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executive as well as creative art-sub- in so far that the former wear rings jectivity and initiative. They are in their ears and not in their noses? wanting in conviction and cannot raise themselves as executants above objec Weakness is in need of support, tivity (imitation). For musical creation therefore woman is more in need of a they lack depth, concentration, power religion than man. of thought, breadth of feeling, freedom of stroke. That this should be so is a I once determined to compose a work, constant enigma. Why should music, and call it "Love with Variations." I the most beautiful, the most refined, had to abandon the idea. When I was soulful, and heart-felt of the creations young, I found my theme, but had no of man, be so unattainable by woman, material for variations. And now that who is a combination of all these I am older the variations come to me in qualities? In all other arts, even in the plenty, but, alas! my theme fails me! sciences, she has achieved much! But the true feelings most natural to her The female nude delights me in love for her husband and tenderness painting or sculpture much more than to her child-have never been portrayed it does in real life; in art it excites my by her in music. I know no great love imagination, in reality it tends to kill duet composed by woman, or cradle it song. I do not say that there are none in existence, but I maintain that not Men rarely eat raw fruit, or, if they one composed by woman has had suffi- do, they are usually of the milksop cient artistic merit to become a stand-type; women, on the contrary, love it, ard of style.

particularly raw apples.

It is a fallacy to maintain that man and woman should know each other well before they marry; people engaged for years will only really know each other after the honeymoon.

If a man wants a wife entirely after his own mind, he should marry a girl between sixteen and seventeen; after twenty, women acquire wills of their own, and two wills in a household means discord.

I noticed that with blue-eyed women, their physical life is governed by their spiritual instincts—they have feeling; with brown-eyed women, on the contrary, the spiritual is governed by the physical-they have temperament. Thus it is much more difficult to deceive a brown-eyed than a blue-eyed woman.

It is not the woman who plays the comedy of life best who usually succeeds well as an actress; she would find the stage too impersonal.

I like a wood better than a flower garden; but yet, I prefer the society of women to that of men.

Women are not fond of tobacco It often happens that an old man smoke; therefore they banish men to loves a young girl; it is her inexpesmoking-rooms and smoking compart. rience which attracts him. It is also ments. But it never seems to occur to possible for a young girl to fall deeply them to ask whether men object to the in love with an old man. In her case patchouli and the other so-called per- she is attracted by his experience. fumes which so many of them affect. Oh! les femmes! After all is said and I have the greatest pity for a gor. done, how good-natured we men are! erness; hers is a hard and thankless

existence. If she wins the love of her When we perceive that European pupils, she immediately arouses their women bore holes in their ears and in- mother's jealousy; if she be young and sert rings in them, we may well ask pretty, the wife becomes suspicious if civilization separates our women or, if there be an elder son in the house, from the savages of other lands only the parents at once suspect her of designs upon the youth. If she wish to great national school of composers. steer clear of cliffs, she will change Rubinstein founded a no less national her position often, but at the best she

school of performers, and also of liswill only meet with fresh rocks.

teners. Thanks to the healthy incep

u tion of the two schools, and to the Man's relation to woman is much the same as woman's treatment of a

beneficial influence of the one reacting flower-she admires it: she smells it: upon the other, Russia, in less than a she plucks it, and wears it in her century, could take a foremost place bosom, and when it is faded, she plucks amongst musical nations. When another.

Rubinstein began his career there were

practically no capable native teachers Paint, powder, the pencilling of their

of music in Russia, and if there were a eyebrows, the smearing of their lips,

few good native performers these had the wearing of bracelets, necklaces, earrings, by women, is a token that the

all been trained abroad. Moreover, East was the cradle of mankind. That innately musical as has been the Russuch frivolities are tenable in Europe siau peasantry from time immemorial, in the present day is an index to the musical taste of the cultivated woman's innate, boundless vanity. classes was of a very low standard. That these artifices, however, are not

Only the most frivolous of light Italian only suffered but even encouraged and admired by man, proves him to be, in

operas were heard with pleasure. As spite of all his vaunted civilization, at

early as 1796 there had been a Conheart a savage, with no conception servatoire under royal patronage at St. whatever of the beauties of nature. Petersburg, but it remained entirely He would have woman more beautiful in the hands of foreigners, and these than her Creator deemed necessary apparently devoid of energy and enterWhat an adorer!

prise, since, according to a Russian We name the favorite of a king his

contemporary, the Conservatoire exist"mistress,” but it is very significant of

ed upon paper rather than in reality. the relations of the sexes that we never

Not until 1862 was there a regular and dream of calling the favorite of a queen active school of music in St. Petersher "master."

burg. Rubinstein was its originator,

promoter, and for many years its chief Woman is neither a snake, a cat, nor

director. One of the first pupils to a cow, but she possesses something of

issue from its doors was Tshaïkovski, the functions of each. She can be as slippery and as poisonous as a snake;

who, in his turn, also became one of the as soft, as caressing, and as feline as a

native teachers whom Rubinstein espe. cat; as patient, as useful, as resigned cially aimed at producing. But the as a cow. But for all that she remains establishment of adequate Conservathe most dramatic element of creation, toire training was only the second step the very poetry of life.

in a vast scheme of national musical culture which had suggested itself to the pianist-composer whilst still in his

boyhood. The first move in his plan In Russian dictionaries of music was the formation of what is now Rubinstein is described as the founder known as the Imperial Russian Musiof "musical education and civilization cal Society, the first branch of which in Russia." Nothing could express bet- was opened at St. Petersburg in 1859 ter than these terms exactly what he and which quickly increased its sphere accomplished for the music of his coun- of influence till, in 1902, it had no less try. Glinka was the founder of a than twenty-nine affiliated branches in

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the principal cities of the Russian Em- end reaped the most lasting benefts pire. It may not be without interest to from his labors. From the outset he append the list in its consecutive order. insisted upon the exclusion of mediocSt. Petersburg (1859), Moscow (1860), rity of every kind. In order to cultiKazan (1864), Kiev (1864), Harkov vate a native school of performers, (1871), Pskov (1873), Saratov (1873), equipped with an adequate technique, Nijni Novgorod (1873), Omsk (1876), the services of first-rate foreign Tobolsk (1878), Tomsk (1879), Penza teachers must be secured and retained (1881), Tambov (1881), Tiflis (1883), until a plentiful stock of native proOdessa (1884), Astrakhan (1891), Niko- fessors was ready to take their place, laev (1892), Voronesh (1895), Rostov and good foreign instrumentalists of all (1896), Ekaterinoslav (1898), Vilna categories must also be induced to set(1898), Kishinev (1899), Poltava (1899), tle in Russia. Those who failed to Riga (1899), Omsk (1900), Baku (1901), grasp Rubinstein's ulterior motives Ekaterinodar (1901), Irkutsk (1901), and far-seeing policy, declared that he Stavrapol (1902),

merely wished to crush all native in. From this list of places it will be spiration and to Germanize Russian seen that the society has spread to musical thought. He replied that pretty well every part of Russia, in though Glinka had been followed by cluding a number of towns in Siberia. other Russian composers, his work and In the event of any special perform theirs received but little encourageance requiring extra numbers of ment. It was rarely performed, or if musicians, one branch can be rein- given, was rendered so badly that no forced by another, or if need be several one cared to hear it. Finally, and formay be amalgamated. How Berlioz ortunately for the advancement of RusWagner would have rejoiced at having sian music, Rubinstein, as we have such an association at their disposal. seen, triumphed over every obstacle Rubinstein's idea was to have a school and gained the day. His habitual of music in connection with each carelessness about money has been branch of the society, and that these mentioned in connection with his should work together upon a vast co- gambling propensities. It is but just operative system emanating from the to add that enormous sums of his earnmain arteries of St. Petersburg and ings were devoted to the financing both Moscow. The pupils who studied in of the Russian Musical Society and of the schools would in due course be the Conservatoires. The proceeds of come either composers, performers, or his thirty-two pianoforte lectures, teachers, and the results of their pro- amounting to thousands of pounds, ductiveness would be heard at the con- were all handed over at once to the certs given by the society all over support of the music schools. He Russia. It is easy to realize the effects labored, besides, untiringly to obtain of such a stupendous organization, if the august patronage and the national once successfully inaugurated and funds absolutely necessary, if the managed. Rubinstein only lived to see scheme were to be worked upon the its commencement, but he gave it an grand scale proposed. One of his impetus and a direction which is still earliest and most enthusiastic supappreciable; the whole organization has porters was the Grand Duchess Helena been developed and worked strictly Pavlovna, and his gifted brother, upon the lines which he indicated. At Nicholas Rubinstein, was also a most the time he had to endure much oblo- capable aider and abettor of the underquy and abuse from those who in the taking. For some years Nicholas Rubinstein was at the head of the there, but the repose, the deep peace, Moscow branches. "No one but Rubin- that passeth all understanding, is not stein," writes an anonymous American to be found. With enormous potentialauthor, "could well have conceived this ities and posthumous realizations gigantic task, of which he only lived Rubinstein must ever stand as the to see the scaffolding, as it were, type of an artist who dared not wisely erected. His whole life and work in- but too well.” Yes, when all is said deed suggest one of those torsos vouch- and done, he was an artist through and safed by times that are convulsed by' through, every inch of him, and he only the enormous power of the sculptor. estimated himself justly when he We see such fire and flux in some boldly parodied a great French epimediæval creations. All is incomplete, gram :truncated; all is wreathed in passionate

Dieu ne puis, expression, in desperate yearnings; the

Roi ne daigne, throes of life, its sorrows, its joys, are

Artiste je suis! The Fortnightly Review.

A. E. Keeton.



Presented to Jabez Copley, of Copley's Stores, to the JAMES HENRY MISSENDEN

leading residents of Great Burley BY THE GENTKY AND INHABITANTS OF and neighborhood,

GREAT BURLEY. (Cyclostyle.)

on the occasion of his departure from

that Town, on the completion of nearly THE MISSENDEN TESTIMONIAL Eight Years of honorable service as FUND.

Station Master, to take up a post of

increased responsibility at Clapham Dear Sir (or Madam), - bave the Junction-as a mark of their appreciahonor to inform you that our worthy tion of his Courtesy and Efficiency Station-master Mr. Missenden, having during his period of Office at Great received promotion, is leaving us very Burley Terminus. shortly for a higher sphere of activity, and some of his friends met together This address will be engrossed in last night at the "King's Arms" to con- several colors and in gold, with approfer as to a testimonial to be presented priate borders and scroll work (as in to him. Greatly to my surprise I was the illuminated texts in our bedrooms) asked to undertake the duties of hon. by Miss Millie Feathers, at the school, secretary and hon. treasurer, and it is who is very clever and artistic with her in these capacities that I take the hands, and presented to Mr. Missenden, liberty of addressing you. The meeting with the purse, at the "King's Arms” decided to open a subscription list for on a suitable evening. Mr. Missenden in the town and neigh Awaiting your reply, borhood, and to present him with the I am, Dear Sir (or Madam), proceeds and with an illuminated ad

Yours obediently, dress.

Jabez Copley. The following is the address that was

Hon. Sec. and Treasurer of the drawn up-I may say by myself :

Missenden Testimonial Fund.



Added, in Mr. Copley's own hand, to a few of the letters.

The Vicar of Great Burley to P.S.-It is not my wish to intrude

Mr. Jabez Copley. business, but I feel it would be wrong Dear Mr. Copley, I am afraid I can. not to take this opportunity of inform

not associate myself very cordially ing you that I have just received a with the terms of your testimonial to particularly advantageous line of pre- Mr. Missenden. Eight years are a very served fruits, which I can do at ex

short period to signalize in this way, traordinarily low terms. No time

and I do not care for the part played should be lost in ordering.

by the “King's Arms." I am sorry to have to take this line; but we must act

as we believe. I should be seriously Miss Mill to Mr. Jabez Copley.

vexed if you got up a testimonial for Dear Mr. Copley, I had no idea that me after so short a term of work. I the Station-master was going. How am,

Yours sincerely, interesting to find that his name is

Reginald Lowther. Missenden! It was the name of my mother's favorite cook. She came, I think, from Esher, or it may have been Mr. Jabez Copley to the Vicar of Exeter. It is odd how long one may

Great Burley.. live without knowing the name of

Reverend Sir,-I regret that you canone's Station-master, although my not a

not give your valuable and esteemed niece tells me it has to be printed up

support to the testimonial to Mr. Missomewhere, like a licensed victualler's. senden, but I respect your motives. I I think I should like to try a box of

should like to say in reply to your sugthe preserved fruit if it is really nice.

gestion about a testimonial to yourself Yours truly,

and my connection with it, that I Lydia Mill.

should never, I hope, so far presume as to take the leading part in a move

ment of this kind for a gentleman like Sir Charles Transom's Secretary to yourself. My rule in life is that station Mr. Jabez Copley.

should keep to station, and I trust I

shall never be so foolish as to depart Dear Sir,--Sir Charles Transom

from it. But although I should not predirects me to present his compliments

sume to take a leading part in your and to express his regret that he must

testimonial, as you kindly suggest, I decline to lend his support to the testi

should however contribute to it with a monial to the Great Burley Station

whole heart. Believe me, master. Sir Charles dislikes to see this

Yours obediently, kind of premium put upon duty, nor

Jabez Copley. can he forget the want of sympathetic

Hon. Sec. and Treasurer of the zeal and alacrity displayed by the

Missenden Testimonial Fund. Station-master in the autumn of 1898 in the matter of a lost portmanteau

VI. containing the manuscript of Sir Charles' monograph on the Transom

Mr. Aylmer Penistone to Mr. Jabez

Copley. family. Believe me, Yours faithfully,

Dear Mr. Copley,–I do not quite feel Vincent A. Lincoln. disposed to give anything to Missenden.


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