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representatives of labor organizations in the United States, members of professional and technical societies in the United States and other persons who are qualified to provide advice and assistance in the development of such critical technology or technologies.

(C) The development of an organizational structure within the Federal Government that is appropriate for coordinating, managing, and reviewing the Federal Government's role in the implementation of the strategy, including allocating roles among Federal departments and agencies.

(D) The development of policies and procedures for synergistic government, industrial, and university participation in the implementation of the strategy.

(E) The development of Federal budget estimates for research and development regarding the critical technology or technologies covered by the strategy for the first five fiscal years covered by that strategy.

(b) REPORT.-Not later than February 15 of each year, beginning in 1993, the President shall submit to Congress an annual report describing the implementation of subsection (a). The annual report shall include the following:

(1) For each critical technology designated by the President for the purpose of subsection (a), a description of the progress made in implementing subsection (a) during the fiscal year preceding the fiscal year in which the report is submitted.

(2) A description of each proposed program, if any, for further implementing subsection (a) with respect to a critical technology through the date for the submission of the next annual report.

(3) A copy of each strategy, if any, completed or revised pursuant to subsection (a) during the fiscal year covered by the report.

(c) REVISIONS IN CRITICAL TECHNOLOGIES INSTITUTE.(1) [Revised in its entirety section 8222 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991 (Public Law 101-510; 104 Stat. 1598).]

(2) The amendment made by paragraph (1) shall take effect as of November 5, 1990.

(3) The sponsoring agreement required by subsection (g) of section 822 of Public Law 101-510, as amended by paragraph (1), shall be entered into not later than February 15, 1992.

(d) FUNDING.(1) To the extent provided in appropriations Acts, the Secretary of Defense shall make available to the Director of the National Science Foundation, out of funds appropriated for fiscal year 1991, $5,000,000 for funding the activities of the Institute.

(2) There is authorized to be appropriated for each fiscal year after fiscal year 1991 for the Institute such sums as may be necessary for the operation of the Institute.

(3) Funds appropriated to any department or agency for the Critical Technologies Institute established under section 822 of the

2 Section 822 of Public Law 101-510, referred to in subsection (c), is set forth beginning on

page 467.

National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1991, as amended by subsection (c), for fiscal year 1992 by any Act enacted before the date of the enactment of this Act (Dec. 5, 1991) shall be transferred to the National Science Foundation only for the purposes of carrying out activities of the Institute.

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SEC. 827. (105 Stat. 1443] FLEXIBLE COMPUTER-INTEGRATED MANU

FACTURING PROGRAM. (a) PROGRAM REQUIRED.-The Secretary of Defense shall conduct a program for the development of advanced flexible capabilities for computer-integrated manufacturing and for the use of those capabilities throughout the Department of Defense and in commercial entities that are part of the defense industrial base of the United States.

(b) JOINT SERVICES CENTER.-(1) For the purposes of the program under subsection (a), the Secretary of Defense shall establish a center, to be operated with the participation of the Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marine Corps, for the purposes set forth in paragraph (2). (2) The center established under paragraph (1) shall

(A) evaluate the potential for using flexible computer-integrated manufacturing (FCIM) technology (such as the technology from the Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (RAMP) program of the Navy) for previously unidentified applications at Department of Defense depot-level maintenance facilities;

(B) provide the means for the rapid transfer of such technology (including technology from the RAMP program, if appropriate) within the Department of Defense; and

(C) provide any Department of Defense depot-level maintenance facility with technical guidance and support for initial training in the use of that technology and in the initial operation of that technology.

(c) NAVY RAMP PROGRAM.—The Secretary of the Navy shall continue the program of the Navy designated as the Rapid Acquisition of Manufactured Parts (RAMP) program that is carried out to develop technologies and applications for the rapid acquisition of manufactured parts. For the purposes of that program, the Secretary shall determine the number of naval aviation and ship maintenance facilities and depots at which RAMP capabilities can be established economically.

(d) FUNDING.1) of the amounts authorized to be appropriated pursuant to section 201 for fiscal years 1992 and 1993, $21,500,000 shall be available for each such fiscal year for the program conducted pursuant to subsection (a).

(2) Of the amount available under paragraph (1) for each such

fiscal year

(A) $4,000,000 shall be available to carry out subsection (b);

(B) $7,500,000 shall be available to carry out subsection (c); and

(C) $4,000,000 shall be available for a grant to the Institute for Advanced Flexible Manufacturing Systems.

(e) PREVENTION OF DUPLICATION.—The Secretary of the Army and the Secretary of the Air Force may not carry out any activity to develop a capability for flexible computer-integrated manufacturing (1) that would substantially duplicate the existing capabilities of the Navy for flexible computer-integrated manufacturing, or (2) that can be achieved using the design of the Navy in existence as of the date of the enactment of this Act (Dec. 5, 1991] for a system for the rapid acquisition of manufactured parts (RAMP).

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SEC. 832. (10 U.S.C. 113 note] REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO EURO

PEAN MILITARY PROCUREMENT PRACTICES. (a) EUROPEAN PROCUREMENT PRACTICES.—The Secretary of Defense shall

(1) compute the total value of American-made military goods and services procured each year by European governments or companies;

(2) review defense procurement practices of European governments to determine what factors are considered in the selection of contractors and to determine whether American firms are discriminated against in the selection of contractors for purchases by such governments of military goods and services; and

(3) establish a procedure for discussion with European governments about defense contract awards made by them that American firms believe were awarded unfairly.

(b) DEFENSE TRADE AND COOPERATION WORKING GROUP.—The Secretary of Defense shall establish a defense trade and cooperation working group. The purpose of the group is to evaluate the impact of, and formulate United States positions on, European initiatives that affect United States defense trade, cooperation, and technology security. In carrying out the responsibilities of the working group, members of the group shall consult, as appropriate, with personnel in the Departments of State and Commerce and in the Office of the United States Trade Representative.

(c) GAO REVIEW.—The Comptroller General shall conduct a review to determine how the members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization are implementing their bilateral reciprocal defense procurement memoranda of understanding with the United States. The Comptroller General shall complete the review, and submit to Congress a report on the results of the review, not later than February 1, 1992.

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PART E—MISCELLANEOUS ACQUISITION POLICY MATTERS SEC. 841. REQUIREMENT FOR PURCHASE OF GASOHOL IN FEDERAL

FUEL PROCUREMENTS WHEN PRICE IS COMPARABLE. (a) REQUIREMENT.-[Amended section 2398 of title 10, United States Code.]

(b) EFFECTIVE DATE.-Section 2398(b) of title 10, United States Code, as added by subsection (a), shall apply with respect to contracts awarded pursuant to solicitations issued after the expiration of the 180-day period beginning on the date of the enactment of this Act (Dec. 5, 1991).

(c) REPORT ON EXEMPTIONS.—[42 U.S.C. 8871 note] The Secretary of Defense shall review all exemptions granted for the Department of Defense, and the Administrator of the General Services Administration shall review all exemptions granted for Federal agencies and departments, to the requirements of section 2398 of title 10, United States Code, and section 271 of the Energy Security Act (Public Law 96–294; 42 U.S.C. 8871) and shall terminate any exemption that the Secretary or the Administrator determines is no longer appropriate. Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act (Dec. 5, 1991), the Secretary and the Administrator shall submit jointly to Congress a report on the results of the review, with a justification for the exemptions that remain in effect under those provisions of law.

(d) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—[42 U.S.C. 8871 note] It is the sense of Congress that whenever any motor vehicle capable of operating on gasoline or alcohol-gasoline blends that is owned or operated by the Department of Defense or any other department or agency of the Federal Government is refueled, it shall be refueled with an alcohol-gasoline blend containing at least 10 percent domestically produced alcohol if available along the normal travel route of the vehicle at the same or lower price than unleaded gasoline.

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SEC. 843. [10 U.S.C. 1034 note] WHISTLEBLOWER PROTECTIONS FOR

MEMBERS OF THE ARMED FORCES. (a) REGULATIONS REQUIRED.-The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe regulations prohibiting members of the Armed Forces from taking or threatening to take any unfavorable personnel action, or withholding or threatening to withhold a favorable personnel action, as a reprisal against any member of the Armed Forces for making or preparing a lawful communication to ployee of the Department of Defense or any member of the Armed Forces who is assigned to or belongs to an organization which has as its primary responsibility audit, inspection, investigation, or enforcement of any law or regulation.

(b) VIOLATIONS BY PERSONS SUBJECT TO THE UCMJ.-The Secretary shall provide in the regulations that a violation of the prohibition by a person subject to chapter 47 of title 10, United States Code (the Uniform Code of Military Justice), is punishable as a violation of section 892 of such title (article 92 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice).

(c) DEADLINE.—The regulations required by this section shall be prescribed not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act (December 5, 1991).

NATIONAL DEFENSE AUTHORIZATION ACT FOR FISCAL YEAR 1991

(P.L. 101–510, approved Nov. 5, 1990)

TITLE VIII-ACQUISITION POLICY, ACQUISITION

MANAGEMENT, AND RELATED MATTERS
PART A-ACQUISITION MANAGEMENT IMPROVEMENT

SEC. 809. [10 U.S.C. 2430 note] DEFENSE ACQUISITION PILOT PRO

GRAM 1 (a) AUTHORITY TO CONDUCT PILOT PROGRAM.-The Secretary of Defense may conduct a pilot program for the purpose of determining the potential for increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of the acquisition process in defense acquisition programs.

(b) DESIGNATION OF PARTICIPATING PROGRAMS.—(1) Subject to paragraph (2), the Secretary may designate defense acquisition programs for participation in the pilot program.

(2) The Secretary may designate for participation in the pilot program only those defense acquisition programs specifically authorized to be so designated in a law authorizing appropriations for such program enacted after the date of the enactment of this Act [Nov. 5, 1990).

(c) CONDUCT OF PILOT PROGRAM.(1) In the case of each defense acquisition program designated for participation in the pilot program, the Secretary

(A) shall conduct the program in accordance with standard commercial, industrial practices; and

(B) may waive or limit the applicability of any provision of law that is specifically authorized to be waived in the law authorizing appropriations referred to in subsection (b)(2) and that prescribes

(i) procedures for the procurement of supplies or services;

(ii) a preference or requirement for acquisition from any source or class of sources;

(iii) any requirement related to contractor performance;

(iv) any cost allowability, cost accounting, or auditing requirements; or

1 For provisions related to the defense acquisition pilot program, see section 803 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997 (P.L. 104–201) page 429; section 819 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1995 (P.L. 103–337) page 437; section 5064 of the Federal Acquisition Streamlining Act of 1994 (P.L. 103–355) page 625; and sections 833, 837, 838, and 839 of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1994 (P.L. 103–160) page 439.

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