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I. Preference of employment, by all governmental agencies, to American citizens, and extension of employment to legally entered aliens only where qualified American citizens are not available, with no such employment of illegally entered aliens.

J. An employment and unemployment census of all able-bodied and disabled veterans in each community and State, cross-classified as to ages and occupations, and as to those

1. Employed by the Federal Government, by States, counties, and municipalities.

(a) With civil service status.
(6) Without civil service status.
2. Employed under Federal, State, and local relief projects.

K. Effective veteran employment and civil service preference laws by all States, and for all counties and municipalities.

L. Private employment.

1. Urge private employers to extend opportunity of employment to qualified veterans, regardless of increasing age.

2. Urge veteran employers to extend employment opportunities to other veterans.

M. Cooperation of organization's local, State, and national employment committees, with other veteran organizations, governmental agencies, and with private employers, to take such steps as will assure to all ex-service men the opportunity for permanent, suitable, gainful employment.


A. Promotion of Americanism.

1. Dissemination of information by radio broadcasts, newspaper and magazine articles, public addresses, bulletins, folders, leaflets, and letters, as to all of the rights and privileges of citizens under the Constitution of the United States, and under our democratic form of government, with its secret ballot, and with the right of every citizen to his own religion, his own opinions, and his free expression thereof.

2. Educational and inspirational activities among the youth of our Nation.

3. Promotion of general education, of our children, of our citizens, and of those on their way toward citizenship.

4. Cooperation as to all constructive civic and community activities, looking toward the social and economic betterment of every community, of its citizens and of our country.

5. Armistice Day, November 11, to be a national holiday, with joint unified veteran organization ceremonies in Arlington National Cemetery.

6. Dissemination of correct information concerning provisions of Social Security Act and other Federal laws, which directly affect many citizens and steps to assure honest efficient administration of beneficial laws.

B. Protection of Americanism.

1. Vigorous opposition to subversive forces-communism, fascism, nazi-ism, or any other form of dictatorship or regimentation.

2. Dissolution of all secret organizations which advocate, or use, force or violence to advance their purposes.

3. Immediate withdrawal of diplomatic relations with Soviet Russia.

4. Investigation of the agencies of fascism, nazi-ism, and communism in this country.

5. Withholding of public moneys from any school, college, or university advocating the adoption of any foreign “ism” in this country.

6. No importation or purchase of foreign-made American flags.
7. Oath of allegiance by all Government employees.
8. Perpetuation of our threefold form of government.

9. Adoption of a national flag code; display of United States flag on Federal buildings.

C. More restrictive alien legislation.-
1. Greatly reduced immigration quotas as to all countries.
(a) Visas to be issued by our foreign consuls.

(6) No visa if immigrant would likely become a burden or if he would prevent, or remove, the employment of an American.

(c) No visa unless immigrant signs agreement that he would adhere to laws of country.

(d) No visa if immigrant believes in use of force to overthrow Government.

2. Increased border patrols to prevent smuggling of aliens into this country. 3. Registration, fingerprinting, photographing, and identification of all aliens. 4. Mandatory deportation of all undesirable aliens. (a) Criminals. (6) Those who believe in, or advocate, use of force to overthrow present form of Government.

c) Those ineligible for citizenship.

5. Prohibiting governmental employment of any illegally entered alien; legally entered aliens to be employed by Government only where qualified citizens are not available.

6. Opposition to inclusion of island dependencies as States of the United States. POINT 5. A "PEACE-FOR-AMERICA” PROGRAM, BY TAKING THE PROFIT OUT OF WAR

A. Preparation against war-

1. Equalization, insofar as possible, of the profits and burdens resulting from war, preparation for war, and from the aftermath of war by

(a) Present adoption of detailed plan for the effective mobilization of men and money, labor and industry, in the event of war.

(b) Such graduated taxes during and following war as will recapture all extra profits therefrom, and as will pay for the cost thereof.

(c) Limitation of profit from sales of supplies or services for military preparations during peacetime.

(d) Rigid governmental control and supervision of manufacture and sales of all munitions.

(e) An adequate preparedness against war, and for war, so as to reduce human cost of unpreparedness.

() Adequate present provisions for those who die, or are disabled, in or by future service in our armed forces, and for their dependents.

(9) Punishment for espionage during peace, just as in war.

(h) No cancelation or reduction of the war debts of other countries to this country.

2. Strict neutrality.

(a) Opposition against any foreign treaty alliances or agreements with any other country or countries—World Court, League of Nations—which might commit, or endanger the neutrality of, our country in time of war.

(b) No extension of credit, or loans, by this country, or its citizens, to any country, or its citizens, at war.

(c) Mandatory embargo against shipment of any war munitions from this country to any country at war.

(d) Withdrawal of armed protection to American citizens, after expiration of period of warning, during their continued travel or residence in a war zone, either on the high seas or in any country at war.

(e) Shipment of merchandise to a nation at war, or into a war zone, to be at the risk of the shipper, without any protection or the assumption of any other responsibility by the United States Government.

o Prohibit travel of American citizens on the ships of any nation at war. (9) Continue provisions of the Johnson Act.

(h) Refusal to enter into any armed conflict with another nation to protect or promote the profits or sources of profits, outside of the United States or its terreitorial possessions, of individual American citizens or corporations.

(1) Making it a punishable crime maliciously to disseminate false information with intent to inflame our country to declare war against another nation.

B. An adequate national defense. 1. United States Army.

(a) 18,000 officers and 286,240 enlisted men in the Regular Establishment, a National Guard of 425,000 officers and men, as provided for in the National Defense Act of 1922, to be attained in 5 years.

(6) 120,000 officers of the organized reserves within a 3-year period.

(c) Complete mechanization of all branches of the Army and National Guard within a 2-year period.

(d) Complete motorization of all trains, for more than half of the artillery, and for all transportation facilities for the various branches of the Army, within

2 years.

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(e) Modernization of field artillery, of adequate antiaircraft artillery, of all necessary seacoast defenses, complete complements of both light and heavy machine guns, and complete equipment of semiautomatic shoulder rifles, for the Regular Army and the National Guard, within a period of 2 years.

(1) Such reserves of equipment and ammunition as would be needed during the first 90 days in the event of war, to be accumulated within 2 years.

(g) At least 5,000 combat and bombing planes, and the necessary commissioned and enlisted personnel to maintain and to operate them, within a period of 2 years.

(h) Increase in Air Corps Reserves, and of National Guard Air Corps to harmonize with the above, with expanded opportunity to eligible young men for Air Corps training, to qualify for commissions.

(i) Completion of one well-equipped flying field in each strategic area in the United States and in each of its overseas possessions, within the next 2 years.

(3) An annual 2 weeks' training period for at least 30,000 combat reserve officers, and an annual 2 weeks' training period for at least 100,000 members of the citizens military training camps, and for such increase in additional Reserve Officers Training Corps units as may be necessary to insure a Reserve officers strength of at least 120,000 within 3 years.

(k) A well-rounded program of construction of barracks, quarters, storage, and technical facilities, adequate for recommended increased strength of the Regular Army, National Guard, and Organized Reserves to be completed in time to meet such expanded needs.

(1) New National Guard armory in the District of Columbia.

(1) Construction of a national defense highway along our coast and borders where needed, to be called the Peace Highway.

(m) Military training, similar to that of the Reserve Officers' Training Corps, in our colleges and high schools and the teaching of military discipline to be included in the program of the Civilian Conservation Corps.

2. United States Navy.

(a) Continuing program to bring the combatant ships of our Navy to that established by the naval treaties, and authorized by the Vinson-Trammell bill.

(6) Maintenance of the fleet in a modernized and efficient status.

(c) A continuing replacement of naval auxiliary tonnage, to provide maximum mobility of, and repair facilities for, our combatant fleet.

(d) Sufficient trained officers and enlisted personnel, to maintain in full commission all vessels of the authorized Navy.

(e) An enlarged United States Marine Corps with sufficient strength for exercising its normal functions.

(1) Adequate training of officers and enlisted men of the Naval and Marine Corps Reserve and for the maintenance of these reserves at a maximum strength of personnel and material as determined by the Navy Department.

(9) Development of a modernized adequate United States merchant marine, to be manned by American citizens.

(h) At least 4,000 naval aircraft, within a 2-year period, with corresponding expansion of the Naval Air Reserve.

(2) Adequate scientific laboratory facilities for experimentation toward the development of more efficient, effective, and scientific material of all kinds useful for defense or combat purposes.

(1) Development and construction of dirigibles and completion of experiments relative to same.

3. Armed forces personnel. (a) World War veterans to be eligible for active reserve commissions up to 55 years of age.

(6) Retroactive reenlistment gratuity.

(c) Transportation of dependents of enlisted men of the Naval and Marine Corps upon transfer to Fleet Naval and Fleet Marine Corps Reserve to their homes.

(d) Reorganization of Naval Reserve. (e) Double time for overseas service during World War for retirement purposes. (1) Liberalized retirement provisions for Regulars.

4. Reemphasis of all objectives under points 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, as a part of, and as involved in, an adequate national defense.

Mrs. Rogers. I think you did not mention the Gold Star Mothers, did you?

Mr. RICE. But they are included in the general widows and orphans bill. It is true, the insurance policies or the insurance benefits

that are being paid to mothers of deceased World War veterans and widows of deceased World War veterans are expiring this year and next year and the year after, and there is greater need than might ordinarily be the case for increased amounts payable to those dependents. We are in favor of the same increases to all of those dependent mothers and widows, regardless of whether or not their son or husband happened to have an insurance policy.

The CHAIRMAN. Let me say to you, Mr. Rice, as I stated before the veterans' organizations last year, these Gold Star Mothers are our first charges. We are trying to work out some method by which this problem can be met. We cannot afford to be paying widows who married soldiers 40 years after the war closed pensions, and leave these Gold Star Mothers, who made more than the supreme sacrifice, without compensation in their old age. I will say to you now that they are going to be taken care of.

Mr. Rice. I am mighty happy to hear that, Mr. Chairman.

The CHAIRMAN. That is, if I can have my way about it. I thank you very much, Mr. Rice.

Mr. RICE. I thank you for the opportunity of being here.
The CHAIRMAN. We will hear you again later.

Now, we are on this measure, H. R. 1538, to repeal this misconduct clause. The American Veterans indicated they wanted to make a statement on it. Is that correct? Is a representative of the American Veterans here?



Mr. TEN EYCK. Mr. Chairman and gentlemen of the committee, I would rather listen and give you our views afterward.

The CHAIRMAN. We are going to have to have this between now and 12 o'clock, because we are going to vote on this bill.

Mr. TEN EYCK. We are not in accord with it. We draw the line against non-service-connected cases. Mr. Hobart is in New York and could not be here today, but wishes to appear at some other meeting of the committee.

The CHAIRMAN. You are not ready to express an opinion on this bill?

Mr. TEN EYck. No, I am not. I would rather hear about the effects and importance of it.


Washington, D. C., February 18, 1937. Hon. John E. RANKIN, Chairman, World War Veterans' Legislation Committee,

Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. CHAIRMAN: I will be grateful to the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation if they will permit me to state for the record, in a broad outiine, four of the principles of the American Veterans Association which it deems essential to a sound and adequate pension system. They are as follows:

1. No reduction (and in some cases increases) in compensation, hospitalization, domiciliary care, etc., to all veterans suffering from disabilities directly connected with war service.

2. Reasonable presumptions of service connection for certain chronic and constitutional diseases within limits to be set by the American Medical Association,

3. Doubling the pittance of $30 per month paid to widows of the combat dead

and greatly increasing the woefully small allowances now paid to children of the combat dead.

4. The elimination from the pension rolls of all veterans who suffered no disability as the result of their service.

In my remarks to the committee this morning I endeavored to set forth the foregoing principles. This is merely a clarification of what I said at the hearing this morning. Sincerely,

ANDREW TEN EYCK, General Corinsel. Mr. BRADLEY. Can you tell the committee the number of members in your organization?

Mr. TEN Eyck. There are approximately 10,000.
Mr. BRADLEY. Throughout the whole country?
Mr. TEN EYCK. Yes.
Mr. CONNERY. What percentage of them were overseas veterans?
Mr. TEN EYCK. I do not know. I can get that information for you.

The CHAIRMAN. Will you furnish that information for the committee? Mr. TEN EYCK. Yes, I will be very glad to.


Washington, D. C., March 3, 1937. Hon. John E. RANKIN, Chairman, Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation,

House of Representatives, Washington, D. C. DEAR MR. RANKIN: You asked me at the initial hearing on the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation on February 18, for current information respect ing the membership of the American Veterans Association, Inc. I am directed by the national commander, Donald A. Hobart, to advise you that the best information which can be given at this time is that contained on pages 83 to 100, inclusive, of the printed proceedings of the committee during the Seventy-fourth Congress, second session; more specifically identified as, Hearings before the Committee on World War Veterans' Legislation, House of Representatives, Seventy-fourth Congress, second session, on H. R. 11303, H. R. 11305, H. R. 11529, and H. R. 11570, Proposed Widows' and Orphans' Legislation. Information concerning the association was furnished less than 1 year ago and we are not in position at the present time to repeat the audit unless it should appear that it is in the public interest so to do.

I am specifically directed, however, to advise you that the present membership of the association is approximately 13,000. For the benefit of the committeeman who was interested in knowing what percentage of this membership served overseas during the World War, I am specifically directed to state that it would be impossible, without submitting a questionnaire, to ascertain this fact but that the committee may be assured that the preponderant part of the members of the American Veterans Association had overseas service. For instance, of those whose names appear on this letterhead, the following had overseas service and, in some instances, such service was conspicuously recognized: Donald A. Hobart, Julius Ochs Adler, Harcourt Amory, E. R. Bartlett, J. J. Bevan, William Bowditch, John B. Brittain, Cornelius H. Bull, Thomas G. Cassaday, Robert Choate, Carleton Cox, Norman Donald, Robert L. Garner, Harold F. Hadden, Charles M. Kinsolving, Hugh MacNair, Stuart Montgomery, John J. Redfield, John Jay Schieffelin, Theodore Simon, Andrew Ten Eyck.

I trust that this letter will be of service in our work of cooperation for you will understand, I know, that it is given in such a spirit without legal requirements in the circumstances.

I would request that if the members of the Committee on World War Veterans Legislation do not have conveniently before then the information which was printed in the proceedings during the Seventy-fourth Congress, that the parts indicated be reprinted, together with this letter, as my answer to the questions you propounded at the initial hearing. Respectfully yours,

ANDREW TEN Eyck, General Counsel.

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