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justification of believers. Hav- that both are inseparably coning, in sovereign grace, given nected and implied in the justifithem faith, united them to Christ, cation of sinners. given them an interest in his A Christian of the Ancient School. righteousness, and the rights and

To be concluded in our next. privileges of the gospel; as a righteous Judge he imputes this to them, and accordingly justi QUESTION CONCERXING GENERfies them in the forensic sense, declares them free from the im

Messrs. Editors, putation of sin and guilt, and

It is impossible for me to 'expronounces them right- press the peculiar satisfaction I

feel in the late proceedings of According to Paul, righteous

the General Association in Masness without works is imputed to

sachusetts, as exhibited in the the sinner in his justification. last No. of the Panoplist. The What righteousness can this be, explanations there given of the but the righteousness of Christ ? design of the instituțion have reBut it has been said, that “ by moved from the minds of many the imputation of righteousness,

the objections, which had arisen Paul means no more, than the against it. For my own part, I non-imputation or forgiveness of am resolved to promote, as far as sin. For the words of David, I am able, the important ends quoted by him, as describing the proposed by the General Assoblessedness of the man, to whom ciation, and should immediately righteousness without works is hope for a connexion with that imputed, are,

« Blessed is the body, did my circumstances perman, whose trangressions are

mit. My only difficulty is, that forgiven, and to whom the Lord I belong to an association of will not impute sin.” I answer.

ministers, whose views on this Nothing more be argued

subject are different from mine, from these words, than that they, I am acquainted with many india who have righteousness imputed vidual clergymen, who labour un. to them, are the same persons,

der the same difficulty. I rewith those, described by David,

quest that your attention may be to whom sin is not imputed. directed to this subject. It is Righteousness is imputed to

my wish, and the wish of many those, who are forgiven ; and brethren, that, if possible, some sin is imputed to all those, to

suitable method may be pointed whom righteousness is not im- out, in which, notwithstanding puted. Indeed in the language the abovementioned difficulty, of scripture the forgiveness of we may directly promote the de. sin often implies also the impu- sign and enjoy the advantages of tation of righteousness, without

the General Association. which none are forgiven. By

INQUIRER. comparing the words of David and Paul, we must conclude, not

Messrs. Editors, that the imputation of righteous. In No. 3. Vol. II. p. 122, and ness means no more, than mere,

No. 1. Vol. III. p. 14, of your ly a non-imputation of sin; but excellent work, I find two letters


on the death of infants. In of salvation from faith in Christ, these letters it seems to be taken to an observance of its own for granted, that the doctrine of institutions. This we suppose the salvation of those who die in to be the amount of the apostle's infancy is taught in the word of reasoning. He goes on, in the God. If you will be pleased in a 13 verse, to consider an objection, future No. to show on what which some might urge against scriptural evidence this doctrine • the tendency of his argument. is supported, either in respect to If the law be not to be obeyed, the deceased infants of believers as a condition of justification, or of unbelievers, you wilt oblige what then is its use? Whereto one who reads, with increasing serveth the law ? He answers, pleasure, your instructive publi It was added because of transcation.

B. T. gression, till the seed should come, B. T.'s request shall be attend to whom the promise was mode ; ed to, as soon as previous engage and it was ordained by angels in ments shall have been fulfilled. the hand of a Mediator. We

Editors. would offer the following para

phrase of these words. The

complete fulfilment of these THOUGHTS ON GAL. ii. 19 & 20. gracious promises, made to Abra

ham, was reserved, till the comIn the preceding part of this ing of that seed of his, for chapter, the writer endeavours to whom they were more peculiarly show that the Mosaic law furnish- intended, and through whom the ed no grounds of justification for blessings contained in them were sinners. He asserts that the to be dispensed to the nations. covenant made with Abraham, In the mean time, the posterity was a covenant of grace, of of Abraham, while sojourning in which faith, not works, was Egypt, became corrupted from the condition ; that the promise, the worship of the true God ; that in his seed all nations should turned aside to the idolatry of be blessed, had respect to the the Egyptians ; and were in danblessing to come on the Gentiles ger of entirely losing sight of through their faith in Christ, their covenant relation to God. and not to their union with the Because of this transgression ; to Jews in the ceremonial obser- prevent its fatal effects; and to vance of the Mosaic law; and preserve them from idolatry for that this covenant, having been the future, the Mosaic law, con: made, and sealed with the seal taining a system of rules for the of circumcision, could not, on the regulation of their worship, was principles, which regulate hu- added; not as a new dispensation, man contracts, be disannulled. and designed to abrogate the forThis I say therefore, that the cove- mer; this was impossible; but to nant which was confirmed before, serve as a means of preserving in, or through Christ, the law, in their minds a sense of their which was 430 years after, cannot covenant relation to God, and an disannul; which on the theory expectation of the eventual beof his opponents, it had done, stowment of the blessings, which having changed the condition this covenant secured. It was,

in short, a system of discipline, through the intervention of a Meintended to teach them the diator; the mention of the word necessity of an atoning and Mediator, seems to have furpropitiatory sacrifice ; and thus nished him a hint for an additionto keep their views directed to al enforcement of his doctrine. the promised Seed ; and likewise Now a Mediator is not a Mediator to preserve them a distinct peo- of one, but God is one. This is ple, separated to the service of perfectly in the manner of St. God, till the seed should come, to Paul, to depart from the princiwhom the promise was made ; pal subject, whenever a new idea thus, in the natural course of is suggested to his mind by the things, keeping the door open casual use of a word, or phrase, for the introduction of the better related to such idea. A Mediator hope. Hence it appears, that the is not, &c. As if he had said, Jewish law, so far from being a “ the manner, in which this law new, independent dispensation, was proclaimed and established, and laying a new foundation for furnishes additional evidence, justification, was, in fact, a tem- that it was connected with, and porary expedient, so to speak, subordinate to the covenant with persectly subordinate and subser Abraham. Of that covenant vient to the gospel, or covenant Christ was the Mediator. So likewith Abraham, which the apostle wise in ordaining the Jewish law, affirms to be the same thing Moses, the type of Christ, acted when he says, that the gospel as Mediator between God and was preached to Abraham. the people. This shows, that it

I will here remark, in passing, was of the nature of a covenant, that this text, in my judgment, where two parties enterinto a conpresents an insurmountable diffic tract; and not, strictly speaking, culty in the way of those, who of the nature of a law given by a contend that the covenant with prince to his subjects. For in the Abraham was a mere temporal establishment of laws, properly covenant, relating only to the so called, there is but one party, earthly Canaan, The 20th verse the lawgiver ; the consent of the is extremely obscure in its con- subject not being necessary. nexion, and uncertain in iis im- Therefore the Jewish law, being port.

I shall offer, what ap- ordained by the mediation of pears to me the plainest so- Moses, acting as a type, and in the lution of the difficulties in- room of Christ, must have been volved in it; only premising a part, an under part, so to speak, that it does not appear so clear of the former covenant, of which to my mind, as to render me very Christ was Mediator. Deity, confident, that it is the true one, considering that covenant, as still The apostle had just been show- in force, and the Jewish nation, ing that the law was subordinate as a party to it, would not introto the Abrahamic covenant; that duce these temporary and subsidit was not an independent, dis- iary provisions without their forconnected system ; but a sub- mal consent. He therefore emordinate part, a codicil, so to ployed Moses to negociate the speak, of the latter. Having terms between them. The ar. observed that it was established gument, in short, stands thus :.

The Jewish law was a temporary therefore is, that the Mosaic jostitution, connected with, and law was of the nature of a coven subordinate to, the covenant with nant ; that it was considered, as Abraham. For, had it been an closely connected with the fororiginal, independent law enjoin-' mer; and as a subordinate part ed upon men, there would have of the same; not designed to abbeen but one party in its estab- rogate that, and furnish a new lishment ; for God the lawgiver ground of justification ; it did is one ; and the consent of men not touch this subject at all ; but had not been required. But to to regulate the manners of the the establishment of this law people in the earthly Canaan ; there were two parties. For to secure them in possession of there was a Mediator employed, the blessings of it; and gradualwhich necessarily supposes two ly to prepare them for the comparties ; for a mediutor is not a ing of the Messiah, the promised mediu ior of one. The conclusion Seed.

J. C.







PEARSALL, OF TAUNTON. “THERE was a German, who them, by returning to their owni haid himself out for the con Messiah ; and by seeking from version of the Jews, lately in him righteousness of life, and London, one of the most surpris- placing their souls under the ing linguists in the world: he sprinkling of the blood of that formed a resolution, when but great sacrifice. God blessed his five years of age, of learning the labours in many places ! In languages in use am

mongst the Germany, Poland, Holland, LithJews, without any reason that uania, Hungary, and other parts could be assigned ; so that the through which he had travelled, pure Hebrew, the Rabbinical, the more than 600 souls owned their lingua Judaica, which differs from conversion to his ministry, many both, and almost all the modern of whom expressed their great languages of the then European concern to bring others of their nations, were as familiar to him brethren to the knowledge of as his own native tongue. With that great and blessed Redeemthis furniture, and with greater ; and besought him to inknowledge of God and love to struct their children, that they Christ, and zeal for the saivation might preach Christ also." of souls, he had spent twelve Dr. Doddridge adds, that he of the thirty-six years of his life heard one of his sermons, as he in preaching Christ in the syno repeated it in Latin ; that he agogues, in the most apostolic could not hear it without many manner, warning the Jews of tears ; and that he told him that their enmity to God; of their sermon converted a Rabbi, wl misery, as rejected by him ; of was inaster of a synagogue. the only hope that remains for

(Gen."Mag. Vol. III, No. 3.


On the Evils of Backbiting.




PEACE, harmony, and love are some of the graces of the Divine

upon earth, wherever they are

the contrary effects.

but as

recorded as being

Spirit, which create a little heaven St. Paul thus complains against found to prevail; while the church: “I fear, lest when I contrary tempers must have just come, I shall not find you such

The sin of backbiting stands found unto you such as ye would registered in the word of God, not : not only as a great eril in itself, envyings, wraths, strifes, back

being very mischievous bitings, whisperings, swellings, in its consequences and effects. tumults.” But it is enough furIt is a great eril in itself: it is ther to observe, that it is a direct worst of crimes committed by the Heathen world, who are said to be full of envy, murder, debate, these principles, we have next spirit of mutual patience, forbearwhisperers and backbiters; while ance, brotherly love, and all these 12C

[Aug ins

false tongue ? Sharp arrows of int

the Alınighty, with coals of junik ре

per.” Even among the profespr

in primitive times, this spirit to

was unhappily found to exist. some belonging to the Corinthian as I would ; and that I shall be

lest there be debates, one of the

violation of the ninth command; while the evil consequences which attend a backbiting spirit

are incalculable. Chief friends

Froin áre separated thereby; and the even on the same list are next milder graces, which so emiregistered the haters of God.* nently belong to the Christian

The Psalmist observes, that such character, are entirely forgotten are not to be reckoned among and thrown aside. It were well the real citizens of Sion ; for he, if all professors would but rethe real citizen, “speaketh the member, " that the tongue is a truth in his heart, he backbiteth fire,-a world of iniquity :" not with his tongue, nor doeth that it " defileth the whole body, evil to his neighbour, nor taketh and setteth on fire the course ap a reproach against his neigh- of nature, and is set on fire of bour;"7 and in the fiftieth Psalm hell ;” and that“ it is an unruly we have the following sharp re- evil, which no man can tame." buke of the same evil: “ Thou Now, notwithstanding these givest thy mouth to evil, and thy evils are so glaring, and the contongue frameth deceit: thou sequences so pernicious, yet sittest and speakest against thy there is scarce a backbiter upon brother; thou slanderest thine the earth who cannot make an exown mother's son :" and in the cuse for his crime. I mention 1201h Psalm, David offers up this some of them : “ I spoke nothprayer against the same evil : ing but the truth ; and where is & Deliver my soul, O Lord, from the harm of that?” But we are lying lips, and from a deceitful never in a right spirit, or fit to tongue;" and then adds, “What speak at all, but as we are enabled shall be given unto thee, or what to speak the truth in love. Let shall be done unto thee, thou such apologists for themselves

deceit, and malignity.

Rom. i. 29, &c.

† Ps. xv. 2, 3.

* See James is, 5, &c.

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