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APPROPRIATIONS, 1953

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

o SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE
COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS
E UNITED STATES SENATE

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MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR CIVIL FUNCTIONS
ADMINISTERED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF
THE ARMY FOR THE FISCAL YEAR
ENDING JUNE 30, 1953

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DOCUMENTSN

SUBCOMMITTEE OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS KENNETH McKELLAR, Tennessee, Chairman

CARL HAYDEN, Arizona WILLIAM F. KNOWLAND, California
RICHARD B. RUSSELL, Georgia MILTON R. YOUNG, North Dakota
ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Louisiana GUY CORDON, Oregon
JOHN L. McCLELLAN, Arkansas EDWARD J. THYE, Minnesota
A. WILLIS ROBERTSON, Virginia ZALES N. ECTON, Montana

Ex OFFICIO MEMBERS FROM PUBLIC Works CoMMITTEE

SPESSARD L. HOLLAND, Florida HARRY P. CAIN, Washington
JOHN C. STENNIS, Mississippi
EveRARD H. Smith, Clerk

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CIVIL FUNCTIONS, DEPARTMENT OF THE'íRMY
APPROPRIATIONS, 1953

Monday, FEBRUARY 11, 1952

UNITED STATEs SENATE, SUBCOMMITTEE of THE CoMMITTEE on APPROPRIATIONs, Washington, D. C.

The subcommittee met at 2:30 p.m., pursuant to call, in room F-39, the Capitol, Hon. Kenneth McKellar (chairman) presiding.

o Senators McKellar, Ellender, McClellan, Young, Cordon, âsld Ecton.

Alsopresent: Senator Stennis.
CORPS OF ENGINEERS
RivKRs, HARBORs, AND FLOOD CONTROL
OFFICE OF CHIEF OF ENGINEERS

STATEMENTS OF LT. GEN. LEWIS A, PICK, CHIEF OF ENGI-
NEERS; BRIG, GEN. C. H. CHORPENING, ASSISTANT CHIEF OF
ENGINEERS FOR CIVIL WORKS; COL. W. D. MILNE, DEPUTY
CHIEF OF CIVIL WORKS FOR RIVERS AND HARBORS; COL.
WRIGHT HIATT, DEPUTY CHIEF OF CIVIL WORKS FOR FLOOD
CONTROL: I.T. COL. E. C. PAULES, DEPUTY CHIEF OF CIVIL
WORKS FOR POWER; AND MR. STUART H. D. FREED, BUDGET
ANALYST, MR. G. L. BEARD, CHIEF, PLANNING AND DE-
WELOPMENT DIVISION; AND MR. K. J. BOUSquET, CHIEF,
PROJECT PROGRAMS BRANCH

FLOODS THROUGHOUT THE NATION

Chairman McKELLAR. We will come to order, gentlemen.
General Pick, suppose you go right ahead.
General Pick. Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, I
have ashort opening statement that I would like to make at this time.
Chairman McKELLAR. All right, sir. -
General Pick. It is a pleasure to again appear before you in Support
"The Army civil functions program.

In preparing the 1953 budget estimate, my policy has again been
oted toward coordinating the civil works of the Corps of Engineers
"ith the over-all defense effort.
As you recall, when I appeared before you last year the Nation was
offering from a catastrophic flood in the Middle West, and many of

M299298 1

you personally viewed the tremendous damage and economic loss resulting from that flood and witnessed the untold human suffering.

You are, therefore, acutely aware of the serious setback which that

flood dealt to the defense effort.

Since I appeared before the Subcommittee on Army Civil Functions

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of the House of Representatives, two more floods have hit portions of .

this Nation, one in California, and the other in the Upper Ohio River Basin. The total of the preliminary estimate of the damages of those two floods is estimated at $25 million. These and similar floods will occur throughout the Nation until adequate flood protection works have been provided. The one bright spot in this picture is the fact that some flood control projects had been provided in these areas. The projects completed prevented

damages estimated at $29 million. Had the Conemaugh River

Reservoir above Pittsburgh been in operation, additional damages of $2% million would have been prevented.

NEW CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

The 1953 budget estimates provide for the continuation of projects under construction at an economical rate and for the initiation of the following new projects:

Under “River and harbors,” we have the Keokuk lock on the

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upper Mississippi River, which is a replacement of an obsolete and

structurally weak lock, and the Ice Harbor lock and dam, on the

Columbia River in Washington.
Chairman McKELLAR. Is the Keokuk lock a new proposal?
General PICK. Yes, sir.
The Ice Harbor lock and dam in the State of Washington is a
project to provide power to meet defense requirements.
Under flood control we have the Hartwell Reservoir, Georgia and
South Carolina, which is a power project on the Savannah River
Basin to develop power in the southeastern part of the United States,

which could be used in connection with the defense plants in that .

area, including the hydrogen bomb plant.
Then there is the Tuttle Creek Reservoir, in Kansas, on the Kansas

River, which is a flood control project.
As the committee knows, Mr. Chairman, that is the key project to

the control of floods in the Kansas River Basin.

Chairman McKELLAR. Has the authorizing legislation been passed on

for that?
General Pick. Yes, sir.
Chairman McKELLAR. Will you proceed with your statement,
General?
LOCAL FLOOD CONTROL PROJECTS

General Pick. Next is the local flood control project at Cape Girardeau, Mo., which is to protect the town of Cape Girardeau from the Mississippi River floods. It is a very important locality and

is subject to floods every few years in the main business part of the

town. Topeka, Kans, is a local flood protection project to protect portions

of Topeka, principally North Topeka, that is the area north of the

Kansas River, which suffered so severely in last year's flood.

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