Repositioning Victorian Sciences: Shifting Centres in Nineteenth-century Scientific Thinking
Anthem Press, 2006 - Science - 254 pages
'Sciences' were named and formed with great speed in the nineteenth century. Yet what constitutes a 'true' science? The Victorian era facilitated the rise of practices such as phrenology and physiognomy, so-called sciences that lost their status and fell out of use rather swiftly. This collection of essays seeks to examine the marginalised sciences of the nineteenth century in an attempt to define the shifting centres of scientific thinking, specifically asking: how do some sciences emerge to occupy central ground and how do others become consigned to the margins? The essays in this collection explore the influence of nineteenth-century culture on the rise of these sciences, investigating the emergence of marginal sciences such as scriptural geology and spiritualism. 'Repositioning Victorian Sciences' is a valuable addition to our understanding of nineteenth-century science in its original context, and will also be of great interest to those studying the era as a whole.
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In this essay I briefly examine two episodes within the development of a
professional Victorian geology: the rejection of 'scriptural geology' by the
emerging geological community and the controversy over the 1844 publication of
Vestiges of the ...
As has been pointed out elsewhere, few of these critics had any first-hand
experience in field geology, most showed little presence in the emerging
professional societies, had comparatively few scientific publications, and would
not have ...
Which is not to say that scientific findings and theoretical constructions are
secondary cognitive products, emerging after decisive changes in political and
ideological areas. But it will be difficult to maintain that these socio-philosophical
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