« PreviousContinue »
What do you say of such conduct?
It is irrational, unjust, and injurious. How does an ignorant person look on surrounding objects?
For the most part with a stupid gaze of indifference.
As being pretty or useful, &c.
With profitable thought and feelings of delight.
The work of God: His wisdom, goodness, power, &c. Are all objects monitors or Instructors?
Yes; to a reflecting mind. What does it find in them?
"Tongues in Trees, Books in the running Brooks ;
“Sermons in stones, and good in every thing." When is knowledge to be acquired?
In the days of youth.
As a preparation for Manhood.
As a preparation for Eternity.
To use the knowledge which we have, and to gain more. What will you always be, if you be wise?
Scholars, or learners.
By reading, thinking, conversing.
Read little, and what is choice :
Converse calmly, slowly, thoughtfully, wisely.
1. Attend to the meaning of every word:
When do we understand words?
Clear, sound, humble, practical. To what is “clear" opposed?
To what is dull, dim, muddy, confused, indistinct. To what is "sound" opposed?
To what is questionable, smattering, shallow. To what is “humble” opposed?
To what is proud, positive, overbearing, talkative. To what is “practical” opposed ?
To what is notional and unfruitful. When is knowledge sound?
When it rests on right principles:
When it is correct, so far as it goes. How is such knowledge obtained?
By long, close, deep, practical thought. When is knowledge practical?
When it makes us diligent and useful in the world. From what, as to our minds, will knowledge preserve us?
From error, delusion, crude and idle fancies.
Comparatively a blank.
A Volume, of which every page is full of truth and wisdom. If you would obtain knowledge, what must you be?
The fixing of the mind on the subject before us.
To restlessness, volatility, carelessness, listlessness. What is your duty at school?
To be diligent and attentive.
What ought you then to seek daily?
Advancement in knowledge.
We must examine different subjects separately. How must we examine them?
We must see them minutely, in all their parts, &c. To what may you compare one who takes only general views?
To a traveller in a railway carriage. What do you say of him?
He sees every thing, and knows nothing. To what do you compare one who studies particular subjects ?
To a person who carefully cultivates a field. How is his labour rewarded?
With all the fruits of harvest. Will any sort of knowledge of itself make you good and happy?
It certainly will not.
It may be compared to light.
It shows us the forms, colours, &c., of things.
to us? Life, energy, strength. Why is this necessary?
In order that we may live according to our knowledge.
Earnest, habitual prayer.
" “ Yea, if thou criest after knowledge,
And liftest up thy voice for understanding,
And find the knowledge of God." What will be the practical effect of this knowledge? ver. 9. " Then shalt thou understand righteousness, and judg
ment, and equity; yea, every good path.” Mention two things which are essential to your being scholars.
1. Attention: close, patient, and persevering thought.
2. Dependence on God for His grace and blessing. What have we to study?
Words and Things.
Mere empty sounds.
When I know their nature, structure, dependencies, &c. What inducements have you to seek knowledge?
1. It raises our nature as intelligent creatures.
4. It favours, aids, and strengthens piety. What ought to be the first desire and aim of us all ?
To be always advancing in knowledge and goodness. Quote some lines of Milton.
Deeds to thy knowledge answering: add faith,
We have spoken of Knowledge in a general way: I proceed in the same manner at present, making, however, a nearer approach to the subjects which we have to examine-the materials of knowledge. Here I must request you always to remember two words; Distinction: or the distinguishing of things according to their nature: and Order: or the due arrangement of things in the mind.
What forms the Good of man as an Intellectual being ?
Right views, notions, or ideas of things.
All things whatever.
Into Spiritual and Material.
Invisible and Visible.
What we call the Universe. What do you mean by the universe?
The Visible Creation. Of what does it consist?
Of Matter, in all its kinds, combinations, and forms. Is all Matter visible? Air, Heat, (or Caloric) Electricity, Magnetism, are invi
sible. Is Spirit or Mind visible?
Not to the corporeal eye of man.