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away into oblivion, the kingdom of which he is a member shall never be moved. The earth shall be shaken and the beavens shall melt away; but his inhertance is secure. The same God, who is a consuming fire to an impenitent world, will be to him a protector and a Saviour, if he serves him acceptably, in this short time of his probation, with reverence and godly fear. Jones of Nayland.
If such be a just representation of the church or kingdom of Christ, as it appeared in its first establishment, it is manifest that wherever we trace it in subsequent periods, we must find something that resembles it in its leading features. We shall discern a people, holding the same views of the character and work of the Saviour; owning subjection to bim, as the King whom God hath set upon bis holy hill of Zion; evincing their allegiance to him, by an implicit obedience to his laws, institutions, and ordinances; and rejecting the doctrines and commandments of men,
Jones's History of the Church, And as the church at Jerusalem was the first Christian church established by the ministry of the apostles, so it was designed to serve as a pattern, in its faith and order, to all succeeding churches, to the end of the world. It was constituted under the direction of the twelve inspired apostles, who, for a course of time, acted as the elders, bishops, or overseers of the flock of Christ, took up their station in it, and under divine direction gave forth the law to regulate the practices of all other churches; “ for out of Zion was to go forth the law, and the word of the Lord from Jerusalem."
This will lead us, in the next place, to inquire, what these laws, regulations, and practices were of the first primitive churches ? or what was required at the hands of the Jews, Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and the inbabitants of Mesopotamia, and Juden, Capadocia, and Pontus, Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphylia, the Cyrenes, apd
the strangers that were at Rome, both Jews and proselytes, prior to their being admitted into church fellowship.
We find that after Peter had finished the most prolific sermon ever preached by man, “ they came to him,” (i.e. his hearers) and said, "What shall we do?” (Acts ji. 37.) or, in other words, What do you require us to do, in order that we may become “Christians ?”
First, repentance was required of them.
Then Peter said unto them, Repent : (Acts ii. 38.) and with many other words did be testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this untoward generation.
Repent ye, therefore, and be converted, that your sins may be blotted out, when the times of refreshing shall come from the presence of the Lord. Acts iji. 19.
But showed first unto them of Damascus, and at Jerusalem, and throughout all the coast of Judea, and then to the Gentiles, that they should repent, and turn to God, and do works meet for repentance. Acts xxvi. 20.
Secondly, they were required to believe in him, whom they had crucified and slain,
If thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart, that God hath raised bim from the dead, thou shalt be saved. Rom, x.9.
And said, Sirs, what must I do to be saved ? And they said, Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou shalt be saved, and thy house. Acts xvi. 30, 31.
And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Acts viii. 37.
And this is the commandment: that we should believe on the name of his Son, Jesus Christ, and love one another, 1 John iii. 23.
Thirdly, they were required to be baptized, both men and woinen.
And Peter said unto them, Repent and be baptized, every one of you. Acts ii. 38.
Then they that gladly received his word were baptized. Acts
They were baptized, both men and women. Acts viii, 13.
Can any man forbid water, that these should not be baptized, which have received the Holy Ghost, as well as we? and he commanded them to be baptized. Acts x. 47, 48.
Saul arose, and was baptized. Acts ix. 18.
And as they went on their way, they came unto a certain water, and the eunuch said, See, here is water; what doth binder me to be baptized ?
And Pbilip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered, and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. He then commanded the chariot to stand still; and they went both down into the water, both Philip and the eunuch, and be baptized him. Acts viii. 36–38.
We have already bad the opinions of our learned friends upon Faith and Repentance: we will now refer to them for their definition of BAPTISM. First, the meaning of the term ; and secondly, the signification of the ordinance. To baptizemto dip into water, or to plunge one into the water.
Wilson's Christian Dictionary. Edit. 1678. Baptizo. To dip all over, to wash, to baptize.
Young's Latin-English Dictionary. Baptism, in strictness of speech, is that kind of ablution, or washing, which consists in dipping; and when applied to the Christian institution, so called, it was used by the primitive Christiaus in no other sense than that of dipping, as the learned Grotius and Casanbon well observed.
Bailey's Dictionary. Dr. Scott's Edit. 1772. The word baptize signifies to immerse, and the right of immersion was observed by the ancient Church.
Calvin's Institut. Christ. Religion. Q. What is Christian dipping ? A. Water, in conjunction with the word and command of Cbrist
Q. What is that command, which is in conjunction with water ?
A. “Go, teach all nations," &c. Matt, xxviii. 19. Mark xvi. 15, 16.
Q. What is implied in these words?
A. A command to the dipper and the dipped, with a promise of salvation to those that believe.
Q. How is this Christian dipping to be administered ?
A. The person must be deep dipped in water, or overwhelmed with it, in the name of God the Father, and so on.
Danish Catechism. Baptism, that is, immersion, dipping, and by consequence washing. Baptistery, a vat, or large vessel of wood or stone, in which we are immersed, for the sake of washing. Baptist, one that immerses, or dips.
Bucanus : Institut. Theolog. Baptized, viz. plunged in water. In baptism, being dipped in water, is a sacred figure unto us, that sin ought to be drowned in us, by God's Spirit.
Diodati's Annotations on Rom. vi. 4. Generally people (speaking of the Jews) dipped themselves entirely under the water; and this is the most simple and natural votion of the word baptism.
Calmet's Dict. Bib. art. Bapt. FIw. The word baptize, though derived from GautW, to dip, or plunge into the water, and signifieth primarily such a kind of washing as is used in bucks, where linen is plunged and dipped ; is yet taken more largely for any kind of washing, rinsing, or cleansing, even wbere there is no dipping at all; as Matt. iii. 11, and so on. The native and proper signification of it is, to dip into water, or to plunge under water. John iii, 22, 23. Matt. ii. 16. Acts viii, 38.
Leigh.-Crit. Sac. Battisw, to baptize; properly, indeed, it signifies to plunge, to immerse, to dip into water: but because it is cominon to plunge or dip a thing that it may be washed, hence also it signifies to wash, to wash away. Bantious, baptism ; immersion, dipping into; Washing, washing away. Properly, and according to its etymology, it denotes that washing which is performed by immersion.
Baarilo, to baptize, to dip, or immerse; as we immerse any thing for the purpose of dyeing, or cleansing, in water. Also, to dip, to plunge, to overwhelm in water. Likewise, to wash away, to wasb.
Scapula. 1652. To be baptized, is to be dipped in water; metaphorically, to be plunged in afflictions. I am, saith Christ, to be baptized with blood, overwhelmed with sufferings and afflictions.
Poole's Annotat. on Matt. xx. 22. 1688.
Dr. Dan. Scott,
Robert Barclay's Apology.
They (the Apostles, at the feast of Pentecost) were now baptized with the Holy Ghost indeed; and that in the strict and proper sense of the word baptize, which signifies to dip, plunge, or put under.
Ellwood's Sacred History of the New Testament, There are two words, which signify suffering of affliction, and they are both applied unto Christ, Matt, xx. 22. ye drink of the cup that I shall drink of, or be baptized with the bapa