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"Mister" would have been defamation, feel a touch of uncalled-for asperity. and a Star Chamber matter, as it well If Mary Fitton was "conspicuously might if the publisher intended an in- fair" her claims to the doubtful honor sult. But in any case the peer would
of having been Shakespeare's "worser have had to set the Star Chamber in motion; and there might be good rea
spirit” are certainly knocked on the sons for not doing so.... Those
head. But, apart from this damning who on the ground of this derogation discrepancy, the case in her favor from Herbert's dignity have denied the seems to me exceedingly strong; and possibility of his being the "begetter" I may, perhaps, be pardoned for doubtof the Sonnets have, perhaps, not al
ing whether this opinion deserves to ways sufficiently considered the impos
be lightly dismissed as "insane." sibility of dedicating them.
It is “To the Right Honorable William, Earle of
manifestly excessive to say that “the Pembroke. Lord Chamberlaine to His Sonnets supply no possible clue” to the Majestie, one of his most honorable identity of the Dark Lady. They supPrivie Counsell, and Knight of the ply one very important clue: namely, most noble order of the Garter.” Had
that she was the mistress of “Mr. W. Thorpe ventured upon such a dedica- H.” If "Mr. W. H.” cannot be identition as that, I can conceive the Star
fied, the clue, of course, fails. But if, Chamber taking action of its own accord.
"W. H.” meant William Herbert-and
Mr. Beeching sees nothing "insane" in This could not possibly be better put; that view—then Mary Fitton, Herbert's and yet Mr. Beeching confesses him- mistress, surely becomes a "not imposself unconvinced. “There is a smug sible she" to take the third place in the tone,” he says, “about the dedication trio. For a long time the phrase "in which suggests that while Mr. W. H. act thy bed-vow broke" seemed to rule was far above Thorpe's own social her out; while there was nothing to position, he was get something less show that she had a third lover of the than so magnificent a person as the name of William, as Sonnet CXXXV. Earl of Pembroke.” The most ardent not obscurely suggested. But when it Pembrokist will scarcely deny that this appeared from the Arbury records that is delicately and perhaps justly felt she was persecuted by the attentions
At one point only does Mr. Beeching's of Sir William Knollys, and was actsobriety of statement fail him for a wally (by an almost incredible arrangemoment. He will not countenance ment) regarded as being betrothed to any attempt to identify the “Dark bim, then the case in her favor be. Lady." He says:
came, in my eyes, almost overwhelm
ing. It crumbles to naught, of course, The number of brunettes in the capi
if Mary Fitton can be proved to have tal at any time is legion, and the
been fair; and the testimony of all Sonnets supply no possible clue by
who have examined her portraits at which the particular person can be identified. The attempt, therefore, to Arbury seems to agree, if not that she fix upon someone with whom Pem- was "conspicuously fair," at least that broke is known to have had relations she could not be called dark. That is merely gratuitous; and it rejoices the granted, one can on
granted, one can only say that chance heart of any sane spectator to learn
has played us an elaborate practical that this supposed “dark lady," Mis
joke in heaping coincidence upon cotress Mary Fitton, turns out, when her portraits are examined, to have been
incidence to lead us astray. Had her conspicuously fair.
complexion been dark, one could almost
have retorted the accusation of-infirmNow, in this paragraph one cannot but ity of judgment-upon anyone who, accepting Pembroke, could still reject the Sonnets are addressed; and J. M. goes exquisitely dovetailed evidence in favor through them one by one, fitting them, of Mary Fitton.
not without ingenuity, into his at"J. M.," the author of Shakespeare tractive scheme. According to this Self-Revealed, has a short and simple interpreter, "Mr. W. H.” meant "Mr. method of interpretation which re- Will Himself"--a theory at which J. lieves us of all further need to discuss M. arrived quite independently of the Southampton, Pembroke, the Dark learned German who (as he afterwards Lady, or any other historical question ascertained) had anticipated him. It in relation to the Sonnets. In his eyes is gratifying to find that even in the Shakespeare's “better angel” was the extraction of sunbeams from cucumLove of Beauty, and his "worser spirit" bers England can still hold her own the Love of Fame. To these warring with Germany. tendencies (but why warring?) all the
William Archer. The Speaker.
THE FALL OF PORT ARTHUR.
The Japanese have finally succeeded the policy of attack would become imin the first, and perhaps greatest, of possible. The place, remember, was not the many feats of arms in which they defended by Chinese or by natives of must succeed before they can com- India, but by Russians, who behind pletely triumph over their mighty fortifications are among the best troops enemy. Aided by the formation of the in the world, who were provided with ground, and by the genius of an en- artillery at least as good and as plentigineer who has in some mysterious wayful as that of their assailants, who had missed his due meed of fame, the Rus- a hero to command them, who had sians had constructed at the eastern risen to the temper in which death tip of the Liao-tung Peninsula a fort- seems a mere occurrence in life, and ress which they intended to be their who believed almost to the last that base for great conquests in the North- relief either by land or sea was certain ern Pacific, which they believed to be to arrive. The Power which could impregnable, and which great experts carry across sea an army capable of declare would have been impregnable such an achievement, of such a siege to any besiegers but the Japanese. It of eight months, of making a series of was a system of forts, three lines of storming assaults, few of which comthem, rather than a fortress, which had pletely succeeded, without discourageto be taken. No other generals, even if ment, and of carrying it all through commanding German or French or to a triumphant conclusion, as a mere British troops, would have ventured to incident in a greater campaign, las expend so many trained men on such proved herself, whatever her future an effort, or would have been so unin history, to be one of the Great Powers. fluenced by the fear that the hideous There is no State in existence wliose slaughter which marked every repulse soldiers would encounter the victors of and every partial victory might de Port Arthur in equal numbers with moralize their soldiery, or so appal their any certainty of victory. Indeed, there people at home that a continuance of have been incidents in the siege, like
the storm of Nansban or of 203-Mètre nent, where the belief in the invinciHill, which have compelled experienced bility of Russia is stronger than in this soldiers to doubt whether the Japanese country, it has affected every expresare not the finest fighters in the world, sion of opinion. The difference beand whether Kuropatkin is not right tween the fact, and the fear or hope in demanding a grand superiority in of the fact, is often very wide, and it numbers as the first, indeed the essen- will, we think, prove to be so in this tial, condition for any victory by the case. The world discounts most things, troops under his command. It will be but it cannot discount a thunderbolt a more necessary condition than ever or an earthquake, or even an assassinanow, for the news cannot be long con- tion. Mankind in general will first cealed from the troops on the Sha-ho; shudder, as at some event of the greatand little as the Russian soldier is de. est moment which the majority had moralized by suffering, it is incon. never foreseen, and then begin discussceivable that the spirits of the men, ing its immediate consequences. Will and especially of the officers, should there be peace, it will be asked, and not be depressed by a defeat which what will be the effect upon the prosthey have been taught to consider im- pects of revolution in Russia ? possible, at least while the hero of Rus- It is impossible to answer either quessian imaginations remained to conduct tion with complete confidence, because the defence.
the replies depend upon two unknown This, the rise of Japan into the posi. quantities,--the inner character of the tion of a successful fighting Power, as Russian Czar, and the silent opinion of strong in all the elements of strength the huge mass of the Russian peasas any Power in the world, is, we con- antry. We should say ourselves that ceive, the first and greatest result of it was next to impossible for a Governthe surrender of Port Arthur. It will ment like the Russian, which rests make the Island Empire the object of for internal affairs firstly upon the universal international attention, of a army, and secondly upon the prestige hundred hopes and fears, which will of the Czar among his own people, develop into elaborate combinations to make peace until General Kuropatand intrigues, and will for the moment kin has made his grand effort, and directly, perhaps painfully, affect the either been defeated, or what is quite relations of the European Powers to as possible, has been so weakened each other. The owners of the Philip- by a series of sanguinary battles that pines, of Indo-China, or Kiao-chow, of his army has ceased to be a factor in Java, perhaps even the owners of In- the problem. The rulers of Russia dia and Australia, will recognize with have been aware for some time that a more perfect certainty that a new Port Arthur must fall, and regard its and most powerful State has been born surrender as part of the defeat of a into the world. They knew that before, Yavy which they have not been acit will be said, and it is true; but the customed to consider a prime element knowledge was impaired in complete in their own greatness. They will ness by an element of uncertainty, by think it safer to risk an army, which a doubt whether the great fortress they can replace, than to admit that might not after all be relieved by Ad- this army cannot defeat an Asiatic peomiral Rozhdestvensky, or delivered by ple, and that they themselves do not a victorious march of General Kuro- know how to organize victory by land. patkin. We have noticed the doubt Their repute with the Army would be even in England; and on the Conti- gone, as much gone as the repute of an officer who declined a challenge; and The second question, the effect of without repute with the Army they the surrender upon revolution in Ruswould never be safe against insurrec- sia, is more perplexing still, Western tion, or those Palace revolts which at Europe, misled in part by its own expeone time so frequently marked the his- rience, is attaching great importance tory of Russia. It is perfectly true that to a Constitutional movement which it the war is most unpopular even with sees is in progress in Russia. All the sections of the Army, and that peace educated, it says, desire the introducwould be an immense relief to most im- tion of a representative system. That portant classes; but to welcome peace is in the main true, and if Russia were or to crave for peace, and to rejoice as Great Britain, France, or even in it after a great defeat, are two Germany, there could be little doubt of widely different things. A keen wound the result. But there is no proof that to national pride is rarely forgiven by in Russia the educated lead the people, any race, and among the great races and it is quite certain that by them. of the world the Slav is certainly not selves—that is, without support either the most devoid of sensitive national from the soldiers or the peasants,the pride. He has trusted always in his educated are powerless against the Czar in confidence of victory, and after bureaucracy, which dreads a Constituhis greatest defeat the Czar of the tion. It is quite true that the peasmoment passed away and his whole antry are just now distressed by econosocial system was reorganized. The mic causes, harassed by taxation, and chances of peace, too, depend upon the more or less indignant at the demand terms of peace, and the terms of peace on the Reservists; but for all that the as yet adumbrated by the representa West knows they may be looking for tives of Japan are not favorable to redress to that very autocratic power speedy pacification. Russia may re which the educated are so anxious to cede from Manchuria, as she has re- suppress. A jacquerie is at least as peatedly receded from Constantinople, probable in Russia as a revolution. and will hardly feel the cession of That great changes will follow a great Saghalien; but the Japanese insist on defeat in the Far East is, we think, an indemnity, and an indemnity, be certain; but to calculate the direction sides irritating Imperial pride, will of those changes, we must wait till we rouse in the governing group the feel. know whether General Kuropatkin is, ing that it will be cheaper to fight on. as a result of sanguinary battles, to What are the lives of moujiks to a march into Korea or retreat on Khargreat Russian compared with a humili- bin. ation?
BOOKS AND AUTHORS.
The first literary fruit of the Tibetan expedition is a small book by Mr. Powell Millington, "To Lhassa at Last."
by Mr. John Masefield. If it is one half as stirring as his ballads it will not lack for readers.
The Messrs. Methuen are to publish a book on "The English Buccaneers”
Hereafter the “Mercure de France" will be published, as is usual with French reviews, once a fortnight in. stead of monthly. Since its founda- D.D., either to the congregation of tion in January, 1890, the Mercure has which he was pastor, or upon historic increased in size from 32 to 300 pages, and patriotic anniversaries and occaand in price from 40 centimes to sions; but there are added lectures on 1fr. 25. It has thriven, in spite of its The Bench and Bar by Justice W. W. unique devotion to literature. The last Goodrich of the New York Supreme hundred and thirty or so pages of Court, and on Some Medical Men in each number are devoted to a “Revue the Revolution, by Dr. Sidney H. Cardu Mois," or "encyclopédie au jour le ney, Jr., Secretary of the New York jour du mouvement universel des Historical Society. The lectures group idées,” in which the current literature effectively and present vividly some inof all Europe is reviewed, briefly and teresting phases of early American hiscompetently.
tory, and their defects are those inci
dent to the popular pulpit and platform The word "Temple” has come to be style. a synonym for a volume alluring as literature and dainty in typography. “The Letters Which Never Reached As applied to the new series of "Tem Him," though they do not rival in ple Topographies," published in London fascination a certain series whose by J. M. Dent & Co. and in this coun- name they recall, are attracting contry by E. P. Dutton & Co., it retains siderable attention in England, and the full significance which it has come American readers will welcome the to have in other connections. It is the edition which E. P. Dutton & Co. aim of these volumes to present the publish. The writer of the letters is history, the scenery, the architecture, a German lady of talent and charm, the ancient traditions and the present who shares the journeyings of a day aspects of English towns and ham brother in the diplomatic service, and lets. In one of the volumes before us who is leaving Peking with him for Mr. Edmund H. New describes and New York, in the fall of 1899; and the pictures Evesham and its famous ab- man whom they never reached, seen bey. Of the second the parish of in the mirror of her admiration-and, Broadway, in Worcester county, from later, love—is an ethnologist and exwhose hill one may look into thirteen plorer of brilliant achievement. CoverEnglish counties, is the subject. Mr. ing a period of a year only, but dated New is again the illustrator, but the from Vancouver to Berlin, they give text is written, and very delightfully vivid' travel sketches, and daring comwritten, by Mr. Algernon Gissing. ment on social life. But the central
interest is always in Peking, and the E. B. Treat & Co. publish a new and range of emotions from uneasiness to enlarged edition of the volume entitled anxiety, despair, hope, and despair “Makers of the American Republic," again is strikingly portrayed. In spite which contains a series of historical of the disclosure of the title, the plot lectures upon the early colonists,-the piques curiosity, but the book makes Virginians, Pilgrims, Hollanders, Puri- its chief impression by other than tans, Quakers, Scotch and Huguenots. dramatic effects. As yet, no guesses Most of these lectures, sixteen in all, have identified the author. were delivered by the Rev. David Gregg,