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CHAPTER 931—CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET
Sec. [9501 to 9507. Repealed.] 9511. Definitions. 9512. Contracts for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features. 9513. Use of military installations by Civil Reserve Air Fleet contractors. 9514. Indemnification of Department of Transportation for losses covered by
defense-related aviation insurance. [$$ 9501-9507. Repealed. P.L. 103–160, 98 822(a)(2), (b)(3),
(c)(2), 823(1), 827(c), Nov. 30, 1993, 107 Stat. 1705,
1706, 1707, 1713] $9511. Definitions In this chapter:
(1) The terms "aircraft", "citizen of the United States", "civil aircraft”, “person", and "public aircraft” have the meanings given those terms by section 40102(a) of title 49.
(2) The term “passenger-cargo combined aircraft” means a civil aircraft equipped so that its main deck can be used to carry both passengers and property (including mail) simultaneously.
(3) The term "cargo-capable aircraft” means a civil aircraft equipped so that all or substantially all of the aircraft's capacity can be used for the carriage of property or mail.
(4) The term “passenger aircraft” means a civil aircraft equipped so that its main deck can be used for the carriage of individuals and cannot be used principally, without major modification, for the carriage of property or mail.
(5) The term “cargo-convertible feature” means equipment or design features included or incorporated in a passenger aircraft that can readily enable all or substantially all of that aircraft's main deck to be used for the carriage of property or mail.
(6) The term “Civil Reserve Air Fleet” means those aircraft allocated, or identified for allocation, to the Department of Defense under section 101 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2071), or made available (or agreed to be made available) for use by the Department of Defense under a contract made under this title, as part of the program developed by the Department of Defense through which the Department of Defense augments its airlift capability by use of civil aircraft.
(7) The term "contractor” means a citizen of the United States (A) who owns or controls, or who will own or control, a new or existing aircraft and who contracts with the Secretary under section 9512 of this title to modify that aircraft by including or incorporating specified defense features in that aircraft and to commit that aircraft to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, (B) who subsequently obtains ownership or control of a civil aircraft covered by such a contract and assumes all existing obligations under that contract, or (C) who owns or controls, or will own or control, new or existing aircraft and who, by contract, commits some or all of such aircraft to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet.
(8) The term "existing aircraft" means a civil aircraft other than a new aircraft.
(9) The term "new aircraft” means a civil aircraft that a manufacturer has not begun to assemble before the aircraft is covered by a contract under section 9512 of this title.
(10) The term "Secretary” means the Secretary of the Air Force.
(11) The term "defense feature” means equipment or design features included or incorporated in a civil aircraft which ensures the compatibility of such aircraft with the Department of Defense airlift system. Such term includes any equipment or design feature which enables such aircraft to be readily modified for use as an aeromedical aircraft or a cargo-convertible,
cargo-capable, or passenger-cargo combined aircraft. (Added P.L. 97–86, § 915(2), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1125, and amended P.L. 100–180, § 1231(17), Dec. 4, 1987, 101 Stat. 1161; P.L. 100-456, $1233(k)(2), Sept. 29, 1988, 102 Stat. 2058; P.L. 101-189, $ 1636(a), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1609; P.L. 103–272, § 5(b)(2), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1373; P.L. 103–355, $ 3031(a), Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3334.) $9512. Contracts for the inclusion or incorporation of de
fense features (a) AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT.-Subject to the provisions of chapter 137 of this title, and to the extent that funds are otherwise available for obligation, the Secretary
(1) may contract with any citizen of the United States for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in any new or existing aircraft to be owned or controlled by that citizen; and
(2) may contract with United States aircraft manufacturers for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in new aircraft to be operated by a United States air carrier.
(b) COMMITMENT TO CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET.—Each contract entered into under this section shall provide
(1) that any aircraft covered by the contract shall be committed to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet;
(2) that, so long as the aircraft is owned or controlled by a contractor, the contractor shall operate the aircraft for the Department of Defense as needed during any activation of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet, notwithstanding any other contract or commitment of that contractor; and
(3) that the contractor operating the aircraft for the Department of Defense shall be paid for that operation at fair and reasonable rates.
(c) TERMS AND REQUIRED REPAYMENT. Each contract entered into under subsection (a) shall include a provision that requires the contractor to repay to the United States a percentage (to be established in the contract) of any amount paid by the United States to the contractor under the contract with respect to any aircraft if
(1) the aircraft is destroyed or becomes unusable, as defined in the contract;
(2) the defense features specified in the contract are rendered unusable or are removed from the aircraft;
(3) control over the aircraft is transferred to any person that is unable or unwilling to assume the contractor's obligations under the contract; or
(4) the registration of the aircraft under section 44103 of title 49 is terminated for any reason not beyond the control of the contractor.
(d) AUTHORITY TO CONTRACT AND PAY DIRECTLY.—(1) A contract under subsection (a) for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in an aircraft may include a provision authorizing the Secretary
(A) to contract, with the concurrence of the contractor, directly with another person for the performance of the work necessary for the inclusion or incorporation of defense features in such aircraft; and
(B) to pay such other person directly for such work. (2) A contract entered into pursuant to paragraph (1) may include such specifications for work and equipment as the Secretary considers necessary to meet the needs of the United States.
(e) EXCLUSIVITY OF COMMITMENT TO CIVIL RESERVE AIR FLEET.—Notwithstanding section 101 of the Defense Production Act of 1950 (50 U.S.C. App. 2071), each aircraft covered by a contract entered into under this section shall be committed exclusively to the Civil Reserve Air Fleet for use by the Department of Defense as needed during any activation of the Civil Reserve Air Fleet unless the aircraft is released from that use by the Secretary of Defense. (Added P.L. 97–86, § 915(2), Dec. 1, 1981, 95 Stat. 1126, and amended P.L. 98-525, $ 1405(57) Oct. 19, 1984, 98 Stat. 2626; amended in entirety P.L. 101–189, § 1636(b), Nov. 29, 1989, 103 Stat. 1609; P.L. 103–272, $5(b)(3), July 5, 1994, 108 Stat. 1373; P.L. 103–355, $3032, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3334; P.L. 104-106, § 1087, Feb. 10, 1996, 110 Stat. 458.) $ 9513. Use of military installations by Civil Reserve Air
Fleet contractors (a) CONTRACT AUTHORITY (1) The Secretary of the Air Force
(A) may, by contract entered into with any contractor, authorize such contractor to use one or more Air Force installations designated by the Secretary; and
(B) with the consent of the Secretary of another military department, may, by contract entered into with any contractor, authorize the contractor to use one or more installations, designated by the Secretary of the Air Force, that is under the jurisdiction of the Secretary of such other military department.
(2) The Secretary of the Air Force may include in the contract such terms and conditions as the Secretary determines appropriate to promote the national defense or to protect the interests of the United States.
(b) PURPOSES OF USE. A contract entered into under subsection (a) may authorize use of a designated installation as a weather alternate, as a technical stop not involving the enplaning or deplaning of passengers or cargo, or, in the case of an installation within the United States, for other commercial purposes. Notwithstanding any other provision of the law, the Secretary may establish different levels and types of uses for different installations for commercial operations not required by the Department of Defense and may provide in contracts under subsection (a) for different levels and types of uses by different contractors.
(c) DISPOSITION OF PAYMENTS FOR USE.—Notwithstanding any other provision of law, amounts collected from the contractor for landing fees, services, supplies, or other charges authorized to be collected under the contract shall be credited to the appropriations of the armed forces having jurisdiction over the military installation to which the contract pertains. Amounts so credited to an appropriation shall be available for obligation for the same period as the appropriation to which credited.
(d) HOLD HARMLESS REQUIREMENT.-A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that the contractor agrees to indemnify and hold harmless the United States from any action, suit, or claim of any sort resulting from, relating to, or arising out of any activities conducted, or services or supplies furnished, in connection with the contract.
(e) RESERVATION OF RIGHT TO EXCLUDE CONTRACTOR.—A contract entered into under subsection (a) shall provide that the Secretary concerned may, without providing prior notice, deny access to an installation designated under the contract when the Secretary determines that it is necessary to do so in order to meet military exigencies. (Added P.L. 103–355, $ 3033, Oct. 13, 1994, 108 Stat. 3335 [former $9513 transferred to $ 9512(b), (e)].) $9514. Indemnification of Department of Transportation for
losses covered by defense-related aviation insur
ance (a) PROMPT INDEMNIFICATION REQUIRED.—(1) In the event of a loss that is covered by defense-related aviation insurance, the Secretary of Defense shall promptly indemnify the Secretary of Transportation for the amount of the loss consistent with the indemnification agreement between the two Secretaries that underlies such insurance. The Secretary of Defense shall make such indemnification
(A) in the case of a claim for the loss of an aircraft hull, not later than 30 days after the date on which the Secretary of Transportation determines the claim to be payable or that amounts are due under the policy that provided the defenserelated aviation insurance; and
(B) in the case of any other claim, not later than 180 days after the date on which the Secretary of Transportation determines the claim to be payable.
(2) When there is a loss of an aircraft hull that is (or may be) covered by defense-related aviation insurance, the Secretary of Transportation may make, during the period when a claim for such loss is pending with the Secretary of Transportation, any required periodic payments owed by the insured party to a lessor or mortgagee of such aircraft. Such payments shall commence not later than 30 days following the date of the presentment of the claim for the loss of the aircraft hull to the Secretary of Transportation. If the Secretary of Transportation determines that the claim is payable, any amount paid under this paragraph arising from such claim shall be credited against the amount payable under the aviation insurance. If the Secretary of Transportation determines that the claim is not payable, any amount paid under this paragraph arising from such claim shall constitute a debt to the United States, payable to the insurance fund. Any such amounts so returned to the United States shall be promptly credited to the fund or account from which the payments were made under this paragraph.
(b) SOURCE OF FUNDS FOR PAYMENT OF INDEMNITY.—The Secretary of Defense may pay an indemnity described in subsection (a) from any funds available to the Department of Defense for operation and maintenance, and such sums as may be necessary for payment of such indemnity are hereby authorized to be transferred to the Secretary of Transportation for such purpose,
(c) NOTICE TO CONGRESS.-In the event of a loss that is covered by defense-related aviation insurance in the case of an incident in which the covered loss is (or is expected to be) in an amount in excess of $1,000,000, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress
(1) notification of the loss as soon after the occurrence of the loss as possible and in no event more than 30 days after the date of the loss; and
(2) semiannual reports thereafter updating the information submitted under paragraph (1) and showing with respect to losses arising from such incident the total amount expended to cover such losses, the source of those funds, pending litigation, and estimated total cost to the Government.
(d) IMPLEMENTING MATTERS.(1) Payment of indemnification under this section is not subject to section 2214 or 2215 of this title or any other provision of law requiring notification to Congress before funds may be transferred.
(2) Consolidation of claims arising from the same incident is not required before indemnification of the Secretary of Transportation for payment of a claim may be made under this section.
(e) CONSTRUCTION WITH OTHER TRANSFER AUTHORITY.-Authority to transfer funds under this section is in addition to any other authority provided by law to transfer funds (whether enacted before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this section) and is not subject to any dollar limitation or notification requirement contained in any other such authority to transfer funds.
(f) ANNUAL REPORT ON CONTINGENT LIABILITIES.-Not later than March 1 of each year, the Secretary of Defense shall submit to Congress a report setting forth the current amount of the contingent outstanding liability of the United States under the insurance program under chapter 443 of title 49. (g) DEFINITIONS.-In this section:
(1) DEFENSE-RELATED AVIATION INSURANCE.—The term “defense-related aviation insurance” means aviation insurance and reinsurance provided through policies issued by the Secretary of Transportation under chapter 443 of title 49 that pursuant to section 44305(b) of that title is provided by that Secretary without premium at the request of the Secretary of Defense and is covered by an indemnity agreement between the Secretary of Transportation and the Secretary of Defense.
(2) LOSS.—The term “loss” includes damage to or destruction of property, personal injury or death, and other liabilities