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INDEX

Kellogg, V. L., American Insects, C. L. MARLATT,

563
KEPNER, W. A., Color Perception, 680
KEYSER, C. J., Mathematical Books, 113
Kidney, Transplanted, A. CARREL, C. C. GUTHRIE,

473

KING, F. H., Aeration of Soils, 495

KIRKPATRICK, E. A., Bagley's Educative Process,

565

Koethner, P., and H. Eramann, Naturkonstanten,

K. E, GUTHE, 750
KRAUS, E. H., Hydration Caves, 502

L., F. A., Higher and Lower, 18
Laboratory, Marine Biological, F. R. LILLIE, 537
Latin and Botanical Diagnosis, E. L. GREENE, 338
Latitude, Variations of, 474
Lechalas, G., La Géométrie, C. J. KEYSER, 113
Le Dantec, F., Biologie, A. 0. LOVEJOY, 428
LIEB, JR., J. W., National Engineering Societies, 65
LILLIE, F. R., Marine Biological Laboratory, 537
LINTON, E., Death of an Ameba, 88; The M.D.

Degree, 875

LIVERSIDGE, A., Catalogue of Sci. Literature, 441

LLOYD, F. E., Isolation and Species, 710

Locy, W. A., The Vertebrate Brain, 180

Long, J. H., Physiological Chemistry, 129

LOVEJOY, A. O., Le Dantec's Biologie, 428

LUSK, G., Metabolism, 6; Chittenden on Physio-

logical Economy in Nutrition, 464

LUTZ, F. E., Assortative Mating in Man, 249

Mendelian Results, assumed Purity of the Germ

Cells in, T. H. MORGAN, 877
MERRIAM, J. C., Ichthyosaur-like Remains in Wy.

oming, 640
VERRILL, F. J. H., Cyanide of Potassium, 568
MERRITT, E., American Physical Society, 754

Metabolism, Theories of, G. LUSK, 6

METCALF, H., Clemson Col. Sci. Club, 248; Grain

and Bacillus Coli, 439

Meteorology, Notes on, R. DEC. WARD, 54, 124, 186,

250, 284, 407, 882
Meteors, Falls of, M. A. MARSTON, C. H. HUESTIS,

604
MEYER, H., Pharmacology and Physiology, 417;

Renal Function, 654
MILLER, G. A., Mathematics in Japan, 215; Am.

Math. Soc., San Francisco Section, 526
MILLIKAN, R. A., Physics of the Electron, 785
Mineral, New Mercury, W. F. HILLEBRAND, 844
Mississippi River, C. H. STONE, 472
Missouri Soc. of Teachers of Mathematics, L. D.

AMES, 48
MONCRIEFF, C. S., Irrigation, 577

MORGAN, T. H., Mayer on Invertebrates of the N.

Y. Coast, 701; Ziegler on Sex Determination,

839; Assumed Purity of the Germ Cell in

Mendelian Results, 877

Morris, E. L., Biological Soc. of Washington, 834

Mosquito Reduction, R. Ross, 689

Motion, Simple Harmonic, I. T. OSMOND, 311
Mounds, Small, of the U. S., D. I. BUSHNELL, JR.,

712
Moyer, J. A., Descriptive Geometry, C. J. KEYSER,

113
Muir, M. M. P., Chemistry, W. McPHERSON, 828
Munich Clinic, S. PATON, 313
MUNROE, J. P., Trustees and Faculty, 849
Museum Reports, 347
Museums and Experts, W. J. HOLLAND, 792, Mu-

seums Association, 885

Musical Instruments of Malaysia, E. H. HAWLEY,

597

Mutation Theory, T. L. CASEY, 307

M.D. Degree, the Granting of the, E. LINTON, 875
M., 0. T., Bourdeau on Histoire de l'habillement,

· 596
McM., J. P., Haeckel's Evolution of Man, 137
MacCURDY, G. G., Am. Anthropological Assoc., 591
McGEE, W J, Anthropology at the Exposition, 811
MacLean, G. E., Admission to College by Certifi-

GE Admission to Colleve by Certific
cate, 167

MacMILLAN, C., Clements's Ecology, 45

McMURTRY, L. S., The Am. Medical Assoc., 97

McPHERSON, General and Organic Chemistry, 828

Mammal from Loup Fork Beds, 0. A. PETERSON,

211

Mance's Method, Battery Resistance by, A. W.

SMITH, 434

Marcuse, Geographische Ortsbestimmung, 0. H. T.,

493

MARLATT, C. L., American Insects, V. L. Kellogg,

563

MARSTON, M. A., Fall of Meteor, 604

Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Har-

vard University, 213, 604; Physical Chemis-

try at, 642

Mathematical Soc., Am., F. N. COLE, 430, 701; San

Francisco Section, G. A. MILLER, 526

Mathematics, The Teacher of, D. C. JACKSON, 1;

in Japan, G. A. MILLER, 215; and Science,

Nat. Soc. of Teachers of, 269; Assoc. of

Teachers of, 791

Mating, Assortative, in Man, F. E. Lutz, 249
MAURY, C. J., Entomophilous Habit in Tertiary

Species of Quercus, 52
Maxon, W. R., Christensen's Index Filicum, 267
Mayer, A. G., Invertebrates of the N. Y. Coast,

T. H. MORGAN, 701

Medical Association, Amer., L. S. McMURTRY, 97

MENDEL, L. B., Marceli Nencki Opera Omnia, 594

National Academy of Sciences, 683

Natural History, Early Works on, 535

Naturalists, Am. Soc. of, and Affiliated Societies,

643

Nature and Man, J. PERRY, 155

Nencki, M., Opera Omnia, L. B. MENDEL, 594

Nernst, W., Theoretical Chemistry, H. C. JONES,

372 .

Newcomb, S., Reminiscences of an Astronomer, H.

H. TURNER, 748

Newell, L. C., Descriptive Chemistry, W. Mc-

PHERSON, 828

New York Acad. of Sciences, Astronomy, Physics

and Chemistry, C. C. TROWBRIDGE, 26; An-

thropology and Psychology, R. S. WOODWORTH,

835

Nitrogen Absorption from Atmosphere, A. E. GIB-

SON, 403; G. S. FRAPS, 527
Nomenclature, at Vienna Botanical Congress, N.

L. BRITTON, 217; F. S. EARLE, 468; Zoolog-
ical. “K’in, T. D. A. COCKERELL, 399; Types

in Zoological, D. S. JORDAN, 598

Noyes, W. A., Organic Chemistry, W. McPHERSON,

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Nutrient Solution and Wheat Cultures, J. F.

BREAZEALE, 146

0., H. F., Fossil Arachnida, 57; Vertebrate Paleon-

tology, 188; Sauropodous Dinosaurs, Moro-

saurus and Brontosaurus, 374
OBEAR, G. B., Strutt on Becquerel Rays and Ra-

dium, 46
OGDEN, H. N., Fieberger's Civil Engineering, 397
Onondaga Academy of Science, P. F. SCHNEIDER,

673
Ontogenetic Species, D. S. JORDAN, 872
Ordovician Rocks, Classification of, A. F. FOERSTE,

149
Oregon Academy of Sciences, G. E. COGHILL, 117
Ornithologists' Union, American, J. H. Sage, 827
Orphidiid, Habits of, T. GILL, 342
Orthogenetic Variation, R. E. COKER, 873
OSMOND, I. T., Simple Harmonic Motion, 311
Ostwald, W., Chemistry, W. McPherson, 828

Paleontology, Vertebrate, H. F. O., 188
Patox, ., The Munich Clinic, 313
PATTERSON, A. M., The Am. Chem. Soc., 74
PEARL, R., Calculation of Probable Errors, 802
PECKHAM, S. F., Eckel on Cements, 522; Taylor

and Thompson on Concrete, 523
PENHALLOW, D. P., A Blazing Beach, 794
PERRY, J., Nature and Man, 155
PETERSON, 0. A., Mammal from Loup Fork Beds,

211; Generic Name of Fossil Remains, 719
Pharmacology and Physiology, H. MEYER, 417
Philosophical Soc. of Washington, C. K. WEAD,

16, 633, 704, 834
Phototropism in Homarus Americanus, P. B.

HADLEY, 675
Phylogenesis and Historical Geology, C. A. White,

105
Physical Soc., American, E. MERRITT, 754
Physies in the Nineteenth Century, C. BARCS, 353,

Roosevelt on Rewards of Scholarship, 27
Roozeboom, H. W. B., Heterogenen Gleichgewichte,

W. D. BANCROFT, 751

Ross, R., Mosquito Reduction, 689

Rotch, A. L., Hellmann on Meteorology, 116

Rothschild, W., Anthropoid Apes, A. E. BROWN, 12

Royal Society's Medals, 683

Rumford Fund of Am. Acad., 481

SADTLER, S. P., Thorp's Industrial Chemistry, 520

SAGE, J. H., American Ornithologists' Union, 827

Sauropodous Dinosaurs, Morosaurus and Bronto-

saurus, H. F. O., 374

SCHAPPER, H., Vector Symbols, 640

SCHNEIDER, A., Chester on Soil Bacteria, 337

SCHNEIDER, P. F., Onondaga Acad. of Sci., 673

Science, European and American, L. F. BARKER,

299; and Math. Teachers, C. M. TURTON, 671

Scientific, Books, 12, 45, 84, 113, 137, 175, 203,

247, 267, 304, 336, 369, 397, 428, 464, 490,

520, 562, 593, 628, 668, 699, 748, 785, 828,

861; Journals and Articles, 14, 48, 116, 139,

177, 248, 269, 305, 337, 373, 399, 429, 494,

524, 567, 596, 632, 670, 752, 790, 831; Notes

and News, 29, 62, 94, 125, 157, 189, 220, 253,

285, 318, 349, 380, 413, 444, 475, 510, 541,
574, 604, 644, 684, 725, 765, 806, 846, 885;
Men, Needs of, T. D. A. COCKERELL, 178;
Societies, Convocation Week Meetings of, 753,

790, 832
Scott, W. E. D., Origin of Birds, 271
Seals, Fossil, F. W. TRUE, 794
Seedling Stages, J. A. HARRIS, 184
SEIDELL, A., Chem. Soc. of Washington, 703
Sex, Determination, Ziegler on, T. H. MORGAN,

839; in Estimation of Time, R. M. YERKES,

F. M. URBAN, 843

Sheep, Black, C. B. DAVENPORT, 674

SHELDON, J. L., Fungi and Anthracnose, 51

Slides, Lantern, W. S. FRANKLIN, 637

Smith, A., Chemie, W. McPherson, 828

SMITH, A. W., Battery Resistance, 434

SMITH, E., Exoglossum, 119

Smith, E. F., Bacteria and Plant Diseases, C. E.

BESSEY, 670

Smith, E. F., and H. F. Keller, Chemistry, W.

MCPHERSON, 828

Smith, H. l., Wis. Archeological Soc., 152
Smith, H. M., Drum-fishes, 376
Smith, P. F., Analytical Geometry, C. J. KEYSER,

113

Societies and Academies, 14, 48, 86, 117, 248, 269,

337, 430, 525, 597, 633, 671, 701, 753, 790,

832, 868

Soil Testing, F. D. GARDNER, 678

Soils, Aeration of, F. H. Kixg, 495; Bureau of,

A. J. HOPKINS, 597

Spearman Correlation Formula, C. WISSLER, 309

Special Articles, 18, 50, 88, 120, 146, 180, 206,

249, 271, 309, 342, 374, 402, 434, 469, 500,

528, 568, 598, 637, 674, 714, 762, 797, 839, 877
Species, Origin of, D. S. JORDAN, 545; F. E.

LLOYD), 710; ABRAMS, LER., 836; Evolution
of, through Climatic Conditions, J. A. ALLEN,

661

Stegomvia and Yellow Fever, L. 0. HOWARD, 526

STEJ NEGER, L., Japanese Deer, 402; Bell-toads, 502

STEVENS, W. LE C., Ames's Physics, 175

STEWART, G. W., Apparatus Tables, 344

STILES, C. W., Zoological Nomenclature, D. S.

JORDAN, 490

Physiology and Exper. Medicine at Am. Assoc.,

W. J. GIES, 846

Plant Morphology, K. GOEBEL, 33
POLLARD, Č. L., Spelling of 'Clon,' 87, 469
PORTER, W. T. Electrometer for Microscope, 602
Pough, F. H., N. Y. Section of Am. Chem. Soc.,

86, 525, 759

Poynting, J. H., and J. J. Thomson, Physics, J. S.

AMES, 699

PRITCHARD, F, J., and H. L. BOLLEY, Infection of

Wheat Grain by Rust, 343
Prost, E., Chemical Analysis, J. W. RICHARDS, 595
Psychological Assoc., Amer., 724
Pterophyne Histrio, E. W. GUDGER, 841

RAMALEY, F., Univ. of Colo. Sci. Soc., 50, 760
REIGNARD, J., Jordan's Study of Fishes, 861
Renal Function, H. MEYER, 654
Rhodes Scholarships, 641
RICHARDS, J. W., Prost's Applied Chemical Anal-

ysis, 595

Rissola Marginata, E. W. GUDGER, 342

Rock for Fertilizing, A. S. CUSHMAN, 838

Rockefeller's Endowment for Education, 28

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STONE, C. H., Analysis of Mississippi River, 472

STONE, W., Filing Pamphlets, 53

STRUTT, R. J., Becquerel Rays and Radium, G. B.

OBEAR, 46

Students, Geographical Distribution of, at Amer-

ican Universities, R. TOMBO, JR., 424; J. D.

GREENE, 637

SUMNER, F. B., Biological Laboratory of Bureau

of Fisheries, 885

Survey, Magnetic, of N. Pacific Ocean, L. A.

BAUER, 443

T., 0. H., Marcuse's Geographische Ortsbestim-

mung, 493

Tables, Apparatus, G. W. STEWART, 344
TAMURA, S. T., Mt. Tsukuba Meteorological Ob-

servatory, 122
TARR, R. S., and L. MARTIN, Change of Level in

Alaska, 879

TAYLOR, A. E., Fullerton's Metaphysics, 84

Taylor, F. W., and S. E. Thomson, Concrete, S. F.

PECKHAM, 523

Terrestrial Magnetism at Carnegie Inst.. L. A.

BAUER, 25

Thistle-down, J. B. DANDENO, 568

Thompson, S. E., and F. W. Taylor, Concrete, S. F.

PECKHAM, 523

Thomson, J. J., and J. H. Poynting, Physics, J. S.

AMES, 699
THOMSON, R. B., Araucarineæ, 88
Thorp, F. H., Industrial Chemistry, S. P.

SADTLER, 520

Thyroid Gland, Extirpation and Replantation of,

A. CARREL, C. C. GUTHRIE, 535

TILTON, J. L., Engineering and Physics, 141
Time, Standard, in America, 315
TOMBO, JR., R., Geographical Distribution of Stu-

dent Body at American Universities, 424;

University Registration Statistics, 729
Torrey Botanical Club, E. W. BERRY, 49, 118; M.

A. HOWE, 758
TRELEASE, W., Honorary Degrees, 673
Trout, Loch Leven, in California, D. S. JORDAN, 714
TROWBRIDGE, C. C., Astronomy, Physics and Chem-

istry, N. Y. Acad. Sci., 16
TRUE, F. W., Fossil Seals in America, 794
Trustees, of Colleges, Conference, D. KINLEY, 412;

and Faculty, J. P. MUNROE, 849
Tsukuba, Mt., Meteorological Observatory, S. T.

TAMURA, 122
TURNER, H. H., Newcomb's Reminiscences, 748
Turner and Hobart on Insulation of Electric Ma-

chines, L. BELL, 465

TURTON, C. M., Central Assoc. of Sci. and Math.

Teachers, 671

van't HOFF, J. H., Physical Chemistry and

Physics, 649

Van Vleck, E. B., H. S. White and F. S. Woods,

The Boston Colloquium, C. J. KEYSER, 113
Variation, Orthogenetic, H. GADOW, 637
Vector Symbols, H. SCHAPPER, 640
WARD, H. B., Animals and Disease, 193
WARD, H. L., Young of the Red Bat, 20
WARD, R. DEC., Notes on Meteorology, 54, 124, 186,

250, 284, 407, 882

WASHBURN, F. L., Amount of CS, required to Kill

Insects, 800

Washington Academy of Sciences, 868
WEAD, C. K., Philosophical Soc. of Washington,

16, 633, 704, 834
WEBBER, H. J., Botanical Soc. of Washington, 14
WEBSTER, A. G., Dynamics of Particles, E. W.

BROWN, 203
Weismann, A., Evolution, W. E. Castle, 668
Wheat, Rust, H. L. BOLLEY, 50; Infection by Rust,

H. L. BOLLEY, F. J. PRITCHARD, 343

WHEELER, A. S., Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc., 597, 760

WHEELER, W. M., Dr. Cook on Cotton-protecting

Kelep, 706

WHITE, Č. A., Phylogenesis and Historical Geol-

ogy, 105

WILDER, H. J., Apple Production, 715

Willcox, M. A., Fissurella and Siphonaria, 90

WILLISTON, S. W., Armored Dinosaur from Wy-

oming, 503

WILSON, E. B., Chromosomes and Sex in Insects,

500

Winslow, C.-E. A., Applied Microscopy, S. H, G.,

630

WISSLER, C., Spearman Correlation Formula, 309

WOODWORTH, R. S., Psychologie expérimentale,

523; Wundt's Physiological Psychology, 789;

Anthropology and Psychology at N. Y. Acad.

of Sci., 835

Wundt, W., Physiological Psychology, R. S. Wood-

WORTH, 789

Universities, Statistics of, 537; American, C. W.

ELIOT, 769

A WEEKLY JOURNAL DEVOTED TO THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE, PUBLISHING THE
OFFICIAL NOTICES AND PROCEEDINGS OF THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION

FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCE.

FRIDAY, JULY 7, 1905.

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CONTENTS.
Desirable Product from the Teacher of Mathe-
matics--the Point of View of an Engineer-
ing Teacher: PROFESSOR DUGALD C. JACKSON
Theories of Metabolism: PROFESSOR GRAHAM
LESK ..................................

......

Scientific Books :-

Rothschild on Anthropoid Apes: DB.

ARTHUR ERWIN BROWN...................

Scientific Journals and Articles :-

Societies and Academies :-

The Botanical Society of Washington: DR.

HERBERT J. WEBBER. The Philosophical So-

ciety of Washington: CHARLES K. WEAD.

The New York Academy of Sciences, Section

of Astronomy, Physics and Chemistry: Pro-

FESSOR C. C. TROWBBIDGE.......

Discussion and Correspondence :

Higher and Lower: F. A. L. A Denial:

DB. HUBERT LYMAN CLARK...... .......

Special Articles :-

The Fishes of Panama: PROFESSOR C. H.

EIGENMAXX. The Number of Young of

the Red Bat: HENRY L. WARD............

Botanical Notes:-

Plant Cell Studies; Leaf Intumescences;

The California Poppies; The Smut-fungi of

North America: PROFESSOR CHARLES E.

BESSEY ................

Archeological Notes :-

Ichthyological Names; Prehistoric Darwin.

ians; Names of the Gorilla and Orang-

Outan: DR. C. R. EASTMAN.....

Work of the Department of Terrestrial Mag-

netism of the Carnegie Institution: DR. L.

A. BAUER................................

President Roosevelt on the Rewards of

Scholarship ........

3r. Rockefeller's Endowment for Higher

Education .....................

............

Honorary Degrees at Harvard University....

Scientific Notes and News.

:

University and Educational News.....

DESIRABLE PRODUCT FROM THE TEACHER

OF MATHEMATICS-THE POINT OF

VIEW OF AN ENGINEERING

TEACHER:

The school curriculum of to-day lies un-
der the charge, vigorously pressed at the
hands of many, of leaning to fads and
being given over to poor teaching. The
teaching of only two subjects seems to be
excepted from the general charge of incom-
petency that is often made-namely, Latin
and mathematics-and I have sometimes re-
flected upon the meaning and propriety of
the exceptions. Returning to these reflec-
tions when your courteous secretary in-
vited me to address you, I determined to
lead you over some of this ground-old and
often trod ground you may say—but never-
theless it is ground well worthy of survey-
ing again and even again.

I think the charge of fads grows partly
or wholly out of the character of work
done in the kindergartens-under which
name numerous sins are often cloaked by
well meaning, accomplished, but highly im-
practical, and often incompetent, teachers.
I am an earnest believer in the purposes
of the kindergarten, but the practical re-
sults of its operation, where I have ob-
served it, seem often to disseminate faulty
methods of observation, poor workmanship
in handicrafts and inaccuracy in thought.
It is suggested that the pure kindergarten
methods have their most important place
in connection with the schools of social set-

1 An address delivered before the general ses-
sion of the Central Association of Science and
Mathematics Teachers, November 25, 1904.

...........

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tlements and their like, which are found in manual training, because better wages are the most densely settled portions of cities, there afforded. How can we expect-who and which have to do with children who should expect-accuracy of observation, find little or none of the gentle or softening precision of act and accuracy of thought influences of the average American home. to be inculcated in small children by a These methods certainly bring a minimum young woman who possesses not one of of good, to children of whom reasonable those important attributes herself, and who obedience and courteous bearing are ex. has never learned that they are important pected in their home life.

- indeed, essential—to the highest success To the kindergarten belongs the initial in man or woman? work of manual training. By that often Gentlemen of the secondary schools, if abused phrase I particularly mean geo- you will lend your attention judiciously to metrical drawing and instruction in handi- reforming the schools below yours, and crafts of various kinds. Indeed, a rela- will really produce the reformation, you tively large proportion of the kindergarten will be relieved of that disconcerting and pupil's time ought to be engrossed by mischievous pressure that is now directed manual training, because the brain is then towards securing for manual training a specially amenable to training in the pre considerable portion of the time of the cise control of the senses; and this man- secondary school curriculum which is now ual training ought to be carried up through occupied by what are commonly called disthe grades in the elementary schools with ciplinary studies. gradually decreasing allotment of time un- A few of the better universities acknowltil it is nearly (or even entirely) succeeded edge that a small amount of manual trainby purely mental studies when the high ing is appropriate to the list of entrance school is reached. All that is now done requirements, and such an acknowledgment with manual training in the high schools is quite usual by the engineering colleges can be better done in the lower schools. (the University of Wisconsin admits not to But brains can be as easily produced by exceed one unit out of the fourteen units wishing, as precision of thought and act of high school work accepted for entrance can be produced by an untrained teacher. into engineering courses). Such a pro

There is the rub in the situation. portion is substantially as much as ought Poorly taught manual training is partic- to be made a part of the high school curularly dangerous because it encourages lack riculum, but it ought to be only the final of precision in perception, performance and capping of a stout pyramid of drawing and judgment, at the very time in his develop handicrafts which has its capacious lower ment when the habit of slovenly inaccuracy leaf in the primary school or kindergarten. is most readily impressed upon the pupil. In this connection, let me say that much Less harm from poor teaching in this confusion exists in the minds of many rebranch results in the high school than in garding the relations of trades schools to the kindergarten, because the older child is high schools and of trades schools to uniless readily and less permanently affected versity courses in engineering. Each of by slovenly processes, if he has previously these has its own place, and they should been under wise instruction. Also, better not be confused. teachers, with reasonably good training, are Precision of observation, accuracy of exavailable for the high school teaching of ecution and clear reasoning are necessary

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