Indian Ocean Migrants and State Formation in Hadhramaut: Reforming the Homeland

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BRILL, 2003 - Social Science - 589 pages
The author discusses the modern history of Hadhramaut in a novel way. Linked to the Indian Ocean through a long history of migration, she traces the ways in which members of the diaspora and travellers interacted with the homeland through their remittances, political initiatives and the introduction of new ideas and institutions. The book is based on a wide range of hitherto unused Hadhrami and British sources as well as on fieldwork in Yemen and Indonesia. Exemplary life-histories of merchants and scholars illustrate the wide range of concerns for the establishment of stable polities in a tribal society. This is linked to the careful analysis of the impact of imperial rule both in the lands of the diaspora and in Hadhramaut in chapters focussing on state- and institution-formation. Developments in Hadhramaut are regarded as a prism for the development of modernity in the wider Muslim and Indian Ocean worlds which was adapted to local conditions and needs.
 

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Contents

Hadhramaut
38
CHAPTER FOUR Hadhrami migrants and reform
186
CHAPTER FIVE The Hadhrami renaissance
226
CHAPTER Six Social criticism and reform
277
CHAPTER SEVEN The alKaf road to Ingrams
345
development
400
CHAPTER NINE The emergence of new elites
450
Annexes
531
Bibliography
537
Index
565
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About the author (2003)

Ulrike Freitag, Ph.D. (1991) in History, University of Freiburg, is the Director of the Centre of Modern Oriental Studies and Professor of Islamic Studies at Freie Universitšt, Berlin. She has published on Arab historiography and co-edited with W. G. Clarence-Smith Hadhrami Traders, Scholars and Statesmen in the Indian Ocean, 1750s-1960s (Brill, 1997).

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