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Nor Rome till Macedonia became a Roman Province.
B.C. 168. It remains, therefore, that we take a closer 'view of them, as far as we can, in the light of General History: and here the Grecian and Roman History will demand our careful consideration.
I. THE BABYLONIAN EMPIRE.
By whom, and when, did you say that Babylon was founded ?
By Nimrod. Gen. x. 10; about B.C. 2234.
Irak Arabi: its capital is Bagdad.
1487 years: but mention some of the kings of the second empire. Nabonassar, (Belesis, Baladan). B.C. 747. 2 Kings xx. 12. 12th
year of Jehoiakim.
of the Captivity.
Cyrus. B.C. 536. Ezra i. 1. 2 Chron. xxxvi. 22, 23.
Judea, B.C. 606—588. Tyre, 585–573. Egypt, 573. Where is its conquerer foretold by name?
Is. xliv. 28. xlv. 1.
Name the idol worshipped at Babylon.
Bel; Nebo. Is. xlvi. 1. xxi. 9. Nimrod, or the sun. For what perverse science was Babylon noted ?
Astrology. Is. xlvii. 13. Dan. ii. 2. What is the present state of Babylon ? Its exact place is scarcely known; “its ruins are ruined.”
Jer. li. 37, 43.
II. THE MEDO-PERSIAN EMPIRE.
What is ancient Media now called ?
Persian Irak; south of the Caspian sea. Whence was the name Media ?
From Madai ; third son of Japhet. Gen. x. 2. What was Media in early ages ?
Probably a province of the early Assyrian Empire. When, and by whom, was it made an independent kingdom ?
B.C. 710; by Dejoces.
Dejoces, B.C. 709. 18th year of Hezekiah.
Darius the Mede, B.C. 559. 48th year of the Captivity.
Darius. How is this represented in Dan. viii. 20 ? Media and Persia are represented by the two hörns of the
Ram. How does Isaiah speak of the Medes; xiii. 17, 18; xxi. 2, 3 ?
As God's instruments against Babylon.
What was the ancient name of Persia ?
Elam; Gen. x. 22. xiv. 1.
Kaiumarath ; a son or descendant of Aram.
founded ? By Cyrus; B.C. 559. Mention its capitals.
Shushan; now Shuster, or ruins thirty-five miles from it.
Persepolis ; near Estakar, in Fars.
Cyrus, B.C. 559.
Zechariah. Xerxes the Great, B.C. 485. (Explain Dan. xi. 2, 3.—The 1st King is Cambyses; the 2nd
Smerdis ; the 3rd Darius Hystaspes; the 4th is
Darius Codomannus, B.C. 335.
tan.) Dan. viii. 1-7.
What became of Persia after the death of Alexander the
Great ? It was part of the Syrian kingdom, till B.C. 250. What then took place ? Arsaces founded the Parthian Empire, to which Persia
Hecatompylon; now Damghan.
Ctesiphon, on the Tigris, now Al Modain.
the second Persian Empire. Dynasty of the Sassan
nida. What was a leading feature in its history?
Its continual wars with the Romans. How long did it last ? Till A.D. 652, when it was conquered by Othman,
Caliph of the Saracens. What great man lived in Persia in the days of Darius
Hystaspes ? Zoroaster, a great patriarch of the Magi. Mention a notable military transaction in the days of Arta
xerxes Mnemo. The retreat of the 10,000 Greeks; recorded by Xenophon. How long did the empire founded by Cyrus last?
About 207 years.
Jer. xlix. 34, &c. Ezek. xxxii. 24. Dan. viii. 7.
In forming our view of Grecian History, we may divide
it thus; 1. Greece before it was the third of the empires spoken
of in prophecy, that is, from B.C. 2088, to Alexan
der the Great, B.C. 336 2. During the time that it was the third of those empires;
that is, from Alexander the Great, B.C. 336, to the battle of Pydna, or to the taking of Corinth ; that is, to B.C. 168, or to B.C. 146, when Achaia became a
Roman Province; 168, or 190 years. 3. From its subjection to Rome, to about A.D. 300, when
it merged in the Byzantine Empire. But Greece is far too interesting an object to be viewed only in this general way. We will, therefore, notice two periods, which we will call Non-Historical and Historical, and also point out sub-divisions of each.
1. Non-Historical. Here we have what is called,
Ægialeus, founder of the kingdom of Sicyon, to the
Deluge of Ogyges: 303 years. ii. The Fabulous or Heroic Period. B.C. 1785, to the
Olympiads, B.C. 776 = 1009 years. A slight notice of these periods will suffice.—But I may ask,
who were the ancient inhabitants of Greece ? The Graici, Leleges, Pelasgi, Hellenes, &c. What was ancient Greece, as to government ?
A cluster of independent states: ruled by kings. As to the obscure period, what kingdom was founded, B.C.
2088. Terah. Sicyon; by Ægialeus. What kingdom was founded B.C. 2056 ?
Argos, by Inachus. Haran.