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tenderly, and there were various Certainly it was a great mistake in reasons for treating this minority with what may be called religious politics, great consideration. For one thing, and of course it was an absolute they were men, both clergy and laity blunder in law, to endeavor to diswithout distinction or influence; they possess the minority of the few had no one among them like Dr. Begg churches where the people belonged who commanded the ears of Scotland, to their way of thinking, and not to or who could state their case in a popu- offer them one divinity hall in which lar fashion. It should also have been to train their students. Upon the face remembered that they were largely of it, it did not strike the lay mind as Celts, a race of passionate loyalty to the quite fair, not to say quite Christian, past and the traditional fighters of lost to deny them any share in the accumucauses, a race also quickly touched by lated heritage of the Free Church, but courtesy but absolutely intractable to turn them out into the wilderness, under oppression. And it could hardly be houseless and penniless, because they denied that they held in their entirety refused to unite with another Church the original principles of their Church, whose characteristic principle of Voland stood where Chalmers and the untaryism the leaders of their own leaders of the Disruption stood. It Church had once denounced, and bemay be quite right that a Church cause they wished to remain Free should change her creed with advanc Churchmen as their fathers had been ing light and new circumstances, and before them. It was good statesman. the writer holds firmly not only that ship to unite the two Churches, and it the Church has this power, but that would have been better statesmanship the Scots Church should have exercised to have tried to unite the three, but it it very much sooner and on a much was not statesmanship, and it turns more extensive scale. One who takes out not to have been law, to penalize this position is, however, on that very those Highlanders because they would account the more bound to act very not become United Presbyterians. carefully at every step, and to deal No doubt they ought to have seen that very generously with his conservative the Stuart dynasty is impossible to-day fellow-Churchmen. Very likely the au- in theology, and it would be better if thorities of the United Free Church they could settle down under the new were guided by legal opinion when régime; but a Highlander will not be they locked those Highlanders out of driven, and loses his reason when he their old home, and there might have imagines that he has been betrayed by been some legal danger in allowing his own friends. So the minority took, them to meet in the empty Assembly as it were, to the hills, and people Hall. It turns out to have been bad treated their campaign as a forlorn law, for the Hall belonged to those hope. But, to every one's surprise, Highlanders and not to the Church they have won their Culloden. in the market-place; and it is just The situation which this unexpected possible for a Celt is a warm-hearted victory of the minority has created is man—that if the minority had found incredible, and suggests Alice in Wonthe Hall placed at their disposal, and derland. All the mission stations of the a kindly message had been sent them Free Church scattered throughout the from the Market hall with its thou- world were handed over to a body sands, the lawsuit would never have which has not a single missionary. been started, and Scotland would have the three theological colleges, with been saved another bitter controversy. their libraries and endowments, belong now to a Church which, until yester- be free? Yet it is perfectly evident day, had not a professor, and has had that she was not free, and one asks to secure such professors as it can with perplexity whether Cavour's from outside its own ranks and from famous ideal is possible at all, and the oddest quarters. All the churches there can ever be a free Church in a and manses of the Free Church, be free State. The other ground was that sides that Assembly Hall in which so the Free Church, by certain modificamuch history was made, and the tions she had made on the Confession Church offices and colleges, now belong of Faith, which were really of a very by law to this Highland remnant with modest character, had abandoned a few Lowland camp-followers; while, sound doctrine; and here again one is on the other hand, the former Free affected by the irony of the situation. Church of Scotland, which was inau. If there ever has been any Church in gurated by an act of unique sacrifice our land which has prided herself upon in 1843, and covered Scotland with orthodoxy and stormed against heresy, churches, and made its missions famous it has been the Free Church. Her through the world, and set an example leaders denounced Broad Church of liberality to the Christian Church, theology in every shape, and distinis deprived of all her property and left guished ministers were prosecuted for without a roof under which to worship suggesting even a modification in the throughout Scotland. Upon the sound application of the Jewish Sabbath law. ness of the law which has wrought while Robertson Smith, who was the this marvel the writer has no opinion glory of scholarship in Scotland, was to offer; but he expresses the feeling of . removed from his chair and died in the lay mind in saying that nothing so exile from his Church. If this Church 'absurd has been done by law in the be found untrue to the Confession of history of the Scots people.

Faith and the orthodox creed, then The irony of the situation is not one despairs of orthodoxy altogether. lessened when one looks at the It is right, however, at the same time grounds of the decision; for they are to admit-although this did not come two, and the first is, that the Free within the range of the House of Lords Church has abandoned the Establish- —that although Robertson Smith was ment principle, and that by her consti- expelled, his spirit remained, and Biblitution she is not at liberty to do so. cal criticism has found a congenial When one remembers that in 1843 the home in the Free Church. One has a Free Church paid an enormous price shrewd idea that, if he got to the backto be free from the control of the State ground of the Highland mind, it would in spiritual affairs, and proudly called be found that the remnant would not herself by the name of the Free have vexed themselves so much about Church, it is an amazing illustration of any statement of free grace which the the futility of everything human to Free Church made, if they believed find that the Establishment principle that the Free Church was loyal to the is tied as firmly round her neck as Word of God. They were haunted ever, and that, having lost all her with the idea that critics within the property once to escape from the Es- Free Church were shaking the very tablished Church, she is now to lose foundation of faith by their daring all she has accumulated since because treatment of Holy Scripture; and it is she had made the Establishment prin open to believe, although it cannot be ciple an open question. What more proved, that there never would have could the Free Church have done to been any lawsuit, and possibly there

never would have been any division, of trusts. As many of those donors if the remnant had not been scared by are living, and see the churches which the higher criticisın. One reason, when they have built delivered to the remyou go to the inwardness of things, nant against whom they have been why the Free Church left the Estab voting for thirty years, one would like lished Church in 1843, was that they to know their opinion of the law of were more evangelical; and one reason, trusts. If this law which is the when you get at the inwardness of fetish of English judges is intended things again, why the Free Church is to secure first that a trust be efficiently stripped of all her possessions in 1904, administered, and secondly that it be is that she is less evangelical. What administered according to the intenis a Church to do if she be penalized tion of the donors, then the House of first for orthodoxy and next for hetero- Lords have secured by law—which I doxy?

wish again to say is no doubt perfect The absurdity of the position is quite law-that this particular trust be as great when one comes to the matter scarcely administered at all, and next, of property and the anxiety of the Law that so far as it is administered it Courts that it should be administered shall be contrary to the wishes of according to the will of the donor. seventy-five per cent. of the donors. On the one hand, they take the whole It is indeed unreasonable and intolof the property from the Free Church erable that a Church which exists for because they consider them improper the teaching of truth and the develop. people to administer it, and they hand ment of the religious life should be it over to the remnant who cannot ad- regarded as a joint-stock company minister it at all, and this is done in which is raising money upon a prosorder to preserve the sanctity of the pectus as for banking or mining. If law of trusts. On the other hand, they such a Church is to fulfil her purpose take the property of the Free Church, and justify the gifts which have been three-fourths of which was accumu- given her, she should keep abreast of lated after that Church had declared theological science, and lead her people that it did not consider the Establish further into truth every year; and it ment principle to be of the essence of would be an anomaly if such a Church its faith, and hand over not only the is denied the liberty of growth and the one-fourth raised, as the judges would opportunity of life, and a grave injussay, upon the prospectus of Dr. Chal- tice if, whenever the Church had vindimers, but the three-fourths raised cated her own existence by her intel. upon quite a different prospectus, to the lectual sincerity and her liberty, she remnant because they are the proper should be mulcted of her property. If people to administer such property. In the Church of Christ is to fulfil her other words, three-fourths of the prop- purpose in history, and if she is to erty of the Free Church is taken away secure the loyalty of her people in from the Church the donors love and modern times, she must be free to to which they gave it, and handed over shape her creed according to her confor administration to a body of men viction, and it must no longer be poswith whom the donors for the most sible for the dead creed of the past to part disagreed, and for the furtherance grip her throat at any moment and of whose views the donors for the threaten her with the loss of her submost part would never have glven a stance because the Church is declaring penny. And this is done to establish the mind of Christ as He has been the confidence of the public in the law pleased to reveal it in these latter days

LIVING AGE. VOL. XXVI. 1970

by His indwelling spirit. The crisis in throughout the English-speaking world. Scotland in the first issue gravely af- The Scots Kirk has often suffered in fects the Scots Kirk, and therefore the past, and she is ready to suffer calls forth the sympathy of every one again; she has suffered in the cause of of her sons, wherever he may be living; freedom, and now, whatever happens, in the last issue it affects the freedom the world may be sure Scotsmen will and the future of the Christian Church not sell the pass. The Hibbert Journal,

John Watson.

THE GIRL WITH THE SOFT GRAY EYES.

I doubt if I could give her real tain that I remember even the name name. One so soon forgets the unim- of that. portant accessories; all the quicker for The time was the time when many, the inverse vividness of the main facts, but not nearly all, of the women and the things that the memory will never children from the back veldt had been let go. With men who knock about brought into the concentration camps. the world in strenuous living, objects The girl was—but you'll hear of her are oftenest referred to by the phrase as you go on. that best and most permanently hits The town was held by a conglomerathem off. Girls are objects no less tion of all sorts of odds and ends of than men and things. In war-time derelict troops; stragglers, details, men they are seen and missed again, so from hospital, and dismounted men of quickly and casually that their names operating columns; altogether a weary are mere arbitrary accidents, and they hotch-potch for an eager man to bark are remembered, if at all, by that his shins and skin his heart upon. which quickest and surest brings them There was no more than one officer of up in the mind again. This, then, is any one unit, neither was there any the story of "the girl with the soft gray regular mess. Barely any two of the eyes."

officers joined rations and made preIt was Morgan, the man most con- tence of chumming. In the insufferacerned, who first used the phrase. ble dulness of life in a never-sniped And when it was all over; when the garrison men had grown insufferable war at last ended, and we, who knew also to each other. Whisky had begun of the incident, had dispersed to the to go to the stomach, leaving the head four clean winds of heaven from the merely the more morose. The place tainted air of the veldt; then, if any offered only two alternatives. A man man of us ever thought of her in his could either flirt with a dozen "Eng. retrospect, it was by Morgan's phrase lish” girls and women of the town, not that he named her in his mind.

necessarily the best looking, or be Morgan was an officer of M.I., re- could exchange mordant banter with covering so slowly from a bad wound as many of the burgher girls as were that he was not allowed out on trek, surreptitiously eager to pick up inforbut sternly bidden to sit and rest him- mation for the use of their friends outself as part of the garrison of a certain side. Of course there was always the little town on the railway in the eternal accident of love, and, as almost Transvaal—and I am not always cer- always in such circumstances, it was

on to grow

any google

oftenest the women who got hurt in look at a man-so this wild ass must that tragedy.

promptly bring up half the outpost and At last Morgan was seen to grow lug off all the mess stores that were cheerful-so cheerful that the doctor any good and dump them into her became an unofficial member of that cart. I suppose be looked at her then mess which had previously consisted with a sort of an 'anything, anything only of Morgan and Hutchings, lieu- else, queen of my heart? sort of gaze, tenant of part of a Volunteer company as if he'd done something wise." that was soon to go home. Then came "So I had, my dear little son," put a day when the three were sitting in in Morgan, with his most insufferable the mess hut, midday scoff just fin. air. "Ladies first-that's always wisished, pipes going and silence reigning. dom." It was Morgan who broke the harmony "You!-you penny noveletter, you!" of the moment by speech, causing the retorted Hutchings to him in hugest doctor to frown for a moment at such disgust. Then, turning, "Well, doctor," folly as talk.

he went on, “I suppose she looked at "I'll take out the gun and try to get him with the 'You are so very kind' a hare or a kurhaan for dinner," said sort of flapdoodle in her eyes. At least, Morgan. “Too much bally biscuits and ever since that time there's hardly a bully, you know

day but my Lord John Ass here goes A moment's silence, which the doctor out-shooting!" hoped might last, was exploded upon “While you still continue to fare by Hutchings. "If you get us the sumptuously every day on-biscuits and game you are really going after, the bully," suggested the doctor in his girl with the gray eyes, that would be most casual manner. And Hutchings something to amuse us at least," spoke growled. he, half savagely.

"And the girl with the gray eyes,” "The girl with the soft gray eyes," added the doctor presently. “She corrected Morgan once again with all comes out to carry the bag home-I that air of a man who "fancies him- don't say to whose home?" ended he. self in that particular quarter.”

"No, that's it,” returned Hutchings, The doctor looked up. Morgan looked with fresh disgust. “He goes right across at him.

bang on into the house and drinks "Hutchings has never forgiven me coffee with her people, just like a bally because it was I instead of himself Boer on the opset. You can watch him who emptied three-parts of the mess go, any afternoon, through the big stores into her Cape cart, when she telescope Harrison's got up there on drove in for provisions and found the the koppie with the gun. You can folshops had none."

low the beggar all the way, and almost "Yes," growled Hutchings to the doc- see the smirk on him." tor. "Fancy the beggar! He was field “Not all the way," corrected Morgan officer · that day. If I'd been field suavely. “There's one dip there, a officer she wouldn't have been allowed quarter of a mile wide or so, with a in at all—that's the way information sluit in it. The veldt's not so flat as goes out. But my lord Bairam here, it looks from the koppie." the wild ass, he goes riding round on “No, but you are; you just dashed his long-tailed gee-gee, and he finds are as flat as you look when one her stating her case to my sergeant on watches you go through that teloutpost there-you know these girls escope," delivered Hutchings crushwith the big gray eyes and how they ingly.

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