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X.

to me to supply the answers which you

XIII. need. May I point out how important The u

The Hon. Felix Stow to Sir Bonian it is that my Committee should know

Bogg. as soon as possible if we are to have

Dear Sir Bonian,-Pray excuse my the honor of your support as Chair

delay in replying, but I wished to give man on the 29th. Believe me,

the matter earnest attention. With Yours very truly,

regard to the Zionist movement, I am, Felix Stow.

I may say, in complete accord with it.
Palestine seems to me to be pre-emi-

nently the country for the Jews. I Sir Bonian Bogg to the Hon. Felix

see a great opening for them there. Stow.

As for the Deceased Wife's Sister's

Bill, although I regret the necessity of Dear Mr. Stow, I have had your

dragging such intimate matters before speech read to me very slowly three

the public eye, I am in favor of liberty. times, omitting only the references to

It would be better of course if the the entbusiasm of the audience—such collections of persons being to my mind

man married the right sister first, but very like sheep. But I cannot find any

I would none the less allow him to do pronouncement either on the Deceased

so in time. After all, this is a free Wife's Sister's Bill or on the Zionist

country. Believe me, Movement. Kindly satisfy my mind on

Yours very truly,

Felix Stow. these important points; and in replying will you please mark the envelope as

XIV. well as the letter with the reference Sir Bonian Bogg to the Hon. Felix number with which I furnished you?

Stow. I am, Dear Sir,

Dear Mr. Stown-One little point in Yours faithfully,

your printed speech, which I now know Bonian Bogg. almost by heart-as the saying is, al

though of course by head were more XI.

accurate-causes me some anxiety, and

until it is cleared up I do not see how The Hon. Felix Stow to Mr. Harry

I can give my consent to preside at Keast.

your Meeting. You repudiate · Mr. Dear Keast, -1 enclose Sir Bonian Chamberlain's Protective policy with Bogg's last letter. Why on earth you unmistakable emphasis, but I cannot are so set on having such a Chairman be absolutely certain how far your I can't conceive. What am I to reply? words are merely rhetorical or scientifiI never heard of the Zionist move- cally exact in your references to the ment.

Prime Minister. My own views on Yours sincerely,

this question are crystallized, and so Felix Stow. sacred that nothing short of complete

unanimity would satisfy my con. XII.

science. I am, Dear Sir, Telegram from Mr. Keast to the Hon.

Yours faithfully,
Felix Stow.

Bonian Bogg.

P.S.- Please remember to alter your Favor return Jews Palestine. Sup. reference number to AA13, as I have port Bill's deceased wife's sister. just had a new set of pigeon-holes Haste important.

Keast.

made.

xv.

XVIII. The Hon Felix Stow to Mr. Harry Mr. Harry Keast to the Hon. Felix Keast.

Stow. Dear Keast. This is getting perfect- Dear Mr. Stow,-I saw Sir Bonian ly ridiculous. See what your Big-wig this morning, and quickly convinced writes to-day. What are his infernal

him that you and he see eye to eye. I crystallized views? It is so impossible will tell you what I told him when you that I should agree with him that I come down: or shall I come to town? am determined to end the farce. So I enclose a rough pull of the poster. please arrange for Burge again, but You will see how well Sir Bonian do for heaven's sake stop him from Bogg's name looks. calling me the Right Honorable in his

Yours faithfully, opening speech.

Oct. 14.

Harry Keast. Yours sincerely, Oct. 14. Felix Stow.

xix.

Mr. Harry Keast to the Hon. Felix XVI.

Stow. The Hon. Felix Stow to Sir Bonian .

(Next day.) Bogg.

Am coming by 11.30 train. Burge Dear Sir Bonjan,-After giving your threatens secede. Greatly regret your kind letter the utmost attention, I have haste.-Keast. come to the conclusion that it would

XX. perhaps be better not to proceed in my request that you should honor our Sir Bonian Bogg to the Hon. Felix Meeting by presiding over it. I feel

Stow. certain that we are inevitably bound to Sir Bonian Bogg is at a loss to un. differ here and there, and I know how derstand the letter AA13, since Mr. painful it would be to you to find that Stow's agent yesterday called and you had by implication given your sup- quickly satisfied Sir Bonian Bogg's port to an opinion in which you did mind on all points that were in doubt. not believe. I am therefore very re. Together they arranged the procedure luctantly asking Mr. Burge to take the of the Meeting, and the agent at once chair as before. Believe me,

fell in with all Sir Bonian Bogg's sug. Yours very truly, gestions as to the occupants of the Oct. 14.

Felix Stow. front row of the platform and other XVII.

essential matters. After reading Mr.

Stow's odd letter Sir Bonian Bogg canThe Hon. Felix Stow to Mr. Daniel

not but feel that he has been played Burge.

with, and the thought is an exceedingly Dear Mr. Burge,-I shall esteem it a distasteful one. If Mr. Stow has any great kindness if you will again take explanation to offer, Sir Bonian Bogg the chair at our next Meeting, on the will be pleased to give it consideration; 29th of next month.

otherwise it would perhaps be better if Yours sincerely,

all correspondence between himself Oct. 14.

Felix Stow. and Sir Bonian Bogg were to cease. Punch.

THE VOYAGE OF THE BALTIC FLEET.

The voyage of the Baltic Fleet, this weapon than the Suvarov class, with new Armada, which is going forth to a slightly greater speed. The other deprive a gallant people of their free two battleships, the Sissoi Veliki and dom and independence, promises to be Navarin, are old and much smaller, but one of the most important historical they carry a formidable artillery in the events of the twentieth century. From shape of four 12-in, guns and six or the military and political standpoint it eight 6-in. weapons apiece, while their is the central incident of the naval armor is thick, if of poor quality. war between Russia and Japan, and They are slow, however, bad sea-boats, upon its success or failure hang issues and great consumers of coal, so that of the utmost moment to England and for such an enterprise as a long voythe world, as when a hundred years age, which is to be followed immeago another Armada was attempting diately by a severe compaign, they apby a great oceanic campaign to crush pear ill adapted. The total value in the freedom of our country.

points of the battle-squadron is 6, acThere has been a tendency in Eng. cording to Mr. Jane's system of calland to decry the strength of the Bal. culation. tic Fleet and to regard it as a misera- The cruisers of the fleet are nine in ble collection of old ironclads, of little number, five of them of good speed actual value for the combat. This im- and modern design, though without pression is incorrect; the Russian ships armor protecting their guns, if we exare for the most part excellent, and cept the Oleg. These are the Oleg, there is no reason to think that they Jemtchug, Izumrud, Almaz and Aurora, will prove more unsatisfactory in ser- steaming from 19 to 23 knots, and all vice than the battleships of the Port new ships. There are four older cruisArthur Fleet, most of which were ofers, three of which, the Admiral Russian build, and which, so far as Nakhimov, Kornilov and Dmitri Donskoi, material goes, have shown themselves have been entirely reconstructed and strong and trustworthy. The main modernized, so that they are more strength of Admiral Rojdestvensky's effective than would at first sight apcommand lies in his seven battleships. pear. The third of the older cruisers Four of these, the Suvarov, Orel, Boro is the Svietlana, which is still capable dino and Alerander III., are perfectly of good service. There are twelve new, and among the best battleships destroyers of a type built for hard afloat. They steam 17 to 18 knots, work at sea, and in some respects recarry four 12-in, and twelve 6-in. guns, sembling the latest British model, and are protected by 9-in. Krupp armor One of these vessels was obtained from on the water-line. They are far better England during the war, under cirships than our Canopus class, of which cumstances which reflect discredit we maintain four on the China Station, upon the vigilance of the British and are little, if at all, inferior to our Government. A host of armed transbest battleships in commission.

ports, Volunteer cruisers, repairingThere is another modern battleship, ships, store-ships and colliers accomthe Oslabia, carrying 10-in. instead of panies the squadron. The transports 12-in. heavy guns, and one less 6-in. are for the most part well-known

mail-boats purchased in Germany, and for scouting or for the attack upon are very fast at sea, carrying an arma. comwerce. The fleet is organized as ment of 6-in. and 4.7-in. guns. The follows (the value in points is given Volunteer cruisers are also armed after each ship): steamers of high speed, serviceable

FIRST SQUADRON (Proceeding by the Cape)

Vice-Admiral Rojdestvensky
Suvarov 1.

Orell.
Borudino 1.

Alexander III. 1.
Oslabia .8
Dmitri Donskoi .2

Admiral Nakhimov .3
Admiral Kornilov .2

Aurura .3

SECOND SQUADRON (Suez Canal)

Rear-Admiral Folkersam
Navarin .6
Sissoi Veliki .6

Oleg .3

Jemtchug .1 Izumrud .1

Almaz .1

Svietlana .2 The value in points of the whole tised, and if the results of the fleet is 7.8.

firing in the North Sea do not lead The value of the material, however, us to place any high estimate upon tells us nothing, unless there is some the shooting power of the fleet, it information as to the quality of the must be remembered that in night. personnel that has to handle the ships. firing British crews only make at the It is certain that the best Russian best about 3 per cent. of bits. All officers and seamen either were out impartial witnesses who have seen the in the Far East when the war began, Russian ships agree as to their dirty or were despatched thither during the condition, while the fact that Admiral earlier operations, while Port Arthur Folkersam brought his division into was still accessible. Hence the crews Tangier at low speed and in small of the Baltic squadron are composed sections suggests that he is not very in great part of inexperienced officers confident of the manœuvring power and undisciplined men, and there have of his captains. Still the first battlebeen numerous mishaps, such as the squadron at Vigo manœuvred well, long series of accidents that befell the and the weakness of the fleet in the Orel, testifying to their incompetence. matter of discipline has probably The crews, however, have now been been over-estimated. Moreover, some under continuous training for some months must pass before the fleet is six months, during which time in contact with the Japanese, and gunnery has been assiduously prac. during that period officers and men

1 Value of whole Japanese Fleet 12 4. Port Russian Fleet: (1) Port 12 12-in. Arthur Fleet, if intact, 4.6. Vladivostock Fleet, Arthur ships

8 10-in.

2 min. 1.3.

74 6-in. A detailed analysis of the artillery mounted (2) Vladivostock ships 8 8-in. in the Russian and Japanese warships of the

44 6-in. altic Fleet

24 12-in. rate of third-class cruiser and upwards, ex- & Balti

4 10-in. cluding liners which have been armed and

2 8-in. adapted for war purposes, and in which the

127 6-in.

88 4.7-in. Baltic Fleet is strong, gives the following

Totals: results:

Heavy, long-range guns, Japan, 20, Russia, 48. Japanese Fleet: heavy, 16 12-in.)

3 124-in. long range guns

20

Medium guns, Japan, 65, Russia, 12. 1 10-in.

Light guns, Japan, 298, Russia, 283. medium guns 4 12-in. old pattern). The preponderance of the Russian ships in

4 10-in. old pattern 65 67 8-in. modern

heavy long range artillery, which is the most light guns

important factor in battle, is very marked. 98 4.7-in. 2

200 6-in.

298

should gain cohesion and manquvring Russian admiral to embark a large power. A British fleet of newly com- quantity of an article which his own missioned ships cannot be trusted to Government had proclaimed as conperform well, but the state of affairs traband, but also allowed the Russian is very different when a month or two ships to remain for several days, months have been passed at sea. The from October 26 to November 1, on the weakness of the Russian personnel, clearly trumped-up excuse that they then, remains serious, but will diminish needed to effect repairs. In November, as the fleet proceeds upon its way she allowed the cruiser Kuban to over

From the British standpoint, the stay the twenty-four hours. The cusmovement of this fleet is of immense tom hitherto in naval war has been importance for many reasons. In the that no stay of more than twenty-four first place, new precedents in inter- hours should be permitted, and that, national law are being created, such as at the expiration of that term, the may gravely affect the strategy of our warships should be compelled to put navy and the protection of our com- to sea, or be disarmed. merce in any future war in which we Nor was it only at Vigo that the may be engaged. If neutrals can with Russians outstayed their time and impunity harbor a belligerent fleet, were allowed to fill up with coal. supply it with coal and allow it to refit Torpedo-boat destroyers put in to in their ports, the attack upon our Cherbourg and Brest and were alcommerce will be greatly facilitated. lowed to coal there; and a whole Rus. Hitherto it has been held that a neu. sian division remained for several tral should give no assistance what days'first at Tangier, and then at Suda ever to a belligerent, and England was Bay, placidly coaling and obtaining bitterly attacked by Bismarck in 1870 supplies. The Russian authorities pro for- permitting coal to be sold by claim their intention of repeating these British firms to France, for the ulti- tactics at numerous points where their mate use of the French fleet. In 1898 colliers have been assembling;' at the France refused to allow the Spanish French colony of Dakar, on the west Admiral Cervera to coal his fleet at coast of Africa; at Kamarun, a GerMartinique, and would only permit man colony in the Gulf of Guinea, and him to take on board a certain quantity at Gaboon, a French possession in the of provisions. In no case that I can same quarter. They will also probaremember has a belligerent been grant. bly coal at Mossamades, a Portuguese ed coal by a neutral for the purpose colony on the west coast of Africa; at of reaching the theatre of operations, Swakopmund, a German possession in the only exceptions being the Alabama south-west Africa; at Delagoa Bay; at and the Confederate cruisers, which the French island of Bourbon; and in were supplied with fuel in British the Dutch East Indies. Such repeated ports-an act for which this country infringements of neutrality, if permithad afterwards to suffer very dearly. ted by the Powers concerned, would The three millions sterling paid to the be the gravest of all conceivable inUnited States as compensation for the juries to Japan. Without such illicit damage caused by these cruisers were assistance or tolerance, the Russian paid to protect British commerce in fleet could never reach the Far East. future wars. But the value of that we have a state of affairs which cerprecedent is being destroyed by the tainly seems to establish a primâ-facie conduct of neutrals in the present case.

? They remained there from Nov. 12 to 16, At Vigo, Spain not only permitted the but it is doubtful if they were allowed to coal.

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