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The decision of the London County set before themselves first before Council to provide a site for "an ade- everything else, the erection of "some quate Shakespeare Memorial", is one such monument as the Albert Memoof those decisions arrived at by a pub- rial," that many people dislike the Allic body which it is impossible to re bert Memorial, and that many more gard without approval, but which com- would rather that, if a monument is pel misgivings. Now that a suitable to be erected to Shakespeare's memory, site is assured, what is proposed is to it should not take the form of a decocollect funds and to organize a great rative column or statuary. We are international tribute to Shakespeare's certainly among the latter number ourmemory, and for that purpose a Pro- selves, and think, not only that we are visional Committee has been formed, unlikely to get what is wanted if a with certain definite objects. It may column or statue is decided upon, but be as well to state these in full. They that, even if we were, it would be are,-First, the memorial to be erected better to begin by deciding in the first on some prominent site in London; the instance for something else. There is, funds collected to be, in the first in no doubt, a great deal to be said in stance, devoted to the erection of some favor of columns or statues as a means such monument in London as the Scott of perpetuating the memories of dead Memorial or the Albert Memorial; any men--nobody who has watched the ensum over that required for the monu- thusiasm with which wreaths are sent ment to be used for some object or ob- every year to Trafalgar Square could jects tending to promote the study or deny that-and even as to the muchappreciation of Shakespeare, to be de- criticised Albert Memorial itself, it is termined by a General Memorial Com- no more than the truth that it has its mittee. Second, the General Committee decorative aspects, though they may to consist of leading men and women not exactly fit their surroundings, and belonging to all parts of the Empire, though, in any case, such a monument representatives of the American people, must be left to be mellowed and and distinguished foreigners. Third, a graced by the mildew and lichen of Shakespeare commemoration to be held time. (How many persons there must in all parts of the world during “the be who every year purchase old furniShakespeare week,” 1905 (April 23rd ture and old decorative work of all to May 1st), so that a concentrated ef. kinds, and who sometimes admire such fort may be made in connection with work simply because it is old, yet who the commemoration to collect the do not reflect that some day the Albert funds necessary for the memorial. Memorial will be at least interesting

The last two provisions occasion no simply because it will be old.] There difficulty; but that cannot be said of were plenty of people, probably, when the first, as to which obviously there King's College Chapel was first built, will be the widest possible differences who thought it something garish and of opinion, even among those who do wrong. Not, of course, that the Chapel not hold that Shakespeare has built and the Memorial can be bracketed tohimself the only necessary monument gether; but still, any work of the nain his works. The point is, of course, ture of the Albert Memorial, which is that the Provisional Committee have to depend for its artistic value partly

on the effect of time in mellowing its spoken, year after year, with just, so color, must be so strikingly glaring and to speak, the simple setting of the writgilded at first as to appear almost ten manuscript? The thought suggests cheap and showy.

possibilities which are surely not less But even granting the value of col- practicable than they are fascinating. umns and statuary considered as means Imagine a building erected in London of perpetuating the memory of the on sonje spacious site,-Elizabethan in dead, is there no better method of do- design, a theatre, and more than a ing honor to Shakespeare's memory theatre. A library, with the quartos than the erection of a column or a and folios stored so that every Englishstatue? In the first place, it must be man might see them; & reading-room, conceded that British art has not bith. providing the student with ready referto been conspicuous for its success erence to every atom of criticism or in statuary work, and that there is, un comment that has been given to the fortunately, no reason to suppose that work of the greatest mind of English it is likely to achieve anything wonder history; and besides library and read. ful in the near future. Without going ing-room, a theatre endowed with one so far as the enthusiastic critic who object,-to bring home Shakespeare's declared that the best way of celebrat thought to the mind of the people. ing the Diamond Jubilee would be to With that object, the theatre would pull down the Imperial Institute and be provided with funds which would to bury the statues which at present make it possible for a Committee to decorate the interior of Westminster arrange that once in a certain cycle of Abbey, it is at least possible to con time perhaps, since there are more template without dismay the sugges- than thirty plays that could be acted, tion that a statue of Shakespeare is a year would be too short a space-all not the best memorial which could be the plays which can be acted should erected to his memory. And what else, be acted. The acting, of course, must instead of a statue or column, might be as good as possible; and for that be built up? In the first place, ought reason it would not be best to endow it not to be remembered that the object or provide for a single company of to aim at is hardly so much to give a actors,-rather, just as the old Italian living sculptor or architect a chance signors called for this or that company of doing something "adequate,” as to of players, or, for that matter, just as try to ensure that the work and mem- companies are "commanded" by Roy. ory of Shakespeare shall be kept green, alty to play at Sandringbam or Wind. -preserved, that is, not only before the sor to-day, it should be made possible eyes of those who are least likely to for the Committee to invite the comforget him, but in the memory of those panies of the London theatres to play who, by the queer chances of life, King John or The Tempest or The Mermight not get to knowledge of his chant of Venice for a week or more at mind unless through the means of some the Shakespeare Theatre. That would public work or monument insistent on be done without loss of income to the their daily attention? If so, then the players, and certainly with immensely first thing to do is to bring to the increased opportunities of adding to people Shakespeare's thought, not his their own reputations,—though that is, face. And could that be better done to be sure, not the highest aspect of than by erecting a real Shakespearian the possibilities involved; still, it would theatre,—à theatre in which the plays make the theatre attractive. And if should be acted and the great speeches such an idea were realized-if, that is, it should be permanently possible for memorial bring home to the thought of every British subject to know that to the inheritors of Shakespeare's king. the Shakespeare Theatre he could go dom-the idol or the voice? any night, and that at the Shakespeare Theatre be would hear Shakespeare's That is, we think, the danger which poetry spoken by the best among the Committee of the Shakespeare British actors-who can suppose that Memorial ought to consider, and no there would not be added to British doubt will consider, -whether, in for. thought an increased appreciation of warding such ideas as the erection of the greatness of the greatest of English great statues or memorial buildings, minds? More so, surely, in this way they may not misrepresent the personthan by the casual glance at a column ality of the man to whose work they of statuary, however finely conceived. wish to pay tribute. It would be, It must be by the hearing of Shake- after all, so fatally easy to put up an speare's own voice, rather than by the enormously expensive but hopelessly contemplation of what may or may not unsatisfactory spectacular memorial to be like Shakespeare's face and figure, Shakespeare. At the outset, to mention that his countrymen can best learn the the very first difficulty that occurs, magnificance of their heritage, and can would only British sculptors be allowed know something of what Carlyle meant to compete in designing a memorial? when he asked: “What item," as an If so, would it be right to exclude a ornament to our English household, “is design proffered by Mr. St. Gaudens there that we would surrender rather because he is an American? The than him? Consider, now, if they Americans are inheritors of Shakeasked us"-and let the reader, for the speare's kingdom just as we are; and sake of argument, substitute a Sbake. yet we suppose that it is likely that speare Theatre such as we have sug- British opinion would prefer a Britisb gested for Shakespeare bimself, and a sculptor's work to that of Mr. St. column or a statue for the glory of the Gaudens, even though the latter might Indian Empire_“Will you give-up your suggest a design more Shakespearian Indian Empire, or never have had any than the other in breadth and nobility Shakespeare? Really it were a grave of conception. That is only one sugquestion. Official persons would an- gestion as regards the difficulties which swer doubtless in official language; but are likely to arise if the great memorial we, for our part too, should not we be is to represent Shakespeare seen rather forced to answer: Indian Empire, or no than Shakespeare heard. There are Indian Empire; we cannot do without others which will readily occur. We Shakespeare! Indian Empire will go, ourselves, at all events, see much more at any rate, some day; but this Shake, likelihood of a really satisfactory speare does not go, he lasts for ever Shakespeare memorial in something on with us; we cannot give-up our Shake the lines of a library-theatre than in speare!" The parallel is not so in- statuary work, which if it is to stand exact, applied to Shakespeare seen and the test of time is quite likely to dis. Shakespeare heard. Shakespeare heard please for the moment, and which in will last for ever; Shakespeare seen any case we are not likely to get. that is, Shakespeare as represented by Whereas Shakespeare spoken, and a great monument or memorial-is not Shakespeare heard, however worthily Shakespeare, but our own modern or unworthily modern actors may intranslation of his spirit into an idol. terpret him, is, after all, Shakespeare Which Shakespeare should the great himself.

The Spectator.


(Published at Madrid, January, 1605.)
Advents we greet of great and small,

Much we extol that may not live,
Yet to the new-born type we give

No care at all!

This year, three centuries past, by age

More maimed than by Lepanto's fight.
This year Cervantes gave to light

His matchless page.

Whence first outrode th' immortal Pair

The half-crazed Hero and bis hind-
To make sad laughter for mankind;

And whence they fare

Throughout all Fiction still, where chance

Allies Life's dulness with its dreams-
Allies what is with what but seenis-

Fact and Romance

O Knight of fire and Squire of earth!

0 changing give-and-take between
The aim too high, the aim too mean,

I hail your birth,

Three centuries past, in sunburned Spain,

And hang on Time's Pantheon wall,
My votive tablet to recall

That lasting gain!
The Cornbill Magazine,

Austin Dobson.


Servian folk-lore was made accessible to English students a few years ago in Madame Mijatovich's volume of trans. lations, which the late Rev. W. Denton edited; and now Mr. Nutt has a collection of Bulgarian folksongs and folkproverbs, to be published under the title of "In the Shade of the Balkans." The songs and proverbs have been

translated into English verse-chiefly from the collections of P. Slaviekoffby H. Bernard. Critical introductions have been added to the book by Dr. E. J. Dillon, P. Slaviekot, and the translator.

Apropos of Mr. Hall Caine's somewhat inconsiderate use of an episode in

Rossetti's life in his latest story, The Shrine of Love and Other Stories" Academy recalls numerous earlier in. (1891); "French Painters of the Eightstances of real people presented in fic- eenth Century" (1899); "French Archition. For example, there is Miss Mow. tects and Sculptors of the Eighteenth cher in "David Copperfield,” Helen Century" (1900); “French Furniture Walker and her sister who figure as and Decoration in the Eighteenth CenJeanie and Effie Deans in the "Heart tury" (1901); "French Engravers and of Midlothian," the Marquis of Hert- Draughtsmen of the Eighteenth Cenford who has an unpleasant immortal- tury" (1902). ity as the Marquis of Steyne in "Vanity Fair” and as Lord Monmouth in “Con. A "student of literature" writes to ingsby.” Disraeli's novels, “Vivian The Academy to protest against the Grey" in particular, constitute an in- modern system of "literary series" teresting portrait gallery of the celeb- which gives to Thomson, FitzGerald rites of the time. First and fore- and Sir Thomas Browne the same most comes Croker, the Rigby of space in the "English Men of Letters" “Coningsby," then there are Isaac Dis- biographies that is accorded to Milton, raeli as Horace Grey in "Vivian Grey," Burke or Swift. He adds that all that Byron and Shelley as Cadurcls and can be said of Thomson has been alHerbert in “Venetia,” Lady Blessing ready said in Johnson's “Life”, that ton as Zenobia and Sarah Disraeli as FitzGerald has filled a few pages with Myra in "Endymion.” Thackeray as a remarkable paraphrase or summary St. Barbe in "Lothair," and so on. of a Persian poet; and that Sir Thomas Lytton, also, makes the great Beau Browne wrote one of those books Brummell live again in the pages of whose name every one knows and **Pelham."

wbose contents scarcely any one

studies. But another reader of The Walter Jerrold, in The Academy, re- Academy makes a counter-protest marks that so many of the references against these views. He reminds the to the books written by the late Lady first writer that FitzGerald wrote some Dilke have been either vague or in- of the most genial and graceful letters complete that it may be serviceable in the language, and among other to some readers to give a full list of things a dialogue, a part of which her works-omitting a few pamphlets Tennyson thought to be one of the and similar writings. Her most im- finest pieces of English prose existing; portant books-books indispensable to wbile, as to Sir Thomas Browne if he students of the subject-are those on had written nothing but “Urn Burial” French art, and especially the notable he would have ranked among the series of volumes on various manifesta- masters of English prose. About tions of French art during the eight. Thomson he says nothing; and his letter eenth century, with which the lament, suggests that he is chiefly interested ed author completed her literary work. in FitzGerald and Browne because they Lady Dilke wrote “The Renaissance were “preeminently stylists." But, not. of Art in France” (1879); "Sir Frederic withstanding all this, there is ground Leighton," a brief sketch of his life for the view that to give the three (1882); "Claude Lorrain, sa Vie et ses writers named as much space as is Euvres d'après des Documents Ine given the greatest writers of English dits” (1884); edited Mark Pattison's prose and verse is disproportionate. "Memoirs" (1885);: "The Shrine of The evil seems to be inherent in the Death and Other Stories" (1886); "Art very essence of a “series," which 18 in the Modern State" (1888); “The uniformity.

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