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reformation was made in the chancery, he stood off from being any longer a commissioner of the seal, and became one of the supervisors of the treasury at one-thousand pounds per annum * salary; he is one who is guided more by † policy than by conscience, and, being, on that account, the more fit for the protector's service, there is no question to be made of his worth and merit to be taken out of the house to have a negative voice in the other house over the people there, though he helped to put it down in the King and lords.
18. William Lenthal, a counsellor at law, made speaker of the long parliament by the late King, sat it out in all changes, weathered many a storm and high complaint made against him, and was too hard and wieldy for all his opposers; his policy and good hap carried him on so, that he ended his being speaker with the ending of that parliament. For the time of his sitting, he advanced his interest and revenue very much; became master of the rolls; purchased lands in others names, as well as in his own, for fear of the worst. He was, to be sure, at the change of the government from Kingly, or of a single person and a house of lords, as useless, I chargeable, and dangerous; as likewise at the making those laws of treason against a single person, for the future (not yet repealed.) The little parliament, where some of his law-judicature was questioned, being dissolved, and the protector taking the government upon him, he adventured to comply with the rest, notwithstanding the danger, that so he might keep his place and interest, and avoid a new storm or frown from the present power. Men need not seek far, or study much to read him, and what principles he acts by. All things considered, he may, doubtless, be very fit to be lord of the rolls, being master already, and to be taken out of the parliament to be made a lord, and to have a negative voice in the other house over the people, as well as over the causes in the rolls, being so thoroughly exercised in negatives at his own will and pleasure, as too many have sadly felt.
19. Mr. Claypole, son of Mr. Claypole in Northamptonshire, now Lord Claypole. He long since married the protector's daughter; a person, whose qualifications not answering those honest principles, formerly so pretended to, of putting none but godly men into places of trust, was a long time kept out; but, since the apostasy from those principles, as also the practice brake in, and his father-in-law (the head thereof) came to be protector, he was then judged good enough for that dispensation, and so taken in to be s master of his horse, as Duke Hamilton to the King. Much need not be said of him; his relation, as son-in-law to the protector, is sufficient to bespeak him every way fit to be taken out of the house, and made a lord; and, having so long time had a negative voice over his wife, Spring-Garden, the ducks, deer, horses, and asses in James's Park, is the better skilled how to exercise it again in the other house, over the good people of these nations, with. out any gainsaying or dispute.
20. Lord Faulconbridge, a gentleman, whose relations are most
Ice Book of Rates. *Ask George Cockain. weat, one agaidot the Lords, the other against Kingship.
See two Declarations of Parlia. | His salary is not well knowa,
cavaliers (his uncle formerly governor of Newark for the King against the parliament) was absent over the water, in the time of the late wars; a neuter at least, if not disaffected to the cause; came back, the warg being over, and hath lately married one of the protector's daughters, and was in a fair way, had things hit right, to have been one of his council, as well as his son-in-law; however, suitable to the times, he is lately made a colonel of horse. His relation, both to the old and new monarchy, may sufficiently plead his worth and merits, not only to have his daughter, but also a negative voice in the other house, over all that adventured their lives in the cause formerly, and over all the people of these lands besides.
21. Colonel Howard: his interest, which is considerable, is in the north; his relations there are most papists and cavaliers, whom he hath courted and feasted kindly, and served their interest to purpose; * it is no matter who lost by it. In favour to Sir Arthur Haslerigg, was made captain of the general's life-guard, when he was in Scotland; wherein he continued for some time in England, after he was protector: but, not being a kinsman, or a person further to be confided in, in that place, was shuffled out from thence, and, to stop his mouth, made a colonel, and, as the book says, a major-general, and had power of decimation; as also made governor of Berwick, Tinmouth, and Carlisle; hath also tasted with the first of that sweet fountain of new honour, being made a viscount. He was of the little parliament, and all the parliaments since; is a member of Mr. Cockain's church, and of very complying principles (no question) to the service of the new court, from whence he received his new honour; and having with his fellow, Lord Claypole, so excellent a spirit of government over his wife, family, and tenants in the country, to be taken out of the house to have a negative voice in the other house might seem of right to belong unto him, being also lorded before-hand.
22. Lord Broghil. His rise and relation, for means, is Ireland; a gentleman of good parts and wit, able to make a romance, but was not looked on formerly, by those of the good old cause, as a person fit
be trusted with the command of one town or castle in Ireland; get is he now, by this happy change, become a goodly convert to be confided in, and is made + president of the protector's council in Scotland. He was of the latter parliaments, a great Kingling, and one that, in the last parliament (so called) put on hard that way. Wherefore it were great pity, he being also a lord of the old stamp, and so well gifted, if he should not be one to have a negative voice in the other house over the people of England and Scotland, as well as of Ireland, it being a good while since, and almost forgotten, that the protector said, " It would never be well, and we should never see good days, whilst there was one lord left in England, and until the Earl of Manchester was called Mr. Mountague."
23. Colonel Pride, then Sir Thomas, now Lord Pride, sometime an honest brewer in London, went out a captain upon the account of the cause, foughton, and in time became a colonel; did good service in England and Scotland, for which he was well rewarded by the parliament; with cheap debentures of his soldiers and others, he bought good lands at easy rates; gave the long parliament a purge, fought against the King and his negative voice, and was against the negative voice of his brethren, the lords spiritual and temporal, being unwilling to have any in the land; but hath now changed his mind and principles with the times, and will fight for a negative voice in the protector, and also have one himself, and be a lord, for he is a knight of the new order already, and grown very bulky and considerable. It is hard to say how the people will like it. However, his worth and merits, rightly measured, will, no question, render him fit to be taken out of the house to be one of the other house, and to have a negative voice, not only over the bears, but all the people of these lands, though he did formerly so oppose and fight against it; and the noble lawyers will be glad of his company and friendship, for that there is now no fear of bis hanging up their gowns by the Scottish colours in Westminster-hall, as he formerly so greatly boasted and threatened to do.
• An honest man told some of the council worse things of him than these. ode-thousand four-hundred and seventy-four pounds per annum.
f His salas,
24. Colonel Hewson, then Sir John, now Lord Hewson, sometime an honest shoe-maker, or cobler in London, went out a captain upon the account of the cause, was very zealous, fought on stoutly, and in time became a colonel; did good service, both in England and Ireland; was made governor of Dublin, became one of the little parliament, and of all the parliaments since; a knight also of the new stamp. The world being so well amended with him, and the sole so well stitched to the upper leather, having gotten so considerable an interest and means, he may well be counted fit to be taken out of the house to be a lord, and to have a negative voice in the other house, over all of the gentle craft, and Cordwainers company in London, if they please. But, though he be so considerable, and of such merit in the protector's, as also in his own esteem, not only to be a knight, but also a lord, yet it will hardly pass for current with the good people of these lands, if being so far beyond the last. Neither will they think him fit (saving the protector's pleasure) to have a negative voice over them, though he formerly fought so stiffly against it in the King and lords, in order to set them free.
25. Colonel Barkstead, then Sir John, now Lord Barkstead, some time a goldsmith in the Strand of no great rank, went out a captain to Windsor Castle, was some time governor of Reading, got at length to be a colonel, then made lieutenant of the Tower by the old parliament. The protector (so calledl) finding him fit for his turn, continued him there, and also made him major-general of Middlesex, in the decimating-business, and assistant to Major.general Skippon, in London. He is one to the life to fulfil the protector's desires, whether right or wrong, for he will dispute no commands, nor make the least demur, but, in an officious way, will rather do more than his share. His principles for all arbitrary things whatsoever being so very thorough, let friends or foes come to his den, they come nut aniss, so he gets by it; yea, rather than fail, he will send out his armed men to break open other mini's houses, and seize their persons, and bring them to his jail, and then at his pleasure turn them out. Ile hath erected a principality in the VOL. VI.
Tower, and made laws of his own, and executes them, in a martial way, over all comers; so that he hath great command, and makes men know his power. He was of the latter parliaments; is one of the com. missioners, like the bishop's panders in the King's days, for suppressing truth in the printing presses, an oppression once the army so greatly complained of; is, for sanctuary, gotten in 10 be a member of Mr. Griffith's church; is also knighted after the new order, and, the better to carry on the protector's interest among the ear-bored slavish citizens, is lately become an alderman; so that he hath advanced his interest and revenue to purpose. His titles and capacities, einblazoned, will sufficiently argue his worth and merits, and speak him out fully to be a man of the times, and every way deserving to be yet greater, and, Haman-like, to be set higher. All which considered, it would seem a wrong not to have taken him out of the house, and made him a lord of the other house, with a negative voice there, as well as where he is; the rather, for that he knows so well how to exercise the same, having used it so long a season, as likewise that he may obstruct and hinder whoever shall question, or desire justice against him for his wicked doings.
26. Colonel Ingoldsby, a gentleman of Buckinghamshire, allied to the protector; he betook himself to the wars on the right side, as it hap. pened, and in time became a colonel. A gentleman of courage and valour, but not very famous for any great exploits, unless for beating the honest inn-keeper of Aylesbury in White-hall, for which the protector committed him to the Tower, but was soon released. No great friend of the Sectaries (so called) or the cause of freedom then fought for, as several of his then and now oflicers and soldiers can witness. And, although it be well known, and commonly reported, that he can neither pray nor preach, yet, complying so kindly with the new court, and being in his principles for Kingship, as also a colonel of horse, and the protector's kinsman, he may well be reckoned fit to be taken out of the house, and made a lord, and to have a negative voice in the other house, over the good people of this land; thc rather, for that he, as a gentleman, engaged and fought only for money and honour, and nothing else.
27. Colonel Whaly, formerly a woollen-draper, or petty merchant, in London; whose shop being out of sorts, and his cash empty, not having wherewithal to satisfy his creditors, he fled into Scotland for refuge, till the wars began; then took on him to be a soldier, whereby he hath profited greatly: was no great zealot for the cause, but, hapo pening on the right side, he kept there, and at length was made commissary-general of the horse. He was of these latter parliaments, and, being so very useful and complying to promote the protector's designs, was inade + major-general of two or three companies. He is for a King, or protector, or what you will, so it be liked at court; is, with his litile brother Glyn, grown a great man, and very considerable, and wiser, as the protector saith, than Major-general Lambert; who having, with
• Ilis salary, two-thousand pounds per annum. • His salary, eleveu huudred and forty-one poouds, three shillings, and three-pence por
his fellow lords, Claypole and Howard, so excellent a spirit of government over his wife and family, being also a member of * Thomas Goodwin's church, no question need be made of his merit of being every way fit to be a Lord; and to be taken out of the house, to have a negative voice in the other house over the people, for that he never, as he saith, fought against any such thing, as a negative voice.'
28. Colonel Goff, now Lord Goff that would be, 'some time Colonel Vaughan's brother's apprentice (a salter in London) whose time being near or newly out, betook himself to be a soldier, instead of setting up his trade; went out a quarter-master of foot, and continued in the wars till he forgot what he fought for; in time became a colonel, and, in the outward appearance, very zealous and frequent in praying, preaching, and pressing for righteousness and freedom, and highly esteemed in the army, on that account, when honesty was in fashion; yet, having, at the same time, like his general, an evil tincture of that spirit, that loved and fought after the favour and praise of man, more than that of God (as, by woeful experience in both of them, hath since appeared) he could not further believe, or persevere, upon that account, but by degrees fell off. And this was he, who, with Colonel White, brought musqueteers, and turned the honest membesr, left behind in the little parliament, out of the house. Complying thus kindly with the protector's designs and interest, he was made + major-general of Hampshire and Sussex; was of the late parliament; hath advanced his interest greatly, and is in so great esteem and favour at court, that he is judged the only fit man to hare major-general Lambert's place and command, as major general of the army; and, having so far advanced, is in a fair way to the protectorship hereafter, if he he not served as Lambert was. He, being so very considerable a person, and of such great worth, there is no question of his deserts and fitness to be taken out of the house to be a Lord, and to have a negative voice in the other house; the rather, for that he
never in all his life, as he saith, fought against any such thing, as a sin. gle person, or a negative voice, but only to put down Charles, and set up Oliver,' and hath his end.
29. Colonel Berry. His original was from the iron-works, as a clerk, or overseer; betook himself to the wars, on the parliament-side; profited greatly in his undertaking, and advanced his interest very far; who, though he wore not the jester's coat, yet, being so riady to act his part, and please his general, in time he became a colonel of horse in the army, afterwards a major general of divers counties, a command fil for a prince; wherein he might learn to lord it in an arbitrary way, beforehand, at his pleasure. That he is of complying principles with the court, his preferment sufficiently speaks out; neither ought any other to be believed of him, or any of his brethren without a real demonstration to the contrary; so that he may well pass for one to be a Lord, and to be taken out of the house to have a negative voice over the people, being so far advanced, and gotten out of the pit above them; anil, if he did formerly fight against a negative voice and lording it over the people, it may be forgiven him.
. Note that man for what you may read in the postscript. + Uis salary, pleren-hundred und forty-one pounds, three shMlings, and three pence, besides major.yenefiiolup.