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p. 536;

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Mar. 3, 1871, s.

See same sec., " Rank and Precellence."

SEC. 1391. Engineers shall be appointed by the Presi. Title 15, chap. 1. deut, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, A ppointment.

Aug. 31, 1842, s. 6, v.5, p.577; Mar, 3, 1845, 8. 7, v. 5, p. 794; July 25.

1866, s. 7, v. 11, p. SEC. 1392. No person under nineteen or over twenty-six Qualifications. years of age shall be appointed an assistant engineer in the 8. 1. 16. Navy; nor shall any person be appointed or promoted in, 17 July 28, the Engineer Corps until after he has been found qualified 1866, s. 7, v. 14, p. by a board of competent engineers and medical officers See note 2. designated by the Secretary of the Navy, and has complied with the existing regulations.

SEC, 1393. The President may desiguate among the chief Engineer of the engineers in the service, and appoint to every fleet or A pr, 21, 1864, s. squadron, an engineer, who shall be denominated engi. 7, v. 13, p. 54. neer of the fleet." SEC, 1471. The Chief *

of the Bureau of Steam Title 15, chap. 4. Engineering shall have the relative rank of commodore Rank of Chief while holding said position,

and the title of of Bureau. engineer-in-chief.

12, v. 16, p. 537.

Rank. SEC. 1476. Officers of the Engineer Corps on the active list shall have relative rank as follows:

Of the chief engineers, ten shall have the relative rank of On the active captain, fifteen that of commander, and forty-five that of Mar. 3, 1871, s.

7, v. 16, p. 536; lieutenant-commander or lieutenant.

Feb. 24, 1874, v.

18, p. 17. Passed assistant engineers shall have the relative rank of Lieutenant of lieutenant or master, and assistant engineers that of mas- Mar. 3, 1883, i ter or ensign.

Supp. R. S., p. SEC. 1481. Officers of the

Engineer Corps

from age or who shall have served faithfully for forty-five length of service. years, shall, when retired, have the relative rank of com- 11, v.16, p. 537: modore; and

who have been or shall be retired at the age of sixty-two years, before having served for forty-five years, but who shall have served faithfully until retired, shall, on the completion of forty years from their entry into the service, have the relative rank of commodore.

SEC. 1484. Engineer officers graduated at the Naval Engineers Academy shall take precedence with all other officers with Academy,

Mar. 3, 1873, s. whom they have relative rank, according to the actual 1, v. 17, p. 565. length of service in the Navy.

See note 3 See act of Mar. 2, 1889, “An act to regulate the course at the

Navy Academy." SEC, 1488. The relative rank given by the provisions of Military comthis chapter to officers of the

Engineer Corps Aug. 5, 1854, s. shall confer no authority to exercise military command. 4, v. 10, p. 587; G.

0., Aug. 31, 1846, and May 27, 1847; Mar. 3, 1859, s. 2, v. 11, p. 407.

401.

When retired.

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Note 2.–The naval appropriation act approved August 5, 1882, requires that there. 22 Stat. L., p. after all appointments to the Engineer Corps shall be made from naval cadets, grad - 286. uates of the year in which the vacancies which they are appointed to till shall occur. (See Naval Academy.)

Note 3.-Engineer officers, graduates of the Naval Academy, are not entitled to See sec. 1484. the six years constructivo service allowed to other staff officers of the Navy in estimating length of service. Engineer officers not graduated at the Academy stand on the same tooting with other staff officers, and are entitled to the constructive service. (Op., XV, p. 336, Devens, July 11, 1877.)

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neers.

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Title 15, chap. 8. SEC. 1556.

Fleet engineers, four thousand four Pay of fleet en hundred dollars.

Chief engineer having the same gineers.

rank as pay director and pay inspector, when on duty at
sea, four thousand four hundred dollars. When not at sea,

the same as surgeons and paymasters, respectively.
Chief ongi. Chief engineers, who have the same rank with paymasters,

during the first five years after date of commission, when
at sea, two thousand eight hundred dollars; on shore duty,
two thousand four hundred dollars; on leave, or waiting
orders, two thousand dollars; during the second five years
after such date, when at sea, three thousand two hundred
dollars; on shore duty, two thousand eight hundred dol.
lars; on leave, or waiting orders, two thousand four hun-
dred dollars; during the third five years after such date,
when at sea, three thousand five hundred dollars; on shore
duty, three thousand two hundred dollars; on leave, or
waiting orders, two thousand six hundred dollars; during
the fourth five years after such date, when at sea, three
thousand seven hundred dollars; on shore duty, three
thousand six hundred dollars; on leave, or waiting orders,
two thousand eight hundred dollars; after twenty years
from such date, when at sea, four thousand two hundred
dollars; on shore duty, four thousand dollars; on leave, or

waiting orders, three thousand dollars.
Passed assist Pussed assistant engineers, during the first five years
ant engineers.

after date of appointment, when at sea, two thousand dol-
lars; on shore duty, one thousand eight hundred dollars;
on leave, or waiting orders, one thousand five hundred dol-
lars; after five years from such date, when at sea, two
thousand two hundred dollars; on shore duty, two thou-
sand dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, one thousand

seven hundred dollars.
Mar. 3, 1885. That from and after the passage of this act the passed
23 Stat. L., 436. assistant engineers of the Navy shall receive during the
Supp. R. S., p. third five years after the date from which they take rank
Passed assist. as passed (first) assistants, when at sea, two thousand four
ant engineers of hundred and fifty dollars; on shore duty, two thousand
creased longev-two hundred and fifty dollars; on leave or waiting orders,
25., sec. 1556. one thousand nine hundred dollars. During and after the
Fsh. 24, 1874, fourth five years from such date, when at sea, two thousand

seven hundred dollars; on shore duty, two thousand three
hundred and fifty dollars; on leave or waiting orders, one
thousand nine hundred and fifty dollars. And section fif-
teen hundred and fifty-six of the Revised Statutes is hereby

amended accordingly. Assistant engi

Assistant engineers, during the first five years after July 26, 1891. in date of appointment, when at sea, one thousand seven regard to itil mig hundred dollars; on shore duty, one thousand four hundred grade. dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, one thousand dollars;

, 8. 3, v. 16, p. 331; after five years from such date, when at sea, one thousand Mar. 3, 1871, 88, 5, nine hundred dollars; on shore duty, one thousand six hun. Mar. 3, 1873, 2.7 dred dollars; on leave, or waiting orders, one thousand two V.17. 1.555; Feb. hundred dollars. 2+, 1874, v. 18, p.

485.

ch. 35.

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neers. See act of

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for

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25 Stat. L., 491.

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tions.

For the purpose of promoting a knowledge of steam-engi. Feb. 26, 1879. neering and iron-ship building among the young men of Detail of engi the United States, the President may, upon the application

leges. of an established scientific school or college within the Feb. 26, 1879, v. United States, detail an officer from the Engineer Corps of 20, p. 322. the Navy as professor in such school or college: Provided, That the number of officers so detailed shall not at any time exceed twenty-five, and such details shall be governed by rules to be prescribed from time to time by the President: And provided further, That such details may be withheld or withdrawn whenever, in the judgment of the President, the interests of the public service shall so require.

That section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Re- Sept. 26,1888. vised Statutes of the United States, as amended by an act of Congress approved July fifth, eighteen hundred and Detail of ofti eighty four, be, and the same is hereby, further amended, Navy to educa so as to read as follows:

“SEC. 1225. The President may, upon the application of Substitute for any established military institute, seminary or academy, col- as amended by

, lege or university, within the United States having capacity 1884, July 5 ch.

217 (23 Stat. L., to educate at the same time not less than one hundred and 108.) fifty male students, detail an officer of the Army or Navy to act as superintendent, or professor thereof;

And they shall be apportioned throughout the United. How appor: States, first, to those State institutions applying for such u.s. detail that are required to provide instruction in military 130 (12"stat. L.,

2, , . tactics under the provisions of the act of Congress of July 503). second, eighteen hundred and sixty-two, donating lands for the establishment of colleges where the leading object shall be the practical instruction of the industrial classes in agriculture and the mechanic arts, including military tactics; and after that, said details to be distributed, as nearly as may be practicable, according to population.

The Secretary of War is authorized to issue, at his dis Secretary of cretion and under proper regulations to be prescribed by ordnance stores him, out of ordnance and ordnance stores belonging to the touch instituGovernment, and which can be spared for that purpose, such number of the same as may appear to be required for military instruction and practice by the students of any college or university under the provisions of this section, and the Secretary shall require a bond in each case, in double the value of the property, for the care and safe keeping thereof, and for the return of the same when required":

Provided, That nothing in this act shall be so construed Detail of engi as to prevent the detail of officers of the Engineer Corps Navy as profesof the Navy as professors in scientific schools or colleges schools. as now provided by act of Congress approved February Fels 26, 1879, twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and seventy-nine, entitled ch.105. “An act to promote a knowledge of steam-engineering and iron-ship building among the students of scientific schools or colleges in the United States;

“And the Secretary of War is hereby authorized to issue Colleges, etc. ordnance and ordnance stores belonging to the Government officers or Army on the terms and conditions hereinbefore provided to any are assigned to college or university at which a retired officer of the Army ordvance stores.

(23 . ,

-only where mil.

R. S., sec. 1260. may be assigned as provided by section twelve hundred

and sixty of the Revised Statutes. Repeal of SEC. 2. That the said section twelve hundred and twentyR.S., sec. 1225, as amended by five of the Revised Statutes of the United States, as 1884, July 5, ch. amended by the said act of Congress approved July fifth, 108.)

eighteen hundred and eighty-four, and all acts and parts Sept. 26, 1888. of acts inconsistent or in conflict with the provisions of

this act, be, and the same are hereby repealed, saving always, however, all acts and things done under the said

amended section as heretofore existing. Jan. 13, 1891.

Provided, That no officer shall be detailed to or main26 Stat. L., 716. tained at any of the educational institutions mentioned in Detail of army said act where instruction and drill in military tactics is and navy officers to colleges, etc. not given: itary instruction. Nov. 3, 1893. That section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the 28 Stat. L., 7. Revised Statutes, concerning details of officers of the Army SBP: R S., and Navy to educational institutions, be, and the same is Army details of hereby, amended so as to permit the President to detail

toit Col: under the provisions of said act not to exceed one hundred leges,-limit in

officers of the Army of the United States; Aug. 6, 1894,ch. 228. par. 3.

and no officer shall be thus detailed who has not had five years service in the Army

and no detail to such duty shall extend for more than four years

and officers on the retired list of the Army may upon Bere meters.200. their own application be detailed to such duty and when so

detailed shall receive the full pay of their rank; Army

and the maximum number of officers of the Army and Navy, maximum

Navy to be detailed at any one time under the provisions creased to 110. of the act approved January thirteenth, eighteen hundred

and ninety-one, amending section twelve hundred and twenty-five of the Revised Statutes as amended by an act approved September twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and eighty-eight, is hereby increased to one hundred and ten.

officers

creased to 100.

Service.
See note 4.

Duration.

Retired officers.

and

of

detail in

HOSPITALS, ASYLUMS, ETC.

Sec.

Sec.
4807. Superintendence of Navy hospitals. | 4812. Allowance of rations to Navy hos.
4809. Appropriation of fines.

pitals.
4810. Purchase and erection of Navy hos 4813. Allowance from pensions.
pitals.

Hospital at Hot Springs, Ark. 4811. Government of Naval Asylum.

Closing of hospitals.

Title 59, chap. 1. SEC. 4807. The Secretary of the Navy shall have the gen

Superintend. eral charge and superintendence of Navy hospitals. ence of Navy hospitals.

See act Nov. 3, Note 4.-For other acts relating to details of officers of the Army and Navy sco 1893.

the following: 1879, Feb. 26, ch. 108 (1 Supp. R. S., 221), authorizing the detail of not exceeding 25 officers of the Engineer Corps of the Navy. 1888, Sept. 26, ch, 1037 (1 Supp. R. S., 620), authorizing the detail of not exceeding 50 officers from the Army and '10 from the Navy in adilition to those authorized by the preceding act, and providing for the apportionment of the oflicers so detailed, and the issuance of ordnance stores to the colleges to which such officers are assigned. 1891, Jan. 13, ch. 70 (1 Supp. R. S., 887), increasing the maximum of the otficers of the Army to be so detailed to 75, and the maximum for Army and Navy to 85, and limiting such detail to institutions where instruction and drill in military tactics is given. 1895, Mar. 2, ch. 186, par. 2, authorizing the detail of any retired officer of the Navy or Marine Corps. R.S., sec. 1225, named in the text, as well as 1884, July 5, ch. 217 (23 Stat. L., 108), were repealed by the act of 1888 above referred to.

Note 5.--As to such details of retired officers, see 1894, Aug. 6, ch. 228, par. 3.

4587.

Mar. 3, 1875,

Stat. L., 485.

P. 573.

p. 573.

Feb. 26, 1811, s.

SEC. 15. Sections forty-five hundred and eighty-five, June 26, 1884. forty-five hundred and eighty-six, and forty-five hundred Supp. R. S.. p. and eighty-seven of the Revised Statutes, and all other acts Hospital tax and parts of acts providing for the assessment and collec-on

seamen aboltion of a hospital tax for seamen, are hereby, repealed, and Expenses of the expense of maintaining the Marine Hospital Service Marine. Hospital shall hereafter be borne by the United States out of the paid. receipts for duties on tonnage provided for by this act; R. VS, SS 4585– and so much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated for that purpose.

ch. 156, and 18 SEC, 4809. All fines imposed on Navy officers, seamen, of fines.

Appropriation and marines shall be paid to the Secretary of the Navy, for Feb. 26. 1811, s, the maintenance of Navy hospitals.

2, v.2, p.050; July

10, 1832, s. 5, v. 4, SEC. 4810. The Secretary of the Navy shall procure at Purchase and suitable places proper sites for Navy hospitals, and if the hospitals. necessary buildings are not procured with the site, shall 3,4.2.p.660: July cause such to be erected, having due regard to economy, 10, 1832, s. 5, v. 4, and giving preference to such plans as with most conven Naval Asylum ience and least cost will admit of subsequent additions, now located at

Philadelphia. when the funds permit and circumstances require; and shall provide, at one of the establishments, a permanent asylum for disabled and decrepit Navy officers, seaman, and marines. SEC. 4811. The asylum for disabled and decrepit Navy Government of

Naval Asylum. officers, seamen, and marines shall be governed in accord ance with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Sec-4, v. 2, p. 650. retary of the Navy. (See section 5757, naval pension fund, as to provision for those preferring pension to the asylum.]

SEC. 4812. For every Navy officer, seaman, or marine admitted into a Navy hospital, the institution shall be rations to Navy allowed one ration per day during his continuance therein, Ibid... 8.5. to be deducted from the account of the United States with such officer, seaman, or marine. SEC, 4813. Whenever any Navy officer, seaman,

pension. marine, entitled to a pension, is admitted to a Navy hospital, the pension, during his continuance in the hospital, shall be paid to the Secretary of the Navy and deducted from the account of such pensioner.

Provided, That one hundred thousand dollars be, and June 30, 1882. hereby is, appropriated for the erection of an Army and

Army and Navy Navy hospital at Hot Springs, Arkansas, which shall be hospital at Hot erected by and under the direction of the Secretary of Springs 30, rks War, in accordance with plans and specifications to be 22 Stat. L., p. 121. prepared and submitted to the Secretary of War by the priation act! Surgeons-General of the Army and Navy; which hospital, when in a condition to receive patients, shall be subject to such rules, regulations, and restrictions as shall be provided by the President of the United States: Provided further, That such hospital shall be erected on the government reservation at or near Hot Springs, Arkansas.

And if the Secretary of the Navy shall not be able to Mar. 3, 1883. maintain properly the whole number of naval hospitals now

Closing of hos. kept open on the amounts hereby appropriated for the main- pitals.

Allowance of

or Allowance from

Ibid.

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