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chises or contracts of any kind are to the law of the land, is, in truth, a be secured from a community, we find sharer in the iniquity of the murders leading citizens in the ring to rob

and homicides which disgrace his countheir own neighbors, managers of cor

try. Such porations bribing law-makers, lawyers

corruption is less sensafor pay helping their clients to bribe tional, but not in reality less criminal, safely, jurors refusing to render just than murder. There can be no greater verdicts. These men-bribers of crime than to poison the stream at the voters, voters who are bribed, bribers fountain-head. of aldermen and legislators, and alder. It remains for the American people men and legislators who are bribed,

to apply the remedy to this new evil, men who secure control of law-making

as so often in the past they have apbodies and have laws passed which enable them to steal from their neigh

plied remedies to national crimes. The bors, men who have laws non-enforced first thing is to awaken the conscience and break laws regulating saloons, of the nation. We are glad to see that gambling houses, and, in short, all men it is the intention of the conductors of who pervert and befoul the sources

McClure's Magazine to unmask, in a of law-these men we have called

coming series of articles, the men who Enemies of the Republic. They are

are corrupting the public and private worse—they are enemies of the human race. They are destroyers of a people.

life of the United States. Public opinThey are murderers of a civilization. ion is still an immense factor for good

in the United States, and, Heaven be In other words, it is Mr. McClure's praised, the printing press is still free opinion that the terrible increase of in America. The corrupt millionaire life-taking in America is due to the may be able to buy a Municipality, a spirit of lawlessness encouraged in the State Legislature, a Police Commisnation by the men who, in order to sioner, or a Court of Justice. He may make private fortunes, bribe, directly be able to ruin, and so silence, any or indirectly, the police and the legis- politician, or even any preacher or Collative bodies, or ensure, by means of lege Professor, who dares to oppose bribery and intimidation, that their his schemes. But even the richest creatures shall be chosen for offices of multi-millionaire cannot buy all the public trust. In our belief, Mr. Mc- printing presses in the United States. Clure is right. The whole history of When every other opponent is drugged, mankind shows that you cannot be gagged, or bought, the printing press virtuous in water-tight compartments. can still speak. But it will not, of Just as no man can say to himself: “I course, be enough merely to expose in will do a corrupt (or immoral, or un- the Press those who use their wealth Forthyl act just once, or only in this corruptly. The American people must department of my life, and in all other reform their institutions in such a way cases I will be a good citizen and a that they cannot be captured by the good man," so no nation can tolerate tyrants who now use money as in the corruption or wrongdoing in one por- old days they used armed force. To tion of the national life and imagine accomplish this the first thing needful that the evil will go no further. He is to strengthen the American Courts who pays bribes to obtain some con- of Justice, and to give the Judges somesideration from a public body or a thing of the weight and authority in public official, who takes hush-money public life that they have in England. or receives a secret commission in We do not for a moment suggest that order that this or that rich man or the State Judges are, as a whole, corcompany may have his will against rupt, for we are well aware that, with

very few exceptions, they are men who State Courts of the United States. could no more be bribed than could Till this is done, however, no attempt our own Judges. But as a rule, or at to purify American life can be really any rate in a vast number of cases, and permanently successful. Further, they are not men of sufficient power it is absolutely necessary that not and standing in the community to do merely in the cities, but throughout the their duty as it ought to be done. country, there should be a large, wellThe posts they occupy are too poorly paid, and efficient police force, and that paid to attract the best intellects in this police force should be made to the country, and human nature being recognize that its duties are quite as what it is, poorly paid and socially and much preventative as punitive. The intellectually insignificant men will not American people do not at present realstand up sufficiently to the forces of ize that it is as much their business to wealth and influence. We venture to prevent crime taking place as to arrest say that if American Judges had the the criminal after a crime has been standing and prestige which belong to committed. our Judges, the rich men (needless to We fear, as we have suggested above, say, only a minority of the wealthy that our endorsement of Mr. McClure's classes in America) who now use their article will be represented by interested money to corrupt public officials and people as an attack upon America by public bodies would find themselves in "unfriendly, supercilious, and hypojail either for contempt of Court, or critical Englishmen.” We must take for some open breach of a positive law. the risk of this, however, content to Rich men dare not openly defy the law feel that if we have done something, in England as they do in America. however little, to awaken American The actual statute law in America is public opinion on a vital matter, we more than sufficient to put down cor- shall have deserved well of the Reruption. It is its administration that public. We would rather be "howled is at fault. We know how difficult, down" for a season as anti-American owing to the State system, it will be than join in a conspiracy of silence on to give greater weight and authority a question which concerns the welfare to the Judicature in the ordinary of the whole Anglo-Saxon world.

The Spectator.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

Messrs. Duckworth & Co. announce "A Daughter of the Revolution" will "Italian Medals," by Cornelius von be inferred as soon as the reader reFabriczy, translated by Mrs. Gustavus alizes that its subject is Laura Permon, W. Hamilton, with forty-one plates and wife of General Junot and duchess of with notes by G. F. Hill, of the Coins Abrantes, and that its incidents are and Medals Department in the British largely drawn from her well-known Museum.

"Memoirs." On terms of easy famil

iarity with the wbole Bonaparte family The piquant character of the biog. from her earliest childhood, and mar. raphy which Catherine Bearne names ried at sixteen to one of Napoleon's most distinguished leaders, Madame able to quote from a journal which Junot's recollections were full of inti- Washington wrote in 1784 recording a mate disclosures of the Emperor's pri- journey over this route, which has not vate life, and Mrs. Bearne's volume of been before published. There are six four hundred pages contains not a few or seven maps and other illustrations. of the most realistic. Twenty engrav- The Arthur H. Clark Co., Cleveland. ings, many of them portraits, add to its attractiveness. E. P. Dutton & Co. The gentle art of verse-making can

not justly be said to have become The celebration of the quarter-cen- wholly out-of-date when from one of tenary of John Knox's birthday this our minor poets,—and, by the way, year promises a number of new and who are our major poets now ?-comes more or less popular biographies of the a collection of verse of such rare and Reformer. The question of whether delicate quality as is found between the Kuox was really born in 1505 does not pretty covers of Florence Earle Coates' however, appear to have been definitely “Mine and Thine" (Houghton, Miffin settled. Dr. Hay Fleming, who is pre- & Co.) Much of it has appeared in paring an elaborate biography, brings the leading magazines, and some bits forward evidence to prove that Knox of it,-for example the poem beginning was born in 1515; and there is certain- "Had Henley died"-attracted no little ly some ground for the belief that the attention when first printed. Sincere older biographers, in fixing upon 1505, sentiment, warm sympathy, love of nahave confused the Reformer with an- ture, of childhood and of country, high other John Knox. It is rumored that aspiration and delicate fancy all find an eminent historian meditates the expression in the volume, and through presentation of Knox from the Roman all is a pervasive note of sweetness Catholic point of view. In support of and spontaneity. "A Little Minister," that presentation bonâ fide Jesuit docu- "Socrates," "Betrothal," "Nature,” ments preserved in the Vatican will be “Joan of Arc" and a dozen others offer quoted.

themselves temptingly for quotation,

but space admits only of this, “MotherIn his monographs on “Historic less.”. Highways of America” Mr. Archer He was so small, so very small. Butler Hulbert has reached the story That since she ceased to care, of the great American canals, and the 'Twas easy just to pass him by, thirteenth volume of his series is de Forgetting he was there; voted to the Chesapeake and Ohio But though too slight a thing he canal, and the Pennsylvania canal.

seemed

of interest to be,With these he includes a sketch of the

One heart had loved him with a love development of the two great railway As bound routes which follow these canals, the Baltimore and Ohio and the Pennsyl. He was so poor, so very poor, vania systems. The story of the Po- That now, since she had died, tomac Company, and its successor, the He seemed a tiny threadbare coat

With nothing much inside; Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company

" But, ah! a treasure he concealed, is especially interesting because this

And asked of none relief: enterprise grew out of plans devised His shabby little bosom bid by Washington, and Mr. Hulbert is. A mighty, grown-up grief.

sea.

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PUBLIC LIBRARY,

ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.

THE LIVING AGE: 1 Weekly Magazine of Contemporary Literature and Thought.

(FOUNDED BY E. LITTELL IN 1844.)

SAVBNTB SERIBS
VOLOXB XXVI.

NO. 3158. JAN. 14, 1905.

FROM BROINXING

Vol. COXLIV.

BENJAMIN DISRAELIS NOVELS,

Disraeli has not yet been awarded wise man; they do not realize that acthe fruits of his work as a man of let- curately to portray human nature, and ters. Here and there, notably by Sir to present pictures of life, is not only Leslie Stephen, tribute has been paid, a most worthy but also a most difficult but no place has been assigned to him task, requiring for its performance an by Mr. John Morley among English intelligence far above the average, Men of Letters, nor by Professor Eric acute powers of observation, and a Robertson among Great Writers. The keen sense of humor. Indeed, there are general mass of readers who, so far as still some-happily, fewer and fewer concerns works of real literary merit, every year-who sneer at novels and are undoubtedly swayed by authority, regard them as works of supereroganoticing the general neglect, incline to tion, all unknowing of the opportunity relegate to a secondary place the books they throw away to learn something in question. In this case, however, it of the nature and habits of their felis not necessary to combat opposition low-creatures. For, surely, the great or adverse criticism, so much as to novelist is the observer, sounding the present the claims of the novels to be depths while others glance at the surranked as literature worthy to be en face, and examining the mysteries of rolled among the classics of the lan- life, while others are content to overguage.

look even the obvious. Those who The neglect of Disraeli's writings may dabble in ink often wade deep in hube in part due to the fact that most man nature; and, apart from all else, people think it is below the dignity of every good novel indirectly teaches a statesman, or of any man following humanity, humility, and a deeper what is called a "serious" profession, understanding of the heart. to compose works of fiction. Certainly, Be the cause what it may, by the many do not yet understand that the vast majority Disraeli is regarded as a man who writes novels may be a very statesman who wrote novels. The al.

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