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the purpose of disposing of them in any way as therein prohibited, shall be liable to a fine not exceeding two thousand dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding one year.
SEC. 2162. Nothing herein contained shall be deemed to This title not apply to any voluntary emigration of the subjects specified oluntary eemi in section twenty-one hundred and fifty-eight, or to any gration.
4 vessel carrying such on as passenger on board the same, Seo Mar3, 1875. but a certificate shall be prepared and signed by the consul or consular agent of the United States residing at the port from which such vessel may take her departure, containing the name of such person, and setting forth the fact of his voluntary emigration from such port, which certificate shall be given to the master of such vessel; and the same shall not be given until such consul or consular agent is first personally satisfied by evidence of the truth of the facts therein contained.
SEC. 2163. The President is empowered, in such way and Examination at such time as he may judge proper, to direct the vessels Nocharge upon of the United States, and the masters and commanders particular per:
sons immigratthereof, to examine all vessels navigated or owned in whole ing, etc. or in part by citizens of the United States, and registered, zlībid., 8. 6, p. enrolled, or licensed under the laws thereof, whenever, in the judgment of such master or commanding officer, reasonable cause exists to believe that such vessel has on board any subjects of China, Japan, or other Oriental country, known as “coolies"; and, upon sufficient proof that such vessel is employed in violation of the preceding provisions, to cause her to be carried, with her officers and crew, into any port or district within the United States, and delivered to the marshal of such district, to be held and disposed of according to law.
That if any citizen of the United States, or other person Mar. 3, 1875. amenable to the laws of the United States, shall take, or cause to be taken or transported, to or from the United States transport States any subject of China, Japan, or any Oriental coun: China or Japan try, without their free and voluntary consent, for the pur- without free conpose of holding them to a term of service, such citizen or Penalty. other person shall be liable to be indicted therefor, and, on conviction of such offense, shall be punished by a fine not Mar. 3, 1875, s.
2, v. 18, p. 477. exceeding two thousand dollars and be imprisoned not exceeding one year; and all contracts and agreements for a term of service of such persons in the United States, whether made in advance or in pursuance of such illegal importation, and whether such importation shall have been in American or other vessels, are hereby declared void.
SEC. 5378. Every person who builds, fits out, equips, Title 70, chap. 3. loads, or otherwise prepares, or sends away, either as mas. Kidnaping and ter, factor, or owner, any vessel, in any port or place within slavo trade. the jurisdiction of the United States, or causes such vessel sels for slave to sail from any port or place whatsoever, within such juris. trade
Apr. 20, 1818, s. diction, for the purpose of procuring any negro, mulatto, or 3, v. 3, p. 451, person of color from
any foreign kingdom or country, to be Seo sec. 5651. transported to any port or place whatsoever, to be held, sold, or otherwise disposed of as a slave, or held to service or labor, shall be punished by a fine of not less than one
Contract for service void.
thousand dollars, nor more than five thousand dollars, onehalf to the use of the United States and the other half to the use of the person prosecuting the indictment to effect, and shall, moreover, be imprisoned at hard labor for a term
not more than seven years, nor less than three years. Transporting SEC. 5379. Every citizen or other person resident within persons to be held as slaves. the jurisdiction of the United States, who takes on board, Ibid., 8.4.
receives, or transports from any foreign kingdom or country, or from sea, any negro, mulatto, or person of color, in any vessel, for the purpose of holding, selling, or otherwise disposing of such person as a slave, or to be held to service or labor, shall be punished as prescribed in the preceding
section. Serving SEC. 5381. Every citizen of the United States, or other American ves. sels transporting person residing therein, who voluntarily serves on board of
May 10, 1800, 8. any American vessel employed or made use of in the trans2, v. 2, p. 70. portation of slaves from any foreign country or place to
another, shall be punished by a fine of not more than two thousand dollars, and by imprisonment not more than two
years. Serving in for SEC. 5382. Every citizen of the United States who voluneign vessels employed in the tarily serves on board of any foreign vessel employed in slave trade.
the slave-trade, shall be punished as prescribed in the preIbid., s. 3, p. 71.
ceding section. Title 70, chap. 7. SEC. 5524. Every master or owner or person having
Receiving on charge of any vessel who receives on board any other perboard a vessel, or carrying a way
son, with the knowledge or intent that such person is to be any person to bo carried from any State, Territory, or district of the United sold or běld as a States to a foreign country, state, or place, to be held or May 21, 1866, sold as a slave, or carries away from any State, Territory, s. 2, v. 14, p. 50.
or district of the United States any such person, with the intent that he may be so held or sold as a slave, shall be punished by a fine of not more than five thousand nor less than five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not more
than five years, or by both. Kidnapping. SEC, 5525. Every person who kidnaps or carries away Ibid., s. 1.
See sec. 5375, any other person, with the intent that such other person Piracy. be sold into involuntary servitude, or held as a slave; or
who entices, persuades, or induces any other person to go on board any vessel or to any other place with the intent that he may be made or held as a slave, or sent out of the country to be so made or held; or who in any way knowingly aids in causing any other person to be held, sold, or carried away to be held or sold as a slave, shall be punished by a fine of not less than five hundred nor more than five thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than five
years or by both. June 23, 1874. That whoever shall knowingly and wilfully bring into Bringing into
the United States, or the Territories thereof, any person the United States inveigled or forcibly kidnapped in any other country, with kidnaped per.
intent to hold such person so inveigled or kidnapped in 17 Blatch., 423; confinement or to any involuntary service, and whoever 1 Fed. Rep., 676.
shall knowingly and wilfully sell, or cause to be sold, into any condition of involuntary servitude, any other person for any term whatever, and every person who shall know
Seo sec. 5379.
ingly and wilfully hold to involuntary service any person
SEC. 2. That every person who shall be accessory to any Jane '%; 1874,
SEC, 5551. No person shall, for himself, or for another, as master, factor, or owner, build, fit, equip, load, or otherwise Equipping.etc., prepare any vessel, in any port or place within the jurisdic- vessel for slave tion of the United States, or cause any vessel to sail from of vessel. any port or place within the jurisdiction of the same, for 2, v. 3, p. 451; the purpose of procuring any negro, mulatto, or person of Mar. 22, 1794, 8.1, color, from any foreign kingdom, place, or country, to be see sec. 5375, transported to any port or place whatsoever, to be held, Piracy. sold, or otherwise disposed of, as a slave, or to be held to service or labor; and every vessel so built, fitted out, equipped, laden, or otherwise prepared, with her tackle, apparel, furniture, and lading, shall be forfeited, one moiety to the use of the United States, and the other to the use of the person who sues for the forfeiture, and prosecutes the same to effect.
SEC. 5552. Every person so building, fitting out, equip. Penalty on perping, loading, or otherwise preparing or sending away any equipping, etc. vessel, knowing or intending that the same shall be employed in such trade or business, contrary to the provisions “'Soe' soc. 5378. of the preceding section, or any ways aiding or abetting therein, shall, besides the forfeiture of the vessel, pay the sum of two thousand dollars; one moiety thereof to the use of the United States, and the other moiety thereof to the use of the person who sues for and prosecutes the same to effect.
SEC. 5553. Every vessel employed in carrying on the Forfeituro of slave-trade, or on which is received or transported any ing slaves. negro, mulatto, or person of color, from any foreign king. . Apr. 20, 1818, s. dom or country, or from sea, for the purpose of holding, 10, 1800, 8. 4, v. 3, selling, or otherwise disposing of such person as a slave, or "See seca. 5378, of holding such person to service or labor, shall, together 5379. with her tackle, apparel, furniture, and the goods and effects which may be found on board, or which may have been imported thereon in the same voyage, be forfeited; one moiety to the United States, and the other to the use of the person who sues for and prosecutes the forfeiture to effect.
SEC. 5554. If any citizen of the United States takes on Penalty for reboard, receives, or transports any negro, mulatto, or person on board to be of color, for the purpose of selling such person as a slave, so Mar. 22, 1794, 8. he shall, in addition to the forfeiture of the vessel, pay for 4, v. 1, p. 349. each person, so received on board or transported, the sum of two hundred dollars, to be recovered in any court of the United States; the one moiety thereof to the use of the United
Mar. 22, 1794, s. 2, v. 1, p. 349.
Seizure of ves.
States, and the other moiety to the use of the person who
sues for and prosecutes the same to effect. Use of armed SEC. 5557. The President is authorized, when he deems vessels.
it expedient, to man and employ any of the armed vessels of the United States to cruise wherever he may judge attempts are making to carry on the slave-trade, by citizens or residents of the United States, in contravention of laws prohibitory of the same; and, in such case, he shall instruct
the commanders of such armed vessels to seize, take, and sels engaged in bring into any port of the United States, to be proceeded May 10, 1800, s. against according to law, all American vessels, wheresoever
P.71; Mar, found, which may have on board or which may be intended 2, 1807, 8. 7, p. 428; Mar. 3, for the purpose of taking on board, or of transporting, or may is19, s. 1, v. 3, p. have transported any negro, mulatto, or person of color, in
violation of the provisions of any act of Congress prohibiting the traffic in slaves.
SEC. 5558. The proceeds of all vessels, their tackle, apcondemned veg. sels, how distrib: parel, and furniture, and the goods and effects on board of
them, which are so seized, prosecuted, and condemned, shall Ibid.
be divided equally between the United States and theofficers and men who seize, take, or bring the same into port for condemnation, whether such seizure be made by an armed ves. sel of the United States or revenue cutter thereof; and the same shall be distributed as is provided by law for the dis
tribution of prizes taken from an enemy. Disposal oi per SEC. 5559. The officers and men, to be entitled to one
half of the proceeds mentioned in the last section, shall Mar. 3, 1819, 8. safely keep every negro, mulatto, oi person of color, found 1, v.3, p. 532. on board of any vessel so seized, taken, or brought into
port, for condemnation, and shall deliver every such negro, mulatto, or person of color, to the marshal of the district into which he may be brought, if into a port of the United States, or if elsewhere, to such person as may be lawfully appointed by the President, in the manner directed by law; transmitting to the President, as soon as may be after such delivery, a descriptive list of such negroes, mulattoes, or persons of color, in order that he may give directions for
the disposal of them. Apprehension SEC. 5560. The commanders of such commissioned ves
sels shall cause to be apprehended, and taken into custody, 10, 1800, s. 4, v. 2, every person found on board of such offending vessel, so
seized and taken, being of the officers or crew thereof, and him convey, as soon as conveniently may be, to the civil authority of the United States, to be proceeded against in
due course of law. Removal of per: SEC. 5561. The President is authorized to make such
regulations and arrangements as he may deem expedient
for the safe-keeping, support, and removal beyond the 2, v.3, p. 533. limits of the United States, of all such negroes mulattoes,
or persons of color, as may be delivered and brought within their jurisdiction, and to appoint a proper person residing upon the coast of Africa as agent, for receiving the negroes, mulattoes, or persons of color delivered from on board vessels seized in the prosecution of the slave-trade, by commanders of United States armed vessels.
sons found on board seized ves. sels.
Ibid., and May
song delivered from seized veg. selg.
Mar. 3, 1819, s.
SEC. 5562. A bounty of twenty-five dollars shall be paid Bounty:
Ibid., 8.3. to the officers and crews of the commissioned vessels of the United States, or revenue-cutters, for each negro, mulatto, or person of color, who may be, as herein before provided, delivered to the marshal or agent duly appointed to receive such person; and the Secretary of the Treasury is required to pay, or cause to be paid, to such officers and crews, or their agent, such bounty for each person so delivered.
SEC. 5563. It shall be the duty of the commander of any To what port armed vessel of the United States, whenever he makes captured vessels any capture under the preceding provisions, to bring the Ibid., s. 5. vessel and her cargo, for adjudication, into some of the ports of the State or Territory to which such vessel so captured may belong, if he can ascertain the same; if not, then to be sent into any convenient port of the United States.
SEC, 5564. Every owner, master, or factor of any foreign When owners vessel, clearing out for any of the coasts or kingdoms of of argumente Fernels Africa, or suspected to be intended for the slave trade, and, Mar. 22, 1794, s.
3, v, 1, p. 349. the suspicion being declared to the officer of the customs by any citizen, on oath, and such information being to the satisfaction of the officer, shall first give bond, with sufficient sureties, to the Treasurer of the United States, that none of the natives of Africa, or any other foreign country or place, shall be taken on board such vessel, to be transported or sold as slaves, in any other foreign port or place whatever, within nine months thereafter.
SEC. 5565. The forfeitures which may hereafter be in Distribution of curred under any of the preceding provisions, and which May 10, 1800, 8. are not otherwise expressly disposed of, shall accrue and ?, v.2, p. 71. be one moiety thereof to the use of the informer, and the other moiety to the use of the United States, except where the prosecution is first instituted on behalf of the United States, in which case the whole shall be to their use.
SEC, 5566. It may be lawful for the President to enter Contracts for into contract with any person, society, or body-corporate, rica of persons for a term not exceeding five years, to receive from the delivered from United States, through their duly constituted agent upon June 16, 1860, s. the coast of Africa, all negroes, mulattoes, or persons of 1, v. 12, p. 10. color, delivered from on board vessels seized in the prosecution of the slave-trade, by commanders of the United States armed vessels, and to provide such negroes, mulattoes, and persons of color with comfortable clothing, shelter, and provisions, for a period not exceeding one year from the date of their being landed on the coast of Africa, at a price in no case to exceed one hundred dollars for each person so clothed, sheltered, and provided with food; and any contract so made may be renewed by the President from time to time as found necessary, for periods not to exceed five years on each renewal.
SEC. 5567. The President is authorized to issue instruc- Instructions to tions to the commanders of the armed vessels of the United armed vessels. States, directing them, whenever it is practicable, and Ibid., s. 2. p. 41. under such rules and regulations as he may prescribe, to proceed directly to the coast of Africa, and there hand over to the agent of the United States all negroes, mulattoes,