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a lawful, and, for aught I know, a conscientious parliament, and the whole body, (being aptly and compleatly united together in the meinbers, without forceable dislocation, or false election) was, questionless, the highest judicature in this kingdom: but, since 'Edgehill fight, this juncto (or pretended parliament, acting in open hostility, and fighting against their king) abandoning their head, are no more a parliament, but the body of a parliament, without a head, a monster, a very cuckow's nest; a combined medley of traitors and rebels, and far different from the nature of a parliament (by reason of their Luciferian pride, to be flung down to hell) and to be deserted by all loyal subjects, as disjointed, severed, and mangled in its members; as deficient as their then general, uncapable of any just act, but wading on in blood (by an usurped, treasonous, tyrannical, and over-awing power, having no derivation from the king, but their own lusts) therefore no subject whatsoever hath any warrant, neither can they bind the conscience of any, to yield either active or passive obedience to any act or ordinance, because they illegally act, contrary to all precedents of former parliaments, and parliamentary power, and are no longer the visible repre sentatives of the body politick, and so must necessarily be guilty of all the innocent bloodshed these six years in this kingdom, and still shedding in most counties in England. These rebels being so fleshed in blood and rapine, they are resolved to go thorough-stitch in their abhorred rebellion, though they ruin three kingdoms, by their inhuman butche ries, being rewarded with a large sum for shedding blood in the city, encouraged and rewarded for murdering the Surry Petitioners, the Kentish, and Essex men, for delivering, in a legal way, petitions for redress of their several grievances. What can any rational man think, but that they defer to murder their king, until such time as they have first murdered and destroyed all his loyal subjects?

That, when the army could not have an opportunity to plunder the city, as nothing so sure as they intended it, they were hired by Martin, Mildmay, Vane, and the rest of that nest, to pick a quarrel with the country, that they might plunder and undo them, when then they had missed of their aim in the city, as now they do in Essex, Kent, and all the kingdom over, killing, plundering, and triumphing over all they are able to conquer; so that between both parties, royalists and roundheads, as between the good and bad thief, the poor country must be crucifi d.

The chief fomentors that are regicides, and most active in our destruction in the upper house, are the lords Say, Pembroke, Manchester, Kent, Warwick, Denbigh, Stamford, Wharton, and Grey; these always cuckow forth one tune, 'No King, No King.' In the lower house, are a nest of as evil birds, as ever hatched at Tyburn, and these are Lenthall, Mildmay, Scot, Challoner, Martin, Weaver, Vane, Corbet, and Cromwell, that cannot endure to hear the King so much as named in the House. In the synod of time-serving presbyters, there are Marshall, Burgess, Strong, Sedgwick, Vines, Love, Whittaker, and Nye, that draw altogether in one yoke, against monarchy; these teach rebellion instead of divinity, more lyes than truth, more blasphemy than sound doctrine, and will have no king to reign over them, except he be of the royal progeny of Mrs. Parliament, or the child of Reformation,

In the army, there are another nest of birds, but not of the same feather, and these be the elect forsooth, the precious babes that are hailfellow with God Almighty, see strange visions, and are possessed with unerring spirits, that whatsoever they do, though never so impudent and wicked. is lawful; and these are, Peters, Dell, Erbury, Knowles, Goodwin, Symson, &c. The first rank of these are oxen, and the latter asses, which the parliament yoke in their plough together, because they are forbidden it in the old law, and, by that means, avoid idolatry; but their drivers are more charitable than these beasts, for they but kill our bodies, and rob us of our goods, but these wolvish cattle slay our souls, take away our good names, judge us, and condemn us to hell. These are the charitable saints, that have the mark of their brother Cain in their foreheads; vagabonds that have no abiding-places, but are hurried with every wind from one uncertainty to another, and are constant in nothing but mischief. These are the running plague-sores that infect the whole nation, and canse swellings and risings in the body of the common-wealth. These are those that sow discord amongst brethren, and though, like Samson's foxes, they are tied tail to tail, yet they carry a fire-brand amongst them, that burns up both church and state in the merciless and consuming flames of an unnatural and bloody war. These are the disturbers of our Israel, and hinderers of our peace; old foxes, and wild boars, that root up our vineyards, feeding themselves fat on the ruin of others. These, instead of expelling out papacy, but one faction, have brought in five hundred damnable sects, and set them all to devour episcopacy, to bring in blessed liberty to pull down monarchy, and set up aristocracy; by which means they have advanced their hypocritical, diabolical, and pernicious treasons to this very day. Are not these cuckows worthy of a cage? surely they be. But I shall leave this nest of foul birds to the people's ordering, having told them where it is, only desiring all loyal people to secure their money from them, to provide arms for their own defence, and rather chuse to die like men, than live like slaves. But I will, instead of an epilogue, give you a dialogue to cure your melancholy.

Then hie Toss, black Tom is dead,
Come aloft Jack-a-dandy,

Sir Samuel Luke shall be general,
And that's as good as can be.


Enter Queen Fairfax and Madam Cromwell.

M. Cromwell. CHEAR up, madam, he is not dead, he is reserved for another end; these wicked malignants reported as much of my Noll, but I hope it is otherwise; yet the profane writ an epitaph, as I think they call it, and abused him most abominably, as they will do me, or you, or any of the faithful saints, if we but thrive by our occupations in our husband's absence; if we but deck our bodies with the jewels gained from the wicked, they point at us, and say, those are plunder. But the righteous must undergo the scoffs of the wicked; but let them

scoff on, I thank my Maker, we lived before these holy wars were thought on, in the thriving profession of brewing, and could, of my vails of grain and yest, wear my silk gown, and gold and silver lace too, as well as the proudest minx of them all. I am not ashamed of my profession, madam.

Qu. Fair. Pray, Mrs. Cromwell, tell not me of gowns or lace, nor no such toys! tell me of crowns, scepters, kingdoms, royal robes; and, if my Tom but recovers, and thrives in his enterprise, I will not say, pish, to be queen of England. I misdoubt nothing, if we can but keep the wicked from fetching Nebuchadnezzar home from grass in the Isle of Wight; well, well, my Tom is worth a thousand of him, and has a more kingly countenance; he has such an innocent face, and a harmless look, as it he were born to be emperor over the saints.

Mrs. Crom. And is not Noll Cromwell's wife as likely a woman to be Queen of England, as you? yes, I warrant you, is she; and that you shall know, if my husband were but once come out of Wales. It is he that has done the work, the conquest belongs to him; besides, your husband is counted a fool, and wants wit to reign; every boy scoffs at him: my Noll has a head-piece, a face of brass, full of majesty, and a nose will light the whole kingdom to walk after him; I say he will grace a crown, being naturally adorned with diamonds and rubies already; and, for myself, though I say it, I have a person as fit for a Queen as another.

Qu. Fair. Thou a Queen? Thou a Queen? uds'foot, minion, hold your clack from prating treason against me, or I will make Mrs. Parliament lay her ten commandments upon thee! Thou a Queen! a brewer's wife a Queen? That kingdom must needs be full of drunkards, when the king is a brewer! My Tom is nobly descended, and no base mechanick.

Mrs. Crom. Mechanick? Mechanick in thy face; thou art a whore to call me mechanick; I am no more a mechanick than thyself; marry come up, Mother Damnable, Joan Ugly; must you be Queen? Yes, you shall; Queen of Puddle-dock, or Billingsgate, that is fittest for thee: my Noll has won the kingdom, and he shall wear it, in despight of such a trollop as thou art: marry, come up here, Mrs. Wagtail?

Enter a Servant, running.

Serv. O, madam, cease your contention, and provide for your safeties; both your husbands are killed, and all their forces put to the sword; all the people crying like mad, long live King Charles!

Omn. We hope 'tis false; O whither shall we fly,

Lest vengeance overtake our treachery?





For the advancement of some particular parts of learning.

London, printed anno dom. 1648. Quarto, containing thirty-four pages. THERE is invented an instrument of small bulk and price, easily made, and very durable, whereby any man, even at the first sight and handling, may write two resembling copies of the same thing at once, as serviceably and as fast, allowing two lines upon each page for setting the instruments, as by the ordinary way: Of what nature, or in what character, or what matter soever, as paper, parchment, a book, &c. the said writing ought to be made upon.

The use hereof will be very great to lawyers and scriveners, for making of indentures and all kinds of counter-parts; to merchants, intelligencers, registers, secretaries, clerks, &c. for copying of letters, accompts, invoices, entering of warrants, and other records; to scholars for transcribing of rare manuscripts, and preserving originals from falsification, and other injuries of time. It lesseneth the labour of examination, serveth to discover forgeries and surreptitious copies, and to the transacting of all businesses of writing, as with ease and speed, so with much privacy also.

To his honoured friend, Master Samuel Hartlib.


I HAVE had many flying thoughts concerning the advancement of real learning in general, but particularly of the education of youth, mathematicks, mechanicks, physick, and concerning the history of art and nature, with some more serious ones concerning your own most excellent advices for an office of publick address. And, indeed, they were but flying thoughts, for, seeing what vast sums were requisite to carry on those designs, and how unwilling or unable men generally were to contribute towards them, I thought it but labour lost to fix my mind much upon them.

But it having pleased God unexpectedly to make me the inventor of the art of double writing, daily and hourly useful to all sorts of persons in all places of the world, and that to perpetuity, I conceived that if there were understanding enough in men to be sensible of their own good, and thankfulness or honesty enough to reward the contrivers of it, such means might be raised out of this art as might at least set the aforementioned designs on float, and make them ready to set sail towards the haven of perfection upon every opportunity of

Afterwards Sir William Petty.

stronger gales. And thereupon I re-assumed my meditations, which I here give you, desiring you and your ingenious friends to remeditate upon them and correct them, but withal to think of the best course how to improve my invention to such advantage, as may, if possible, make us capable of enjoying more than bare ideas of that happiness, which the atchievement of our designs promiseth. I shall desire you to shew them unto no more than needs you must, since they can please only those few that are real friends to the design of realities, not those who are tickled only with rhetorical prefaces, transitions, and epilogues, and charmed with fine allusions and metaphors (all which I do not condemn) wherewith, as I had no abilities to adorn my discourse, so I wanted all other requisites thereunto, having written it (as yourself must bear me witness) at your own importunity in the midst of my cares and endeavours to perfect my invention; and, which is worse, in the midst of my hard and perhaps unprofitable labour, to prevent the ingratitude and backwardness of men to reward him, who shall earnestly labour to express himself Yours, and your designs

Most affectionate servant,
W. P.

London, Jan. 8, 1647-8


"O give an exact definition, or nice division of learning, or of the advancement thereof, we shall not undertake (it being already so accurately done by the great Lord Verulam) intending only to shew where our own shoe pincheth us, or to point at some pieces of knowledge, the improvement whereof (as we at least conceive) would make much to the general good and comfort of all mankind; and, withal, to deliver our own opinion, by what means they may be raised some one degree nearer to perfection.

But, before we can meddle with this great work, we must first think of getting labourers, by appointing some general rendezvous, where all men, either able, or willing to take up arms against the many difficulties thereof, may find entertainment; that is to say, we must recommend the institution of an office of common address, according to the projection of Mr. Hartlib, that painful and great instrument of this design; whereby the wants and desires of all may be made known unto all; where men may know what is already done in the business of learning, what is at present in doing, and what is intended to be done ; to the end that, by such a general communication of designs, and mutual assistance, the wits and endeavours of the world may no longer be as so many scattered coals, or firebrands, which for want of union are soon quenched, whereas, being but laid together, they would have yielded a comfortable light and heat. For, methinks, the present condition of men is like a field, where a battle hath been lately fought, where we may see many legs, and arms, and eyes lying here and there, which, for want of an union, and a soul to quicken and enliven them, are good for nothing, but to feed ravens, and infect the air: So we see many

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