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(ii) of that equipment to a significant extent in the performance of a service or the furnishing of a prod
uct; (B) includes computers, ancillary equipment, software, firmware and similar procedures, services (including support services), and related resources; but
(C) does not include any equipment acquired by a federal
contractor incidental to a federal contract. $ 11102. Sense of Congress
It is the sense of Congress that, during the five-year period beginning with 1996, executive agencies should achieve each year through improvements in information resources management by the agency
(1) at least a five percent decrease in the cost (in constant fiscal year 1996 dollars) incurred by the agency in operating and maintaining information technology; and
(2) a five percent increase in the efficiency of the agency op
erations. § 11103. Applicability to national security systems (a) DEFINITION.
(1) NATIONAL SECURITY SYSTEM.—In this section, the term "national security system” means a telecommunications or information system operated by the Federal Government, the function, operation, or use of which
(A) involves intelligence activities;
(B) involves cryptologic activities related to national security;
(C) involves command and control of military forces;
(D) involves equipment that is an integral part of a weapon or weapons system; or
(E) subject to paragraph (2), is critical to the direct fulfillment of military or intelligence missions. (2) LIMITATION.–Paragraph (1)(E) does not include a system to be used for routine administrative and business applications (including payroll, finance, logistics, and personnel manage
ment applications). (b) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in subsection (c), chapter 113 of this title does not apply to national security systems. (c) EXCEPTIONS.—
(1) IN GENERAL.-Sections 11313, 11315, and 11316 of this title apply to national security systems.
(2) CAPITAL PLANNING AND INVESTMENT CONTROL.—The heads of executive agencies shall apply sections 11302 and 11312 of this title to national security systems to the extent practicable.
(3) APPLICABILITY OF PERFORMANCE-BASED AND RESULTSBASED MANAGEMENT TO NATIONAL SECURITY SYSTEMS.
(A) IN GENERAL.-Subject to subparagraph (B), the heads of executive agencies shall apply section 11303 of this title to national security systems to the extent practicable.
(B) EXCEPTION.-National security systems are subject to section 11303(b)(5) of this title, except for subparagraph (B)(iv).
CHAPTER 113–RESPONSIBILITY FOR ACQUISITIONS OF
SUBCHAPTER 1-DIRECTOR OF OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET Sec. 11301. Responsibility of Director. 11302. Capital planning and investment control. 11303. Performance-based and results-based management.
SUBCHAPTER II—EXECUTIVE AGENCIES 11311. Responsibilities. 11312. Capital planning and investment control. 11313. Performance and results-based management. 11314. Authority to acquire and manage information technology. 11315. Agency Chief Information Officer. 11316. Accountability. 11317. Significant deviations. 11318. Interagency support.
SUBCHAPTER III—OTHER RESPONSIBILITIES 11331. Responsibilities for Federal information systems standards.
SUBCHAPTER 1-DIRECTOR OF OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT
$ 11301. Responsibility of Director
In fulfilling the responsibility to administer the functions assigned under chapter 35 of title 44, the Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall comply with this chapter with respect to the specific matters covered by this chapter. $ 11302. Capital planning and investment control
(a) FEDERAL INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.—The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall perform the responsibilities set forth in this section in fulfilling the responsibilities under section 3504(h) of title 44.
(b) USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN FEDERAL PROGRAMS.The Director shall promote and improve the acquisition, use, and disposal of information technology by the Federal Government to improve the productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness of federal programs, including through dissemination of public information and the reduction of information collection burdens on the public. (c) USE OF BUDGET PROCESS.
(1) ANALYZING, TRACKING, AND EVALUATING CAPITAL INVESTMENTS.—As part of the budget process, the Director all develop a process for analyzing, tracking, and evaluating the risks and results of all major capital investments made by an executive agency for information systems. The process shall cover the life of each system and shall include explicit criteria for analyzing the projected and actual costs, benefits, and risks associated with the investments.
(2) REPORT TO CONGRESS.—At the same time that the President submits the budget for a fiscal year to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31, the Director shall submit to Congress a report on the net program performance benefits achieved as a result of major capital investments made by executive agencies for information systems and how the benefits relate to the accomplishment of the goals of the executive agen
cies. (d) INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS.—The Director shall oversee the development and implementation of standards and guidelines pertaining to federal computer systems by the Secretary of Commerce through the National Institute of Standards and Technology under section 11331 of this title and section 20 of the National Institute of Standards and Technology Act (15 U.S.C. 278g-3).
(e) DESIGNATION OF EXECUTIVE AGENTS FOR ACQUISITIONS.—The Director shall designate the head of one or more executive agencies, as the Director considers appropriate, as executive agent for Government-wide acquisitions of information technology.
(f) USE OF BEST PRACTICES IN ACQUISITIONS.—The Director shall encourage the heads of the executive agencies to develop and use the best
practices in the acquisition of information technology. (g) ASSESSMENT OF OTHER MODELS FOR MANAGING INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.-On a continuing basis, the Director shall assess the experiences of executive agencies, state and local governments, international organizations, and the private sector in managing information technology.
(h) COMPARISON OF AGENCY USES OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY.—The Director shall compare the performances of the executive agencies in using information technology and shall disseminate the comparisons to the heads of the executive agencies.
(i) MONITORING TRAINING.—The Director shall monitor the development and implementation of training in information resources management for executive agency personnel.
(j) INFORMING CONGRESS.—The Director shall keep Congress fully informed on the extent to which the executive agencies are improving the performance of agency programs and the accomplishment of the agency missions through the use of the best practices in information resources management.
(k) COORDINATION OF POLICY DEVELOPMENT AND REVIEW.—The Director shall coordinate with the Office of Federal Procurement Policy the development and review by the Administrator of the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs of policy associated with federal acquisition of information technology. $ 11303. Performance-based and results-based management
(a) IN GENERAL.—The Director of the Office of Management and Budget shall encourage the use of performance-based and resultsbased management in fulfilling the responsibilities assigned under section 3504(h) of title 44. (b) EVALUATION OF AGENCY PROGRAMS AND INVESTMENTS.
(1) REQUIREMENT.—The Director shall evaluate the information resources management practices of the executive agencies with respect to the performance and results of the investments made by the executive agencies in information technology.
(2) DIRECTION FOR EXECUTIVE AGENCY ACTION.—The Director shall issue to the head of each executive agency clear and concise direction that the head of each agency shall
(A) establish effective and efficient capital planning processes for selecting, managing, and evaluating the results of all of its major investments in information systems;
(B) determine, before making an investment in a new information system,
(i) whether the function to be supported by the system should be performed by the private sector and, if so, whether any component of the executive agency performing that function should be converted from a governmental organization to a private sector organization; or
(ii) whether the function should be performed by the executive agency and, if so, whether the function should be performed by a private sector source under
contract or by executive agency personnel; (C) analyze the missions of the executive agency and, based on the analysis, revise the executive agency's mission-related processes and administrative processes, as appropriate, before making significant investments in information technology to be used in support of those missions; and
(D) ensure that the information security policies, procedures, and practices are adequate. (3) GUIDANCE FOR MULTIAGENCY INVESTMENTS.—The direction issued under paragraph (2) shall include guidance for undertaking efficiently and effectively interagency and Federal Government-wide investments in information technology to improve the accomplishment of missions that are common to the executive agencies.
(4) PERIODIC REVIEWS.—The Director shall implement through the budget process periodic reviews of selected information resources management activities of the executive agencies to ascertain the efficiency and effectiveness of information technology in improving the performance of the executive agency and the accomplishment of the missions of the executive agency. (5) ENFORCEMENT OF ACCOUNTABILITY.
(A) IN GENERAL.- The Director may take any action that the Director considers appropriate, including an action involving the budgetary process or appropriations management process, to enforce accountability of the head of an executive agency for information resources management and for the investments made by the executive agency in information technology.
(B) SPECIFIC ACTIONS.—Actions taken by the Director may include
(i) recommending a reduction or an increase in the amount for information resources that the head of the executive agency proposes for the budget submitted to Congress under section 1105(a) of title 31;
(ii) reducing or otherwise adjusting apportionments and reapportionments of appropriations for information resources;
(iii) using other administrative controls over appropriations to restrict the availability of amounts for information resources; and
(iv) designating for the executive agency an executive agent to contract with private sector sources for the performance of information resources management
or the acquisition of information technology.
SUBCHAPTER II—EXECUTIVE AGENCIES § 11311. Responsibilities
In fulfilling the responsibilities assigned under chapter 35 of title 44, the head of each executive agency shall comply with this subchapter with respect to the specific matters covered by this subchapter. § 11312. Capital planning and investment control
(a) DESIGN OF PROCESS.—In fulfilling the responsibilities assigned under section 3506(h) of title 44, the head of each executive agency shall design and implement in the executive agency a process for maximizing the value, and assessing and managing the risks, of the information technology acquisitions of the executive agency
(b) CONTENT OF PROCESS.—The process of an executive agency shall
(1) provide for the selection of information technology investments to be made by the executive agency, the management of those investments, and the evaluation of the results of those investments;
(2) be integrated with the processes for making budget, financial, and program management decisions in the executive agency;
(3) include minimum criteria to be applied in considering whether to undertake a particular investment in information systems, including criteria related to the quantitatively expressed projected net, risk-adjusted return on investment and specific quantitative and qualitative criteria for comparing and prioritizing alternative information systems investment projects;
(4) identify information systems investments that would result in shared benefits or costs for other federal agencies or state or local governments;
(5) identify quantifiable measurements for determining the net benefits and risks of a proposed investment; and
(6) provide the means for senior management personnel of the executive agency to obtain timely information regarding the progress of an investment in an information system, including a system of milestones for measuring progress, on an independently verifiable basis, in terms of cost, capability of the system to meet specified requirements, timeliness, and
quality. $ 11313. Performance and results-based management
In fulfilling the responsibilities under section 3506(h) of title 44, the head of an executive agency shall