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CZAR! LOUIS XVI.! ADSIT OMEN.
Peace on his lying lips, and on his hands
Judgment, but slain by judgment thou shalt die.
Algernon O. Swinburne.
THE WELSH REVIVAL.
The religious awakening, which is hillside. The talk of the old folks, ROW convulsing Wales, has come with who had in the golden days of Methodall the force of a dramatic surprise. ism trod many a weary league to hear A few months ago not many persons in John Elias preach on the green at the Principality, and nobody outside Bala, has kept alive in the countryits limits, would have believed that the side the tradition of the fathers of revival which finds in Mr. Evan Welsh nonconformity. Still, for the Roberts, if not its leader, at least its last forty years the mind of nonfigurehead, was close at hand. Edu- conformist Wales has been turned cated men were of course aware that from the other-worldliness of the alike to the Franciscan friar and to revival days to such mundane matthe Methodist itinerant, the Welsh peo- ters as politics and education, chapel ple had lent a willing ear. It was, at building and sectarian organization. least in the Principality itself, a matter During this period the chapel has been of common knowledge that between the the greatest political power in the Prinmiddle of the eighteenth and the middle cipality, and a system of higher eduof the nineteenth century revival after cation has been organized on a secular revival had swept over Wales, creating basis. With the political triumph of a religious enthusiasm in the mass of Welsh dissent however its enthusiasm, the people which the brutality and if not its spirituality, departed from it. stupidity of a Whig and latitudinarian Meanwhile although the Established episcopate forced almost in spite of Church in Wales has made consideraitself into the nonconformist chapel. ble progress in recent years, it has After 1859 however the voice of the failed to shake off entirely the numbrevivalist was heard no more on the ing Erastian tradition of the eighteenth century. Its higher dignitaries are shall awaken from their frozen apathy. still rather Establishment than Church and teach again the fundamental prin. defenders. A religious revolution ciples of Christianity. Some features seemed therefore until yesterday im- of a more doubtful nature are accompossible in Wales. The most reasona panying the upheaval. It is not quite ble forecast of its religious future was pleasant to read that Eisteddfods and that the philosophic rationalism of the literary meetings are falling flat; and B.A. preacher of the Welsh University it is even more regrettable to hear would convert many of the richer that many of the converted in South Welsh dissenters to theological beliefs Wales are ceasing to play football. closely resembling those wbich serve in It is deplorable that the reason of cerplace of a faith to the modern French tain weak-minded persons should be Protestant, that the large mass of deranged by the excitement necessarily Welsh nonconformists would either attendant on these revivalist gathersink into religious indifference, or ings. In the main, however, the testigradually drift back into the Estab- mony, even of the callous London lished Church.
journalist, goes to show that the move“O cæcas hominum mentes!” To-day ment may claim already to have efWales is once more in the thiroes of a fected a great, if only a temporary, religious convulsion. Again mysterious reformation in the morality of large visions are seen, again mysterious districts. lights brood over the homes of believers, To speculate as to the causes of the or the chapels where the fire of the marvellous outburst would at the presawakening is blazing: again the grand ent time be dangerous. Perhaps popuhymns of the old revival days are sung lar disappointment at the results of by enthusiastic congregations; again fifty years of political agitation may simple and uneducated men and have turned the minds of many Welshwomen are awakening the land to the men to spiritual hopes and fears. old evangelical faith. Night after Possibly the country folks have night the whole population of many a wearied of the bitter feuds of rival devillage crowds into one of its little nominations, and of the vaporings of chapels to sing and to pray (so they the young preacher from the Univerwould put it) as the Holy Spirit may sity College who has been striving to lead them. Tbe movement is strongest Hegelianize Calvinistic Metbodism. in South Wales and has produced in It will be however more profitable to Mr. Evan Roberts a remarkable per compare the present awakening with sonality; but in the wilds of Merioneth the great upheavals of the olden days. and Carnarvonshire the same force is In some ways this revival presents the at work, though the English press has old familiar features. There is the old Dot yet heard the names of its seers orthodoxy, the old fervor and someand teachers. Meanwhile political tur- thing also, alas, of the old narrow and moil is dead. No one-a few wirepul. Puritan conception of the religious life, lers excepted-mentions Mr. Lloyd. On the other hand certain superficial George's agitation against the Educa- differences present themselves, due tion Act, except perhaps to regret it. mainly to the spirit of the age. There Sectarian proselytism is at an end. is comparatively little said of eternal The prayer of the revivalist is not that wrath; there are few of those uncouth persons shall become Methodists or manifestations of popular excitement, Baptists or Independents, but that the which unquestionably prejudiced edu"churches free and established alike" cated opinion against the older Method. ism; there is less powerful preaching, ecclesiastical and politic consequences and more lay initiation. Over and of lasting importance, above all this, however, it is clear that Meanwhile it is satisfactory to note a religious conception directs the pres- that Welsh Churchmen have to some ent movement to which the men of the extent learned the lesson of the eighearlier revivals were strangers. Their teenth century. Two Welsh Bishops minds were fixed on the idea of individ- have pronounced on the work of the ual conversion. They rushed to the revivalists a qualified benediction. chapels and field-preaching to hang on There is not the slightest fear to-day the lips of a great orator, who pro that a curate who says a kindly word claimed salvation. In the movement of of these enthusiasts will have his to-day the underlying ideas seem to license quashed, far less are we likely be the public confession of sin, and the to see (as in the olden time) a diocesan salvation not so much of the individ- chancellor, or high ecclesiastical digniual as of the community. In a word tary supplying liquor to a mob enthis remarkable revival is a protest gaged in stoning Mr. Evan Roberts. against an individualistic and sectarian Were it not for the Acts of Uniformity, conception of religion, and a struggle it would be quite possible for the to return to a corporate and positive Church to take a prominent part in Christianity. For this reason Church- guiding and modifying in a wise direcmen may view the Welsh movement tion this remarkable manifestation. So with satisfaction. There is nothing es far, however, as lies in their power, sentially Protestant in the idea of re- the majority of Welsh Churchmen are vivalism. Coldness and decorum in sympathetic, and this sympathy will religion savor in truth of Erastian not be lost on a religious and emotional Protestantism; the greatest revivalist people and will do more than a thouof whom Church history tells was that sand Church defence meetings to most purely medieval of religious shake the unreasoning prejudice, which characters, S. Francis of Assisi. To up to the present time has made the prophesy the future effects of this average Welsh dissenter regard the Welsh revival would be as idle as to Church as an Erastian and worldly in. speculate upon the causes that have stitution. called it forth. One thing however To conclude, though a few materialseems certain. Welsh religion can ists, a solitary English Radical, and the never again become as individualistic baser sort of journalist may jeer, a or sectarian as it has been in the past; new chapter seems to have been opened and the Catholic conception of Chris- in Welsh history which, ere it is ended, tianity which the revival has reintro- may record events of deep religious induced into Wales may in time have terest to other lands besides Wales. The Saturday Review.
BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
riences of Northerners in the South during the reconstruction period, is to appear at the same time.
Andred D. White's “reminiscences" which have been printed in The Century Magazine are to be published in book form next month by The Century Company. A new volume by Dr. S. Weir Mitchell, a story of expe
The announcement that some Indian ladies have started a ladies' monthly
magazine attests the progress which ran into several editions. His death the education of women has made in has been followed by the interesting India. The magazine was to make its literary revelation that he had a colfirst appearance last month at Cochin laborator, M. Charles Vincent, who, in under the title of the Sarad, and it will accordance with an agreement arbe edited by three Nair ladies who ranged between the two, will "carry have been educated in English schools. on," in commercial parlance, the busiThe magazine is written and printed ness under the old name. in the vernacular.
Reverend John Mackenzie Bacon, It was announced without authority whose name is pleasantly familiar to that the “Correspondence of Queen Vic- readers of The Living Age as the autoria," which is being arranged by Mr. thor of scientific articles and narratives Arthur C. Benson and Lord Esher, of experiences as an aeronaut, died would be published in December by recently. On the theme with which he Mr. John Murray. This was an error had popularly identified himself he pubThese important volumes will not be lished two books within recent years, published for some months. The mass “By Land and Sky" (1900) and “The of the documents which have to pass Dominion of the Air: the Story of under the examination of the editors Aerial Navigation" (1902). Earlier is very great, and is far from being books which are credited to him are: exhausted.
"A Short Analysis of Paley's Evi
dences of Christianity" (1870), “Hints Five volumes were disposed of last on Elementary Statics" (1870), "Short month in London at private sale for Notes on the Acts of the Apostles" about $100,000. The volumes were (1870), “On the Gospel of St. Matthew" originally part of the collection of (1883) and “On the Gospel of St. Luke" manuscripts and early printed works (1885). formed by Guglielmo Libri, and their value is due chiefly to their elaborate A volume which has its obvious uses, early metal bindings. They were sold though it makes no strong appeal as at auction at Sotheby's about forty literature, is that entitled “Thoughts years ago for just over £630, and have for the Occasion, Fraternal and Benevbeen in the family of the purchaser olent.” It is compiled by Franklin ever since. The most important of the Noble, D.D., and adds to historical and five volumes is an Evangelarium, a other information regarding the varisixth century manuscript written in ous fraternal and benevolent organizabeautiful uncial letters, with a silver- tions, large and small, amiable suggesgilt binding of the tenth or eleventh tions to those who are called upon to century.
be orators upon occasions interesting
to the orders, and a surprisingly large M. Charles Causse, better known as collection of speeches and addresses Pierre Maël, who died recently, was made by the leaders of these organizaone of the most prolific of contempo- tions upon similar occasions in the rary French novelists, although he was past. With this volume within reach but forty-two years old, and his early no one need be at a loss as to what is career was in the navy. His first suitable to say when called upon for great success was “Le Torpilleur 29." "the good of the order.” E. B. Treat & A mere list of his seventy odd books Co. would fill a column. Most of these
BEING HER FRIEND.
THE RED-EARTH COUNTRY.
Being her friend, I do not care, not I, In the red-earth country the cider-apHow gods or men may wrong ie, ples grow beat me down;
In a boon-wealth of leafage, as every Her word's sufficient star to travel by, wean must know, I count her quiet praise sufficient Silver run the rivers first, then brown crown,
towards the sea,
But the Dart of many colors is the Being her friend, I do not covet gold, dearest stream to me. Save for a royal gift to give her pleasure;
Brown beneath her alders, 'neath ber To sit with her, and have her hand to willows green, hold,
Clear agate shallows where her trout Is wealth, I think, surpassing minteil are seen; treasure.
Blue beneath the sapphire sky where
no trees o'erhead Being her friend, I only covet art, Meet to make soft shadows on the river A white pure flame to search me as I bed.
trace, In crooked letters on a throbbing heart, In the red-earth country still the red The hymn to beauty written on her deer run, face.
Free and fearless creatures, dappled John Masefield.
sire and son; Still they wind the bugles, still the
Full the air of Exmoor with a mort of THE ROMANCE OF THE NEW
sounds. TESTAMENT. p"The Bible in most parts, is a cheer- In the red-earth country hours and ful book; it is our piping theologies, days go by, tracts, sermons that are dull and dowie.”
Fishers wed with fishers' weans, moor-Robert Louis Stevenson, Letters, I., 309]
men live and die O pale-faced Theologian whose soft Where the moor grows purple far past hands
Wistman's Wood, And ink-stained fingers never gripped And the gypsy woman weds with the oar
gypsy blood. Or swung the hammer; weary with your books,
In the red-earth country, in the deepHow can your slumbering senses com
cut lanes, prehend
Poppies burn like drops of blood The breadth of virile purpose of the pressed from out Earth's veins, men
Hops lean down to catch the sun in a Who bore their joyous tale through net of lace quickened lands
Fine enough for curtain to a fairy To the great heart of Rome: the ship place.
wreck'd Paul, Wandering Ulysses-like to far-off isles In the red-earth country would that I And barbarous peoples; or those peas- might be, ant kings,
Lying on the heather, or sailing on the Who ever 'mid voluptuous cities wore sea, No mediaeval halo, but the air
Hearing high on Exmoor the wind beof some free fisher battling with the gin the tune, wind
The Seven Whistlers mimic at the dark That blows across the Galilean hills?
o the moon. Elliott M. Mills.
Nora Chesson. The Spectator.