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X 7 Dan u mir ir UTE I mer invertanto in ter nal narnne TI IN IT TE LIKELE mput SET

mlar hier maron. 112 iure 1 an WAHI DIL KLE remam. 31 NORTE Druny pomi MIE MILES DE MUSTmr rri e E ngrums

nirmalt Te re mining In UF TISHI M 11MTL 14 IS nur Dute u am Pansiniichunter le Er mı Teri Di TDF Got memenal Horarums IT Incert terzo wonpe312 16v 10 TELmem Jarne olur.un nt La Jeu.

a. am omoTOT Nor til IME IT curts. Buenos' INPUTE mcilrate 18 novena su i mici s 4 million jars i ni 1 lav in me sue Daro na IMT a mear that IL COMITAS. TIPS n vew ser ut [HTULE iave Oh her ach I ainsasn or laring eart is much I E mis varion van mpos na ginzi e her so ana mer 1922 ani inter anis ratensi ti olur.01 mi rin Ly Teroonment.

The Cut states, mener jant, un rising simering of a ont tare per 1 oni prarment ma prrate enterprise to see ono que the irst superjort mit Va expert over om detud Offionis and other mokesme presenting 1013 JUNIE OT View..

There are severai pasic facts rica eam to 70nt ca te me for Íganwater pi erminais. Fr. Ismaid dat is Varm wiil ratuite the importario di unout z miilion parveis jł mi yer tap in 165. TO acomniisa te wair tinctons.

Seconii. it is estimate'i to be eaper their great rolumes of oil in a few arte tankers er pian a number oi mailer mes. Consewentir, the nii raniter feet of the moure vil have ships which avenga anot 200.700 to 300.140 dead weigne ums in sze.. cumpared with tonar's ships which are about 50.109 ca 15.000 deadveignt tons.

till, tiri, existing is ports with the excepco Di Lmg Beach. Caiit, avui, Seattie Vask cannot accommodate vessels which require a dent of water in excess of tā teet tu maneuver Fuuly loaded. a mattern sinertanker of 200.000 dead veigic tons or more draws tirom Au to 100 feet of water.

trongn tiere are in ports in the word tatav which can handle sunertankers, the Cnited states is without a single place to tie up and oiloand me of the th3 tankers of the so-called "supercategory now in existence. To get the depth of water needed om tije Atlantic Ccean, a nooring system. mau have to be located as far as 41 miles out to ea.

Morenver the Cnited States pians to develop with the assistance of construction subsidies its own fleet of 30 to 1) supertankers. If there are no ports to receive them, the United States will then have 30 to 10 "Flying Dutchmen." doomed to sail the seas but unable to find rest at home.

But even if there is no alterative to constructing deepwater panets, we must not be too hasty in building them if it means legitimate environmental concerns will be ignored. These concerns must ble roognized and accommodated if all t.s. interests are to be satis

The Federal Government and the regulatory authority to properly handle this aspect of deepwater port

y han several States need additional development. A wide range of other regulatory gaps need to be filled as well. International jurisdiction, Federal-State jurisdiction, basic Federal regulatory authority, taxation, financing, landside impact, are but a few of the other factors which cannot be ignored in superport policy. To be

sure, the fundamental question of whether or not superports are actually needed is necessarily a part of the much larger energy policy question. It would be counter-productive to consider the need for superports without reference to energy policy in general. This committee does not intend to divorce consideration of superport policy from its deliberations on energy.

(The bill and agency comments follow :)

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JANUARY 4, 1978
Mi ** Noix (Pas himself, MT kennxny, Mr. MAONUSON, Mr. ROTH, and Mr.

**N*) ini paduondt i ho following hill; which was read twice and referred

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A BILL ? #mand the Parts and Waterwais Safety Act of 1972 to

piwwista (ali kuhariin to low placed in the National Oceanic ** Afmeyr Adminmnian for the certification of the

mrelease the site selection, construction, **** ******** Nhar arriti saates for port and Hote**** on ne sa te cilities to be Bohibited to that of a Watan



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"SEC. 301. This title may be cited as the 'Offshore

6 Marine Environment Protection Act of 1973'.




“SEC. 302. (a) The Congress finds

“(1) that the construction and operation of large



scale offshore artificial structures, both fixed and float





ing, designed to be used as ports and terminals, powerplants, airports, research platforms, and other uses, are presently planned;

“(2) that there is a nationwide need to oversee the planning, construction, and operation of such facilities to prevent damage to coastal navigable waters, the coastal zone and the resources therein, including, but not limited to, fish, shellfish, and wildlife, marine






and coastal resources and recreational and scenic values,


which waters and resources are hereafter in this Act


referred to as the 'marine environment'; and


“(3) that the planned development of such fa


cilities involves and affects interstate and foreign com


merce, fisheries and wildlife, and navigation and will



affert l'united States citizens and the marine environ


ment over a broud geographical area.


“ (l) The purpose of this Act is to provide for the 4 fullest protection of the marine environment possible to 5 prevent adverse impact which may result from the construc6 tion and operation of such facilities by authorizing and direct7 ing the Secretary of the Department in which the National 8 Oceanic and Atinospheric Administration is operating to issue

& certification that in respect of any artificial structure all 10 possible precautions have been taken to protect the marine 11 environment, or to deny such certification if the facility is 1. adjudged by the Secretary to pose an unreasonable threat to 13 the integrity of the marine environment.

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"Sud, BOB, For the purposes of the Act the term

***] Secretary' means the Secretary of the Depart17 ment in which the National Ocennie and Atmospheric Adin ministration is operaring

nihil lusticial na natin mens any manmade structure, * mihar tined string loated in brigable waters of the

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