had the call under considera- ture, with almost every thing tion till February ; but found at that he possessed. He remainJast that the state of his family, ed in Charlotte about a month and the critical situation of after this calanity ; but appreCharleston, threatened at that hending new inroads from the time with an invasion, presented enemy, he quitted the place in difficulties which it was impossi- the autumn of 1780, and returna ble to surmount.

ed to Abington, in Pennsylvania, In the following summer, where he engaged to preach for (1779) he received a call from the winter. The people of New. the congregation of Charlotte, ark, hearing of his misfortunes, Mecklenburg county, North and influenced by the mingled Carolina, accompanied with an emotions of sympathy and reinvitation from the trustees of spect, invited him to make them Charlotte academy to accept the

a visit. This he did in February, presidency of that institution. 1781. They soon after sent him

This was an infant seminary, a regular call; in consequence which promised, under the fost- of which he returned in April ering care of such a president, to with his family, and though he become an important seat of was never reinstalled, he was learning. It was situated in the considered the pastor of the conmidst of his relatives, and in a gregation, and acted as such, till part of the country where he his death. might hope to be removed from In the autumn of 1783, just at the alarms of war. His congre- the close of the war, the trustees gation too had become inuch de- of Washington academy, in ranged by the calamities of the Somerset county, Maryland, igrevolution, and his salary was norant that Doct. Macw horter deemed insufficient for his sup- was permanently settled, offered port. All these things consider- him the presidency of that instied, he judged it to be his duty to tution, with a liberal salary. accept the call : and his friends But though the principal object in the congregation, under exist- of the institution was the educaing circumstances, did not op- tion of pious youth for the gospose his removal. His pastoral pel ministry, and though the relation to this church was ac- neighbouring country opened an cordingly dissolved ; and in Oc- extensive field for his ministerial tober he took his leave of New. labours, his attachment to a con. ark, furnished, by the liberality gregation, which had recently of his afflicted people, with every given him such ingenuous proofs article needful for his journey. of affection, rendered it impossi.

Scarcely was he settled in his ble for him to accept this invitanew abode, when the troubles of tion. the war found him there. The The termination of the war army of Cornwallis, scouring the was an event not less happy for

the pastor, than for the congrega

In 1796, he was blessed with tion. No where was the effect another revival of religion in the more sensible than in Newark, congregation, by means of which which from that time commenc 30 or 40 new members were added its rapid growth from a few ed to the church. In 1802 the dispersed ranges of farm-houses, fifth and last revival under his to a large, beautiful, manufactur- ministry commenced. This ing town. The following year, continued two years ; and in (1784,) the long troubles of the that period, 140 new members, pastor and congregation were besides those received from othsucceeded by a glorious revival er churches, were added to that of religion, which continued for under his care ; of whom 113 two years. In no period of the were received in the course of Doctor's ministry was he ob- 12 months. served to be so deeply laden with In former years, Doct. Maca sense of everlasting things, and whorter had been employed by so ardent in his desire to win the trustees of New Jersey col. souls to Christ. Besides his la- lege to obtain subsciptions in bours on the Sabbath, he preach- Newark for the benefit of that ed several times in the week, and Seminary : and when by the late spent a part of almost every day disastrous conflagration the Col. in catechising, exhorting from lege edifice was consumed, they house to house, or attending re- appointed him, in the spring of ligious societies. In this pre- 1802, to solicit benefactions in cious season, more than a hun- New-England, to aid in the erecdred souls were added to the tion of a new college. Advanced church.

as he was in years, his public Doctor Macwhorter was one spirit would not suffer him to of those great and good men, shrink from the task; and in the who, in 1788, had principal in- issue he brought more than 7000 fluence in settling The Confession dollars into the college funds. of Faith, and framing the Consti. On very many less important tution of the Presbyterian church occasions, his singular skill and in the United States ; and in public spirit were called forth in transferring the authority of the

a similar way. highest judicatory from the sy, On the evening of the 25th of nod to a General Assembly, December last, he received an which met first in May, 1789. injury from a fall, from which he Ten years afterwards, when a never recovered. He went to board of trustees for the General the house of God no more. In Assembly was incorporated by the first stages of his illness, he the legislature of Pennsylvania,' said little which discovered the at their session in the winter of state of his mind, except the of. 1798, 9, he was named in the ten repeated sentence, It is the charter as one of the board, and Lord, and he does that which is continued to hold this trust, un- perfectly right. In February, til the growing infirmities of age when the dissolution of his aged induced him, in 1803, to re consort was manifestly approachsign it.

ing, and his own nature was




sinking under infirmities, his death and I have long been intiyounger son was taken off by a mates, To a hint from his col. disease, so rapid in its progress league that he could not do that his parents, though in the without him, he replied with neighbourhood, knew not that paternal tenderness, God will he was sick till they heard that give you strength according to he was dead. At that awful your day ; only trust in him, moment, his colleague visited and he will support you under ev. the father with a trembling ery trial. He never discovered heart, expecting to find him any impatience, except when overwhelmed with these compli he

told that

was cated calamities : But he found better, and might possibly recov, him composed and submissive When reminded that he to a degree that convinced him was going to the companions of he had never known this man of his youth, he replied with emoGod before. From that time, tion, Yes, there is a precious comthe submission and piety of his pany of them! O what a precious heart shone forth with increased company! When it was suggestloveliness ; his constitutional re ed that the God, whom he had serve was in a measure gone, and long and faithfully served, would his conversation often breathed not forsake him in old age, he the tenderness and sweetness of answered with quickness and gospel humility and comfort. apparent uneasiness, that he had On the 2d day of April, the wife no faithfulness of his own to rely of his youth closed the long on; that a review of his life af. scene of her sufferings, with all forded him little satisfaction ; that the interesting tokens of child- it had been miserably polluted, like piety.

He sustained the and that his only hope rested on shock, as he had done his other the atonement of Christ. afflictions, with submission and peatedly lamented, in strong patience. He had now nothing language, the imperfection of his to do but to make arrangements life, and discarded every hope for his own approaching

dissolu- but that which the gospel affords. tion. He sent an affectionate It was said to him, a short and impressive farewel to his time before his death, “ You brethren of the presbytery ; he do not at any time find your distributed his volumes of ser- prospects clouded ?" He mons among his children, grand- plied, No, blessed be God ! children, and relatives ; and I have a steady hope. Always gave directions about his fune- patient, and always composed, ral.

He never discovered any he sometimes appeared transsolicitude about death, ported with Pisgah views. A cept an anxiety to be gone. I few evenings before his death, die slow ; I never erpected to he was observed wrestling with die 80 slow, he would sometimes God for his release from the say.

One day a friend suggest- flesh. While he lay in the struged to bim a hope that he might gles of death, he was asked whethyet be continued with his people, er he still enjoyed the light of and begged him not to despond. God's countenance. He lifted I have no despondency, said he ; his hands and eyes in a way of

He re



strong affirmation. The last word He possessed a powerful and which he uttered was expressive scientific mind, with a most reof a desire that his friends tentive memory. He was wise would unite with him in prayer. and discerning, and had an eye A few minutes before he expir- that could penetrate the characed, he gave his hands to two of 'ters of men, and look through his friends as a farewel token, the connexion and consequences and expressed by signs a wish to of things. His apprehensions unite with them once more in were not quick, but unusually prayer. As the supplication was just. He possessed little fancy, making that God would release but a deep and solid judgment. him, and receive his departing His genius had no nncommon spirit, he extended both of his share of vivacity ; it held a statearms towards heaven at full ly and even course. It had no length, seemingly in the trans. wings ; but it stood like the ports of faith and desire. It was pillars of the earth. He never the last motion that he made. would have gathered laurels in His hands fell and moved no the paths of poetry ; but he more. That moment the diffi- would have filled with superior culty of his respiration ceased ; dignity the seat of justice. His he appeared perfectly at rest ; passions, like his understanding, and in five minutes breathed were strong; but ordinarily held forth his soul, without a struggle, by strong restraints. With far into the bosom of his God. He less imagination than intellect, expired 37 minutes past seven he was no enthusiast in any o'clock, on Monday evening, the thing. He was never sanguine ; 20th of July, 1807, aged 73 years but cool, deliberate, and cautious, and 5 days.

to a degree that approached even Thus lived and thus died Doc to timidity ; inclined rather to tor Alexander Macwhorter, af- contemplate the difficulties of an ter having served his people in enterprise, than to calculate on the gospel ministry 48 years. success. Great as he was, he The aspect of Doct. Macwhor.

was a man of most uvaffected and ter was grave and venerable, and consummate modesty. It was strongly expressive of the prop- impossible for a mind thus conerties of his mind. His deport structed to be rash. He used to ment was affectionate, paternal, say that the second i'equisite in a and dignified ; calculated to in minister of the gospel is pruspire respect and dependence,and dence ; and he possessed this to repelthe approach of presump- virtue, it may be said, almost to tuous familiarity : yet in conver. excess. sation he was pleasant, and often The furniture of his mind refacetious. At a great remove sembled its construction. He from assumed importance and was more i horoughly versed in supercilious airs, which never classical literature than in belleswere connected with such a lettres ; and loved the mathemind as bis, he was much of a matics better than Milton or gentleman, and an uncommon Pope. He was a proficient in instance of true dignity.

some of the Oriental languages.

He had looked into the Syriac, well the bearings of the subject. had made considerable progress Thoroughly versed in all the in the Hebrew, and was critical- forms of presbyterial business, ly acquainted with the Greek and with a skill at management rareLatin. He was well furnished ly surpassed, he filled a great with theological and literary sci- space in the judicatories of the ence in general. He was a firm church. His voice was listened supporter of the great doctrines to with profound respect, and the of grace'; as his sermons, in counsels suggested by his supeprint, sufficiently attest.

rior wisdom, enlightened and But he never appeared in his swayed the public bodies to which might so perfectly as in a delib- he belonged. erative assembly ; especially The above Sketch is abridgwhen his cautious and penetrat- ed from Rev. Mr. Grifin's Fue ing mind had leisure to examine neral Sermon.

Religious Communications.

ON THE DOCTRINE OF JUSTIFICATION. It is thought best, with some omissions, to introduce the following performance in one connected form.

EDITORS. It is scarcely necessary to ob are justified in the view of each serve, that the words condemna- other. When a person, accused . tion and justification respect a of any crime, appears upon ex

previously existing law, to which amination, to have conducted in all are obliged to conform. all respects consistently with jusWere there no rule in society tr) tice, he is said to be justified. regulate the conduct of men, we When a person, upon an imparshould never hear that any were tial trial by the law of God, is either condemned or justified ; found to have conducted, in all and had not God given his intel- respects, agreeably to this law, ligent creatures a law which they he is justified, and that act of are bound to obey, they would God, by which he is pronounced never have been either justified guiltless, is called justification. or condemned. It is by the bio- Had man continued holy, justifily law of God that we are all to calion would never have been Le tried, and according to our ap- used in any other sense, than the pearance on such a trial, we one now mentioned.

But, by must be either condemned or ac disobedience, he rendered himquilted.

self odious in the sight of God, To justify, in its original and pri- and forever excluded himself mary sense, means to pronounce from being justified in this guiltless. Thus God is justified sense. As all who are saved in the eyes of men, when his must be justified by God, under conduct appears to be wholly free a dispensation of mercy, the from injustice. Thus, also, men term justification assumes a difVol. III. No. 11.


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