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Divide this period into three parts.
1. From the division of the Kingdom to the captivity of

Israel. B.C. 975–721
2. Thence to the captivity of Judah. B.C. 721-587

254 years.

134 years.

3. Thence to the return from Babylon. B.C. 587–536

51 years.

What do you say of the nineteen kings of Israel ?

Not one of them can be called a good man. Prove that there were pious people in idolatrous Israel. 1

Kings xix. 18. " Yet have I left me 7000 in Israel, all the knees which

have not bowed to Baal.” What do you say of the 20 Kings of Judah? Some of them were eminent for piety: most of them

bad men. Who were the extraordinary teachers of religion in this period?

Prophets : men who spoke by immediate inspiration. What may be called the Prophetical period ? About 20 years; from Jonah, B.C. 856, to Malachi,

B.C. 436. Prove that they foretold the Redeemer. Rev. xix. 10. "The testimony of Jesus is the spirit of

prophecy." See Rom. i. 2, 3. St. Luke i. 70. 1

Pet. i. 10, 11. 1. Describe the Religion of the Patriarchs. It was simple: Sacrifice, Prayer, the light of repeated

promises; that is, of the first promise repeated. Mention some points of patriarchal religion which we have in

the book of Job. 1. The creation of all things by one supreme Being :

read chap. xxxviii.xli. 2. The government of the world by Him. ii. 10. v. 8, &c.

ix. 5-14.

3. The ministration of angels. i.
4. Idolatrous worship a judicial offence. xxxi. 26–28.
5. Original sin. xiv. 4. xv. 14–16. xl. 4. xlii. 6.
6. The offering of sacrifice. i. 5. xlii. 8.
7. Need of upright and benevolent conduct. xxiii. 11, 12.

xxix. 11-17. xxxi. 1-40. 8. A future resurrection. xiv. 7-15. xix. 25-27. 2. Describe the religion of the Jews under the law. It was complex: various sacrifices and ordinances, keep

ing them a separate people, and shadowing forth the

Gospel. A system of Types.
Was the communication of divine truth progressive?

It was: the morning twilight led to the clear day.
Prove this by comparing passages of Scripture.

Compare Gen. iii. 15, with Is. liii.
Deut. xviii. 5, with Is. lxi. 1. 3.
Gen. xlix. 10, with Ps. lxxii. and Is. xxxi.

Numbers xxiv. 17, with Mal. iv. 2.
Which is the first great accession of light after the law?

age of David: the Psalms. B.C. 1060_1015.
Which do you regard as the second?

of Isaiah : about B.C. 760—710.

Mention the sixth period?

6. From the return from Babylon to Christ. 536 years. What may we call this period?

The time of expectation. St. Luke ii. 25.
What Sects sprang up among the Jews in this period?

1. The Pharisees; soon perhaps after the days of Ezra.

2. The Sadducees; about B.C. 260.
Describe the Pharisees. St. Matt. xxiii. 23.
Describe the Sadducees. Acts xxiii. 8.
Of what sin did the Captivity cure the Jews?

Of the sin of Idolatry.

What dispensation of truth prevailed from Moses to Christ?

Judaism; the Jewish religion. What, in reality, was that religion?

The Gospel in figure; in type; under a veil. Where do


find that stated? Heb. x. 1. “ The law having a shadow of good things to

Mention some things that were typical.

1. Times; the Sabbath; seventh year; the Jubilee.
2. Places; the Tabernacle; the Temple; cities of Refuge.
3. Persons; the High Priest, &c.
4. Ordinances; the Sacrifices, purifications, ablutions.

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3. The Christian Church.

Mention the seventh period.

7. The New Testament History. Divide this period.

1. The four Gospels: about 33 years.

2. The Acts of the Apostles: about 30 years. What, in short, have we in Sacred History? The development of God's gracious purpose in man's re

demption, from the first promise to its fulfilment in

and by our blessed Lord. What then, in fact, is Sacred History?

The History of man's Redemption.
What does the Bible contain; one or many dispensations?

One great dispensation in different forms.
What do you call this dispensation?
The dispensation of Grace.

call it so?
Because it is a revelation of the love, mercy, and grace of

God in the redemption of lost man. What succeeds to this dispensation?

Why do


Final glory; perfection and blessedness for ever in another

state? What might have been our condition? We might have been left under the power of Satan; in sin

and misery What, through God's grace, is our condition? We are in a state of grace; salvation is revealed and

offered to us. What ought we to feel?

Unspeakable joy and gratitude. What ought we to do? Not to “neglect so great salvation,” but to pray, study,

hear, and watch, that we may believe, act, and persevere to the end, as the true followers of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.


I suppose, as already said, that we have a map of the world before us; and our object is to obtain something like an orderly view of any kingdom to which our attention may be directed. In the examination of Ancient History we pass over much of the earth's surface without

notice: of

many parts we only take a very slight view. You will recollect that America was not known till within the last 357 years.

Where do we read the History of the World before the flood ?

In the first seven chapters of Genesis. Is mention made in them of any of the arts? Yes; of Agriculture, Music, Metallurgy: Gen. iv. 2,

21, 22. Quote the description of those times, St. Matt. xxiv. 38. “For as in the days that were before the flood they were

eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noe entered into the ark.”

Where must we begin Ancient History?

Immediately after the flood. Gen. x. How far have we said that it extended ?

To A.D. 476. Give the whole period.

B.C. 2348 to A.D. 476 = 2824 years. What must we deduct from this period?

1. The Obscure period. B.C. 2348—1785 = 563 years. 2. The Fabulous period. B.C. 1785—776 = 1009: that

is 1572 years.

When, therefore, does Authentic History begin?

B.C. 776 years.

What period have we chiefly to examine?

A period of 1252 years: 776 + 476. What exception do you

make to this statement? The early historical information contained in the Bible. What continents would a map of the ancient world contain?

Asia, Africa, and Europe.
By whom was the world peopled after the Flood?

By the descendants of the three sons of Noah.
Mention the continents commonly assigned to each of Noah's


1. To Japheth; chiefly Europe. Gen. x. 245.
2. To Ham; Asia and Africa. Gen. x. 6—20.

3. To Shem; various parts of Asia. Gen. 21–31. Of what people is the Bible more especially the History?

Of the Jews; the descendants of Abraham. Give the genealogy of Abraham. He descended from Shem in the line of Arphaxad, the

third son of Shem: see Gen. x. 22–25. xi. 10, &c. Does the Bible give a full and regular account of the Jews? No: it only gives sketches and outlines (for the most

part) of various characters and events, in a historical form.

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