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the logic in him prevented him from their little ways, and to purr sentiindulging in that wildness and inco- mental pæans over them, and finds it herence which are typical of all but even a little hard to remember that the the finest dreams. Credible and orderly world really does contain a sprinkling are the doings of Puck in comparison of adults. In fact, his attitude towards with the doings of Peter Pan. Was children is the fashionable attitude, ever, out of dreamland, such a riot of struck more saliently by him than by inconsequence and of exquisite futility? anyone else, and with more obvious sinThings happen in such wise that pres- cerity than by the average person. It ently one can conceive nothing that is not to be wondered at that his premight not conceivably happen, nor any- occupation with children endears him thing that one would not, as in a to the community. The strange thing dream, accept unhesitatingly. Even is the preoccupation itself. It forces as in a dream, there is no reason why me to suppose that Mr. Barrie has, the things should ever cease to happen. after all, to some extent, grown up. What possible conclusion can inhere For children are the last thing with in them? The only possible conclu- which a child concerns itself. A child sion is from without. The sun shines takes children as a matter of course, through the bedroom window, or there and passes on to more important things is a tapping at the bedroom door, or- -remote things that have a glorious some playgoers must catch trains, existence in the child's imagination. A others must sup. Even as you, little boy does not say "I am a child," awakened, turn on your pillow, wish-. but “I am a pirate," or "a greengrocer," ing to pursue the dream, so, as you or "an angel," as the case may be. A leave the Duke of York's, will you little girl does not say "I am a little rebel at the dream's rude and arbitrary girl, and these are my dolls, and this ending, and will try vainly to imagine is my baby-brother," but “I am the what other unimaginable things were mother of this family.” She lavishes in store for you. For me to describe to on her dolls and on her baby-brother you now in black and white the hap- a wealth of maternal affection, cooing penings in "Peter Pan" would be a over them, and ... stay! that is just thankless task. One cannot communi- Mr. Barrie's way. I need not, after cate the magic of a dream. People all, mar by qualification my theory that who insist on telling their dreams are Mr. Barrie has never grown up. He is among the terrors of the breakfast still a child, absolutely. But some table. You must go to the Duke of fairy once waved a wand over him, York's, there to dream the dream for and changed him from a dear little boy yourselves.

into a dear little girl. Some critics The fact that Mr. Barrie is a child have wondered why among the characwould be enough, in this generation ters in “Peter Pan" appeared a dear which so adores children, to account little girl, named in the programme for his unexampled vogue. But Mr. “Liza (the Author of the Play).” Now Barrie has a second passport. For he, they know. Mr. Barrie was just "playtoo, even pre-eminently, adores chil. ing at symbolists." dren-never ceases to study them and

Max Beerbohm.

The Saturday Review.

BOOKS AND AUTHORS.

"The Old Family Doctor,” by Henry that of a specialist, a man who was inC. Brainerd, M.D. (The Arthur H. terested in the Epicurean philosophy Clark Company, Cleveland) is a little

and in nothing else, but the chances

are that this library was the only one brochure, half-sketch, half-story, in

of its kind in the city, and that in the which are embodied bits of experience other splendid villas there the papyri and reminiscence of a medical prac- will prove to be of a general character, titioner. It is the faithful and sym containing the works which reprepathetic family doctor, who knows

sented in the first century of the Chris

tian era the cultivation of the world. more intimately than any other person the secret joys and dreads of the families which he enters and who faith

Two volumes, the fourteenth and fully guards them all, who is portrayed fifteenth, have been added to Mr. in these pages. The frontispiece, which Archer Butler Hulbert's series of depicts the doctor watching the hours monographs upon the Historic Highof the night away at the bedside of a ways of America. The first is the secsick child, while the anxious parents ond upon The Great American Canals. wait the result near by, suggests the and is wholly devoted to The Erie prevailing note of the little book. Canal, from its origin in the mind of There is humor as well as sentiment Gouverneur Morris to the recent refin the book, and, strung upon its slen- erendum at which the sanction of the der thread of narrative are many people was given to the widening and stories which illustrate the ligbt and deepening of the great waterway. In shade of a doctor's life.

the other volume, Mr. Hulbert leaves

the past for the present and future, A writer in the New York Times and presents a symposium on the holds out high hopes that, through the “Future of Road-Making in America.” projected excavation of Herculaneum He opens the discussion of this subject

the world may see a recrudescence of in an essay which bears the title of the interest in the classics comparable only volume. This is followed by highly to the great Renaissance of the four- practical and useful chapters on Govteenth and fifteenth centuries." It is ernment Cooperation in Object-Lesson no work in the dark, as in the case of Road Work by the Hon. Martin Dodge, Crete and Cyprus, for nothing is more Director of the Office of Public Road certain than that buried far beneath Inquiries; Good Roads for Farmers by the soil at Herculaneum are many the Hon. Maurice 0. Eldridge, Assistsplendid libraries which belong to the ant Director of the same office; The Roman gentlemen who made up the Selection of Materials for Macadam Herculaneum colony. The writer adds: Roads by Logan Waller Page, expert

Only one villa of all those at Hercu in charge of the Road Material Laboralaneum has so far been laid bare. In tory, Division of Chemistry; and Stone that villa nearly 2,000 papyri were Roads in New Jersey by E. G. Harrifound. They were unrolled by a deli

son, secretary of the New Jersey Road cate process invented for the purpose,

Improvement Association. These are and the contents of a large number of them have been deciphered. Unfor

important contributions to the litera- tunately the library turned out to be ture of good roads.

FOR LE PENSEUR OF RODIN,
To be erected in Paris before the

Pantheon.
Out of eternal bronze and mortal

breath,
And to the glory of man, me Rodin

wrought; Before the gates of glory and of death I bear the burden of the pride of thought.

Arthur Symons. The Saturday Review.

For whenas the great gray battleships

roll down upon the foe, Or when Togo's lean torpedo-boats

charge shoreward through the

snow, When the giant shells are crashing And the league-long searchlights

flashing, Then Will Adams sees the triumph of his toil of long ago.

J. H. Knight-Adkin. The Spectator.

TWO FLOWER-SONGS FROM WILL ADAMS.

MELEAGER. [On April 12th, 1600, a Dutch ship piloted by one William Adams, an Englishnan, reached Japan. As the price of permission to build a factory at Firando they were compelled to hand over Adams White violets l'll entwine. to the Tycoon, for whom he built the first

The smooth fresh daffodilly Japanese fleet. He was treated with all honor, but never allowed to return to

With myrtles I'll entwine, England. He was the founder of Japan I'll twine the laughing lily: ese shipbuilding, and after his death was made a god by them. He is buried on the hillside of Hemimura, above the naval Bright crocus with them twined arsenal of Yokosuka.)

Blue hyacinth shall cover, On the hill of Hemimura, looking out And all around shall wind across the sea

The rose that loves the lover: O'er the docks of Yokosuka and the warships sailing free

For Heliodora fair 'Midst the Shinto pennons stream- To form a wreath, whose flowers ing,

On lovely perfuined hair Lies Will Adams, still a-dreaming May fade and fall in showers. of the busy Port o' London and the

(Anthologia Palatina, v. 147. Kentish wood and lea.

II.

He forgets the fleet he builded and the

decks that once he trod, That his grave's afar from England

and his pall is alien sod. That the incense-sticks are burning

And the praying-wheels a-turning To the name of William Adams, Ken

tish sailorman and god.

Pour out, and murmuring as you pour.

Say Heliodore, Heliodore;
Blend in the wine-cup o'er and o'er

Her sweet name, Heliodore.
Bring to me wet with last night's

myrrh
The wreath she wore, the wreath she

wore; Wreathe it around my brows for her

Remembrance,-Heliodore.

So he drowses till the screaming of the

sirens once again Calls him back to where beneath him,

like mailed barons of the main, Ride the warships; while the rattle

Or Dai Nippon's seaward battle Rings and mingles through his dream

ing like a distant song's refrain:

Ab see, the rose, love's loving rose,

Is weeping sore, is weeping sore: My darling elsewhere far it knows And on my breast no more!

(A. P. v. 136.) Walter Headlam

THE LIVING AGE: 1 Weekly Magazine of Contemporary Literature and Thought.

(FOUNDED BY E. LITTELL IN 1844.)

SBVBNTB SERIES
VOLUME XXVI.

NO. 3165. MAR. 4, 1905.

FROM BBGINNING
Vol. OOXLIV.

PORT ARTHUR-AND AFTER.

For the second time in its history of the common heroism of the opposing Port Arthur has fallen into the hands forces, but because by it the symbol of of the Japanese nation. The first occa- the right of Russia to claim the susion was during the war with China in premacy of two continents has been 1894; and what a change has been removed. It would have been equally brought about in this short decade! significant had the siege lasted only the In 1894, Japan's triumph was easily twenty-four hours of 1894. While the won though none the less deserved, but fortress is undoubtedly a strategic the tangible fruits thereof were torn point of great value, its importance from her victorious grasp by a triple during the present war and in the alliance of envious Western Powers. pages of history depend not at all upon What Western Powers are likely to at its intrinsic worth. When the flag of tempt in 1905 what was done in 1894? the Rising Sun rose upon the battered The impossibility to find any such forts of Port Arthur, the sun of Rusbullying combination is one of the sia's Asiatic Empire sank in blood-red most striking testimonies to the recog. glory, and the Far Eastern peoples had nition of Japan's progress towards the demonstrated their right to decide the very forefront of the nations of the fate of Far Eastern lands. And far world. By war she has convinced a more than that, a new world Power world which ignored her peaceful de- had thrust itself upon the world in a velopment, but it is this latter which manner not to be ignored. Russia, the will ultimately raise her far higher colossus before which European nathan even the Russian conflict.

tions had shrunk for fifty years, not The fall of Port Arthur marks an knowing why, had been forced to give epoch in the history of the world, and up her warm-water Asiatic port, to ob this not because of the length of time tain which her agents had allowed no the fortress was besieged or because scruples of honor or fair dealing to

ed with "with diptein

nom

hinder them. And the nation which tioned and undisputed domination had forced her to give it up is one claimed by the West over the East has which only forty short years ago was vanished forever in the hauling down treated as a barbarous, uncivilized of the Russian flag on Golden Hill. nation, to be argued with with cannon It is most illogical that a war between and musket rather than with diplo- two Powers, one of which, although matic notes. The Cinderella of ten nominally European, has little in years ago has become the proud prin- common with Europe and much in cess of to-day. It has been reserved cominon with the worst elements of for the German Emperor, prophet of Asia, and the other, although nominally the Yellow Peril, and one of the anti- Asiatic, has little in common with Japanese league of 1894, to publicly Asia, should forever dispel the idea acknowledge Japan's new position in that European peoples have the right the world. By his decoration of to tyrannize over the rest of the world. General Nogi equally with General But it must not be forgotten that it is Stoessel, he proclaimed to the world not because Japan is an Asiatic coun. that he acknowledged the equality of try, or because the Japanese skin is the nations. The fall of Port Arthur brown, that Japan has become what will take its place in history as the she has. It is due to a far more worthy fact which has demonstrated, beyond reason than either of those; it is bethe power of argument, the fallacy of cause of the unceasing labor, the unthe artificial barriers between races wearying effort of the Japanese people and between continents. No longer to make Japan great and themselves can the white races of Europe sit above worthy of a great Japan. Unless the the salt while the nations of Asia sit people of a nation are prepared to do below. Japan, a brown race, a nation this, they have no hope of permanent of Asia, has demonstrated her right to greatness. If Japan's triumph at Port sit above the salt, and as she has done Arthur demonstrates one thing more so by the force of arms, Western civil. than any other, it is the absolute necesization acknowledges her right. Thus sity for national efficiency, achieved by Port Arthur stands for the prvof that the unanimous effort of all the people. a nation does not become great because Japan teaches the world the lesson that of the color of its population or be- thoroughness and efficiency, broadcause of its geographical position, but mindedness, and a readiness to learn because of the power within it. The are possessions which far outweigh importance of this destruction of one any artificial superiorities raised up by of the world's most treasured fallacies, an arrogant cluster of differing nations upon which the whole superstructures as a standard whereby they may judge of more than one great State have been others. The historian of the future raised, cannot be over-estimated. It is will regard Port Arthur's capitulation a very valuable lesson for all the na- as a red-letter mark to divide the tions of Europe to learn, although that period of narrow parochial internawill not make the task any more pleas- tional ideas from that of the birth of ant. From the beginning of 1905 dates true internationalism, which is not the new era, in which nations must guided by the paint on atlases or the produce suitable works to entitle them colored pigment in the human skin. to play a great rôle in the world, Before January, 1905, the world was whether they be peopled by men with suffering from the autocracy of the white skins, with brown skins, black white races, just as Russia is suffering skins, or yellow skins. The unques- from the bureaucratic autocracy of the

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