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Of what does Smell inform us?
Of the odoriferous qualities of bodies. How is this effected ?
By effluvium meeting the olfactory nerves. Of what does Taste inform us? Of the sweetness, sourness, &c. of substances brought to
the tongue. Of what does Touch inform us ?
Of temperature, density, roughness, &c. What do we learn by sight and touch ?
Distance, figure, size, &c. What do we learn by sight only?
Colours. State the difference between taste and smell. Taste tells us of the qualities of bodies when dissolved in
a liquid; Smell, when they are in a gaseous or volatile state. How does external nature act upon us ? A certain affection of the nerves precedes a certain affec
tion of the mind.
To our animal nature.
To our rational or moral nature.
Pleasant or painful; agreeable, disagreeable, indifferent.
material world. Is our intercourse with the external world limited or unlimited ? Limited; for we only know what our few senses convey
to us. In what conclusion do you rest, as to the senses ?
We are endowed with those, and those only, which are
needful for our well-being. What should we feel as we view this constitution of things ?
Admiration at the wonderful works of God.
I. THE MIND.
How have we described the Mind ?
As the intelligent or knowing principle in man. What do we commonly say that the mind has ? Certain
powers or faculties. What do you mean?
It is capable of what I may call spiritual actions. Can you
mention these? They are many. 1. What is Reflection ? The notice which the mind takes of outward things and
of its own operations. Is this power or faculty limited ?
No: it is co-extensive with our knowledge. Is it simple ?
It is exceedingly compound. What does it include ?
Consciousness, memory, comparison, judgment. What
The visible and the invisible; the real; the imaginary, &c. For what purpose
must we reflect ? In order to know the nature, relations, and results of
things and actions. 2. What is Perception ?
We cannot explain how external objects are perceived. What is the nature of the case ?
Objects are presented to us, and we perceive them, By means of what do we perceive them?
may we reflect
The mind perceives them according to the information of
the senses. What do we perceive?
Certain properties or qualities of bodies. Mention some of them.
Colour, smell, taste, solidity, temperature, &c. Is there a limitation to perception ?
The object perceived must be present. 3. What is Conception ?
The notion we have of an absent object or perception.
1. Of Individual things.
3. Of Creatures of our own Imagination. What
be the character of our conceptions? Strong and lively, or languid and faint, &c. On what does this very much depend ?
On our measure of Knowledge and on Attention. 4. What is Memory? Retention of Ideas in the mind, so that we can revive or
recall them. How do you
know the present operations of the mind? By Consciousness. Quote a line of a poet.
“The conscious mind is its own awful world.” How do you know its past operations.
The storehouse or treasury of the mind.
With what is true, good, beautiful, valuable, &c. 5. What is Association or Suggestion ?
A law by which ideas are united. How does this law act?
Certain thoughts and feelings immediately revive or recall
others. To what does this law apply?
To persons, places, words, events, &c. What, for instance, will the name of an absent friend suggest ?
The conception in the mind of that friend. What will follow
this? Various recollections will be excited in the mind; various
thoughts and trains of thought, and of feelings. Is such the case with regard to words, places, events, &c.
It is precisely so. 6. What is Imagination ?
The joining of images in new forms and combinations. How does it differ from conception ?
Conceptions are confined to real things;
Imagination delights in fiction.
It is to heighten perfection.
colours ; &c.
To delight, fascinate, excite love, &c.
It frequently does so.
To excite fear, aversion, disgust, &c. What does imagination always need?
The control of truth, reason, and virtue. Is it common, influential, powerful? It is a busy and restless part of the constitution of every In shaping and colouring things; in putting some scene
one. How does it act in us?
or other before us. When is it good?
When it is chaste, pure, bright, and well regulated.
the visible and invisible. Is it limited to things that have a real existence ?
be called the creative power. 7. What is Judgment? The faculty by which we make a decision concerning any
thing Thc Decision itself is called by the same
No: it may
What do you call it in the work of the mind ?
The first step in reasoning.
in the way of decision.
By ignorance, passion, prejudice, partiality, &c.
On the truth and clearness of our ideas.
Real knowledge and the stedfast love of truth.
that they agree or disagree; are like or unlike; are