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3912. Postage on foreign mail.matter.
3913. Postage on irregular sea-letters.
3976. Veesels carrying mails.

Act Mar. 3, 1879. Domestic postage.

Act Mar.3, 1877. Penalty envelopes.
Act Mar. 3, 1879. Use of penalty en-

relopos extended.



regular sea let. ters.

Title 46, chap. 4. SEC. 3912. The rate of United States postage on mail-
Foreign post- matter sent to or received from foreign countries with

which different rates have not been established by postal
Postage on for
eigu nail matter. convention or other arrangement, whep forwarded by vessels
165, v. 17, p. 304." regularly employed in transporting the mail, shall be ten

cents for each half ounce or fraction thereof on letters,
unless reduced by order of the Postmaster-General; two
cents each on newspapers; and not exceeding two cents
per each two ounces, or fraction thereof, on pamphlets, peri-
odicals, books, and other printed matter, which postage
shall be prepaid on matter sent and collected on matter
received, and to avoid loss to the United States in the
payment of balances, the Postmaster-General may collect
the unpaid postage on letters from foreign countries in

coin or its equivalent. Postage on ir:

SEC. 3913. All letters conveyed by vessels not regularly

employed in carrying the mail shall, if for delivery within Ibid., s. 160.

the United States, be charged with double postage, to cover

the fee paid to the vessel. Title 46, chap. 9. SEC. 3976. The master of any vessel of the United States

United States bound from any port therein to any foreign port, or from mails; oath ;

any foreign port to any port of the United States, shall, penalty. before clearance, receive on board and securely convey all Ibid.

, s. 222, p. such mails as the Post-Office Department, or any diploSee, sec. 4203, matic or consular officer of the United States abroad, shall Merchant ser.

offer; and he shall promptly deliver the same, on arriving
at the port of destination, to the proper officer, for which be
shall receive two cents for every letter so delivered; and
upon the entry of every such vessel returning from any
foreign port, the master thereof shall make oath that he
has promptly delivered all the mail placed on board said
vessel before clearance from the United States; and if he
shall fail to make such oath the vessel shall not be entitled
to the privileges of a vessel of the United States.

vessels to carry





Mar. 3, 1879.

Domestic post. age.

Division of mail matter.

Ch. 180, 8. 7, v. 20, p. 355.

That mailable matter shall be divided into four classes:
First, written matter;
Second, periodical publications;
Third, miscellaneous printed matter;
Fourth, merchandise.

Mailable matter of the first class shall embrace letters,
postal cards, and all matters wholly or partly in writing,
except as hereinafter provided.

Postal cards shall be transmitted through the mails at a postage charge of one cent each, including the cost of manufacture; and drop letters shall be mailed at the rate of two cents per half ounce or fraction thereof, including delivery at letter carrier offices, and one cent for each half ounce or fraction thereof where free delivery by carrier is

Postal carols.
Idem, s. 9.

"Circular" de. fined.

not established. The Postmaster-General may, however, provide, by regulation, for transmitting unpaid and duly certified letters of soldiers, sailors, and marines in the service of the United States to their destination, to be paid on delivery.

That mailable matter of the second class shall embrace Second-class all newspapers and other periodical publications which are matter.

Idem, s. 10. issued at stated intervals, and as frequently as four times a year and are within the conditions named in section twelve and fourteen.

That mail matter of the third class shall embrace books, Thirdiglass transient newspapers, and periodicals, circulars, and other Ratvof postage. matter wholly in print (not included in section twelve) (2d Idem, s. 17. class matter), proof sheets, corrected proof sheets, and manuscript copy accompanying the same, and postage shall be paid at the rate of one cent for each two ounces or fractional part thereof, and shall fully be prepaid by postage stamps affixed to said matter. Printed matter other than books received in the mails from foreign countries under the provisions of postal treaties or conventions shall be free of customs duty, and books which are admitted to the international mails exchanged under the provisions of the Universal Postal Union Convention may, when subject to customs duty, be delivered to addresses in the United States under such regulations for the collection of duties as may be agreed upon by the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postmaster-General.

That the term “circular” is defined to be a printed letter, which, according to internal evidence, is being sent in iden- Idem, s. 18. tical terms to several persons. A circular shall not lose its character as such, when thedate and thename of the address and of the sender shall be written therein, nor by the correction of mere typographical errors in writing.

That “printed matter” within the intendment of this "Printed matact is defined to be the reproduction upon paper, by any Idem, s. 19. process except that of handwriting, of any words, letters, characters, figures, or images, or of any combination thereof, not having the character of an aetual and personal correspondence.

That mailable matter of the fourth class shall embrace Fourth-class all matter not embraced in the first, second, or third class, Iden, s. 20. which is not in its form or nature liable to destroy, deface, See note 1. or otherwise damage the contents of the mail bag, or harm the person of any one engaged in the postal service, and is not above the weight provided by law, which is hereby declared to be not exceeding four pounds for each package thereof, except in the case of single books weighing in excess of that amount, and except for books and documents published or circulated by order of Congress, or official matter emanating from any of the departments of the gov. ernment, or from the Smithsonian Institution, or which is not declared non-mailable under the provision of section thirty-eight hundred and ninety-three of the Revised Statutes, as amended by the act of July twelfth, eighteen hundred and seventy-six, or matter appertaining to lotteries, gift concerts, or fraudulent schemes or devices.

Note 1.-Obsceno books, pictures, scurrilous letters, etc.



class matter.


See note 2.

Inclosure to

Mar. 3, 1879. All mail-matter of the first class upon which one full rate Deficient post- of postage has been prepaid shall be forwarded to its desS. 26, ch. 180, v.

tination, charged with the unpaid rate, to be collected on 20, p. 355.

delivery. Postageon first. And upon all matter of the first class

postage Mar. 3, 1883

, s. shall be charged, on and after the first day of October A. D. 1, v. 22, p. 455.

eighteen hundred and eighty-three at the rate of two cents

for each half ounce or fraction thereof. How procured. That the Secretaries, respectively, of the Departments

3 128, 3. 2v. 22, p. of State, of the Treasury, War, Navy, and of the Interior,

and the Attorney. General, are authorized to make requisi-

the Postmaster-General for the necessary amount of official postage-stamps for the use of their departments, not exceeding the amount stated in the estimates submitted to Congress; and upon presentation of proper vouchers therefor at the Treasury, the amount thereof shall be credited to the appropriation for the service of the Post-Office Department for the same fiscal year.

And it shall be the duty of the respective departments Members of Con.

to inclose to Senators, Representatives, and Delegates in Congress, in all official communications requiring answers, or to be forwarded to others, penalty envelopes addressed as far as practicable, for forwarding or answering such offi

cial correspondence. Mar. 3, 1877, s. That it shall be lawful to transmit through the mail, free Penalty envel. of postage, any letters, packages, or other matters relating

exclusively to the business of the Government of the United States: Provided, That every such letter or pack

age to entitle it to pass free shall bear over the words Indorsement. “Official business” an indorsement showing also the name

of the Department, and, if from a bureau or office, the names of the Department and bureau or office, as the case may be, whence transmitted. And if any person shall make use of any such official envelope to avoid the pay. ment of postage on his private letter, package, or other matter in the mail, the person so offending shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and subject to a fine of three bundred dollars, to be prosecuted in any court of competent jurisdiction.



5, v. 19, p. 355.


Note 2.-The Department stamps can be used to prepay fees on registered letters. (Op: Asst. Att'y Gen'l, P. O. Dept., May 11, 1879.)

They can also be used to pay return postage on auswers to communications sent by Government officers to private individuals; the penalty envelopes can not be so used. (Ibiil.)

Otticial correspondence for Canada may be sent in penalty envelopes or prepaid with Department stamps. If sent to other foreign countries embraced in the l'ui. versal Postal Union, it can bo prepaid only by means of the ordinary postage stamps. It can not be sent in the penalty envelopes.

Foreign countries to which otficial correspondence may be prepaid with the official postage stamps are such only as are supplieu with mails from the United States by direct services, and not through the intermediary of Postal Union countries. The following are of that class: The Australian colonies (North, South, and West Aus tralia, New South Wales, Queensland, and Victoria), Tasmania, New Zealand, Chat. bam, Fiji, Samoan, and Norfolk Islands, via San Francisco; Bolivia, via Colon and Panama : North ("hida destinations, via San Francisco, in mails to the United States postal agent at Shanghai. (Post-Ofice Department to Navy Department, 1883.)

SEC. 6. That for the purpose of carrying this act into Idem. ... effect, it shall be the duty of each of the Executive Departments of the United States to provide for itself and its subordinate offices the necessary envelopes; and in addition to the indorsement designating the Department in which they are to be used, the penalty for the unlawful use of these envelopes shall be stated thereon.

The provisions of the above sections (act March 3, 1877), Mar. 3, 1879, s. 66

are hereby extended to all officers of the United States Use ot' penalty Government, and made applicable to all official mail-matter envelopes extransmitted between any of the officers of the United States, or between any such officer and either of the executive departments or officers of the government, the envelopes of such matter in all cases to bear appropriate indorsements containing the proper designation of the office from which the same is transmitted, with a statement of the penalty for their misuse. And the provisions of said fifth and sixth sections are hereby likewise extended and made applicable to all official mail-matter sent from the Smithsonian Institution: Provided, That this act shall extend or or apply to pension-agents or other officers who receive a fixed allowance as compensation for their services, including expenses for postage.”

That the Postmaster-General is hereby authorized to take Letter-sheet the necessary steps to introduce and furnish for public use ble postal cards. a letter-sheet envelope, on which postage-stamps of the 32. Mar. 3, 1979, s.

v. 20, p. 362. denominations now in use on ordinary envelopes shall be

Note 3.-This section does not impose upon the Executive Department at Washing. ton the duty of furnishing such envelopes to the various subordinate officers throughout the United States who are under their supervision, but whose offices are not offices in those Departments, excepting, of course, cases where that duty is required by other statutory provisions than those above mentioned. (Op., XVI, p. 455, Jan. 30, 1880, Devens.)

Where the envelopes are not furnished by the Departments, they may be prepared for their own use by the officers contemplated in section 29 of said act of March 3, 1879. This statute does not require that the penalty, etc., on such envelopes should be printed rather than written. (Ibid.)

The indorsements on the penalty envelopes may be printed, written, or impressed by stamp. (Op., Assistant Attorney-General, P. O. Department, Apr. 21, 1879.)

The penalty envelopes can not be properly used by officers in replying to a postmaster on matters not official; for instance, when a postmaster notities said officer of private mail matter being in the office, which will be sent to him on the return of The requisite postage, the officer can not use the penalty stamp in making his reply. (Post Office ruling.)

Officers of the Nary, who have no "office,” in the sense that term is generally used, can send official mail matter, free of postage, between themselves, or to the Executive Departments, by using envelopes bearing the indorsement "official busi. ness, with their signature and rank, and a statement of the penalty for their misuse—the indorsements to be printed, or impressed by a stamp, or written. (Op. Assistant Attorney-General, P. O.D., A pr. 20, 1879.)

The twenty-ninth section of the act of March 3, 1879 (Postal Laws and Regulations, section 251), extending to all officers of the United States Government the provisions of the sections numbered 249 and 250, Postal Laws and Regulations, for the trans. mission of official mail matter, requires all officers who are not departmental in their character to use envelopes which bear the appropriate indürsements, containing the pame of the office from which the same are transmitted, with a statement of the pen. alty for their misnse; and the use of the envelopes must be absolutely restricted to official mail matter transmitted between officers of the United States, or between any such officer and either of the Executive Departments or officers of the Govern. ment. The signature of the officer and his official title is not a compliance with the law; the name of the office from which they are transmitted must also be given on the envelope. (Rule 604, Post-Office Guide, Jan., 1883.)

Official communications may be sent by officers of the Government under cover of the penalty envelope to private individuals; but such envelopes can not be inclosed for the purpose of eliciting a reply. (Rule 606, idem.)

ters of advice to be attached to ac. counts.


Act Jan. 27, 1894.


Substitute for sec. 1040,

placed. And the Postmaster-General is also authorized to introduce and furnish for public use a double postal card, on which shall be placed two one-cent stamps, and said card to be so arranged for the address that it may be forwarded and returned, said cards to be sold for two cents apiece; and also to introduce and furnish for public use a double-letter envelope, on which stamps of the denominations now in use may be placed, and with the arrangement for the address similar to the double postal card; said letter-sheet and double postal card and double envelope to be issued under such regulations as the Postmaster-General

may prescribe. Jan. 27, 1894. SEC. 6. That section four thousand and thirty-nine of 28 Stat. L., 30. the Revised Statutes of the United States be amended by Rocalled let: adding the following:

“That it shall be the duty of the postmasters to attach to their accounts rendered to the Auditor of the Treasury for the Post-Office Department the letters of advice, or if lost evidence of that fact, recalled from the post-office to which originally sent for all repayments of domestic money

orders provided for in this section and in section four thouOB, S., secs. 4038, sand and thirty eight of the Revised Statutes of the United


SEC. 11. Whenever a money order has been lost, within Replacing lost one year from the last day of the month of issue, the

Postinaster-General, upon the application of the remitter

or payee of such order, may cause a duplicate thereof to be 1894, July 16, issued, without chargé, providing the party losing the origi

nal shall furnish a certificate from the postmaster by whom it was payable that it has not been, and will not thereafter be, paid; and a similar certificate from the postmaster by whom it was issued that it has not been, and will not there.

after be, repaid. Jan. 27, 1894. That the first section of the Act approved January third, 28 Stat. L., 30. eighteen hundred and eighty-seven, modifying certain pro. Postal notes visions of the Act approved March third, eighteen hundred

Repeal of 1887, and eighty-three, and entitled "An Act to modify the postal disipp. k. s. money order system, and for other purposes,"

and the first section and such provisions of the second secMar

: 2 sh. tion as are applicable to postal notes of the Act approved S., 405, 406). March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, entitled

“An Act to modify the postal money-order system, and for other purposes,"

be, and the same are hereby, repealed, -already issued, but nothing herein contained shall prevent the payment, to be paid.

after July first, eighteen hundred and ninety-four, in the manner provided by existing law, of postal notes issued prior to that date, and any such postal notes, if presented for payment more than one year from the last day of the month of their issue, may be paid by warrant, as provided

by section four of this Act in the case of money orders. Fees for money orders reduced.

SEC. 2. That section three of the said Act of March third, eighteen hundred and eighty-three, as amended by the Act


517, 518); 1883,

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