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seemed nearly a justification of however, passed upon him, his severity. It ought besides “ that naked, in his shirt, barenever to be forgotten, that at Ge- footed, his head uncovered, with neva there was a continued strug- a burning torch in his band, he gle between the aristocratic and should, on his knees, implore democratic fastions, and that the mercy of his judges, aemany of their ecclesiastical con- knowledge and detest his heret. tentions were so blended with ical opinions, burn his writpolitical, that it is often difficult ings with his own hands, and to discriminate between them. lastly, that he, with a trumpet Moreover Calvin's temper was before him, should be carried constitutionally irascible, and be through the principal streets of came more so by his continued Geneva, forbidden to leave that struggles and undeserved re city :” all which being punctuproaches. There is abundant ally performed, he was enlarged reason
to believe that ardent from prison by tire Senate of zeal for the reformation and love Geneva, Sept. 2, 1558. All this to his divine Master constituted shows, that the inquisition had his principal motive, although not been divested of its terrors that motive might receive fresh in reformed Geneva. But if we rigour from his natural temper- look at the reverse of the medal, ament.
we shall see Calvin often abused, The case of Valentinus Geo slandered and vilified, not only tilis cannot be passed by, as it by his political, but by his religshows us more fully the spirit of ious antagonists. His faith was those times which ought to be ridiculed, libels were posted up kept in view in a discussion of every where, and even his per(alvin's character. Gentilis was sonal safety was often in danger. an antitrinitarian. Through fear Who of us would dare to affirm of the fate of Servetus he made that, if placed in his situation, a recantation. Though his pen- with that authority with which itence was feigned," he implored he was encircled, he would have mercy, detested his errors, and acted with more moderation? eulogized Calvin. The minis. While his faults remain to us as ters of Geneva, says Calvin, a hand on the wall, let us admire though they did not expect any his uncommon talents and his thing of his sincerity and con- indefatigable industry. Let us stancy, would not interrupt an revere his disinterestedness, his act of mercy, and while they re- piety, and his exemplary life, mained silent, his sentence was and pay to his memory the just so far mitigated, that he obtained tribute of our gratitude and eshis life. This sentence was, teem.
To be continued.
* penitentie simulatio, are Calvin's words.
It is a characteristic of the di stumbled at the stumbling stone, vine government, that every and rock of offence, which was eyent, which takes place under laid in Zion. Therefore the it, however melancholy in itself apostle spake of them as having considered, is made to issue in “ fallen,” as being “ broken off," some important good. The and as being for a season cast Most High will, in the end, away” by God. Having given a make it appear to all intelligent fair statement of this event, beings, that he has, at no time, which in itself was melancholy, given up the reins of govern the apostle laboured to show that ment, and that he has never been the obstinacy and rejection of the unwise in any of his purposes. Jews were overruled by the " Thę wrath of man shall praise" great Head of the church, to him, " and the remainder of subserve most important and wrath" he will « restrain." glorious purposes ; that their re
No event which has taken jection was not final; but that place in the church has made a the time would come, when, to more bright and glorious display the unspeakable joy of the whole of God's character, as Governor Christian world, the Jews should of the world, than the rejection again be grafted into their own of the Jews and the calling of the olive tree, and partake, with the Gentiles. Like all other great Gentiles, of its root and fatness. and interesting events, relating On this subject he addressed the to the Redeemer's kingdom, it church at Rome, who were Genwas a subject of prophecy; and, tiles, in the following, impressive when it took place, the astonish- language : “ Behold, therefore, ment of the world was excited. the goodness and severity of As many as had faith, saw in it God ; on them,, which fell, sethe unsearchable judgments of verity ; but towards thee, goodGod, The apostle Paul viewed ness, if thou continue in his the matter of so great impor goodness ; otherwise thou also tance, that he improved a con shalt be cut off. And they also, siderable part of his epistle to if they abide not still in unbelief, the Romans in stating and ex. shall be grafted in; for God is plaining it. While he appeared able to graft them in again. For, to venerate the nation of the if thou wert cut out of the olive Jews, as being his own kindred tree, which is wild by nature, according to the flesh, and as and wert grafted contrary to nahaving long stood in a covenant ture into a good olive tree ; how relation to God; he signified much more shall these, which that God had given them “the are the natural branches, be grafispirit of slumber, eyes that they ed into their own olive tree? For should not see, and ears that I would not, brethren, that ye they should not bear." They should be ignorant of this mys
tery, (lest ye should be wise in his name, and preserve his your own conceits) that blindness church. With this faithful serin part is happened to Israel, un vant he entered into covenant, til the fulness of the Gentiles be pledging his word, that on cercome in. And so all Israel shall tain conditions he would be a be saved ; as it is written, there God to him, and to his seed after shall come out of Sion the De him. In this covenant provision liverer, and shall turn away un was evidently made for the godliness from Jacob. For this church to be continued and peris my covenant unto them, when petuated in the posterity of A. I shall take away their sins. As braham. If the posterity of this concerning the gospel, they are faithful man had persisted in obeenemies for your sakes ; but, as dience, God would never have' touching the election, they are failed to have had respect unto beloved for the fathers' sakes.” this covenant. If this had been It is here expressly intimated, the case, the children of Israel, that the unbelief and rejection of with respect to privileges, would the Jews stood connected, in the have been distinguished from all divine counsels, with an impor- other nations to this day. They tant good to the Gentiles. The would not have experienced the former are represented, as being seventy years captivity in Babyenemies to the gospel for the lon, which they did in the days sake of the latter. But we are of the kings, when they hung not to suppose the calling of the their harps upon the' willows; Gentiles prejudiced the Jews they would not have fallen into against the gospel, and was the the hands of the Romans, as was ground of their opposition; be their case before the advent of cause they generally rejected it, Christ; nor would they have before the Gentiles were called. been dispersed among the naNeither are we to suppose that tions of the earth, as they now the Jews became enemies to the are, and as they have been al. cross of Christ, with an inten most eighteen hundred years. tion of having favour shown to Their present unhappy condition the Gentiles ; for the supposition is no evidence of breach of covewould be absurd. The obvious, nant on the part of God; for he and the only rational idea then is never suffers his faithfulness to this ; that God, who is wonder fail. They are now experience ful in counsel, overruled the re ing the peculiar displeasure of jection of the Jews, so that this God, because they rejected, not great event turned in favour of only his prophets, but his Son. the Gentiles.
While the posterity of AbraWhile the Jews remained ham visibly walked with God, God's covenant people, they they were distinguished, with stood in the way of the descent respect to their privileges and of any peculiar and distinguishi- blessings, from all other nations. ing blessings on any other na To them solely pertained “ the tion. God was pleased to single adoption, and the glory, and the out the family of Abraham from covenants, and the giving of the all the families of the earth, as law, and the service of God, and one in which he designed to place the promises.". Individuals of
other nations, it is true, enjoyed minishing of them the riches of these privileges ; but they did the Gentiles.” not enjoy them, without becom The great and interesting ing incorporated with the Jews, event of the rejection of the Jews the seed of Abraham. Of course did not take place, until the pathey enjoyed these privileges on tience and long suffering of God the ground of adoption. He, towards them were fully and unwho so often declared himself to questionably manifested. While be the God of Abraham, was they retained their standing in bound by his own covenant to his vineyard, and experienced his distinguish the seed of this faith- cultivation, they received a treatful servant, and to own them for ment from God, which perfecthis peculiar people as long as ly corresponded with the promthey walked in his command. ise to Abraham. The Gentiles ments. Obedience to his laws were left uninstructed.
Being would have prevented their re- joined to idols, God let them jection ; and then they would alone. Accordingly, when the have stood in the way of the great Saviour sent out his twelve disand distinguishing privileges, ciples to preach his gospel," he which have come upon the Gen- commanded them, saying, Go not tile world. But the holy Sove into the way of the Gentiles, reign of the universe had im- and into any city of the Samariportant purposes to answer, by tans enter ye not : But go rathsuffering the Jews to fall into er to the lost sheep of the house great obstinacy and unbelief, and of Israel.” From this charge to by casting them off from being his disciples it appears, that the his people. That he gave them divine Saviour had not, at the a fair opportunity to secure his time of delivering it, visibly refavour and to perpetuate their jected the Jews, because proof privileges must be acknowledge was not fully exhibited, that they ed; yet it was according to his were determined, at all hazards, eternal counsel, that they should to reject him.
On this ground be given up to blindness of mind he confined his own ministry to and hardness of heart. He de. them, as appears from what he signed that their history, which said, when the woman of Canaan is a part of the sacred oracles, cried unto him in behalf of her should be to all succeeding ages afflicted daughter; “I am not a faithful record of the nature sent, but unto the lost sheep of and depth of human depravity. the house of Israel. It is not That people were left to break mect to take the children's bread, covenant with God, that he, by and to cast it to dogs.” The cutting them off, might display, woman, willing to acknowledge in this world, his hatred of ini. herself a Gentile, an outcast, and quity. On account of their ob- fitly represented by a dog, said, stinate rejection of the gospel, “ Truth, Lord ; yet the dogs eat God, in righteous judgment, hath of the crumbs, which fall from rejected them ; and he hath their master's table. Then Je. done it in favour of the Gentiles. sus answered, and said unto her, He caused their fall to be “the () woman, great is thy faith i riches of the world, and the di- be it unto thee, even as thou wilt. Vol. III. No. 9.
And her daughter was made souls among the nations, which whole from that very hour.”. had not known God. The conversion of this woman The door being opened, by the and that of the centurion were rejection of the Jews, for the probably designed, as carnesis or word of life to be preached to the Tokens of the future triumphs of Gentiles, the Holy Ghost dethe grace of Christ among the scended, and great numbers of Gentiles; but this divine Teach- the elect were called into the er was careful to signify that he kingdom from among them. was particularly sent to the Jews, It is important to be observed, and that his ministry was to be that there was a remnant of Jews spent among them.
in the church, after their nation No sooner had the Jews made in general had rejected Christ, it fully manifest, that tliey would and were themselves rejected by not reverence the Son of God, him. Among the descendants which they did by maliciously of Abraham God had an elect crucifying him, than they were, number, and by the power of as a nation, rejected. The door his Spirit he was continually callwas then opened for the gospel ing them into the kingdom of his to be proclaimed among the Gen- Son. The apostle Paul signified tiles. The following prediction that it was in his day, as it was of Isaiah was remarkably accom in the days of Elijah ; God had plished ; “ I am sought of them, not left himself without faithful that asked not for me; I am witnesses among the Jews. He found of them, that sought me not. urged, with great force of arguI said, Behold me, behold me, ment, that, though the rejection unto a nation, that was not called of Israel was general, according by my name.” This scripture to their own prophecies, and atwas opened and explained to the tended with astonishing blindapostles ; particularly after Pe- ness and hardness, yet it was ter's call to go to the house of Cor- not total ; there being still a nelius, who was a Gentile. Ac- happy number of believers acordingly, when Paul and Barna- mong them. “I say, then, hath bas received a mission to go to God cast away his people? God the Gentiles, having witnessed forbid. For 1 also am an Israel. the envy and blasphemies of the ite, of the seed of Abraham, of Jews, they “ waxed bold, and the tribe of Benjamin. God said, it was necessary that the hath not cast away his people, word of God should first have which he foreknew. been spoken to you ; but, seeing not, what the scripture saith of ye put it from you, and judge Elias ? How he maketh intercesyourselves unworthy of everlast- sion to God against Israel, say. ing life, lo, we turn to the Gen- ing, Lord, they have killed thy tiles. For so hath the Lord com- prophets, and digged down thine manded us, saying, I have set altars; and I am left alone, and thee to be a light of the Gentiles, they seek my life. But what that thou shouldest be for salva. saith the answer of God unto tion unto the ends of the earth.” him? I have reserved to myself From this time it appeared, that seven thousand men, who have there was the greatest harvest of not bowed the knee to the image