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SEC. 5310, No property seized or taken upon any of the inland waters of the United States by the naval forces Property taken thereof shall be regarded as maritime prize; but all prop- July 2, 1864, s. erty so seized or taken shall be promptly delivered to the 7, v. 13, p. 377. proper officers of the courts. SEC, 5441. Every person who willfully does any act or
Title 70, chap. 5. aids or advises in the doing of any act relating to the bringDelaying orile: ing in, custody, preservation, sale, or other disposition of or claimant, etc.,
. any property captured as prize, or relating to any docu- of prize property ments or papers connected with the property, or to any 31, v. 13, p. 315. deposition or other document or paper connected with the 46520 proceedings, with intent to defraud, delay, or injure the United States or any captor or claimant of such property, shall be punished by a fine of not more than ten thousand dollars, or by imprisonment not more than five years, or both.
See secs. 4613
QUARANTINE AND BOARD OF HEALTH.
United States officers.
fected ports entering United
cers to enforce quarantine laws.
Rules for vessels from foreign ports,
for preventing epidemics.
Feb. 23, 1799, 8.
SEC, 4792. The quarantine and other restraints established by the health.laws of any State, respecting any vessels arriving in, or bound to, any port or district thereof, lawsector horoba shall be duly observed by the officers of the customs reve- States officers, nue of the United States, by the masters and crews of the several revenue-cutters, and by the military officers com- 1, v. 1, p. 619. manding in any fort or station upon the sea-coast; and all such officers of the United States shall faithfully aid in the execution of such quarantines and health-laws, according to their respective powers and within their respective precincts, and as they shall be directed, from time to time, by the Secretary of the Treasury. But nothing in this Title shall enable any State to collect a duty of tonnage or impost without the consent of Congress.
That whenever any person shall trespass upon the Aug. 1, 1888. grounds belonging to any quarantine reservation, or when- 25 Stat. L., 355. ever any person, master, pilot, or owner of a vessel enter. Quarantine ing any port of the United States, shall so enter in viola- ment, etc., upon tion of section one of the act entitled "An act to preventuarantine the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into 1878, Apr. 29, the United States," approved April twenty-ninth, eighteen Mar 3.6761,P: hundred and seventy eight, or in violation of the quaran. 709. tine regulations framed under said act, such person, tres. passing, or such master, pilot, or other person in command of a vessel shall, upon conviction thereof, pay a fine of not more than three hundred dollars, or be sentenced to imprisonment for a period of not more than thirty days, or shall be punished by both fine and imprisonment, at the discretion of the court.
-duty of district And it shall be the duty of the United States attorney in attorneys relat. ing to. the district where the misdemeanor shall have been com
mitted to take immediate cognizance of the offense, upon report made to him by any medical officer of the Marine Hospital Service, or by any officer of the customs service, or by any State officer acting under authority of section
five of said act. Quarantine sta
SEC. 2. That as soon after the passage of this act as tions established.
1888, Mar. 5, ch. practicable, the Secretary of the Treasury shall cause to be 20, p. 581.
established, in addition to the quarantine established by the act approved March fifth, eighteen hundred and eightyeight, quarantine stations as follows:
One at the mouth of the Delaware Bay; one near Cape Charles, at the entrance of the Chesapeake Bay; one on the Georgia coast; one at or near Key West; one in San Diego Harbor; one in San Francisco Harbor; and one at or near Port Townsend, at the entrance to Puget Sound; and the said quarantine stations when so established shall be conducted by the Marine Hospital Service under regulations framed in accordance with the act of April twenty
ninth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight. Feb. 15, 1893. That it shall be unlawful for any merchant ship or other 27 Stat. L., 449. vessel from any foreign port or place to enter any port of Vessels from the United States except in acordance with the provisions to enter in viola: of this act and with such rules and regulations of State and tion of this act or municipal health authorities as may be made in pursuance
of, or consistent with, this act; and any such vessel which
See note 1.
Review of laws Note 1.—Provisions relating to the public health appear in R. S., title 58, secs. 4792relating to pub. 4800. As to State quarantine laws, see 118 U.S., 455. lic health.
1878, April 29, ch. 60 (1 Supp. R. S., 157, and 20 Stat. L., 37), provides regulations to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United States. Secs. 2, 3, 4 of that act are expressly repealed by 1879, June 2, ch. 11, s. 9 (21 Stat. L., 7), and were for that reason omitted from the first volume of the Supplement.
The Attorney-General, however, in an opinion dated September i, 1892, holds that the expiration of the latter act by the limitation of its own sec. 10 has the effect of reviving the repealed sections of the act of 1878, notwithstanding tho provisions of R, S., sec. 12. The act of 1878 is therefore here given in full:
Apr. 29, 1878. AN ACT to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the
United States. 20 Stat. L., 37. Vessels from in. Be it enacted, &c., That no vessel or vehicle coming from any foreign port or coun. fected ports entry where any contagious or infectious disease may exist, and no vessel or vehicle tering United conveying any person or persons, merchandise or animals, affected with any intecStates, subject to tious or contagious disease, shall enter any port of the United States or pass the State quarantine boundary line between the United States and any foreign country, contrary to the laws and regula. quarantino laws of any one of said United States, into or through the jurisdiction tions.
of whtch said vessel or vehicle may pass, or to which it is destined, or except in
the manner and subject to the regulations to be prescribed as hereinafter provided. Consuls to re SEC. 2. That whenever any infectious or contagious disease shall appear in any forport vessels leav. eign port or country, and whenever any vessel shall leave any infected foreign port, ing infected or, having on board goods or passengers coming from any place or district infected ports.
with cholera or yellow lever, shall leave any foreign port, bound for any port in the United States, the consular officer, or other representative of the United States at or nearest such foreign port shall immediately give information thereof to the Supervising Surgeon General of the Marine Hospital Service, and shall report to him the name, the date of departure, and the port of destination of such vessel;
and shall also make the same report to the health officer of the port of destination in the United States, and the consular officers of the United States shall make weekly reports to him of the sanitary condition of the ports at which they are respectively
stationed; Surgeon. Gen. and the said Snrgeon Generalof the Marine-Hospital Service shall, nnder the direc. eral of Marine- tion of the Secretary of the Treasury, be charged with the execution of the provi. Hospital Service sions of this act, and shall frame all needful rules and regulations for that purpose, to execute act. which rules and regulations, shall be subject to the approval of the President, but
such rules and regulations shall not contiict with or impair any sanitary or quaran.
shall enter, or attempt to enter, a port of the United States -penalty. in violation thereof shall forfeit to the United States a sum, to be awarded in the discretion of the court, not exceeding five thousand dollars, which shall be a lien upon said vessel, to be recovered by proceedings in the proper district court of the United States.
In all such proceedings the United States district attor. Proceedlings. ney for such district shall appear on behalf of the United States; and all such proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the rules and laws governing cases of seizure of vessels for violation of the revenue laws of the United States.
SEC. 2. That any vessel at any foreign port clearing for any port or place in the United States shall be required to from consul. obtain from the consul, vice-consul, or other consular offi
1894, Aug. 18,
ch. 300, p. 334. cer of the United States at the port of departure, or from the medical officer where such officer has been detailed by the President for that purpose, a bill of health, in duplicate, in the form prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury, setting forth the sanitary history and condition of said vessel, and that it has in all respects complied with the rules and
Bill of health to be obtained
tine laws or regulations of any State or municipal authorities now existing or which may hereafter bo enacted.
Sec. 3. That it shall be the anty of the medical officers of the Marine Hospital Marine - HospiService and of customs officers to aid in the enforcement of the national quarantine tal and customs rules and regulations establisherl under the preceding section; but no additional officers toenforce compensation shall be alloired said officers by reason of such services as they may be quarantine laws. required to perform under this act, except actual and necessary traveling expenses.
SEC. 4. That the Surgeon-General of tho Marine- Hospital Service shall, upon re Surgeon. Gen. ceipt of information of the departure of any vessel, goods, or passengers from infected cral of Marino places to any port in the United States, immediately notify the proper State or muni. Hospital to noti. cipal and United States officer or officers at the threatened port of ilestination of the fy collectors and vessel, and shall prepare am transmit to the medical otficers of the Marine Hospital to transmit Service, to collectors of customs, and to the State and municipal health authorities weekly abstracts in the United States, weekly abstracts of the consular sanitary reports and other of sanitary repertinent information received by him.
ports to certain
officers. Sec. 5. That wherever, at any port of the Uuited States, any State or municipal Officers of State quarantine system may now, or may heroafter exist, the officers or agents of such quarantino syg. system shall, upon the application of the respectivo Stato or municipal authorities, tem may act as be authorized and empowered to act as officers or agents of the national quarantine otticers of nation. system, and shall be clothed with all the powers of United States officers for quar: al system, when. antine purposes, but shall receivo no pay or emoluments from the United States.
At all other ports whero, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, it shall Duties of offi. be deemed necessary to establish quarantine, the medical officers or other agents of cers of Marinethe Marine Hospital Service shall perform such duties in the enforcement of the Hospital Service. quarantine rules and regulations as may be assigned them by the Surgeon-General R. S., secs. 4801of that service under this act:
4806; 1890, March 27, ch. 51, s. 2 (1
Supp. R. S., 710). Prorided, That there shall be no interference in an manner with any quarantine State laws not laws or regulations as they now exist or may hereafter be adopted under State layo. to be interfered
with. R.S., sec. 4791; 118 U. S.,
464. SEC. 6. That all acts or parts of acts inconsistent with this act be, and the same Repeal. are hereby, repealed.
National Board of Health was created by 1879, March 3, ch. 202 (1 Supp. R. S., 261, and 20 Stat. L., 484). This Boarıl, after failing for a number of years to receive any appropriations for current salaries and expenses, is abolished by sec. 9 of this
The several acts relating to it are sunmarized in 143 U. S., 578. 1879, June 14, Reg. No. 0 (1 upp. R. S., 273), authorizes the Secretary of the Nary to placo vessels or hulks not required for other uses at the disposal of quarantino authorities.
1888, August 1, ch. 727 (1 Supp. R. S., 600), provides punishment for violating quar. antine regulations, and for the establishment of additional quarantine stations.
1890, March 27, ch. 51 (1 Supp. R. S., 709), provides against the introduction of contagious diseases from one State to another, and for the punishment of certain offenses against the quarantine laws.
Persons suffering from a loathsome or a dangerous contagious disease" are ex. cluded from entering the United States by 1891, March 3, ch. 551, s. 1 (1 Supp. R. S.,
Fees of consul.
regulations in such cases prescribed for securing the best sanitary condition of the said vessel, its cargo, passengers,
and said consular or medical officer is required, before granting such duplicate bill of health, to be satisfied that the matters and things therein stated are true;
and for bis services in that behalf be shall be entitled to demand and receive such fees as shall by lawful regulation
be allowed, to be accounted for as is required in other cases. Medical officer The President, in his discretion, is authorized to detail may be detailed
any medical officer of the Government to serve in the office of the consul at any foreign port for the purpose of furnishing information and making the inspection and giving the
bills of health hereinbefore mentioned. Penalty for ves. Any vessel clearing and sailing from any such port withsel clearing with out bill of health.
out such bill of health, and entering any port of the United States, shall forfeit to the United States not more than five thousand dollars, the amount to be determined by the court, which shall be a lien on the same, to be recovered by pro
ceedings in the proper district court of the United States. Proceedings. In all such proceedings the United States district attor
ney for such district shall appear on behalf of the United States; and all such proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the rules and laws governing cases of seizure of vessels for violation of the revenue laws of the
United States. Marine. Hospi. SEC. 3. That the Supervising Surgeon-General of the tal Service to js: Marine Hospital Service shall, immediately after this act boards to enforce takes effect, examine the quarantine regulations of all rules, etc.
State and municipal boards of health, and shall, under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, co-operate with and aid State and inunicipal boards of health in the execution and enforcement of the rules and regulations of such boards and in the execution and enforcement of the rules and regulations made by the Secretary of the Treasury to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United States from foreign countries, and into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another
State or Territory or the District of Columbia; Rules to ope. and all rules and regulations made by the Secretary of the rate uniformly. Treasury shall operate uniformly and in no manner discrim
inate against any port or place; Additional and at such ports and places within the United States as rules, etc.
, boy have no quarantine regulations under State or municipal Treasury where authority, where such regulations are, in the opinion of the local regulations Secretary of the Treasury, necessary to prevent the introare inadequate.
duction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United States from foreign countries, or into one State or Territory or the District of
Columbia from another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and at such ports and places within the United States where quarantine regulations exist under the authority of the State or municipality which, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, are not sufficient to prevent the introduction of such diseases into the United States, or into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another State or Territory or the District
Rules for veg.
of Columbia, the Secretary of the Treasury shall, if in his judgment it is necessary and proper, make such additional rules and regulations as are necessary to prevent the introduction of such diseases into the United States from foreign countries, or into one State or Territory or the District of Columbia from another State or Territory or the District of Columbia, and when said rules and regulations have been made they shall be promulgated by the Secretary of the Treasury and enforced by the sanitary authorities of the States and municipalities, where the State or municipal health authorities will undertake to execute and enforce them; but -how enforced. if the State or municipal authorities shall fail or refuse to enforce said rules and regulations the President shall execute and enforce the same and adopt such measures as in his judgment shall be necessary to prevent the introduction or spread of such diseases, and may detail or appoint officers for that purpose.
The Secretary of the Treasury shall make such rules sis from foreigo and regulations as are necessary to be observed by vessels ports. at the port of departure and on the voyage, where such vessels sail from any foreign port or place to any port or place in the United States, to secure the best sanitary condition of such vessel, her cargo, passengers, and crew; which shall be published and communicated to and enforced by the consular officers of the United States.
None of the penalties herein imposed shall attach to any -to be posted vessel or owner or officer thereof until a copy of this act, with the rules and regulations made in pursuance thereof, has been posted up in the office of the consul or other consular officer of the United States for ten days, in the port from which said vessel sailed; and the certificate of such consul or consular officer over his official signature shall be competent evidence of such posting in any court of the , United States.
SEC. 4. That it shall be the duty of the supervising Sur Marine: 0%; geon-General of the Marine Hospital Service, under the perform duties direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, to perform all water this act: the duties in respect to quarantine and quarantine regula- tion, etc. tions which are provided for by this act, and to obtain information of the sanitary condition of foreign ports and places from which contagious and infectious diseases are or may be imported into the United States,
and to this end the consular officer of the United States Sanitary re. at such ports and places as shall be designated by the by consuls. Secretary of the Treasury shall make to the Secretary of the Treasury weekly reports of the sanitary condition of the ports and places at which they are respectively stationed, according to such forms as the Secretary of the Treasury shall prescribe; and the Secretary of the Treasury shall also obtain, Weekly comes
iic sanitary rethrough all sources accessible, including State and muni- ports. cipal sanitary authorities throughout the United States, weekly reports of the sanitary condition of ports and places within the United States, and shall prepare, publish, and Publication
, transmit to collectors of customs and to State and municipal health officers and other sanitarians weekly abstracts
ports to be made