« PreviousContinue »
made uneasy by their refusing to receive any
2. By using thinner and more porous bedclothes, which will suffer the perspirable matter more easily to pass through them, we are less in. commoded, such being longer tolerable.
3. When you are awakened by this uneasiness, and find you cannot easily sleep again, get out of bed, beat up and turn your pillow, shake the bed-clothes well, with at least twenty shakes, then throw the bed open, and leave it cool : in the mean while, continuing undrest, walk about your chamber, till your skin has had time to discharge its load, which it will do sooner as the air may be drier and colder. When you begin to feel the cold air unpleasant, then return to your bed ; and you will soon fall asleep, and your sleep will be sweet and pleasant. All the scenes presented to your fancy, will be of the pleasing kind. I am often as agreeably entertained with them, as by the scenery of an opera. If you happen to be too indolent to get out of bed, you may, instead of it, lift up your bed-clothes with one arm and leg, so as to draw in a good deal of fresh air, and by letting them fall, force it out again. This, repeated twenty times, will so clear them of the perspirable matter they have imbibed, as to permit your sleeping well for some time afterwards. But this latter method is not equal to the former.
Those who do not love trouble, and can afford to have two beds, will find great luxury, in rising, when they wake in a hot bed, and going into the cool one. Such shifting of beds would
also be of great service to persons ill of a fever, as it refreshes and frequently procures sleep. A very large bed, that will admit a removal so distant from the first situation as to be cool and sweet, may in a degree answer the same end.
One or two observations more will conclude this little piece. Care must be taken, when you lie down, to dispose your pillow so as to suit your manner of placing your head, and to be perfectly easy ; then place your limbs so as not to bear inconveniently hard upon one another, as, for in. stance, the joints of your ancles : for though a bad position may at first give but little pain, and be hardly noticed, yet a continuance will render it less tolerable, and the uneasiness may come on while you are asleep, and disturb your imagination.
These are the rules of the art. But though they will generally prove effectual in producing the end intended, there is a case in which the most punctual observance of them will be totally fruitless. I need not mention the case to you my dear friend : but my account of the art would be imperfect without it. The case is, when the person who desires to have pleasant dreams has not taken care to preserve, what is necessary above all things,
A GOOD CONSCIENCE.
ADVICE TO A YOUNG TRADESMAN,
WRITTEN ANNO 1748.
To my friend A. B. As you have desired it of me, I write the following hints, which have been of service to me, and may, if observed, be so to you.
REMEMBER that time is money. He that can earn ten shillings a day by his labour, and goes abroad, or sits idle one half of that day, though he spends but sixpence during his diversion or idleness, ought not to reckon that the only expence ; he has really spent, or rather thrown away, five shillings besides.
Remember that credit is money. If a man lets his money lie in my hands after it is due, he gives me the interest, or so much as I can make of it during that time. This amounts to a considerable sum when a man has good and large credit, and makes good use of it.
Remember that money is of a prolific genera ating nature. Money can beget money, and its offspring can beget more, and so on. Five shil. lings turned is six ; turned again, it is seven and three pence ; and so on till it becomes an hun. dred pounds. The more there is of it, the more it produces, every turning ; so that the profits rise quicker and quicker. He that kills a breed. ing sow, destroys all her offspring to the thou. sandth generation. He that murders a crown, destroys all that it might have produced, even scores of pounds.
Remember that six pounds a year is but a groat a day. For this little sum, which may be
daily wasted either in time or expence, unperceiv.
« The good paymas. ter is lord of another man's purse.” He that is known to pay punctually and exactly to the time he promises, may at any time, and on any occasion, raise all the money his friends can spare. This is sometimes of great use. After industry and frugality, nothing contributes more to the raising of a young man in the world, than punctuality and justice in all his dealings: therefore never keep borrowed money an hour beyond the time you promised, lest a disappointment shut up your friend's purse for ever.
The most criting actions that can affect a man's credit are to be regarded. The sound of your hammer at five in the morning, or nine at night, heard by a creditor, makes him easy six months longer; but if he sees you at a billiard. table, or hears your voice at a tavern when you should be at work, he sends for his money the next day; demands it before he can receive it in a lump.
It shews, besides, that you are mindful of what you owe; it makes you appear a careful, as well as an honest man; and that still increases
Beware of thinking all your own that you possess, and of living accordingly. “It is a mis.
take that many people who have credit fall into. To prevent this, keep an exact account for some time, both of your expences and your income. If you take the pains at first to mention particulars, it will have this good effect; you will discover how wonderfully small trifling expences
mount up to large sums, and will discern what i
might have been, and may for the future be sava ed, without occasioning any great inconveni
In short, the way to wealth, if you desire it, is as plain as the way to market. It depends chiefly on two words, industry and frugality;
that is, waste neither time normoney, but make e the best use of both. Without industry and
frugality nothing will do, and with them every p. thing. He that gets all he can honestly, and
saves all he gets, ( necessary expenses excepted) will certainly become rich-if that Being who governs the world, to whom all should look for a blessing on their honest endeavours, doth not, in his wise providence, otherwise determine.
AN OLD TRADESMAN.
NECESSARY HINTS TO THOSE THAT
WOULD BE RICH.
WRITTEN ANNO 1736. THE use of money is all the advantage there is in having money,
For six pounds a year you may have the use of one hundred pounds, provided you are a man of known prudence and honesty,