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could not be as thick as usual. In my “Nowhere, thank the Lord!” said weak, morbid state, I longed to force he, and laughed. He was a man of my way in, and see what was on the fifty or sixty-just the kind of age we other side. No one was in sight, or mistrust on the road-but there was no I should not have dared to try. For anxiety in his manner, and his voice we of the road do not admit in con- was that of a boy of eighteen. versation that there is another side “But it must lead somewhere!” I at all.
cried, too much surprised at his anI yielded to the temptation, saying to swer to thank him for saving my life. myself that I would come back in a "He wants to know where it leads!" minute. The thorns scratched my face, he shouted to some men on the hill and I had to use my arms as a shield, side, and they laughed back, and depending on my feet alone to push waved their caps. me forward. Halfway through I would I noticed then that the pool into have gone back, for in the passage which I had fallen was really a moat all the things I was carrying were which bent round to the left and to scraped off me, and my clothes were the right, and that the hedge followed torn. But I was so wedged that re- it continually. The hedge was green turn was impossible; and I had to wrig. on this side-its roots showed through gle blindly forward, expecting every the clear water, and fish swam about moment that my strength would fail in them-and it was wreathed over me, and that I should perish in the with dog-roses and Traveller's Joy. undergrowth.
But it was a barrier, and in a moment Suddenly cold water closed round my I lost all pleasure in the grass, the head, and I seemed sinking down for sky, the trees, the happy men and ever. I had fallen out of the hedge women, and realized that the place into a deep pool. I rose to the surface was but a prison, for all its beauty and at last, crying for help, and I heard extent. someone on the opposite bank laugh We moved away from the boundary, and say: "Another!" And then I was and then followed a path almost twitched out and laid panting on the parallel to it, across the meadows. I dry ground.
found it difficult walking, for I was Even when the water was out of my always trying to out-distance my comeyes, I was still dazed; for I had panion, and there was no advantage in never been in so large a space, nor doing this if the place led nowhere. seen such grass and sunshine. The I had never kept step with anyone blue sky was no longer a strip; and since I left my brother. beneath it the earth had risen grandly I amused him by stopping suddenly into hills-clean, bare buttresses, with and saying disconsolately, “This is perbeech trees in their folds, and meadows fectly terrible. One cannot advance: and clear pools at their feet. But the one cannot progress. Now we of the hills were not high; and there was in road " the landscape a sense of human occu “Yes. I know." pation-so that one might have called "I was going to say, we advance It a park, or garden, if the words did continually." not imply a certain triviality and con "I know." straint.
“We are always learning, expanding, As soon as I got my breath, I turned
developing. Why, even in my short life to my rescuer and said:
I have seen a great deal of advance “Where does this place lead to?" the Transvaal War, the Fiscal Question, Christian Science, Radium. Here worthless unless it is a link in the for example"
chain of development. And I must I took out my pedometer; but it still not trespass on your kindness any marked twenty-five, not a degree more. longer. I must get back somehow to
"Oh, it's stopped! I meant to show the road, and have my pedometer you. It should have registered all the mended." time I was walking with you. But “First, you must see the gates," he it makes me only twenty-five.”
replied, "for we have gates, though "Lots of things don't work in here." we never use them." he said. "One day a man brought in I yielded politely, and before long we a Lee-Metford, and that wouldn't reached the moat again, at a point work.”
where it was spanned by a bridge. "The laws of science are universal Over the bridge was a big gate, as in their application. It must be the white as ivory, which was fitted into water in the moat that has injured a gap in the boundary hedge. The the machinery. In normal conditions gate opened outwards, and I exclaimed everything works. Science and the in amazement, for from it ran a road spirit of emulation—those are the just such a road as I had left-dusty forces that have made us what we under foot, with brown crackling are."
hedges on either side as far as the I had to break off and acknowledge eye could reach. the pleasant greetings of people whom "That's my road!" I cried. we passed. Some of them were sing. He shut the gate and said: "But not ing, some talking, some engaged in your part of the road. It is through gardening, hay-making, or other this gate that humanity went out some rudimentary industries. They all thousand years ago, when it was first seemed happy; and I might have been seized with the desire to walk." happy too, if I could have forgotten I denied this, observing that the part that the place led nowhere.
of the road I myself had left was not I was startled by a young man who more than two miles off. But with came sprinting across our path, took a the obstinacy of his years he repeated: little fence in fine style, and went tear. "It is the same road. This is the being over a ploughed field till he plunged ginning, and though it seems to run into a lake, across which he began to straight away from us, it doubles so swim. Here was true energy, and I often, that it is never far from our exclaimed: “A cross-country race! boundary and sometimes touches it." Where are the others ?"
He stooped down by the moat, and "There are no others," my companion traced on its moist margin an absurd replied; and, later on, when we passed figure like a maze. As we walked back some long grass from which came the through the meadows, I tried to convoice of a girl singing exquisitely to vince him of his mistake. herself, he said again: “There are no “The road sometimes doubles, to be others.” I was bewildered at the sure, but that is part of our discipline. waste in production, and murmured to Who can doubt that its general tenmyself, "What does it all mean?" dency is onward. To what goal we
He said: "It means nothing but it know not-it may be to some mountain self"--and he repeated the words slow where we shall touch the sky, it may ly, as if I was a child.
be over precipices into the sea. But "I understand," I said quietly, “but that it goes forward-who can doubt I do not agree. Every achievement is that? It is the thought of that that makes us strive to excel, each in his It was true that I could have never own way, and gives us an impetus found alone the place where I came which is lacking with you. Now that in; and I hoped that, when I had seen man who passed us—it's true that he the other sights about which he was ran well, and jumped well, and swam worrying, he would take me back to well; but we have men who can it. But I was determined not to sleep run better, and men who can jump in the country; for I mistrusted it, better, and who can swim better. and the people too, for all their friendSpecialization has produced results liness. Hungry though I was, I would which would surprise you. Similarly, not join them in their evening meals that girl "
of milk and fruit; and, when they Here I interrupted myself to exclaim; gave me flowers, I flung them away as “Good gracious me! I could have soon as I could do so unobserved. Alsworn it was Miss Dimbleby over ready they were lying down for the there, with her feet in the fountain!" night like cattle-some out on the bare He believed that it was.
hillside, others in groups under the "Impossible! I left her on the road; beeches. In the light of an orange and she is due to lecture this evening sunset I hurried on with my unwel. at Tunbridge Wells. Why, her train come guide, dead tired, faint for want leaves Cannon Street in-of course my of food, but murmuring indomitably: watch has stopped like everything else. "Give me life, with its struggles and She is the last person to be here." victories, with its failures and hatreds,
“People always are astonished at with its deep moral meaning and its meeting each other. All kinds come unknown goal!" through the hedge, and come at all At last we came to a place where times when they are drawing ahead the encircling moat was spanned by in the race, when they are lagging be- another bridge, and where another hind, when they are left for dead. I gate interrupted the line of the bounoften stand near the boundary listen- dary hedge. It was different from the ing to the sounds of the road-you first gate; for it was half transparent know what they are—and wonder if like horn, and opened inwards. But anyone will turn aside. It is my great through it, in the waning light, I saw happiness to help someone out of the again just such a road as I had leftmoat, as I helped you. For our coun- monotonous, dusty, with brown cracktry fills up slowly, though it was ling hedges on either side, as far as meant for all mankind.”
the eye could reach. "Mankind have other aims," I said I was strangely disquieted at the gently, for I thought him well-mean- sight, which seemed to deprive me of ing; "and I must join them.” I bade all self-control. A man was passing him good evening, for the sun was de us, returning for the night to the hills, clining, and I wished to be on the with a scythe over his shoulder and a road by nightfall. To my alarm, he can of some liquid in his hand. I forcaught hold of me, crying: "You are got the destiny of our race. I forgot not to go yet!" I tried to shake him the road that lay before my eyes, and I off; for we had no interests in com- sprang at him, wrenched the can out mon, and his civility was becoming of his hand, and began to drink. irksome to me. But for all my strug. It was nothing stronger than beer; gles the tiresome old man would not but in my exhausted state it overcame let go; and, as wrestling is not my me in a moment. As in a dream, I speciality, I was obliged to follow him. saw the old man shut the gate, and
heard him say: “This is where your magic song of nightingales, and the road ends, and through this gate hu- odor of invisible hay, and stars piercmanity-all that is left of it-will come ing the fading sky. The man whose in to us."
beer I had stolen lowered me down Though my senses were sinking into gently to sleep off its effects, and, as oblivion, they seemed to expand ere he did so, I saw that he was my they reached it. They perceived the brother. The Independent Review.
E. M. Forster.
THE INCREASE OF LAWLESSNESS IN THE UNITED STATES
Under the above heading an article downgrade, our best hopes for human appears in McClure's Magazine for progress would be blasted. When December which, if the facts cited can- America realizes the duty before her not be shown to be incorrect, is of she will, we are convinced, put her vital importance to the American peo- house in order. Till she does so, howple. The article, though signed by Mr. ever, the lawlessness of American life S. S. McClure, is in reality little but must be a matter of deep concern, not a series of extracts from reputable only to her own people, but to her American newspapers giving facts as friends in this country,-that is, to the to the increase of lawlessness in Ameri- people of the United Kingdom as a ca, and of statistics of crime for the whole. past twenty-three years collected by Let us look at the facts as set forth the Chicago Tribune. Before we an- in Mr. McClure's article. The first alyze this terrible indictment of Ameri- point he makes is the appallingly rapid can civilization by Americans, we de increase of lawlessness during the last sire to point out that we do so in no twenty-two years. At present there unfriendly spirit. Probably the well- are four and a half times as many known sympathy felt by the Spectator murders and homicides for each milfor America and its people would pre- lion of people in the United States as serve us from such a charge among there were in 1881. In 1881 there most thoughtful and patriotic Ameri- were 1,266 murders and homicides cans. Still, it may be worth while to committed in the United States. In put on record that we only draw at 1902, if the murders and homicides had tention to this dark spot on American merely increased in the same ratio life because we are as anxious as any as the population, there should have American could be that the greater been 1,952. As a matter of fact, there half of the Anglo-Saxon race shall free were in 1902 8,834 murders and homiitself from evils so terrible. We firmly cides. Yet 1902 is not the worst year believe that the progress of the world on record during the last twenty-two towards liberty, justice, and good years. In 1895 there were 10,500 murgovernment is bound up with the fate ders and homicides, and in 1896 10,652. of the Anglo-Saxon race. But if the It is always difficult to realize the fun larger half of that race, who are significance of naked statistics. To trustees for Anglo-Saxon social and bring home their meaning to men's political ideals, were to enter on the minds we may quote the words of an American Judge's charge to a jury. respect for the law when they come The Judge pointed out that the number among us." of murders and homicides in the United We cannot attempt to give in detail States for three years "was one-third the mass of evidence from American larger than the total losses of the newspapers collected by Mr. McClure. British Army in the war in South The following quotation, however, may Africa.” The men killed in action in be made from his summary of the the Boer War numbered 22,000. In causes which he believes have prothe three years taken by the Judge duced the present condition of lawlessthe number of murders and homicides ness: in the United States was 31,395. These
Is it possible for officials to prevent figures, it must also be remembered,
ordinary crimes who are selected and cannot be excused on the ground that
elected generally for reasons other than lawlessness is incidental to newly set special fitness for their tasks, and fretled countries and rough communities quently for the definite purpose of on the edges of civilization. The case robbing the people who elect them? of New York is nearly as bad as that Can a body of policemen engaged in of Chicago, though that great and opu
blackmail, persecution, and in shield
ing law-breakers make a community lent city of the Middle West, with
law-abiding? Can a body of policemen thirty years of riches and splendor be
engaged in criminal practices prevent hind it, cannot be regarded as in any others from committing crimes? Can true sense a raw community. Again, a board of aldermen who for private the statistics of man-slaying in Canada, gain combine to loot a city govern a and we might also add in Australia
city well? We have described time and and New Zealand, indicate that young
again the oligarchy which consists of
these three classes: 1st. Saloon-keepers, countries may be as crimeless as, or
gamblers, and others who engage in even more crimeless than, old-estab
businesses that degrade. 2nd. Contraclished States. Mr. McClure also shows tors, capitalists, bankers, and others that it is impossible for the Ameri- who can make money by getting fran. can people to comfort themselves with chises and other property of the comthe thought that the burden of crime munity cheaper by bribery than by under which they now rest is the fault
paying the community. 3rd. Politicians
who are willing to seek and accept ofof the European-born population in
fice with the aid and endorsement of their midst. Of the 10,356,000 foreign the classes already mentioned. These born men and women, only the 424,000 three classes combine and get control who hail from Russia come from a of the party machine. They nominate country where crime is as prevalent and elect men who will agree to help as in America. The other 10,000,000
them rob the city or state for the bene. come from countries no one of which
fit of themselves and who will agree
also not to enforce the laws in regard has half as many murders and homi.
to the various businesses that degrade cides per million of population as a community. We find under various America. And of these nearly 3,000,- modifications this criminal oligarchy in 000 come from the United Kingdom, control of many communities in the "where murders and homicides are United States. We find representaless than one-tenth as common" as
tives of this combination in the United
States Senate, among governors of they are in America. So, adds Mr.
states, state legislators, mayors, alderMcClure, "the increase of murders and
men, police officials. We find them homicides in the various countries
among men in business life-captains seems to show that foreigners in the of industry, bankers, street-railway United States acquire most of their dis- magnates. In short, wherever fran