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All Committee hearings, records, data, charts, and files shall be kept in such manner as to be readily available to all Members of the Committee and to Members of the House.
No questionnaire of a Subcommittee shall be circulated unless approved by the Subcommittee. No questionnaire of the full Committee shall be circulated unless approved by the full Committee.
Proxies may be used except for the purpose of constituting a quorum.
The Chairman of the Committee, if authorized by a majority of the Members of the Committee, may from time to time submit to the House such reports as he deems advisable; and prior to the close of the present Congress the Committee shall submit to the House its final report on the results of its studies and investigations, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable.
No report, after approval by the Committee or any Subcommittee thereof, may be changed in any particular (except for typographical or clerical errors) unless such changes are specifically authorized by a majority of the Committee.
Clause 276) of Rule XI, Rules of the House of Representatives, provides that a copy of the Committee Rules and Clause 27 of Rule XÍ shall be made available to witnesses appearing before the Committee. The following has been prepared to meet that requirement.
RULE XI-27 OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
(a) The Rules of the House are the rules of its Committees and Subcommittees so far as applicable, except that a motion to recess from day to day is a motion of high privilege in Committees and Subcommittees. Committees shall adopt written rules not inconsistent with the Rules of the House and those rules shall be binding on each Subcommittee of that Committee. Each Subcommittee of a Committee is a part of that Committee and is subject to the authority and direction of that Committee.
(6) Each Committee shall keep a complete record of all Committee action. Such record shall include a record of the votes on any question on which a record vote is demanded. The result of each rollcall vote in any meeting of any Committee shall be made available by that Committee for inspection by the public at reasonable times in the offices of that Committee. Information so available for public inspection shall include a description of the amendment, motion, order, or other proposition and the name of each Member voting for and each Member voting against,such amendment, motion, order, or proposition, and whether by proxy or in person and the names of those Members present but not voting. With respect to each record vote by any Committee on each motion to report any bill or resolution of a public character, the total number of votes cast for, and the total number of votes cast against, the reporting of such bill or resolution shall be included in the Committee report.
(c) All Committee hearings, records, data, charts, and files shall be kept separate and distinct from the Congressional Office records of the Member serving as Chairman of the Committee; and such records shall be the property of the House and all Members of the House shall have access to such records. Each Committee is authorized to have printed and bound testimony and other data presented at hearings held by the Committee.
(d)(1) It shall be the duty of the Chairman of each Committee to report or cause to be reported promptly to the House any measure approved by his Committee and to take or cause to be taken necessary steps to bring the matter to a vote.
(2) In any event, the report of any Committee on a measure which has been approved by the Committee shall be filed within seven calendar days (exclusive of days on which the House is not in session) after the day on which there has been filed with the clerk of the Committee a written request, signed by a majority of the Members of the Committee, for the reporting of that measure. Upon the filing of any such request, the Člerk of the Committee sħall transmit immediately to the Chairman of the Committee notice of the filing of that request. This subparagraph does not apply to a report of the Committee on Rules with respect to the rules, joint rules, or order of business of the House or to the reporting of a resolution of inquiry addressed to the head of an executive department.
(3) If, at the time of approval of any measure or matter by any Committee (except the Committee on Rules) any Member of the Committee gives notice of intention to file supplemental, minority, or additional views, that Member shall be entitled to not less than three calendar days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays), in which to file such views, in writing and signed by that Member, with the Clerk of the Committee. All such views so filed by one or more Members of the Committee shall be included within, and shall be a part of, the report filed by the Committee with respect to that measure or matter. The report of the Committee upon that measure or matter shall be printed in a single volume which
(A) shall include all supplemental, minority, or additional views which have been submitted by the time of the filing of the report, and
(B) shall bear upon its cover a recital that supplemental, minority, or additional views are included as part of the report. This subparagraph does not preclude
(i) the immediate filing or printing of a Committee report unless timely request for the opportunity to file supplemental, minority, or additional views has been made as provided by this subparagraph; or
(ii) the filing by any such Committee of any supplemental report upon any measure or matter which may be required for the correction of any technical error in a previous report
made by that Committee upon that measure or matter. (4) A measure or matter reported by any Committee (except the Committee on Appropriations, the Committee on House Administration, the Committee on Rules, and the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct) shall not be considered in the House unless the report of that Committee upon that measure or matter has been available to the Members of the House for at least three calendar days (excluding Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays) prior to the consideration of that measure or matter in the House. If hearings have been held on any such measure or matter so reported, the Committee reporting the measure or matter shall make every reasonable effort to have such hearings printed and available for distribution to the Members of the House prior to the consideration of such measure or matter in the House. This subparagraph shall not apply to
(A) any measure for the declaration of war, or the declaration of a national emergency, by the Congress; and
(B) any executive decision, determination, or action which would become, or continue to be, effective unless disapproved or otherwise invalidated by one or both Houses of Congress.
(5) If, within seven calendar days after a measure has, by resolution, been made in order for consideration by the House, no motion has been offered that the House consider that measure, the Speaker may, in his discretion, recognize any Member of the Committee which reported that measure to offer a motion that the House shall consider that measure, if that Committee has duly authorized that Member to offer that motion.
(e) No measure or recommendation shall be reported from any Committee unless a majority of the Committee were actually present. No vote by any Member of any Committee with respect to any measure or matter may be cast by proxy unless such Committee, by written rule adopted by the Committee, permits voting by proxy and requires that the proxy authorization shall be in writing, shall designate the person who is to execute the proxy authorization, and shall be limited to a specific measure or matter and any amendments or motions pertaining thereto.
(f)(1) Each Committee of the House (except the Committee on Rules) shall make public announcement of the date, place, and subject matter of any hearing to be conducted by the Committee on any measure or matter at least one week before the commencement of that hearing, unless the Committee determines that there is good cause to begin such hearing at an earlier date. If the Committee makes that determination, the Committee shall make such public announcement at the earliest possible date, Such public announcement also shall be published in the Daily Digest portion of the Congressional Record as soon as possible after such public announcement is made by the Committee.
(2) Each hearing conducted by each Committee shall be open to the public except when the Committee, by majority vote, determines otherwise.
(3) Each Committee shall require, so far as practicable, each witness who is to appear before it to file with the Committee, in advance of his appearance, a written statement of his proposed testimony and to limit his oral presentation at his appearance to a brief summary of his argument.
(4) Whenever any hearing is conducted by any Committee upon any measure or matter, the minority party Members on the Committee shall be entitled, upon request to the Chairman by a majority of those minority party Members before the completion of such hearing, to call witnesses selected by the minority to testify with respect to that measure or matter during at least one day of hearing thereon. All Committees shall provide in their roles of procedure for the application of the 5-minute rule in the interrogation of witnesses until such time as each Member of the Committee who so desires has had an opportunity to question the witness.
(5) No point of order shall lie with respect to any measure reported by any Committee on the ground that hearings upon such measures were not conducted in accordance with the provisions of this clause; except that a point of order on that ground may be made by any Member of the Committee which has reported the measure if, in the Committee, such point of order was (A) timely made and (B) improperly overruled or not properly considered.
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(6) The preceding provisions of this paragraph do not apply to hearings on the Budget by the Committee on Appropriations under paragraph (g) of this clause.
(g) (1) The Committee on Appropriations shall, within thirty days after the transmittal of the Budget to the Congress each year, hold hearings on the Budget as a whole with particular reference to
(A) the basic recommendations and budgetary policies of the President in the presentation of the Budget; and
(B) the fiscal, financial, and economic assumptions used as bases in arriving at total estimated expenditures and receipts. (2) In holding hearings pursuant to subparagraph (1) of this paragraph, the Committee shall receive testimony from the Secretary of the Treasury, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers, and such other persons as the Committee may desire.
(3) Hearings pursuant to subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall be held in open session, except when the Committee determines that the testimony to be taken at that hearing may relate to a matter of national security. A transcript of all such hearings shall be printed and a copy thereof_furnished to each Member and the Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico.
(4) Hearings pursuant to subparagraph (1) of this paragraph, or any part thereof, may be held before joint meetings of the Committee and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate in accordance with such procedures as the two Committees jointly may determine.
(h) Each Committee may fix the number of its Members to constitute a quorum for taking testimony and receiving evidence, which shall be not less than two.
(i) The Chairman at an investigative hearing shall announce in an opening statement the subject of the investigation.
( ) A copy of the Committee rules, if any, and paragraph 27 of Rule XI of the House of Representatives shall be made available to the witness.
(k) Witnesses at investigative hearings may be accompanied by their own counsel for the purpose of advising them concerning their constitutional rights.
(1) The Chairman may punish breaches of order and decorum, and of professional ethics on the part of counsel, by censure and exclusion from the hearings; and the Committee may cite the offender to the House for contempt.
(m) If the Committee determines that evidence or testimony at an investigative hearing may tend to defame, degrade, or incriminate any person, it shall
(1) receive such evidence or testimony in executive session;
(2) afford such person an opportunity voluntarily to appear as a witness; and
(3) receive and dispose of requests from such person to subpena additional witnesses. (n) Except as provided in paragraph (m), the Chairman shall receive and 'the Committee shall dispose of requests to subpena additional witnesses.